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outward means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of his mediation é.

0. 154. What are the outward 'means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of his mediation ?

A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicates to his church the benefits of his mediation, are all his ordinances ; especially the word, facraments, and prayer: all which are made effectual to the elect for their salvation 1.

Q. 155. How is the word made effectual to salvation?

A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the word, an effectual means of enlightning m, convincing and humbling finners n,


driving whosoever believeth in him, should Father, and of the Son, and of th not perish, but have everlasting Holy Ghost : v. 20. Teaching them life. v. 18. He that believeth on to observe all things whatsoever I him, is not condemned: but he have commanded you : and lo, I that believeth not, is condemned al am with you alway even unto the ready.

end of the world. Acts ïi. 42. And 1 k Prov. ii. 1: My fon, if thou wilt they continued stedfastly in the a. receive my words, and "hide my postles doctrine and followship, and commandments with thee; v. 2. in breaking of bread, and in prayers. So that thou incline thine ear unto v. 46. And they continuing daily wisdom, and apply thine heart to with one accord in the temple, and understanding: v. 3. Yea, if thou breaking bread from house to house, criest after knowledge, and liftest did eat their meat with gladness up thy voice for understanding and singlenefs of heat. v. 47. Praisv: 4. If thou seekest her as filver, ing God, and having favour with and searchest for lier, as for hid all the people. And the Lord added treasures : v. 5. Then shalt thou to the church daily such as should understand the fear of the Lord; be saved. and find the knowledge of God. . 155. m Neh. viii. 8. So they read Prov. viii. 33.' Hear instruction, in the book, in the law of God diapd be wise, and refuse it not, ftin&tly, and gave the sense

, and V. 34. Blessed is the man that hear-caused them to understand the readeth me, watching daily at my gates, ing. Acts xxvi. 18. To open their waiting at the posts of my doors, eyes, and to turn them from darkV. 35. For whoso findeth me, find- dess to light, and from the power eth life,' and thall obtain favour of of Satan unto God, that they may the Lord. v. 36. But he that fin- receive forgiveness of fins, and inheneth against me, wrongeth his own ritance among them which are sancfoul; all they that hate me, love tisied by faith that is in me. Pfal. death.

xjx. 8.-Thé commandment of the ?(154. I Matth xxviii. 19. Go ye Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. therefore and teach all nations, ini Cor. xiv. 24. But if all probaprizing them in the name of the phely, and there come in one that


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driving them out of themselves, and drawing them unto Chrifto; of conformin, them to his image p, and subduing them to his will q; of strengthening them against temptations and corruptions r ; of building them up in

grace believeth not, or one unlearned, he returning, and fitting in his chariot, is convinced of all, he is judged of read Esaias the prophet. v. 29. all : V. 25. And thus are the se Then the spirit said unto Philip, crets of his heart made manifest; Go near, and join thyself to this and so falling down on his face, he chariot. v. 30. And Philip ran thiwill worship God, and report that ther to him, and heard him read God is in you of a truth Chron. the prophet Efaias, and said, Unxxxiv. 18. Then Shaphan the derstandest thou what thou readest ? scribe told the king, saying, Hilkiah -0, 35. Then Phillip opened his the priest hath given me a book. mouth, and began at the same scripAnd Shaphan read it before the ture, and preached unto him Jesus. king. v. 19. And it came to pass, v. 36.--And the eunuch faid, See, when the king had heard the here is water ; what doth hinder words of the law, that he rent me to be baptized ?

V. 37. And bis clothes. v 26. And as for the Philip said, If thou believest with king of Judah, who sent you to in- all thine heart, thou mayest. And quire of the Lord, so shall ye say he answered and said, I believe that unto him, Thus faith the Lord God Jesus Christ is the son of God. of Ifrael concerning the words v. 38.-And they went down both which thou hast heard :

into the water, both Philip and cause thine heart was tender, and the eunuch, and he baptized him. thou didst humble thyself before p 2 Cor. iii. 18. But we all with God, when thou heardit his words open face, beholding as in a glass the against this place, and against the glory of the Lord, are changed ininhabitants thereof, and humbledit to the fame image, from glory to thyself before me, and didst rend glory, even as by the Spirit of the thy clothes, and weep before me; Lord. I have even heard thee also, faith q 2 Cor. X. 4. For the weapons the Lord. 6. 28. Behold, I will ga- of our warfare are not carnal, but ther thee to thy fathers, and thou mighty through God to the pulling shalt be gathered to thy grave in down of Itrong holds : v. 5. Casting peace,

down imaginations, and every high o Acts ii. 37. Now when they thing that exalteth itself against the heard this, they were pricked in knowledge of God, and bringing their heart, and said unto Peter, into captivity every thought to the and to the rest of the apoitles, Men obedience of Christ : v. 6. And and brethren, what shall we do? having in a readiness to revenge all V. 41. Then they that gladly re disobedience, when your obedience ceived his word, were baptized: and is fullfilled. Rom. vi. 17. But God be the same day there were added unto thanked, that ye were the servants them about three thousand souls. of lin; but ye have obeyed from Acts viii. from v. 27. to 39.---And the heart that form of doctrine behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch which was delivered you. of great authority,-- v. 28. Was - Matth. iv. 4. But he answered

v. 27. Be.

grace S, and establishing their hearts in holiness and coinfort through faith unto salvation t. 2.156. Is the word of God to be read by all? A. Although all are not to be permitted to read the


V. 13. To

and said, It is written, Man shall is of power to establish you accordnot live by bread alone, but by ing to my gospel, and the preaching every word that proceedeth out of Jesus Christ, according to the of the mouth of God. v. 7. Jesus revelation of the mystery, which said unto him, It is written again, was kept secret since the world be: Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy gan. į Theff. ii, 2. And fent Ti. God. v. 10. Then saith Jesus unto motheus our brother and minister him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it of God, and our fellow-labourer in is written, Thou shalt worship the the gospel of Christ, to establish Lord thy God, and him only shalt you, and to comfort you concerning thou serve. Eph. vi. 16. Above all, your faith. V. 10. Night and day taking the shield of faith, where- praying exceedingly, that we might with

ye shall be able to quench all see your face, and might perfect the fiery darts of the wicked. v. 17. that which is lacking in your faith. And take the helmet of salvation, v. 11. Now God himself, and our and the sword of the Spirit, which Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ is the word of God. Psal. xix. II. direct our way unto you. Moreover, by them is thy servant the end he may establish your hearts warned : and in keeping of them unblameable in holiness before God, there is great reward. I

Cor. xII.

even our Father, at the coming of Now all these things happened unto our Lord Jesus Christ, with all his them for ensamples : and they are saints. Rom. XV. 4. For whatsoever written for our admonition, upon things were written aforetime, were whom the ends of the world are written for our learniog; that we come.

through patience and comfort of Acts xx. 32. And now, bre- the scriptures might have hope. thren, 1 commend you to God, Rom. X. 13. For whosoever fhalk and to the word of his grace, which call upon the name of the Lord, is able to build you up, and to give shall be saved. v. 14. How then you an inheritance aniong all them shall they call on him in whom they

ich are sanctified. 2 Tim. iii. 15. lave not believed ? and how shall And that from a child thou hast they believe in him of whom they known the holy scriptures, which have not heard ? and how shall they are able to make thee wife unto hear without a preacher? V. 15 falvation, through faith which is And how shall they preach, excepe in Christ Jesus. v. 16. All fcripture they be sent ? as it is written, How is given by inspiration of God, and beautiful are the feet of them that is profitable for doctrine, for re. preach the gospel of peace, and proof, for correction, for instruction bring glad tidings of good things! in righteousnels : v. 17. That the

v. 16. But they have not all obeyed man of God may be perfect through- the gospel. For Efaias faith, Lord, ly furnished unto all good works. who hath believed our report? com. xvi. 25. Now to him that p. 17. Şo then, faith cometh by


word publickly to the congregation o, yet all sorts of people are bound to read it apart by themselves w, and with their families » : to which end, the holy fcrip


hearing, and hearing by the word of the day, and another fourth part of God. Rom. i. 16. For I am not they confessed, and worshipped the ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for Lord their God. 6. 4. Then stood it is the power of God unto salva- up upon the stairs of the Levites, tion, to every one that believeth, to jelhua, and Bani, &c. and cried the Jew first, and also to the Greek. with a loud voice unto the Lord

156. v. Deut. xxxi. 9. And Mo- their God. 1.5. Then the Levites, ses wrote this law, and delivered Joshua, and Kadmiel, &c. faid, it unto the priests the sons of Le- Stand up and bless the Lord your, vi, which bare the ark of the cove God for ever and ever; and blessed nant of the Lord, and unto all the be thy glorious name, which is exelders of Israel. v. 11. When all alted above all blething and praise. Israel is come to app ear before the ow. Deut. xvii. 19. And it shall Lord thy God, in the place which be with him, and he shall read therehe thall choose: thou shalt read this in all the days of his life: that he law before all Ifrael, in their hear- may learn to fear the Lord his God, ing. 1. 12. Gather the people to to keep all the words of this law, gether, men and women, and chil- and these statutes, to do them. dren, and thy stranger that is with Rev. i. 3. Blessed is he that readin thy gates, that they may hear, eth, and they that hear the words and that they may learn, and fear of this prophecy, and keep those the Lord your God, and observe to things which are written therein : do all the words of this law : v. 13. for the time is at hand. John v. 39. And that their children which have Search the scriptures, for in them not known any

hear and


ye have eternal life, and learn to fear the Lord your God, they are they which testify of me. as long as ye live in the land whi- Il. xxxiv. 16. Seek ye out of the ther ye go over Jordan to possess it. book of the Lord, and read: no Neh. vüi. 2. And Ezra the priest one of these shall fail,brought the law before the congre * Deut. vi. 6. And these words gation, both of men and women, which I command thee this day and all that could hear with under shall be in thine heart. standing, upon the first day of the thou shalt teach them diligently unfoventh month. V. 3. And he read to thy children, and shalt talk of therein before the street that was them when thou sittest in thine house, before the water-gate, from the and when thou walkest by the way, morning until mid-day, before the and when thou liest down, and men and the women, and those that when thou risest up. v. 8. And thou could understand ; and the cars of shalt bind them for a sign upon thine all the people were attentive unto hand, and they shall be as frontlets the book of the law. Neh. ix. 3. between thine eyes. v. 9. And thou And they stood up in their place, Malt write them upon the posts of and read in the book of the law of thy house, and on thy gates. Gen. the Lord their God, one fourth partxvii. 37. And the Lord said, Shall


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tures are to be translated out of the original into vulgar languages y.

Q. 157. How is the word of God to be read?

A. The holy scriptures are to be read with an high and reverent esteem of them z; with a firm persuasion


I hide from Abraham that thing with the spirit, how shall he that which I do ? v. 19. For I know him,

occupieth the room of the unlearn. that he will command his children, ed, say Amen, at thy giving of thanks, and his household after him, and seeing he understandeth not what they shall keep the way of the thou sayest? v. 24. But if all proLord.-Pfal lxxviii.

5. For he esta- phely, and there come in one that blished a testimony in Jacob, and believeth not, or one unlearned, he appointed a law in Ifrael, which he is convinced of all, he is judged of commanded our fathers, that they all. v. 27. If any man speak in an should make them known to their unknown tongue, let it be by two, children. v. 6. That the genera

or at the most by three, and that tions to come might know them, even by course? and let one interpret

. the children which should be born : v. 28. But if there be no interpre'who should arise and declare them

ter, let him keep silence in the to their children: v.7. That they church; and let him speak to himmight set their hope in God, and self, and to God. not forget the works of God: but 157 z Psal. xix. 10. More to be keep his commandments.

desired are they than gold, yea, y i Cor. xiv. 6. Now, brethren, than much fine gold : sweeter also if I come unto you speaking with than honey, and the honey comb, tongues, what Thall I profit you, Neh. viii. 3. And he read therein except

I shall speak to you either by before the street that was before the revelation, or by knowledge, or by water-gate, from the morning until prophesying, or by doctrine?

mid-day, before the men and the So likewise you, except ye utter by women, and those that could unthe tongue words easy to be under. derstand; and the ears of all the stood, how shall it be known what people were attentive unto the book is spoken? for ye shall speak into of the law.


And Ezra che the air. v. 11. Therefore if I know fcribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, not the meaning of the voice, I which they had made for the purThall be unto him that speaketh, a's. And Ezra opened the barbarian; and he that speaketh book in the fight of all the people

, Thall be a barbarian unto me. v. 12. (for he was above all the people) Even fo ye, forasmuch as ye are and when he opened it, all the zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that people stood up : ye may excel to the edifying of the blessed the Lord, the great

God: church. v. 15. What is it then? I and all the people answered, Amen, will pray with the spirit, and I will amen, with lifting up their bands: pray with the understanding also: and they bowed their heads, and I will sing with the spirit, and I worshipped the Lord with their faces will sing with the understanding al to the ground, &c. to verfe 10. 1o. v. 16. Else when thou shalt bless Exod. xxiv. 7. And he (Moses

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v. 9

V. 6. And Ezra

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