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ter of Exodus. The four first commandments containing our duty to God, and the other fix our duty to man n.

Q. 99. What rules are to be observed for the right under standing of the ten commandments ?

A. For the right understanding of the ten commandments, these rules are to be observed ;

1. That the law is perfect, and bindeth every one to full conformity in the whole man unto the righteousness there of, and unto entire obedience for ever; so as to require the utmost perfection of every duty, and to forbid the least de. gree of every sing,

2. That will write upon these tables the old time, Thou shalt not kill ; and words that were in the first tables whosoever shall kill, fhall be in which thou brakest. v. 2. And be danger of the judgment. v. 22. ready in the morning, and come up But I say unto you, That whosoever in the morning unto mount Sinai, is angry with his brother without a and present thyself there to me, in cause, shall be in danger of the the top of the mount. v. 3. And judgment : and whosoever fhall fay Do man shall come up with thee, to his brother, Raca, shall be in &C. V. 4. And he hewed two tables danger of the council : but whoso. of stone, like unto the first ; and ever shall say, Thou fool, shall be Moses rose up early in the morning, in danger of hell-fire.--V. 27. Ye and went up unto mount Sinai, as have heard that it was said by them the Lord had commanded him, and of old time, Thou shalt pot commit took in his hand the two stables of adultery. v, 28. But I say unto Itone.

you, That whosoever looketh on Matth. xxii. 37. Jesus said un- a woman to lust after her, hath to him, Thou shalt love the Lord committed adultery with her alreathy God with all thy heart, and dy in his heart.-v. 33. Again, ye with all thy soul, and with all thy have heard that it hath been said by mind. v. 38. This is the first and them of old time, Thou shalt not great commandment. v. 39. And forswear thyself, but shalt perform the second is like unto it, Thou unto the Lord' thine oaths. * V. 34. shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. But I say unto you, Swear not at v. 40. On these two command. all; neither by heaven, for it is ments hang all the law and the pra. God's throne :-0.37. Bụt let your phets.

commụnication be, Yea, yea; Nay, 99. Psal. xix. 7. The law of nay: for whatsoever is more than the Lord is perfect, converting the these, cometh of evil. V, 38. Ye foul: the testimony of the Lord is have heard that it hath been said, fure, making wise the simple. James An eye for an eye, and a tooth for ii. 10. For whosoever shall keep the a tooth. v. 39. But I say unto whole law, and yet offend in one you, that ye resist not evil.-1.43. point, he is guilty of all. Matth. Ye have heard that it hath been said, v. 21. to the end. v. 21. Ye have Thou shalt love they neighbour,and heard, that it was said by them of hate thine enemy. V. 44. But I say


2. That it is fpiritual, and so reacheth the understanding, will, affections, and all other powers of the soul; as well as words, works, and gestures p .

. 3. That one and the same thing, in diverse refpects, is required or forbidden in several commandments g.

4. That as, where a duty is commanded, the contrary fin is forbidden r; and, where a fin is forbidden, the contrary duty is commanded fi fo, where a promise is


unto you, Love your enemies, blefs erred from the faith, and pierced them that curfe you, do good to themselves through with many forthem that hate you, and pray for row. them which defpitefully use you,and: ., Il. lviii. 13. If thou turn away perfecute you, &c. isinii 7 thy foot from the Sabbath, from

p Rom. vii. 14. For we know doing thy pleasure on my holy day that the law is spiritual: but I am and call the Sabbath a delight, the carnal, fold under sin Deut. vi. go's holy of the Lord, honourable, and Thou shalt love the Lord thy God shalt honour him, not doing thine with all thine heart, and with all owń ways, nor finding thine own thy foul, and with all thy might. pleasure, not speaking thine own Compared with Matth. xxii. 37. words. Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt: Jefus faid unto him, Thou halt fear the Lord thy God, and serve love the Lord thy God with all thy him, and shalt swear by his name. heart, and with all thy foul, and Compared with Matth. iv. 9. And with all thy mind. 7. 38. This is faith unto him, All thefe things the first and great commandment. will I give thee, if thou wilt fall v. 39. And the second is like 'unto. down and worship me. y. 10. Then it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour faith Jesus unto him, Get thee as thyself. : : *, hence, Satan : for it is written,

q Col. i. 3. Mortify therefore Thou shalt worship the Lord thy your members which are upon the : God, and him only shalt thou ferve." earth: fornication, upcleanness, in- 'Matth. xv. 4. For God commandordinate affection, evil concupif- ed, saying, honour thy father and cence, and covetousness, which is mother : and, He that curseth faidolatry. Amos viii. s. Saying, ther or mother, let bim die the When will the new-moon be gone, death. v. 5. But ye say, Whosoever : that we may fell corn? and the Sab- fhall say to his father or his mother, bath, that we may set forth wheat, It is a gift by whatsoever thou making the ephah small, and the mightest be profited by me. 1.6. shekel great, and fallfying the ba. And honour not his father or his lances by deceit? Prov. i. 19. So 'mother, he shall be free. Thus: are the ways of every one that is have ye made the commandment of greedy of gain: which taketh away God of none effect by your tradi. • the life of the owners thereof. tion. 1 Tim. vi. 10. For the love of mo- - Matth. v. 21, 22. (See lettere) ney is the root of all evil: which v. 23. Therefore if thou bring thy while some coveted after, they have gift to the altar, and there remem


annexed, the contrary threatning is included t; and, where a tnreatning is annexed, the contrary promise is included v. . 5. That what God forbids, is at no time to be done w; what he commands, is always our duty x; and yet every particular duty is not to be done at all times. y. 6. That under one fin or duty, all of the same kind


are brest that thy brother hath ought putteth not out his money to usury, against thee; v. 24. Leave there nor taketh reward against the indu. thy gift before the altar, and go cent. He that doth these things, thy way, first be reconciled to thy shalll never be moved. And with brother, and then come and offer Psal. xxiv. 4. He that hath clean thy gift. Eph. iv. 28. Let him that hands, and a pure heart; 'who hath stole, steal no more;. but rather: not lift up his soul unto vanity, nor let him labour, working with his sworn deceitfully. v. 5. He shall hands the thing which is good, thát receive the blessing from the Lord, he may have to give to him, that ; and righteousness from the God of needęth. .. i

. his sayation, * Exod. xx. 12. Honour thy fao w Job xür. 7 Will you speak ther and thy mother : that thy days wickedly for God? and talk deceitmay be long upon the land which fully for him? v. 8. Will ye acthe Lord thy God giveth thee. Com-, cept his perfon ? Will ye contend pared with Proy. xxx. 17. The for God? Rom. ji. 8. And not raeye that mocketh at his father, and ther, (as we be sanderously reportdespiseth to obey his mother, the ed, and as some affirm that we lay)," savens of the valley shall pick it out, - Let us do evil, that good may 1 and young eagels shall eat it. : i come? whose, damnation is jult,

u Jer. xviii. 7. At what instant Job xxxvi. 21. Take heed, regard I shall speak concerning a nation, not iniquity : for this halt thou and concerning a kingdom, to pluck 'chosen rather than affliction. Heb. up, and to pull down, and to de- xi. 256 Chuling rather to suffer afstroy it: v. 8. If that nation a- fiction with the people of God, than gainst whom I have pronounced, to enjoy the pleasures of fin for 2 turn from their evil, I will repent season.' of the evil that I thought to do un- . x Deut. iv. 8. And what nation to them. Exod. xx. 7. Thou shalt is there so great, that hath statures not take the name of the Lord thy and judgments so righteous, as all God in vain : for the Lord will not . this law which I set before you hold him guiltless that taketh his this day? v. 9. Only take heed to name in vain. Compared with Pfal. thyself, and keep thy soul diligently xv. 1. Lord, who shall abide in thy left thou forget the things which tabernacle? who Mall dwell in thy thine eyes have seen, and, left they holy hill ?.v. 4. In whose eyes a vile depart from thy heart all the days person is contemned; but he ho- of thy life: but teach them thy fons, noureth them that fear the Lord: and thy fons fons. he that sweareth to his own hurt, ; y Matth, xii. 7. But if ye b and changesh not. v. 5. He that known what this meaneth, w


are for bidden or commanded together with all the causes; means, occasions, and appearances thereof, and provocations thereuntoz..

;. That what is forbidden or command to ourselves, we are bound, according to our places, to endeavour that it may be avoided or performed by others, according to the duty of their places a.

8. That, in what is commanded to others, we are bound, according to our places and callings, to be help.


have mercy and not sacrifice, ye day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy would not have condemned the guilt- God : in it thou shalt not do any less

work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy : Matth. v. 21, 22. 27, 28. (See daughter, thy man servant, nor thy in letter Ċ before). Matth. xv. 4: maid-fervant, nor thy cattle, nor For God commanded, saying, Ho- thy stranger that is within thy gates. nour thy father and mother : and; Lev. xix. 17. Thou shalt not hate He that curseth father or mother, thy brother in thine heart : thou let him die the death. y. 5. But ye thalt in any wise rebuke they neighsay, Whosoever fhall say to his fa- bour, and not suffer sin upon him. ther or his mother, it is a gift by Gen. xviii. 19. For I know him, whatsover thou mightest be profit. that he will command his children

by me. 5. 6. And honour not and his household, after him, and 1 father or his mother, he shall they shall keep the way of the Lord,

ree. Thus have ye made the to do justice and judgment: that the nandment of God of none effect Lord may bring upon Abraham our tradition. Heb. X. 24. And that which he hath spoken of him. $ consider one other, to pro- Josh. xxiv, 15. And if it seem evil unto love and to good works : unto you to serve the Lord, choose i. Nột forsaking the assembling you this day whom ye will serve, urselves together, as the man whether the gods which your fa. of some is; but exhorting one thers served, that were on the oher: and so much the more, ther side of the flood, or the gods ye see the day approaching. of the Amorites, in whose land ye 'hess. y. 22. Abstain from all dwell: but as for me and my house, arance of evil. Jude 23. And we will serve the Lord. Deut. vi. 's saye with fear, pulling them 6. And these words which I com. f the fire; hạring even the gare mand thee this day, shall be in thine

fpotted by the Aesh. Gal. v. heart. v.7. And thou shalt teach 26. Let us not be desirous of vain them diligently unto thy children, glory, provoking, one another, en- and shalt talk of them when thou vying one another. Col iii. 21. fittest in thine house, and when Fathers, provoke not your children thou walkest by the way, and when to anger, left they be discourage' thou lieft down,and when thou riseft,

Exod. xx. 10. But the seventh
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2 Cor


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