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accounteth their persons righteous in his fighty, not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them ž, but only for the perfect obedience and full fatisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them a, and received by faith alone b.

Q. 71.

upon all them that believe ; for righteousness, which we have done, there is no difference. V. 24. Being but according to his mercy he sajustified freely by his grace, through ved us by the washing of regenerathe redemption that is in Jefus tion, and renewing of the Holy Chrift: v.25. Whom God hath fet Ghost. * v.7. That being justified forth to be a propitiation, through by his grace, we should be made faith in his blood, to declare his heirs according to the hope of en righteousness for the remishop of ternal life. Eph. i. 7. In whom lins that are past, through the for. we have redemption through his bearance of God. Rom. iv. 5. But blood, the forgiveness of lins, acto him that worketh not, but belie-cording to the riches of his veth on tim that justifieth theụngod- grace. ly, his faith is counted for righte: a. * Rom. v. 17. For if by one ousness.

man's offence, death reigned by one; y 2 Cor. V. 19. To wit, that God much more they which receive awas in Christ, reconciling the world bundance of grace, and of the gift unto himself, not imputing their of righteousness, shall reign in life trespasses unto them; and hath com- by one, Jesus Chrift. V. 18. Theremitted unto us the word of reconci- fore as by the offence of one judgliation. v. 21. For he hath made ment came upon all men to conhim to be fin for us, who knew no demnation : cyen so by the rightefin; that we might be made the ousness of one, the free gift came righteousness of God in hini. Rom. upon all men unto justification of ü. 22. Even the righteoufness of life. v. 19. For ás by one man's disGod which is by faith in Jesus Chrift obedience many were made finners : unto all, and upon all then that be- so by the obedience of one shall lieve; for there is no difference. many be made righteous, Rom. 1. 24. Being justified freely by his iv. 6. Even as, David also de grace, through the redemption that scribeth the bleffedness of the man is in Jesus Christ :: v. 25. Whom unto whom God imputeth righteous . God hath set forth to be a propi dess without works, v. 7. Saying, tiation, through faith in his blood, Blessed are they whose iniquities to declarë his righteousness for the are forgiven, and whose fins are remiffion of fios that are part, thro? covered. v. 8. Blessed is the man the forbearance of God. v. 27. to whom the Lord will not impute Where is boasting then? It is ex. fin. cluded. By what law? of works ! b. Ads X. 43. To him give all Nay; but by the law of faith. v. 28. the prophets witness, that through Therefore we conclude, that a'man his name, whosoever believeth in is justified by faith without the deeds him, fhall receive remiffion of fins. of the law.

Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is Tit. ii. 5. Not by works of not justified by the works of the law,


Q. 71. How is justification an act of God's free grace?

A. Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified c; yet in as much as God accepteth the satisfaction from a Surety, which he might have demanded of them, and did provide this Surety, his own only Son d, imputing his righteousness

to but by the faith of Jesus Christ, e- termined upon thy people, and up ven we have believed in Jesus Chrift; on thy holy city, to finish the tranf : that we might be justified by the greslion, and to make an end of faith of Christ and not by the works fins, and to make reconciliation of the law; for by the works of the for iniquity, and to bring in everlaw shall no Aleth be justified. Phil. lasting righteousness, and to feal up ü. 9. And be found in him, not the vision and prophecy, and to a. having mine pwo righteousness, noint the most holy. v. 26. And which is of the law, but that which after threescore and two weeks is through the faith of Christ, the shall Meskah be cut off, but not for righteousness which is of God by himself : and the people of the faith.

prince that shall come, mall destroy 71. c Rom. v. 8. But God com, the city, and the sanctuary, and the mendeth his love towards us, in end thereof shall be with a flood, that while we were yet finners, and unto the end of the war desoChrist died for us. v.9. Much more lations are determined. Il. lii. 4: then being now justified by his Surely he hath borne our griefs, and blood, we fhall be saved from wrath carried our forrows: yet we did through him. v. 10. For if when esteem kim stricken, smitten of God, we were enemies, we were recon and afflicted. V. S. But he was ciled to God by the death of his wounded for pur tranfgreffions, he Son; much more being reconciled, was bruised for our iniquities : the we shall be saved by his life. v. 19.

chastisement of our peace was upon For as by one man's disobedience him, and with his Aripes we are many were made finners : so by the healed. v. 6. All we like sheep haye obedience of one, shall many be gone astray: we have turned every made righteous.

one to his own way, and the Lord d 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one hach laid on him the iniquity of us God, and one Mediator between all. v. 10. Yet it pleased the Lord God and man, the man Christ Jesus; to bruise him, he hath him to

6. Who gave himself a ransom grief: when thou sha make his for all, to be testified in due time. Toul an offering for fin, the hall fee Heb. x, 10. By the which will we his seed, he hall prolong his days, are fanctified, through the offering and the pleasure of the Lord shall of the body of Jesus Christ once for prosper in his hand.

He all. Matth. XX. 28. Even as the fhall fee of the travel of his food and Son of man came not to be minister. shall be fatisfied: by his knowledge ed unto, but to minifter, and to thall my righteous servant judify give his life a ransom-for many. mapy: for he shall bear their ini; Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are de- quities, v. 12. Therefore will I di,

to them e, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith f, which allo is, his gift g, their justification is to them of free grace

h. Q. 72. What is justifying faith?

A. Justifying, faith is a saving grace i, wrought in the heart of a finner by the Spirit k, and word of God l, whereby he, being convinced of his fin and mifery, and of the dísability in himself, and all other creatures, to recover him out of his lost condition m, not only afsenteth to the

truth vide him a portion with the great, b Eph. i. 7. In whom we have reand he shall divide the fpoil with demption through his blood, the the strong: because he hath poured forgiveness of fins, according to the out his foul unto death : and he riches of his grace. was numbered with the transgres 72. i Heb. x. 39. But we are not fors, and he bare the fin of many, of them who draw back unto perand made intercession for the trans- dition; but of them that believe, to gressors. Heb. vii. 22. By so much the saving of the soul. Was Jesus made a surety of a better k 2. Cor. iv, 13. We having the testament. Rom. vii. 32. He that same spirit of faith, according as it {paręd not his own fon, but deli- is written, I believed, and therefore vered him up for us all, how shall have I spoken: we also believe, and he not with him also freely give us therefore speak. Eph. i. 17. That all things?

1 Pet. i. 18. Foraf- the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, much as ye know that ye were not the Father of glory, may give unto redeemed with corruptible things, you the Spirit of wisdom and revelaas silver and gold, from your vain tion, in the knowledge of him : conversation received by tradition V. 18. The eyes of your understand

your fathers; v. 19. But with ing being enlightened; that ye may the precious blood of Christ, as of a know what is the hope of his calling, Lamb without blemish and without and what the riches of the glory of fput.

his inheritance in the saints, v. 19. e 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made And what is the exceeding greathim to be in for us, who knew no ness of his power to us-ward who lin; that we might be made the believe, according to the working righteousnefs of God in him.

of his mighty power, fRom, iii. 24. Being justified free i Rom. x. 14. How then shall ly by his grace, through the redemp- they call op him in whom they have rion that is in Jesus Christ: v. 25: not believed ? and how hall they Whom God hath set forth to be a believe in him of whom they have propitiation, through faith in his not heard? and how shall they hear Bu, to declare his righteousness without a preacher ? *1.19. So then,

the remission of fins thattare palt, faith cometh by hearing, and hearthrough the forbearance of God. ing by the word of God.

Epxvii. 8. For by grace are ye m Acts ü: 37. Now when they laved, through faith; and that not heard this, they were pricked in of yourselves : it is the gift of God. their heart, and said unto Peter,



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truth of the promise of the gospel n, but receiveth and reft: eth upon Christ and his righteousness, therein held forth, for pardon of sin o, and for the accepting and account ing of his person righteous in the fight of God for falvation p.

Q. 73. How doth faith justify a finner in the fight of God?

A. Faith justifies a sinner in the light of God, not be. cause of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it q, nor as if the grace

of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for his justification r; but only is an instrument by which he receiveth and applieth Christ and his righteoul

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and to the reft of the apostles, Men witness, that through his name, whoand brethren, what shall we do? foever believeth in him, Mall receive Acts xvi: 30. And brought them out, remiffion of fins. and said, Şirs, what must I do to bę :p Phil. iii. 9. And be found in saved ? John' xvi. 8. And when he him, not having mine own righte: is come, he will reprove the world ousness, which is of the law, but of fin, and of righteonfness, and of that which is through the faith of judgment : 1:2. Of fin, becaufe Christ, the righteousness which is they believe not in me. Rom. v. 6. of God by faith. Acts xv. 11. But For when we were yet without we believe that through the grace strength, in due tinte Christ died of the Lord Jesus Christ, we inall be for the ungodly. Eph. i. 1. And fàved even as they. you hath he quickened who were 73.9 Gal. ii. II. But that no dead in trespasses and fins. Ads iv. man is justified by the law in the 12. Neither is there salvation in any fight of God, it is evident : for, other: for there is none other name The just shall live by faith. Rom. under heaven given among men iñ. 28. Therefore we conclude, that whereby we must be saved.

a man is justifieth by faith without n Eph. i. 13. In whom yé alfo the deeds of the law. trusted after that ye heard the word y Rom. iv. 5. But to him that of truth, the gospel of your falvas worketh not, but believeth' on him tion: in whom also after that ye that justifieth the ungodly, bis faith believed, ye were sealed with that is counted for righteousness. Com holy Spirit of promise.

pared with Rom. X. 10. For with ö John . 12. Bad as many as re the heart man believeth unto righceived him, to them gave he powet teousnefs, and with the mouth con. to become the fons of God, even to fellion is made unto salvation. them that believe on his name. Acts

^ John i. 12. But as many as re xvi. 31. And they said, Believe on

ceived him,

to them


he power the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou to become the fons of God, even to fhalt be saved, and thy house. Acts them that believe on his name: X 43. To him give all the prophets Phil. iii. 9. And be found it hini,


Q. 74. What is adoption ?

A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God t, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ v, whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children w, have his name put upon them x, the Spirit of his Son given to them y, are under his fatherly care and dispensations z, admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Christ in glory a.

Q. 75. What is fanctification ?

À. Sanctification is a work of God's grace, whereby they whom God hath, before the foundation of the


ye are

not having mine own righteousness, fons and daughters, faith the Lord which is of the law, but that which Almighty. Rev. iii. 12. Him that is through the faith of Christ, the overcometh, will I make a pillar in righteousness which is of God by the temple of my God, and he shall faith. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a go no more out: and I will write mao is not justified by the works of upon him the name of my God, and the law, but by the faith of Jesus the name of the city of my God, Christ, even we have 'believed in which is new Jerusalem, which coJesus Chrift; that we might be justi: meth down out of heaven from my ked by the faith of Christ, and not God; and I will write upon him by the works of the law: for by the my new name. works of the law shall no flesh be ju Gal.iv. 6. And because stified.

sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit 74. t 1 John iii. 1. Behold, whạt of his Son into your hearts, crying, manner of love the Father hath be- Abba, Father. stowed upon us, that we should be z Psal. ciii. 13. Like as a father called the sons' of God.

pitieth his children: so the Lord v Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated pitieth them that fear him. Prov. us to the adoption of children by xiv. 26. In the fear of the Lord is Jesus Christ to himself, according strong confidence; and his children to the good pleasure of his will. hall have a place of refuge. Matth. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of vi. 32.---For your heavenly Father the time was come, God sent forth knoweth that ye have need of all his Şon, made of a woman, made un these things. der the law, v. 5. To redeem them a Heb. vi. 12. That

ye that were under the law, that we nothful, but followers of them, who might receive the adoption of sons. through faith and patience inherit

w Johın i. 1 2. But as many as re the promises. Rom. viii. 17. And ceived him, to them gave he power of children, then heirs; heirs of to become the sons of God, even to God, and joint heirs with Christ : them that believe on his name. if so be, that we suffer with him, x 2 Cor. vi. 18. And will be a. that we may be also glorified toge

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74. Eph.

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Father unto you,

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