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ter of Exodus. The four first commandments containing our duty to God, and the other fix our duty to man n.
Q. 99. What rules are to be observed for the right under, standing of the ten commandments ?
A. For the right understanding of the ten commandments, these rules are to be observed ;
1. That the law is perfect, and bindeth every one to full conformity in the whole man unto the righteousness thete of, and unto entire obedience for ever; so as to require the utmost perfection of every duty, and to forbid the least degree of every fine,
2. That will write upon these tables the old time, Thou shalt not kill ; and words that were in the first tables whosoever shall kill, fhall be in which thou brakeft. v. 2. And be danger of the judgment. V. 22. ready in the morning, and come up But I say unto you, That whosoever in the morning unto mount Sinai, is angry with his brother without a and present thyself there to me, in caufe, shall be in danger of the the top of the mount, v. 3. And judgment : and whofoever shall fay no man shall come up with thee, to his brother, Raca, fhall be in &c. v. 4. And he hewed two tables danger of the council : but whoso. of stone, like unto the first ; and ever shall say, Thou fool, shall be Moses rose up early in the morning, in danger of hell-fire.—v. 27. Ye and went up unto mount Sinai, as have heard that it was said by them the Lord had commanded him, and of old time, Thou shalt took in his hand the two stables of adultery. V. 28. But I say unto ftone.
you, That whosoever fooketh on n Matth. xxii. 37. Jesus faid un a woman to lust after her, hath to him, Thou shalt love the Lord committed adultery with her alreathy God with all thy heart, and dy in his heart.- V. 33. Again, ye with all thy soul, and with all thy have heard that it hath been said by mind. v. 38. This is the first and them of old time, Thou shalt not great commandment.
v. 39. And forswear thyself, but shalt perform the second is like unto it, Thou unto the Lord thine oaths. shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. But I say unto you, Swear not at v. 40. On these two commandall; neither by heaven, for it is ments hang all the law and the pro- God's throne :--V. 37. Bụt let your
communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, 99. o Psal. xix. 7. The law of nay: for whatsoever is more than the Lord is perfect, converting the these, cometh of evil.
V. 38. Ye foul: the testimony of the Lord is have heard that it hath been said, fure, making wise the simple. James An eye for an eye, and a tooth for ii. 10. For whosoever shall keep the
v. 39. But I say unto whole law, and yet offend in one you,
resist not evil. v. 43. point, he is guilty of all. Matth. Ye have heard that it hath been said, v. 21. to the end. v. 21. Ye have Thou shalt love they neighbour, and heard, that it was said by them of hate thine enemy. V. 44. But I say
2. That it is fpiritual, and fo reacheth the understanding, will, affections, and all other powers of the foul; as well as words, works, and gestures p 3.
That one and the same thing, in diverse refpects, is required or forbidden in several commandments q: 4:
That as, where a duty is commanded, the contrary fin is forbidden r; and, where a fin is forbidden, the contrary duty is commanded f: so, where a promise is
annexed, unto you, Love your enemies, blefs erred from the faith, and pierced them that curfe you, do good to themfelves through with many
for them that hate you, and pray for row. them which defpitefully use you,and If. lviii. 13. If thou turn away perfecute you, doc.
thy foot from the Sabbath, from p Rom. vii. 14. For we know doing thy pleasure op my holy day that the law is spiritual: but I am and call the Sabbath a delight, the carpal, fold under sin. Deut. vi. 5.* holy of the Lord, honourable, and Thou shalt love the Lord thy God shalt honour him, not doing thine with all thine heart, and with all own ways, nor finding thine own thy foul, and with all thy might. pleasure, not speaking thine own Compared with Matth. xxi. 37. words. Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt:
Jesus said unto him, Thou halt fear the Lord thy God, and serve : love the Lord thy God with all thy him, and shalt swear by his name.
heart, and with all thy foul, and compared with Matth. iv. 9. And with all thy mind. 7. 38. This is faith unto him, All these things the first and great commandment. will I give thee, if thou wilt fall v. 39. And the fecond is like unto. down and worship me. V. 10. Then it, Thou fal love thy neighbour faith Jesus unto him, Get thee as thyself.
hence, Satan : for it is written, 9 Col. iii. 5. Mortify therefore Thou shalt worship the Lord thy your members which are upon the God, and him only shalt thou ferve." earth: fornication, uncleanness, in- ' Matth. xv. 4. For God commandordinate affection, evil concupif-ed, saying, honour thy father and cence, and covetousness, which is mother : and, He that curseth faidolatry. Amos viïi. Saying, ther or mother, let him die the When will the new-moon be gone, death. v. 5. But ye say, Whosoever that we may fell corn? and the Sab- hall say to his father or his mother, bath, that we may set forth wheat, It is a gift by whatsoever thou making the ephah small, and the mightest be profited by me. shekel great, and fallsfying the bar and honour not his father or his lances by deceit ? Prov, i. 19. So ' mother, he shall be free. Thus
of f.every one that is have ye made the commandment of greedy of gain: which taketh away God of none effect by your tradi. the life of the owners thereof. tion. 1 Tim. vi. 10. For the love of mo | Matth. v. 21, 22. (See letter) ney is the root of all evil: which. v. 23. Therefore if thou bring thy while some coveted after, they have gift to the altar, and there remem
are the ways
annexed, the contrary threatning is included t; and, where a tnreatning is annexed, the contrary promise is included v.
5. That what God forbids, is at no time to be done w; what he commands, is always .our duty x'; and yet every particular duty is not to be done at all times y. :6. That under one fin or duty, all of the fame kind
brest that thy brother hath ought putteth not out his money to usury, against thee; v. 24. Leave there nor taketh reward against the inau. thy gift before the altar, and go cent. He that doth these things, thy way, i first be reconciled to thy shall never be moved. And with brother, and then come and offer Psal. xxiv. 4. He that hath clean thy gift. Eph. iv. 28. Let him that hands, and a pure heart; who hath stole, steal no more ;, but rather': not lift up his soul unto vanity, nor let him labour, working with his sworn deceitfully. v. 5. He shall hands the thing which is good, that receive the blessing from the Lord, he may have to give to him that and righteousness from the God of needeth.
his sa vation. t Exod. xx. 12. Honour thy fa- o w Job xin 7. Will you speak ther and thy mother : that thy days wickedly for God! and talk deceitmay be long upon the land which : fully for him? v. 8. Will ye acthe Lord thy God giveth thee. Com-, cept his perfon ? Will ye contend pared with Prov. xxx. 17. The for God? Rom.ji. 8. And not raeye that mocketh at his father, and ther, (as we be sanderously reports despiseth to obey his mother, the ed, and as some affirm thae we lay) savens of the valley fhall pick it out, Let us do evil, that good m; and young eagels shall eat it. come? whose damnation is į o Jer. xviii
. 7. At what instant Job xxxvi. 21. Take heed, re I shall speak concerning a nation, not iniquity for this hasti and concerning a kingdom, to pluck chosen rather than afliction. I up, and to pull down, and to de- xi. 251 Chusing rather to suffe stroy it: v. 8. If that nation a. fiction with the people of God, gainst whom I have pronounced, to enjoy the pleasures of lint turn from their evil, I will repent
season. of the evil that I thought to do un * Deut, iv. 8. And what na to them. Exod. xx. 7. Thou shalt is there so great, that hath stat not take the name of the Lord thy and judgments so righteous, a God in vain : for the Lord will not this law which I set before. hold him guiltless that taketh his this day? v. 9. Only take hee name in vain. Compared with Pfal. thyself, and keep thy soul diligen xv. 1.: Lord, who shall abide in thy lelt thou forget the things which tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy 'thine eyes have seen, and left they holy hill?.v. 4. In whose eyes a vile depart from thy heart all the days person is contemned; but he ho- of thy life: but teach them thy fons, noureth them that fear the Lord: and thy sons sons. he that sweareth to his own hurt, y Matth. xii. 7. But if ye had and changeth pot. v. s. He that known what this meaneth, I will
are for bidden or commanded together with all the causes; means, occasions, and appearances thereof, and provocations thereuntoz.
7. That what is forbidden or command to ourselves, we are bound, according to our places, to endeavour that it may be avoided or performed by others, according to the duty of their places a.
8. That, in what is commanded to others, bound, according to our places and callings, to be help
ed by me.
have mercy and not sacrifice, yė day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy would not have condemned the guilt- God: in it thou shalt not do any
work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy Matth. v. 21, 22. 27, 28. (See daughter, thy man servant, nor thy in letter o before). Matth. xv. 4. maid-fervant, nor thy cattle, nor For God commanded, saying, Ho- thy stranger that is within thy gates. nour thy father and mother : and; Lev. xix. 17. Thou shalt not hate He that curseth father or mother, thy brother in thine heart : thou let him die the death. y. 5. But ye thalt in any wise rebuke they neighsay, Whosoever shall say to his fa- bour, and not suffer fin upon him. ther or his mother, it is a gift by Gen. xviii. 19. For I know him, .whatsover thou mightest be profite that he will command his children
v. 6. And bonour not and his household after him, and his father or his mother, he shall they shall keep the way of the Lord, be free. Thus have ye made the to do justice and judgment: that the commandment of God of none effect Lord may bring upon Abraham by your tradition. Heb. X. 24. And that which he hath spoken of him. Jet us consider one other, to pro- Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem evil voke unto love and to good works : unto you to serve the Lord, choose 1.25. Not forsaking the assembling you this day whom ye will serve, of ourselves together, as the man whether the gods which your fa. ner of some is; but exhorting one thers served, that were on the oangther : and so much the more, ther side of the flood, or the gods as ye see the day approaching of the Amorites, in whose land ye
Theff. v. 22. Abstain from all dwell: but as for me and my house, appearance of evil.
Jude 23. And
we will serve the Lord. Deut. vi. others saye with fear, pulling them 6. And these words which I comout of the fire; hating even the gar mand thee this day, shall be in thine ment spotted by the flesh. Gal. v. heart. v. 7. And thou shalt teach 26. Let us not be desirous of vain them diligently unto thy children, glory, provoking one another, en and shalt talk of them when thou, vying one another. Col iii 21. fittest in thine house, and when * Fathers, provoke not your children thou walkest by the way, and when to anger, left they be discourag- thou liest down,and when thou riseft, ed.
up. a Exod. xx. 10. But the seventh Hh
ful to them b; and to take heed of partaking with others in what is forbidden them c.
Q 100. What special thing are we to consider in the ten commandments?
A. We are to consider in the ten commandments, the preface, the substance of the commandments themselves, and several reasons annexed to some of them the more to enforce them.
l. 101. What is the preface to the ten commandment?
A. The preface to the ten commandments is contained in these words, I am the Lord thy God which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage d. Wherein God manifesteth his sovereignty, as being JeHOVAH, the eternal, immutable, and almighty God e; having his being in and of himself
f, and giving being to all his words g, and works h: and that he is a God in covenant, as with Ifrael of old, so with all his people i ; who, as he brought them out of their bondage in Egypt, so he delivereth us from our fpiritual thraldom k; and
that 62 Cor. i. 24. Nor for that we mighty, but by my name JEHOhave dominion over your faith, but VAH was I not known to them. are helpers of your joy: for by faith b Acts xviii. 24. God that made
the world, and all things therein, ci Tim. v. 22. Lay hands sud- seeing that he is Lord of heaven dently on no man, neither be par- and earth, dwelleth not in temples taker of other mens fins: keep thy- made with hands. V. 28. For in him self pure. Epeh. v. 11. And have we live, and move and have our no fellowship with the unfruitful being; as certain also of your own works of darkness, but rather re poets have said, For we are also his prove them.
offspring 101. d Exod. xx. 2.
i Gen. xvii. 7. And I will estaè If. xliv. 6. Thus faith the Lord blish my covenant between me and the King of Israel, and his redeem- thee, and thy feed after thee, in er the Lord of hofts. I am the first, their generations, for an everlasting and I am the last, and besides me covenant; to be a God unto thee, there is no God.
and to thy feed after thee. Comf Exod iii. 14. And God said pared with Rom. iii,. 29. Is he the unto Mofes, I AM THAT I AM: God of the Jews only is he not and he said, Thus shalt thou say un also of the Gentiles ?: Yes, of the to the children of Israel, I AM hath Gentiles also. fentne unto you.
k Luke 1. 74. That he would Exod. vi. 3. And I appeared grant unto us, that we being deliunto Abraham, unto Isaac, and un vered out of the hands of our eneto Jacob, by the name of God Al- mies, might serve him without fear,
. V. 75