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Q.91. What is the duty which God requireth of man?
À. The duty which Gód requireth of man, is obedience to his revealed will r.
Q. 92. What did God at first reveal unto man as the rule of bis obedience?
A. The rule of obedience revealed to Adam in the estate of innocence, and to all mankind in him, beside a special command not to eat of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, was the moral law e. . .' . :
Q. 93. What is the moral law ?
A. The moral law is the declaration of the will of God to mankind, directing and binding every one to personal, perfect, and perpetual conformity and obedience thereunto, in the frame and disposition of the whole man, foul and body p, and in performance of all those duties of holiness
and we ever be with the Lord. v. 18. over the cattle, and over all the Wherefore comfort one another with earth, and over every creeping thing these words. . ;
that creepeth upon the earth. v. 27. : 91. n Rom. Xü. 1. I beseech you So God created man in his own therefore, brethren, by the mercies image, in the image of God created of God, that ye present your bodies he him: male and female created a living facrifice, holy, acceptable he them. Rom. ii. 14. For when unto God, which is your reasonable the Gentiles, which have not the service,' v. 2. And be not conform . law, do by nature the things coned to this world : but, be ye trans- tained in the law, these having not formed, by the renewing of your the law, are a law unto themselves :: mind, that ye may prove what is v. 15. Which shew the work of the that good, and acceptable, and per- ; law written in their hearts, their fect will of God. Mic. vi. 8. He conscience also bearing witness, and hath shewed thee, O man, what is their thoughts the mean while accugood; and what doth the Lord re- fing, or else excusing one another. quire of thee, but to do justly, and Rom. x. 5. For Moses describeth; to love mercy, and to walk humbly the righteousness which is of the with thy God?.. Sam. xv.. 22. law, That the man which doth those And Samuel said, Hath the Lord as things, fhall live by them. Gen. ii, i great delight in burnt-offerings and 17. But of the tree of the know. facrifices, as in obeying the voice of u ledge of good and evil, thou shalt the Lord ? Behold, tu obey is bet.. not eat of it : for in the day that ter than sacrifice; and to hearken, thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely you than the fat of rams.
die. 92. Gen. i. 26. And God said, 932 p Deut. v. 1. And Moses cale; Let us make man in our image, af- led all Ifrael, and said unto then, :: ter our likeness: and let them have Hear, O Israel, the statutes and dominion over the fish' of the sea, judgments, which I fpeak in yourg and over the fowl of the air, and ears this day, that ye niay learn **
and righteousness which he oweth to God and man'q: promifing life upon the fulfilling, and threatning death upon the breach of it r.
0.94. Is there any use of the moral law to man since the fall?
Ā. Although no man, since the fall, can attain to righte, ousness and life by the moral laws; yet there is great use thereof, as well common to all men, as pecultar either to the unregenerate, or the regenerate t, Q. 95. Of what use is the moral law to all men?
them, and keep and do them. v. 2. ming of our' Lord Jesus Christ. The Lord our God made a cove
9 Luke i.
In holiness and pant with us in Horeb. v. 3. The righteousness before him, all the days Lord made nog this covenant with of our life. Acts xxiv. 16. And our fathers, but with us, even us, herein do I exercise myself to have who are all of us here alive this always a conscience void of offence day. v. 31. But as for thee, stand toward God, and toward men. thou here by me, and I will speak ^ Rom. x. 5. For Mofes defcri. unto thee all the conimandments, beth the righteoufnefs. which is of and the statútes, and the judgments the law, That the man which doth which thou shalt teach them, that those things, shall live by them. they may do them in the land which Gal. iii: 1o. For as many as are of I: give them: to poffefs it. .7.33. the works of the law, are under the You fall walk in all the ways which curse: for it is written, Cursed is the Lord your God hath commande every one that continueth not in all ed you, that ye may live, and that things which are written in the it may be well with you, and that book of the law to do them. v. 12. yę may prolong your' days in the . And the law is not of faith: but, the İand which ye hall poffefs. Lukę x. man that doth them shall live in 26. He said unto him, What is write them, ten in the law? how 'readeft thou ? 94. S Rom. viii. 3. For what the v. 27. And he answering, said, law could not do, in that it was Thou shalt love the Lord thy God weak through the flesha, God send. with all thy heart, and with all thy ing his own Son, in the likeness of foul, and with all thy strength, and finful flesh, and for fin condemned with all thy mind; and thy neigh- fin in the flesh. Gal. ii. 16. Knowbour as thyself. Gal. iii. 10. For as ing that a man is not justified by
the many as are of the works of the works of the law, but by the faith law, are under the curse: for it is of Jesus Chrift; even we have beliewritten, Cursed is every one that ved in Jesus Christ, that we might -- continueth not in all things which be justified by the faith of Chrift, are written in the book of the law
and not by the works of the to do them. 1 Theff. v. 23. And for by the works of the law shall the very God of peace fanctify you 'fleth be justified. wholly : and I pray God your t i Tim. 1. 8. But we know that whole spirit and soul and body be the law is good, if a man use it lawpreserved blameless unto the co- fully.
A. The moral law is of use to all inen, to inform them of the holy nature and will of God v; and of their duty, binding them to walk accordingly ws to convince them of their difability to keep it, and of the sinful pollution of their nature, hearts, and lives x; to humble them in fenfe of their fin and misery, and thereby help them to a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ z, and of the perfection of his obedience a.
Q. 96. What particular use is there of the moral law to unregenerate mien?
A. The moral law is of use to unregenerate men, to awaken their consciences to fee from wrath to come b,
and 95. v Lev. xi. 44. For I am the keeping of them there is great re* Lord your God: ye shalt therefore ward. v. 12: Who can understand fanctify yourselves, and ye shall be his errors ? cleanse thou me from holy; for I am holy: neither shall secret faults. Rom. iii. 20. There ye defile yourselves with any man- fore by the deeds of the law, there ner of creeping thing that creepeth shall no hesh be justified in his fight; upon the earth. v. 45, For I am the for by the law is the knowledge of Lord that bringeth you up out of fin. Rom. vii. 7. What shall we the land of Egypt, to be your God: say then? Is the law fin? God for. ye fhall therefore be holy, for I am bid. Nay, I had not known sin, but holy. Lev. xx, 7. Sanctify your by the law: for I had not known selves therefore, and be ye holy : luft, except the law had said, Thou for I am the Lord your God, v. 8. Maalt not covet. And ye shall keep my statutes, and Rom. iii. 9. What then? are we do them: I am the Lord which better than they ? No, in no wise : fanctify you, Rom, vii, 12. Where for we have before proved both Jews .fore the law is holy; and the and Gentiles, that they are all under commandment holy, and just, and fin. V. 23. For all have sinned, and good,
come short of the glory of God. w Mic. vi. 8. He hath shewed z Gal, ü. 21. Is the law then a., thee, Oman, what is good; and gainst the promises of God? God what doth the Lord require of thee, forbid : for if there had been a law biut to do justly, and to love mercy, given which could have given life, and to walk humbly with thy God? verily righteousness should have been James i 10. For whosoever shall by the law. v. 22. But the scripkeep the whole law, and yet offend ture hath concluded all under sin, in one point, he is guilty of all. v. that the promise by faith of Jesus In. For he that said, Do not com- Christ might be given to them that mit adultery; faid also; Do not kill. beliey.com Now if thou commit no adultery,yet a Rom. x. 4. For Christ is the i thou kill, thou art become a trans- end of the law for righteousness to essor of the law.
every one that believeth. O x Psal. xix. 11. Moreover, by 96. b , Tim. i. q. Knowing this, Wiem is thy servant warned: and in that the law is not made for a
and to drive them to Christ c: or, upon their continuance in the estate and way of fin, to leave them inexcusable co and under the curse thereof e. .
Q. 97. What special use is there of the moral law to the rpm generate?
A. Although they that are regenerate and believe AR Christ, be delivered from the moral law as a covenant of works f, so as thereby they are neither justified g nor condemned h; yet, beside the general uses thereof common to them with all men, it is of special use, to fhew them how much they are bound to Christ for his fulfilling it, and enduring the curse thereof in their stead and for their good i ; and thereby to provoke them to more
thankfulness teous man, but for the lawless and 97. f Rom. vi. 14. For fin fhall disobedient, for the ungodly and not have dominion over you : for ye for finners, for unholy and profane, are not under the law, but under for murderers of fathers, and mur- grace. Rom. vii. 4. Wherefore, derers of mothers, for man-slayers, my brethren, ye also are become V.'10. For whoremongers, for them dead to the law by the body of that defile themselves with mankind, Christ: that ye should be married to for men-stealers, for liars, for per- another, even to him who is raised jured persons, and if there be any from the dead, that ye should bring other thing that is contrary to found forth fruit unto God. v. 6. Buc doctrine.
now we are delivered from the law, c Gal. iii. 24. Wherefore the law that being dead wherein we were was our schoolmaster to bring us un held; that we should serve in newneso to Christ, that we might be justified of spirit, and not in the oldness of by faith.
the letter. Gal. iv. 4. But when d Rom. i. 20. For the invisible the fulness of the time was come, things of him from the creation of God sent forth his Son made of a the world are clearly seen, being un- woman, made under the law, v. ; derstood by the things that are made, To redeem them that were unde even his eternal power and Godhead; the law, that we might receive th so that they are without excuse. adoption of fons. Compared with Rom. ii. 15. Which g Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the shew the work of the law written in deeds of the law there shall no flera their hearts, their conscience also be justified in his light: for by the bearing witness, and their thoughts law is the knowledge of fin. the mean while accusing, or else ex b Gal. v. 23. Meekness, temper cuting one another.
rance: against such there is no lawy e Gal. iii, 10. For as many as are Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now of the works of the law, are under no condemnation to them which ar the curfe : for it is written, Cursed in Christ Jefus, who walk not afte is every one that continueth not in the flesh, but after the Spirit. all things which are written in the i Rom. vii. 24. O wretched ma book of the law to do them. : that I am, who shall deliver mefron
hankfulness k, and to express the same in their greater care o conform themselves thereunto as the rule of their obedince l. . . . ; ; .
Q. 08. Where is the moral law fummarily comprehended?
A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the en commandments, which were delivered by the voice of God upon mount Sinai, and written by him in two tables of stone m; and are recorded in the twentieth chap
. ; :ter the body of this death! v. 25. I Who hath delivered us from the thank God, through Jesus Christ our power of darkness, and hath transLord. So then, with the mind I lated us into the kingdom of his dear myself serve the law of God; but Son: v. 14. In whom we have rewith the flesh the law of sin. Gal. demption through his blood, even iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us the forgiveness of sins. from the curse of the law, being . I Rom. vii. 22. For I delight in made a curse for us ; for it is writ- the law of God, after the inward ten, Cursed is every one that hang- man. Rom. xii, 2. And be not esh on a tree : v. 14. That the conformed to this word: but be ye blessing of Abraham might come on transformed by the renewing of your the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; mind, that ye may prove what is that we might receive the promise that good, and acceptable and perof the Spirit through faith. Rom. fect will of God. Tit. ii. 11. For viii. 3. For what the law could not the grace of God that bringeth saldo, in that it was weak through the vation hath appeared to all men; flesh, God sending his own Son, in v. 12. Teaching us, that denying the likeness of sinful flesh, and for ungodliness, and worldly lusts, , we Gin condemned fin in the filelh : 1.4. should live soberly, righteously, and That the righteousness of the law godly in this present world; v. 13. might be fulfilled in us, who walk Looking for that blessed hope, and not after the flesh, but after the Spi- the glorious appearing of the great rit.
Gud, and our Saviour Jesus Chrift: i k Luke i. 68. Blessed be the Lord V. 14. Who gave himself for us,
God of Israel, for he hath visited that he might redeem us from all : and redeemed his people. v. 69. iniquity, and purify unto himself a
And hath raised up an horn of falpeculiar people, zealous of good : varion for us, in the house of his works.
fervant David. v. 74. That he 98. in Deut. X. 4. And he wrote would grant unto us, that wé being on the tables, according to the firft delivered out of the hands of our writing, the ten conimandments, enemies, "might serve him without which the Lord spake unto you in
fear. v.75. In holiness and righ- the mount, out of the midst of the * teousness before him, all the days of fire, in the day of the assembly:
our life. Col. i. 12. Giving thanks and the Lord gave them unto me. unto the father, which hath made us Exod. xxxiv. I. And the Lord said meet to be partakers of the inheri- unto Moses, Hew thee two tables 3. tance of the saints in light: v. 13. of stone like unto the firft, and I