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that therefore we are bound to take him for our God alone and to keep all his commandments/

Q. 102. What is the sum of the four commandments which contain our duty to God?

A. The sum of the four commandments containing our duty to God, is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our strength, and with all our mind m.

Q. 103.Which is the first commandment?

A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me n.

Q. 104. What are the duties required in the first commandment?

A. The duties required in the first commandment are, the knowing and acknowledging of God to be the only true God, and our God e; and to worship and glorify

him v. 75. In holiness and righteous- Lord thy God with all thy heart, ness before him, all the days of our and with all thy soul, and with all life.

thy strength, and with all thy mind; 1 1 Pet. i. 15. But as he which and thy neighbour as thy self. hath called you is holy, so be ye 103. Exod. xx. 3. holy in all manner of conversation; 104.0 i Chron. xxviii.


And v. 16. Because it is written, Be ye thou, Solomon my son, know thou holy, for I am holy. v. 17. And if the God of thy father, and serve ye call on the Father, who without him with a perfect heart, and with respect of persons judgeth accord a willing mind: for the Lord ing to every man's work, pass the searcheth all hearts, and undertime of your sojourning here in fear: ftandeth all the imaginations of the 1. 18. Forasmuch as ye know that thoughts : if thou seek him, he will ye were not redeemed with corrup- be found of thee: but if thou fortible things, as silver and gold, from sake him, he will cast thee off for your vain conversation received by ever. Deut. xxvi, 17. Thou hast tradition from your fathers. Lev. avouched the Lord this day to be xviii. 30. Therefore shall ye keep thy God, and to walk in his ways, mine ordinance, that ye commit not and to keep his statutes, and his any one of these abominable customs, commandments, and his judgments, which were committed before you, and to hearken unto his voice. If. and that ye defile not yourselves xliii. 10. Ye are my witnesses, therein : I am the Lord your God. saith the Lord, and


fervant Lev. xix. 37. Therefore shall ye whom I have chosen : that ye may observe all

niy statutes, and all my know and believe me, and underjudgments, and do them: I am the stand that I am he: before me there Lord.

was no God formed, neither shall 102. m Luke x. 27. And he an there be after me., Jer. xiv. 22. Svering, said, Thou lhalt love the Are there any among the vanities


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V. 22.

him accordingly p, by thinking q, meditating 'r, remem: bering), highly esteeming t, honouring v, adoring w choohing loving y, defiring 2, fearing of him a; believing him b; trusting c, hoping d, delighting e, rejoi.

çing of the Gentiles that can cause rain ? W IT. xlv. 23. I have sworn by or can the heavens give showers? myself, the word is gone out of my Art not thou he, O Lord our God ? mouth in righteousness, and shall therefore we will wait upon thee; not return, that unto me every for thou hast made all these things. knee shall bow, every tongue fhall

p Psal. xcv. 6. O come, let swear. us worship and bow down; let us * Josh. xxiv. 15. and if it seem kneel before the Lord our Maker. evil unto you to serve the Lord, v. 7. For he is our God, and we choose you this day whom ye will are the people of his pasture, and serve, whether the gods which the sheep of his hand, Matth. iv. your fathers. served, that were on 10. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get the other side of the food, or the thee hence Satanfor it is writ: gods of the Amorites, in whose ten, Thou shalt worship the Lord land .ye dwell, but as for me and thy God, and him only shalt thou my house, we will serve the Lord. serve. Psal. xxix. 2. Give unto the

And Joshua said unto the Lord the glory due unto his name; people, Ye are witnesses against worship the Lord in the beauty of yourselves, that ye have chosen holiness.

the Lord, to serve him." And they q Mal. iii. 16. Then they that said, We are witnesses. feared the Lord, spake often one to y Deut. vi. 5. And thou shalt love another, and the Lord hearkened, the Lord thy God with all thine and heard it, and a book of remem- heart, and with all thy soul, and with brance was written before him for all thy might. them that feared the Lord, and that z Pral. Ixxiii. 25. Whom have I thought upon his name.

in heaven but thee? and there is r Pfal. Ixiii. 6. When I remember.

none upon earth that I delire besides thee upon my bed, and meditate on thee. thee in the night-watches.

a Is. viii. 13. Sanctify the Lord of s Eccl. xii. 1. Remember now. hosts himself, and let him be your thy Creator in the days of thy youth, fear, and let him be your dread. while the evil days come not, nor

b Exod. xiv. 31. And Israel saw the years draw nigh, when thou that great work which the Lord did shalt say, I have no pleasure in them. upon the Egyptians: and the people

+ Plal. Ixxi. 19. Thy righteouf- feared the Lord, and believed the nefs also, O God, is very high, who Lord, and his fervant Mofes. hast done great things : 0 God, c If. xxvi. 4. Trust ye in the who is like unto thee?

Lord for ever: for in the Lord Je. v. Mal. i. 6. A son honoureth HOVAH is everlasting strength. his father, and a fervant his master; d Psal. cxxx. 7. Let Israel hope : if then I be a father, where is mine in the Lord: for with the Lord

honour ? and if I be a master, where there is mercy, and with him jis is my fear? saith the Lord of holts, plenteous redemption, unto you, O priests that despise my e Pfal. xxxvii. 4. Delight tht. name.



cing in him f; being zealous for him g; calling upon him giving all praife and thanks h, and yielding all obedience and fubinillion to him with the whole man i; being careful in all things to pleafe him k, and forrowful when in any thing he is offended l; and walking humbly with hiin m.

Q. 105. What are the fins farbidden in the first commandment?

A. The fins forbidden in the first commandment are, Atheism, in denying, or not having a Godn; Idolatry, in having or worshipping more gods than one, or any with or instead of the true God o; the not having and avouch

ing felf also in the Lord; and he shall | Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely give thee the desires of thine heart. heard Ephraim bemoaning himself

f Psal. xxxii. Il Be glad in the thus, Thou halt chastised me, and Lord, and rejoice, ye righteous; I was chastised, as a bullock unacand shout for joy, all ye that are customed to the yoke: túrn thou upright in heart.

me, and I shall be turned; for thou & Rom. xii, 11. Not flothful in art the Lord my God. Psal. cxix. business, fervent in fpirit; serving 136. Rivers of waters run down the Lord. Compared with Numb. mine eyes : because they keep not

u. Phinehaš the son of Elea. thy law. zar, the son of Aaron the priest, m Mic. vi. 8. He hath shewed hath turned my wrath away from thee, o man, what is good; and the children of Israel (while he was what doth the Lord require of thee, zealous for my fake among them) but to do justly, and to love mercy, that I consumed not the children of and to walk humbly with thy God? Ifrael in my jealousy.

105. n Psal. xiv. 1. The fool h Phil

. iv. 6. Be careful for no hath said in his heart, There is no thing: but in every thing by prayer God: they are corrupt, they have and supplication with thanksgiving, done' abominable works, there is let

your requests be made known un none that doth good. Eph. ii. 12. to God.

That at that time ye were without ¿ Jer. vii. 23. But this thing com- Christ, being aliens from the commanded I them, saying, Obey my mon wealth of Israel, and strangers voice, and I will be your God, and from the covenants of promise, haye shall be my people and walk ye ving no hope, and without God in in all the ways that I have command- the

world. ed

you, that it may be well unto o Jer. ii. 27. Saying to a stock, you. Jam iv. 2 Submit yourselves Thou art my father; and to a stone, therefore to God; resist the devil, Thou hast brought me forth: for and he will flee from you.

they have turned their back untó k : John iii. 22. And whatsoever me, and not their face: but in we ask, we receive of him, because the time of their trouble they will we keep his commandments, and do say, Arise, and save us. v. 28. But those things that are pleasing in his where are thy gods that thou haft sight.

made thee? let them arise if they


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ing him for God, and our God p; the omission or neglea of any thing due to him, required in this commandment g; ignorance r, forgetfulness s, misapprehensions t, false 0pinions v, unworthy and wicked thoughts of him w; bold and curious searching into his secrets x; all profaneness ,

forgetfulnd wicked though

all profane hatred

can save thee in the time of thy that thou shalt be no priest to me: trouble : for according to the num- seeing thou hast forgotten the law ber of thy cities, are thy gods, O of thy God, I will also forget thy Judah. Compared with 1 Thess. children. i. 9. For they themselves shew of [ Jer., ii. 32. Can a maid forget us, what manner of entering in we her ornaments, or a bride her athad unto you, and how ye turned tire? yet my people have forgotten to God from idols, to serve the liv. me days without number. ing and true God.

. Acts xvii. 23. For as I passed p Pfal. lxxxi. 11. But my people by, and beheld your devotions, I would not hearken to my voice: and found an altar with this inscription, Israel would none of me.

TO THE UNKNOWN GOD, q Is. xliii. 22. But thou hast nut Whom therefore ye ignorantly worcalled upon me, O Jacob, but thou ship, him declare I unto you. V. 29. hast been weary of me, O Israel. Forasmuch then as we are the offv. 23. Thou hast not brought me spring of God, we ought not to think the small cattle of thy burnt-offer- that the Godhead is like unto gold, ings, neither halt thou honoured me or silver, or stone graven by art and with thy facrifices. I have not cau- man's device. fed thee to serve with an offering, v If. xl. 18. To whom then will nor wearied thee with incense. v. ye liken God? or what likeness will 24. Thou hast bought me po sweet ye compare unto him? cane with money, neither hast thou w Pial. I. 21. Thofe things halt filled me with the fat of thy facrifi- thou done, and I kept filence: thou ces: but thou hast made me to serve thoughtest that I was altogether fuch with thy sins, thou hast wearied me a one as thyself: but I will reprove with thine iniquities.

thee, and set them in order before g Jer. iv. 22. For my people is thine eyes. foolish, they have not known me, « Deut. xxix. 29. The secret they are sottish children, and they things belong unto the Lord our have none understanding: they are God: but those things which are wise to do evil, but to do good they revealed, belong unto us, and to ou have no knowledge. Hof. iv. 1. children for ever, that we may do Hear the word of the Lord, ye all the words of this law. children of Israel: for the Lord y Tit. i. 16. They profets that hath a controversy with the inhabi. they know God; but in works they tants of the land, because there is deny him, being abominable, and no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge disobedient, and unto every good of God in the land. v. 6. My peo- work reprobate. Heb. xii. 16. ple are destroyed for lack of know- there be any fornicator, or proran ledge: because thou hast rejected person, as Efau, who for one mora knowledge, I also will reject thee, sel of meat sold his birthright.


hatred of God z; self-love a, 'self-seeking by and all other inordinate and immoderate setting of our mind, will, or affections upon other things, and taking them off from him in whole or in part c; vain credulity d, unbelief e, heresy f, misbelief g, distrust h, despair i ; incorrigibleness k, and insensibleness under judgments l, hardness of heart m, pride ng presumption o, carnal secu.

rity, z Rom. i. 30. Backbiters, haters f Gal. v. 20. Idolatry, witchof God, despiteful,proud, boasters.- craft, hatred, variance, emulations,

a 2 Tim. iii. 2. For men shall wrath, strife, feditions, heresies. be lovers of their own selves, cove. Tit. iii. 10. A man that is an heretous, boasters, proud, blafphemers, tic, after the first and second admodisobedient to parents, unthankful, tion, reject. unholy.

§ Aěts xxvi. 9. I verily thought b Phil. ii. 21: For all seek their with myself, that I ought to do maown, not the things which are Je- ny things contrary to the name of fus Christ's.

i Jesus of Nazareth. C. I John ii. 15. Love not the b Pfal. lxxviii. 22. Because they world, neither the things that are believed not in God, and trusted not in the world. If any man love the in his falvation . i. world, the love of the Father is not i Gen. iv. 13. And Cain said unin him. v. 16. For all that is in the to the Lord, My punishment is world, the lust of the flesh, and the greater than I can bear. lust of the eyes, and the pride of k Jer. v. 3. O Lord, are not life, is not of the Father, but is of thine eyes upon the truth? Thou the world. Sam. ii. 29. Where- haft stricken them, but they have fore kick ye at my facrifice, and at not grieved; thou hast, consumed mine offering which I have com “them, but they have refused to remanded in my habitation, and ho- ceive correction: they have made nourest thy sons above me, to make their faces harder than a rock, they yourselves fat with the chiefest of have refused to return. all the offerings of Israel my people? | If. xlii. 25. Therefore he hath Col. iii. 2. Set your affection on poured upon him the fury of his anthings above, not on things on the ger, and the strength of battle: earth. V.5. Mortify therefore your and it hath set him on fire, round members which are upon the earth; about, yet he knew not; and it fornication, uncleanness, inordinate burned him, yet he laid it not to affection, evil concupiscence, and co- heart. vetousness, which is idolatry m Rom. ï. 5. But after thy hard

d 1 John iv. I. Beloved, believe ness and impenitent heart, treasurel not every spirit, but try the spirits up unto thyself wrath against the dar whether they are of God: because of wrath,and revelation of the right many false prophets are gone out in- cous judgment of God. to the world.

n Jer. xiii. 15. Hear ye, anc e Heb. iïi. 12. Take heed, bre: give ear, be not proud: for th thren, lest there be in any of you Lord hath spoken. ; an evil heart of unbelief, in dePart- Pfal. xix. 13. Keep back thx ing from the living God.


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