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-requests d, pardon the fins e, and fulfil the desires of all fi and only to be believed in g, and worshipped with religious worship h; prayer, which is a special part thereof i, is to be made by all to him alone k, and to none other l.

Q. 130. What is it to pray in the name of Christ?
A. To

pray in the name of Christ, is, in obedience to his command, and in confidence on his promises, to ask mercy for his fake m; not by bare mentioning of his name n; but by drawing our encouragement to pray, and our boldness, strength, and hope of acceptance in prayer, from Christ and his mediation o.

Q. 181.

of all the children of men. Ads i. 24. led to be faints, with all that in every And they prayed, and said, Thou place call upon the name of Jesus Lord, which krowest the hearts of Christ our Lord,both theirs and ourę

. all men, shew whether of these two k Psal. l.

15.
And call

upon

me in thou hast chosen, Rom. viii. 27. the day of trouble; I will deliver And he that searcheth the hearts, thee, and thou shalt glorify me. knoweth what is the mind of the I Rom. X. 14. How then shall Spirit, because he maketh intercef- they call on him in whom they have fion for the saints according to the not believed ?will of God.

180. m John xiv. 13. And what. d Pfal. Ixv. 2. O thou that hearest foever ye shall ask in my name, prayer, unto thee fall all flesh come. that will I do, that the Father

é Mic. vii. 18. Who is a God may be glorified in the Son. V, 14. like unto thee, that pardoneth ini. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, quity, and passeth by the trangres- I will do it John xvi. 24. Hithersion of the remnant of his heritage? to have ye asked nothing in my he retaineth not his anger for ever, name: ask, and ye shall receive, that because he delighterh in mercy.

your joy may be full. Dan. ix. 17, of Psal. cxly. 18. The Lord is Now therefore, O our God, hear righ unto all them that call upon the prayer of thy servant, and his him, to all that call upon him in fupplications, and cause thy face to truth. v. 19. He will fulfil the desire shine upon they sanctuary that is of them that fear him: he will also desolate, for the Lord's sake. hear their cry, and will save them. n Matth. vii. 21. Not every one & Rom x. 14. How then shall that saith unto me, Lord, Lord

, they call on him in whom they have shall enter into the kingdom of heanot believed ?

ven: but he that doth the will of b Matth. iv. 10. Then faith Je. my Father which is in heaven. fus unto him, Get thee hence, Sa o Heb. iv. 14. Seeing then that tan : for it is written, Thou shalt we have a great High Priest, that is worship the Lord thy God, and him' passed into the heavens, Jesus the only shalt thou serve.

Son of God, let us hold fast our i 1 Cor. i. 2. Unto the church of profession. v. 15. For we have not an God, which is at Corinth, to them High Priest, which cannot be touchthat are sanctified in Chrift Jesus, cal

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Q. 181. Why are we to pray in the name of Christ?

A. The finfulness of man, and his distance from God by reason thereof, being so great, as that we can have no access into his presence without a mediator p; and there being none in heaven or earth appointed to, or fit for, that glorious work but Christ alone q; we are to pray in no other name but his only r.

0. 182. How doth the Spirit help us to pray?

A. We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit helpeth our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and what, and how prayer is to be made; and by working, and quickening in our hearts (although not in all persons, nor at all times in the same measure) those apprehensions, affections, and graces, which

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ed with the feeling of our infirmities; 9 John vi. 27. Labour not for but was in all points tempted like as the meat which perisheth, but for we are, yet without sin. v. 36. Let that meat which endureth us therefore come boldly unto the everlasting life, which the Son of throne of grace, that we may ob man shall give unto you:

for him tain mercy, and find grace to help hath God the Father sealed. Heb. in time of need. 1 John' v. 13. vii. 25. Wherefore he is able also These things have I written unto to save them to the uttermolt, that you that believe on the name of the come unto God by him, seeing he Son of God; that ye may know ever liveth to make interceffion for ye

have eternal life, and that them. v. 26. For such an Higla ye may believe on the name of the Priest became us, who is holy, harm. Son of God. v. 14. And this is the less, undefiled, separate fronı fin. confidence that we have in him, ners, and made higher than the that if we ask any thing according heavens; v. 27. Who needeth not to his will, he heareth us. V. 15. daily, as those high priests, to offer And if we know that he hear us, up facrifice, first for his own fins, whatsoever we ask, we know that and trien for the peoples : for this we have the petitions that we de- he did once, when he offered up Sired of him.

himself. · Tim. ii.5. For there is one 181. p John xiv. 6. Jesus faith God, and one mediator between God unto him, I am the way, and the and men, the man Christ Jesus, truth and the life: no man cometh r Col. iii. 17. And whatsoever ye unto the Father, but by me. Il. lix. do in word or deed, do all in the 2. But your iniquities have separated name of the Lord Jesus, giving between you and your God, and thanks to God and the Father by your fins have hid his face from him. Heb. xiii, 15. By him thereyou, that he will not hear. Eph. fore let us offer the sacrifice of praise ši. 12. In whom we have boldness to God continually, that is, the fruit and access with confidence by the of our lips, giving thanks to his faith of him.

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are requisite for the right performance of that duty S.

Q : 83. For whom are we ta pray? : A. We are to pray for the whole church of Christ upon earth t; for inagistrates v, and ministers w; for ourfelves x, our brethren y, yea, our enemies z; and for all forts of men living a, or that shall live hereafter b; but not for the

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182. (Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the x Gen. xxxi. Ir. Deliver me, I Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: pray thee, from the hand of my for we know not what we should, brother, from the hand of Efag": pray for as we ought : but the Spi- for I fear hins, left he will come and, sit itself maketh intercession for us smite me, and the mother with the with groapings which cannot be ut- children. tered. v. 27. And he that searcheth

y James v. 16. Confess your faults the hearts, knoweth what is, the one to another, and pray one for mind of the Spirit, because he mak. another, that ye may be healed : eth intercession for the saints ac The effectual' fervent prayer of a cording to the will of God. Plal. righteous man availeth niuch. x. 17. Lord, thou hast heard the de z Matth. v. 44: But I say unto fire of the humble: thou wilt pre- you, Love your enemies, bless them pare' their heart, thou wilt cause that curse you,, do good to them, thine ear to hear. Zechi xii. that hate

you,
and
pray

for them And I will pour upon the house of which despitefully use you, and perDavid, and upon the inhabitants of fecute you, Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of a i Tim. ii. 1, 2. (See above in v.) supplication, and they shall look b John xvii. 20. Neither pray upon me whom the have pierced,' for these alone, but for them allo and they shall mourn.

which shall believe on me through 183. t Eph. vi. 18. Praying ala their word. 2 Sam. vii. 29. Thereways with all prayer, and supplica- fore now let it please thee to bless tion in the Spirit, and watching the house of thy servant, that it thereunto with all perseverance and may continue for ever before thee: fupplication for all saints.

Pfal. for thou, O Lord God, halt spoken xxviii. 9. Save thy people and bless it, and with thy blesing let the thine inheritance : feed them allo, house of thy servant be blessed for and lift them up for ever.

včí Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, C 2 Sam. xii. 21. Then said his that first of all,fupplications, prayers, fervants unto him, What thing is intercessions and giving of thanks this that thou hast done ? thou didit be made for all men : V. 2. For fast and weep for the child while it kings, and for all that are in authó. was alive, but when the child was rity; that we may lead a quiet and dead, thou didit rise and eat bread. peaceable life in all godliness and V. 22. And he said, while the child honesty.

was yet alive, I fasted and wepi, w

Col. iv. 3. Withal, praying for I said, Who can tell whether also for us, that God would open God will be gracious to me, that unto us a door of utterance, to speak the child may live? v. 23. But now the mystery of Christ, for which he is dead, wherefore should I falt? am also in bonds.

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dead, nor for those that are known to have finned the fin unto death d.

Q. 184. For what thing's are we to pray?

A. We are to pray for all things tending to the glory of God

e, the welfare of the church f, our own g or others good h: but not for any thing that is unlawful i.

Q. 185. How are we to pray?

A. We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of God k, and deep sense of our own unworthiness l, necessities m, and sins n; with penitento,

thankcan I bring him back again ? I shall for they consider not that they do go to him, but he shall not return to evil.

I Gen. xviii. 27. And Abraham d John v. 16. If any man see answered and said, Behold now, I his brother sin a fin which is not have taken upon me to speak unto unto death, he shall ask, and he shall the Lord, which am but dust and give him life for them that sin not alhes. Gen. xxxii. 10. I am not unto death. There is a sin unto worthy of the least of all the inerdeath : I do not say that he shall cies, and of all the truth, which

thou hast shewed unto thy ser184. e Matth. vi. 9. After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Fa m Luke xv. 17.

And when he ther which art in heaven, Hallowed came to himself, he said, How many be thy name.

hired fervants of my father's have f Plal. li. 18. Do good in thy bread enough and to spare, and I good pleasure unto Zion : build thou perish with hunger ! v. 18. I will the walls of Jerusalem. Psal. cxxii. arise and go to my father, and will 6. Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: say unto him, Father, I have finthey shall prosper that love thee. ned against heaven, and before thee,

g Matth. vii. 11. If ye then be v. 19. And am no more worthy to ing evil, know how to give good be called thy fon; make me as one gifts unto your children, how much of thy hired servants. more shall

your

Father which is in n Luke xviii. 13. And the publiheaven give good things to them can standing afar off, would not life that ask him ?

up so much as his eyes unto heaven, b Psal. cxxv.4. Do good, O Lord but fmote upon his breast, saying, unto those that be good, and to God be merciful to me a sinner, them that are upright in their v. 14. I tell you, this man went hearts.

down to his house justified rather i i John v. 14. And this is the than the other : for every one that confidence that we have in him, that exalteth himself, shall be abased ; if we ask any thing according to his and he that humbleth himself, shall will, he heareth us.

be'exalted. 185. & Eccl. v. j. Keep thy foot o Pfal. li. 17. The sacrifices of when thou goest to the house of God are a broken spirit: a broken God, and be more ready to hear, and a contrite heart, O God, thou than to give the facrifice of fools : wilt not despise.

Phil.

Z z

thankful p, and enlarged hearts 9;

with understanding r, faiths, sincerity t, fervency v, love w, and perseverance *, waiting upon him y with humble submission to his will z.

Q. 186. What rule hath God given for our direction in the duty of prayer?

A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in the duty of prayer a; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which our Saviour Christ taught his disciples, commonly called The Lord's prayer b.

Q. 187. Fiow is the Lord's prayer to be used?

À. The Lord's prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern, according to which we are to make other pray. ers; but may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done

with p Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for no ear unto my prayer that goeth not thing: but in every thing by prayer out of feigned lips. and supplication with thanksgiving, v James v. 16.–The effectual let your requests be made known fervent prayer of a righteous man 2unto God.

vaileth much. 9 1 Sam. i. 15. And Hannah an. w I Tim. ii. 8. I will therefore swered and said, No, my lord, I am that men pray every where, lifting a woman of a sorrowful fpirit: I up holy hands, without wrath and have drunk neither wine por strong doubting. drink, but have poured out my soul * Eph. vi. 18. Praying always before the Lord. Sam. ii. 1. And with all prayer and supplication in Hannah prayed, and said, My heart the Spirit, and watching thereunto rejoiceth in the Lord, mine horn is with all perseverance, and supplicaexalted in the Lord: my mouth is on for all faints. ‘enlarged over mine enemies : be y Micah. vii. 7. Therefore I will cause I rejoice in thy falvation. look unto the Lord: I will wait for

r i Cor. xiv. 15. What is it then ? the God of my falvation : my God I will pray

with the spirit, and I will will hear me. pray with the understanding also. z Matth. xxvi. 39. And he went s Mark xi. 24. Therefore I say a little further, and fell on his face

, unto you, What things foever ye and prayed, saying, O my Father

, desire when ye pray, believe that ye if it be posíble, let this cup pass receive them, and ye shall have from me: nevertheless, not as I will, them. James i. 6. But let him ask but as thou wilt. in faith, nothing wavering: for he 186. a 1 John v. 14. And this that wavereth is like a wave of is the confidence that we have in the sea, driven with the wind, and him, that if we ask any thing 26 tossed.

cording to his will, he heareth us. t Psal. cxlv. 18. The Lord is b Matth. vi. verf. 9.-13. nigh unto all them that call upon ter this manner therefore pray fe; him, to all that call upon him in Our Father, &c. Luke xi. verl. truth. Pfal. xvii. 1. Hear the right,

2. 3. 4. And he said unto them, O Lord, attend unto my cry, give When ye pray, say, Our Father, &i.

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