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world, chosen to be holy, are in time, through the powerful operation of his Spirit b, applying the death and refur, rection of Christ unto them c, renewed in their whole man after the image of God d; having the feeds of repentance unto life, and of all other saving graces, put into their hearts e'; and those graces so stirred up, increased, and strengthened f, as that they more and more die unto fin, and rise unto new. ness of life g.

Q. 76. 75. 6 Eph. i. 4. According as he Whofoever is born af God, doth not hath chosen us in him, before the commit fin : for his feed remaineth foundation of the world, that we in him: and he cannot fin, because should be holy, and without blame he is born of God. before him in love.

1 Cor. vi. II.

f Jude 20. But ye, beloved, buildAnd such were some of you: but ye ing up yourfelves on your most holy are washed, but ye are fanctified, faith, praying in the Holy Ghost. but ye are justified in the nanie of Heb. vi. 11. And we desire that the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit every one of you do thew the same of our God, 2 Theff. ii. 13. But we diligence, to the full affurance of are bound to give thanks to God al. hope unto the end: v. 12, That ye way for you, brethren, beloved of be not Nothful, but followers of the Lord, because God hath from them, who through faith and patience the beginning chosen you to salva- inherit the promises. Eph. iii. 16. tion, through fanctification of the That he would grant you, accord. Spirit, and belief of the truth. ing to the riches of his glory, to bę

c Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are strengthened with might by his buried with him by baptism into Spirit in the inner-man; v. 17. That death: that like as Christ was raised Christ may dwell in your hearts by up from the dead by the glory of the faith; that ye being rooted and Father, even fo we also should walk grounded in love, v. 18. May be in newness of life. V.5. For if we able to comprehend with all faints, have been planted together in the what is the breadth and length, and likeness of his death, we shall be alfo depth, and height; v, 19. A.nd to in the likeness of his resurrection : know the love of Christ, which v. 6. Knowing this, that our old passeth knowledge, that ye might man is crucified with 'him, that the be filled with all the fulness of God. body of fin might be destroyed, that Col. i. 10, That ye might walk henceforth we should not serve fin worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing,

d Eph.iy. 23. And be renewed in being fruitful in every good work, the spirit of your mind; V. 24. And and increasing in the knowledge of that ye put on the new man, which God; V. II.

God; v. 11. Strengthened with all after God is created in righteousness might according to his glorious and true holiness.

power, unto all patience and long, e Acts xi. 18. When they heard suffering with joyfulness. these things, they held their peace,


Therefore we are and glorified God, saying, Then hath buried with him by baptism into God also to the Gentiles granted death: that like as Christ was rai. repentance unto life. Johp üi. 9. fed up from the dead by the glory


& Rom. vi.

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i Q. 76. What is repentance unto life?

A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace h, wrought in the heart of a finner by the Spirit i and word of Godk, whereby out of the fight and senfe, not only of the danger l, but also of the filthiness and odiousness of his fins m, and upon the apprehension of God's mercy in


of the Father, even so we also / Ezek, xviii. 28. Because he confhould walk in newness of life. v. 6. fidereth, and turneth away from all Knowing this, that our old man is his transgressions that he hath crucified with him, that the body of committed, he shall surely live, he fin might be destroyed, that hence- shall not die. v. 30. Therefore I will forth we should not serve fin. v, 14. judge you, O house of Israel, every For Gin shall not have dominion over one according to his ways, saith the you : for ye are not under the law, Lord God: repent, and turn yourbut under grace. Gal. v, 24. And selves from all your transgressions; they that are Christ's, have crucified so iniquity shall not be your ruia. the flesh, with the affections and v. 32. For I have no pleasure in the lufts.

death of him that dieth, faith the 76. h 2 Tim. ï. 25. In meekness Lord God: wherefore turn yourinstructing those that oppose them selves, and live ye. Luke xv. 17. selves; if God peradventure will And when he came to himself, he give them repentance to the acknow. Said, How many hired servants of ledging of the truth.

my father's have bread enough and i Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour to spare, and I perish with hunger ! upon the house of David, and upon v. 18. I will rise, and go to my fathe inhabitants of Jerusalem, the ther, and will say unto him, Father, fpirit of grace and of supplications, I have finned against heaven, and and they shall look upon me whom before thee. Hof. ii. 6. Therefore they have pierced, and they shall behold, I will bedge up thy way mourn for him, as one mourneth for with thorns, and make a wall, that his only son, and shall be in bitter. The shall not find her paths. v. 7. ness for him, as one that is in bit. And she shall follow after her lo. terness for his first born.

vers, but she shall not overtake & Acts xi. 18. When they heard them; and she shall seek them, but these things, they held their peace, shall not find them : then shall she and glorified God, saying, Theo say, I will go and return to my first hath God also to the Gentiles grant husband, for then was it better with ed repentance unto life. v. 20. And me than now. some of them were men of Cyprus, m Ezek. xxxvi. 31. Then shall and Cyrene, which when they were ye remember your own evil ways, come to Antioch, spake unto the and your doings that were not good, Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus. and shall lothe yourselves in your V. 21. And the hand of the Lord own fight, for your iniquities, and was with them: and a great num. for your abominations. If. xxx. 22. ber believed, and turned unto the Ye shall defile also the covering of Lord.

thy graven images of filver, and the


Christ to such as are penitent n, he fo grieves for ò, ane hates his fins p, as that he turns from them all to God, purposing and endeavouring constantly to walk with him i all the ways of new obedience r.

Q. 77. Wherein do justification and fančtification differ.

A. Although sanctification be infeparably joined with justifications, yet they differ, in that God in justification

imputeth ornament of thy molten images of inheritance among them which are gold: thou shalt call them away as fanctified by faith that is in me. a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say Ezek. xiv. 6. Therefore fay unto unto it, Get thee hence.

the house of Israel, Thus faith the n Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, Lord God, repent, and turn your faith the Lord, Turn ye even to me felves from your idols, and turn with all your heart, and with fast- away your faces from all your aboing, and with weeping, and with minations. . 1 Kings vii. 47. Yet mourning. v.-13. And rent your if they shall bethink themselves, heart and 'not your garments, and in the land whither they were carturn unto the Lord your God: forried captives, and repent, and make he is gracious and merciful, flow to fupplication unto thee in the land of anger, and of great kindness, and them that carried them captives, repenteth him of the evil..

saying, We have finned, and have o Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely done perversely, we have commitheard Ephraim bemoaning himself ted wickedness; v. 48. And so rethus, Thou hast chastised me, and turn unto thee with all their heart, I was chastised, as a bullock unac. and with all their soul. customed to the yoke: turn thou Psal. cxix. 6. Then I shall not me, and I shall be turned; for thou be ashamed, when I have respect unart the Lord my God. v. 19. Sure- to all thy commandments. v. 59. I ly after that I was turned, I repent- thought on my ways, and turned ed : and after that I was instructed, my feet unto thy testimonies. v. 128. I fmote upon my thigh : I was asha- . Therefore I esteem all thy precepts med, yea, even confounded, because concerning all things to be right; I did bear the reproach of my youth. and I hate every false way. Luke i.

p 2 Cor. vii. 11. For behold, this 6. And they were both righteous self-fame thing, that ye sorrowed before God, walking in all the comafter a godly fort, what carefulness mandments and ordinances of the it wrought in you, yea, what clear. Lord, blameless. 2 Kings xxiii. 25. ing of yourselves, yea, what indig- And like unto him was there no nation, yea, what fear, yea, what king before him, that turned to the vehement desire, yea, what zeal, Lord with all his heart, and with all yea, what revenge ! in all things ye his soul, and with all his might, achave approved yourselves to be clear cording to all the law of Moses ; in this matter.

neither after him arose there, any a Acts xxvi. 18. To open their like him. eyes, and to turn them from dark- 77.5 L. Cor. vi. 11. And such ness to light, and from the power were some of you : but ye are walh. of Satan-unto God, that they may ed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are receive forgiveness of fins, and justified in the name of the Lord


mputeth the righteousness of Christ t; in fanctification his piric infuseth grace, and enableth to the exercise thereof v; n the former, sin is pardoned w; in the other, it is subdu. dx; the one doth equally free all believers from the rejenging wrath of God, and that perfectly in this life, that hey never fall into condemnation y; the other is neither e. jual in all z, nor in this life perfect in any a, but growing up o perfection b.

Q.78.78 Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. z 1 John ii. 12. I write unto you, 7% is 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in little children, because your fins are by Christ Jesus, who of God is made forgiven you for his name's fake. unto us wisdom, and righteousness, V. 13. I write unto you, fathers, and fanctification, and redemption because ye have known him that is

+ Rom. iv. 6. Even as David also from the beginning. I write unto describeth the blessedness of the you, young men, because ye have man unto whom God imputeth righ- overcome the wicked one. I write teousness without works. v. 8. Bles- unto you, little children, because fed is the man to whom the Lord ye have known the Father. v. 14. will not impute fin.

. I have written unto you, fathers, v Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put because ye have known him that is my spirit within you, and cause you from the beginning. I have written to walk in my statutes, and ye shall unto you, young men, because ye keep my judgments and do them. are strong, and the word of God a

w Rom. iii. 24. Being justified bideth in you, and ye have overfreely by his grace, through the come the wicked one. Heb. V. 12. redemption that is in Jesus Christ: For when for the time ye ought to V. 25. Whom God hath set forth be teachers, ye have need that one to be a propitiation, through faith teach you again which be the first in his blood, to declare his righ, principles of the oracles of God; teoufness for the remission of fins and are become such as have need that are past, through the forbear- of milk, and not of strong 'meat. , ance of God.

v. 13. For every one that useth * Rom. vi. 6. Knowing this, that milk, is unskilful in the word of our old man is crucified with him, righteousness: for he is a babe. v. 34. that the body of sip might be de. But strong meat belongeth to them stroyed, that henceforth we fhould that are of full age, even those who pot serve fin. . 14. For fin shall not by reason of use, have their senses have dominion over you: for ye are exercised to discern both good and not under the law, but under grace. evil.

y Rom. viii. 33. Who shall lay a 1 Johni. 8. And if we say that we any thing to the charge of God's have no fin, we deceive ourselves, elect? It is God that justifieth?: and the truth is not in us. v. 10. If V. 34. Who is he that condemneth? we say, that we have not finned, we It is Christ that died, yea rather, make him a liar, and his word is that is risen again, who is even at not in us. the right hand of God, who also b 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore maketh intercession for us.

these promises, dearly beioved, ler


Q. 78. Whence ariseth the imperfection of sanctification in believers ?

A. The imperfection of fanctification in believers ariseth from the remnants of sin abiding in every part of them, and the perpetual lustings of the flesh against the Spirit;, whereby they are often foiled with temptations, and fall into many

fins c, are hindered in all their spiritual services d, and their best works are imperfect and defiled in the fight of

God e.

Q. 79. May not true believers, by reason of their imperfecti. ons, and the many temptations and síns they are overtaken with, fall away from the state of grace?

A. True believers, by reason of the unchangeable love of Godf, and his decree and covenant to give them

perseverance us cleanse ourselves from all filthi- him to the face, because he was to ness of the flesh and spirit, perfect- be blamed. v. 12. For before that ing holiness in the fear of God. certain came from James, he did Phil. iii. 12. Not as though I had eat with the Gentiles : but when already attained, either were alrea. they were come, he withdrew, and sedy perfe&t; but I follow after, if that parated himself, fearing them which I may apprehend that for which also were of the circumcision. I am apprehended of Christ Jesus. d Heb. xii. 1. Wherefore, feeV. 13. Brethren, I count not myself ing we also are compassed about with to have apprehended : but this one so great a cloud of witnesses, let us thing I do, forgetting those things lay afide every weight, and the fin which are behind, and reaching which doth so easily beset us, and forth unto those things which fare let us run with patience the race that before, v. 14. I press toward the is set before us. mark, for the prize of the high cal. e If. lxiv. 6. But we are all as an ling of God in Christ Jesus. unclean thing, and all our righ

78. c Rom. vii. 18. For I know, teousnesses are as filthy rags, and that in me (that is, in my flesh) we all do fade as a leaf, and our dwelleth no good thing: for to will iniquities, like the wind, have tais present with me, but how to per- ken us away. Exod. xxvüi. 38. form that which is good, I find not. And it shall be upon Aaron's foreV. 23. But I fee another law in my head, that Aaron may bear the inimembers, warring against the law quity of the holy things, which the of my mind, and bringing me into children of Israel shall hallow in all captivity to the law of fin, which is their holy gifts : and it shall be alin my members. Mark. xiv. 66. ways upon his forehead, that they to the end. And as Peter was be may be accepted before the Lord. neath in the palace, there cometh 79. f Jer. xxxi. 3. The Lord one of the maids of the high priest, hath appeared of old unto me, fag&c. Gal. ii. 11. But when Peter ing, Yea, I have loved thee with was come to Antioch, I withstood an everlasting love: therefore with

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