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II. In this sacrament, Christ is not offered up to his Father, nor any real facrifice made at all, for remiffion of fins of the quick or dead b; but only a commemoration of that, one offering up of himself, by himself, upon the cross, once for all; and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same c; so that the Popish sacrifice of the mass, as they call it, is most abominably injurious to Christ's one only facrifice, the alone propitiation for all the sins of the elećt d.
III. The Lord Jesus hath, in this ordinance, appointed his ministers to declare his word of institution to the people, to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to an holy use; and to take, and break the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating also themselves) to give
Lord, and the cup of devils : ye bread, and blessed it, and brake it, cannot be partakers of the Lord's and gave it to the disciples, and said, table, and of the table of devils. Take, eat; this is my body. v. 27. i Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are And he took the cup, and gave we all baptized into one body, thanks, and gave it to them, saying, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, Drink ye all of it. : whether we be bond or free; and d Heb. vii. 23. And they truly have been all made to drink into one were many priests, because they
were not suffered to continue by II. 6 Heb. ix. 22. And almost reason of death : v. 24. But this all things are by the law purged with man, because he continueth ever, blood; and without thedding of hath an unchangeable' priesthood. blood is no remission. v. 25. Nor yet V. 27. Who needeth not daily, as that he should offer himself often, as those high priests, to offer up facri. the high priest entereth into the holy fice, first for his own fins, and then place, every year with blood of for the peoples : for this he did others ; v. 26.) For then must he once, when he offered up himself. often have suffered since the founda- Heb. X. 11. And every priest standtion of the world) but now once in eth daily ministering and offering the end of the world hath he ap- oftentimes the same facrifices which peared to put away sin by the sacri- can never take away sins: v. 12. fice of himself. v. 28. So Christ But this man, after he had offered was once offered to bear the sins of one sacrifice for fins, for ever fat many; and unto those that look for down on the right hand of God. him, shall he appear the second time, v. 14. For by one offering he hath without fin, unto salvation.
perfected for ever them that are ci Cor. xi. 24. 25. 26. (See sanctified. v. 18. Now, where rethem in letter a.) Matth. xxvi. 26. mission of these is, there is no more And as they were çating, Jesus took offering for fin.
both to the communicants e; but to none who are not then present in the congregation f. :
IV., Private masses, or receiving this facrament by a priest, or any other alone g, as likewise the denial of the cup to the people h, worshipping the elements, the lifting them up, or carrying them about for adoration, and the reserving thein for any pretended religious use, are all contrary to the nature of this sacrament, and to the institution of Christ i.
V. The outward elements in this facrament duly set apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have such relation to him crucified, as that truly, yet facramentally only, they are sometimes called by the name of the things they represent, to wit, the body and blood of Christ k; albeit,
. . . in III. e Matth. xxvi. 26. 27. (See 1 Cor. xi. 20. When ye come toin letter c.) v. 28. For this is my gether therefore into one place, this blood of the New Testament, which is not to eat the Lord's supper. is shed for many for the remission of .IV. g i Cor. x. 6. Now these fins. And Mark xiv. 22. And as things were our examples, to the
they did eat, Jesus took bread, and intent we should not lust after evil - blessed, and brake it, and gave to things as they also lusted.
them, and said, Take, eat : this is Mark xiv, 23. (See in letter c.) my body. V. 23. And he took the Cor. xi. 25. 26. (See in letter a.) cup, and when he had given thanks, v. 27. Wherefore, whosoever shall he gave it to them: and they all eat this bread, and drink this cup drank of it. v. 24. And he said un- of the Lord unworthily, shall be to them, This is my blood of the guilty of the budy and blood of the New Testament, which is thed for Lord. y. 28. But let a man examany. And Luke xxii. 19. And he mine himself, and so let him eat of took bread, and gave thanks, and that bread, and drink of that cup. brake it, and gave unto them, say- v. 29. For he that eateth and drinking, This is my body which is gi. eth unworthily, eateth and drinketh ven for you : this do in remem- damnation to himself, not discernbrance of me. v. 20. Likewise also ing the Lord's body. :: the cup after fupper, saying, This i Matth. xv. 9. But in vain they cup is the New Testament in my do worship me, teaching for docbloud, which is shed for you. With trines the commandments of men.“ 1 Cor. xi. 23.-26. (See all in let-, V. k Matth. xxvi. 26. And as ter a.)
they were eating, Jesus took bread, f Acts xx. 7. And upon the first and blessed it, and brake it, and day of the week, when the disci. gave it to the disciples, and said, ples came together to break bread, Take, eat; this is my body, v. 27. Paul preached unto them, ready to And he took the cup, and gave depart on the morrow, and conti- thanks, and gave it to them, saying, nued his speech until midnight. Drink ye all of it: V. 28. For this
in substance and nature, they ftill remain truly and only bread and wine, as they were beforel. į Vl. That doctrine which maintains a change of the sub
Itance of bread and wine, into the substance of Christ's body and blood (commonly called Transubstantiation) by consecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant not to scripture alone, but even to common sense and reason; overthroweth the nature of the facrament; and hath been, and is the cause of manifold fuperftitions, yea, of gross idolatries m. i .
VII. Worthy receivers, outwardly partaking of the visi. . ble elements in this facrament n, do then also inwardly by faith, really and indeed, yet not carnally and corporally, but fpiritually, receive and feed upon Christ crucified, and all benefits of his death : the body and blood of Christ being then, not corporally or carnally, in, with, or under the bread and wine; yet as really, but spiritually, present to the faith of believers in that ordinance, as the elements themselves are to their outward senses o. VIII. Although ignorant and wicked men receive the
outward is my blood of the New Testament, when he had given thanks, he brake which is shed for: many for the re- it, and said, Take, eat; this is my mission of sins.
body, which is broken for you: l i Cor. xi. 26. For as often as this do in remembrance of me. ye eat this bread, and drink this v. 25. After the same manner also cup, ye do shew the Lord's death he took the cup, when he had suptill he come. v. 27. Wherefore, ped, sayiog, This cup is the New whosoever shall eat this bread, and Testament in my blood: this do ye, drink this cup of the Lord unwor. as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance thily, shall be guilty of the body of me. v. 26. (See in letter l.) Luke and blood of the Lord. v. 28. But xxiv. 6. He is not here, but is ri. let a man examine himself, and so fen: remember how he spake unto let him eat of that bread, and drink you when he was yet in Galilee. of that cup. Matth. xxvi. 29. But v. 39. Behold my hands and my I say unto you, I will not drink feet, that it is I myself: handle me, henceforth of this fruit of the vine, and fee, for a spirit hath not flesh until that day when I drink it new and bones, as ye fee me have. with you in my Father's kingdom. VII. n I Cor. xi. 28. (See in
VI. m Acts iii. 21. Whom the letter l.) heaven must receive, until the times 0 i Cor. x. 16. The cup of blesof restitution of all things, which Gng which we blefs, is it not the God hath spoken by the mouth of communion of the blood of Christ ? all his holy prophets, lince the world the bread which we break, is it not began. With 1 Cor. xi. 24. And the communion of the body of Christ?
VIII. 1 Cor.
outward elements in this facrament, yet they receive not the thing signified thereby; but by their unworthy coming thereunto, are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, to their own damnation. Wherefore all ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with him, so are they unworthy of the Lord's table, and cannot, without great sin against Christ, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries p, or be admitted thereunto q.
CHAP. XXX. Of Church-Censures. THE Lord Jesus, as King and Head of his church, hath
1 therein appointed a government in the hand of churchofficers, distinct from the civil magistrate a.
Π. Το VIII. P i Cor. xi. 27. 28. (See Now we command you, brethren, in letter l.) v. 29. For he that eats in the name of our Lord Jesus eth and drinketh unworthily, eateth Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves and drinketh damnation to him from every brother that walketh self, not discerning the Lord's body. disorderly, and not after the tradi2 Cor. vi. 14. Be ye not unequally tion which he received of us. v. 14. yoked together with unbelievers : And if any man obey not our word for what fellowship hath righteous- by this epistle, note that man, and ness with unrighteousness ? and have no company with him, that he what communion hath light with may be ashamed. v. 15. Yet count darkness ? v. 15. And what con- him not as an enemy, but admonish cord hath Christ with Belial ? or him as a brother. Matth. vii. 6. what part hath he that believeth,with Give not that which is holy unto an infidel? v. 16. And what agree. the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls 'ment hath the temple of God with before swine, left they trample them idols ? for ye are the temple of the under their feet, and turn again and living God; as God hath said, I rent you. will dwell in them, and walk in I. a If. ix. 6. For unto us a them; and I will be their God, and Child is born, unto us a Son is given, they shall be my people. .. . and the government shall be upon
q 1 Cor. v. 6. Your glorying is his shoulder : and his name fall be not good : Know ye not that a little called, Wonderful, Counsellor, The leaven leavenerh the whole lump? mighty God, The everlasting Fav. 7. Purge out therefore the old ther, The Prince of peace. v. 7. leaven, that ye may be a new lump, Of the increase of his government as ye are unleavened. For even and peace there shall be no end, Christ our passover is sacrificed for upon the throne of David, and upon us. v. 13. But them that are with his kingdom, 'to order it, and to eout, God judgeth. Therefore put stablish it with judgment and with away from among yourselves that justice, from henceforth even for ewicked person. 2 Thess. iii. 6. ver: the zeal of the Lord of hosts
II To these officers of the keys of the kingdom of heaven are committed, by virtue whereof, they have power respectively to retain and remit fins, to shut that kingdom against the impenitent, both by the word and cenfures ; and to open it unto penitent finners, by the ministry of the gospel, and by abfolution from censures, as occasion fall require b.
will perform this.. 1 Tim. v. 17. v. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all Let the elders that rule well, be nations, baptizing them in the name counted worthy of double honour, of the Father, and of the Son, and of especially they who labour in the the Holy Ghost: v. 20. Teaching word and doctrine. 1 Theff. v. 12. them to observe all things whatsoAnd we beseech you, brethren, to ever I have commanded you : and lo, know them which labour among you, I am with you alway even unto the and are over you in the Lord, and end of the world. Amen. admonish you. Acts xx. 17. And II. | Matth. xvi. 19. And I will from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, give unto thee the keys of the king. and called the elders of the church. dom of heaven; and whatsoever v. 18. And when they were came to thou shalt bind on earth, shall be him, he said unto them, Ye know, bound in heaven: and whatsoever from the first day that I came into thou shalt loose on earth, 'shall be Asia, after what manper I have loosed in heaven. Matth. xviii. 17. been with you at all seasons. Heb. And if he shall neglect to hear them, xiii. 7. Remember them which have tell it unto the church : but if he the rule over you, who have spoken neglect to hear the church, let him unto you the word of God; whose be unto thee as an heathen man, and faith follow, considering the end of a publican. v. 18. Verily I say untheir conversation. v. 17. Obey to you, Whatłoever ye shall bind them that have the rule over you, on earth, shall be bound fin heaven: and submit yourselves: for they and whatsoever ye fall loose, on watch for your souls, as they that earth, shall be loosed in heaven. must give account : that they may John xx. 21. Then said Jesus to do it with joy, and not with grief: them again, Peace be unto you : for that is unprofitable for you. as my Father bath sent me, even so V. 24. Salute all them that have the send I you. v. 22. And when be rule over you, and all the faines. had said this, he breathed on them, They of Italy salute you. Cor. and said unto them, receive ye the xii. 28. And God hath set some in Holy Ghost. v. 23. Whosoever the church, first apostles, secondari. fins ye remit, they are remitted unto ly prophets, thirdly teachers, after them: and whose foever fins ye retain, . that miracles, theo gifts of heals they are retained. 2 Cor. ii. 6. Suf. ings, helps, governments, diverfi. ficient to such a man is this punishties of tongues. Matth. xxviii. 18. ment, which was inflicted of many. And Jesus came, and spake unto 1.7. So that contrariwise, he ought them, saying, All power is given rather to forgive him, and comfort auto me in heaven and in earth. him, left perhaps such a one Mould