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ud juftly also from the fellowship of the true kirk; so the obedience of the law, and teaching others to do the same, by example, counsel, and doctrine, according to every man's calling, proveth a man to be a true believer, and in great estimation with God, and worthy to be much esteemed of by the true church, verf. 19.
9. That the righteousness of every true Christian must be more than the righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, for the Scribes and Pharisees, albeit they took great pains' to discharge fundry duies of the law, yet they cutted short the exposition thereof, that it night the less condemn their practice; they studied the outward part of the duty, but neglected the inward and spiritual part; they lischarged fome meaner duties carefully, but neglected judgment, mercy, and the love of God: In a word, they went about to eltabliña their own righteoufness, and rejected the righteousness of God by faith in lefus. But a true Chriftian must have more than all this ; he must acknowledge the full extent of the spiritual meaning of the law, and have a respect to all the commandments, and labour to cleanse himself from all filthiness of flesh and spirit, and “ not lay
weight upon what service he hath done, or shall do," but cloatk himself with the imputed righteousness of Christ, which only can hide his nakedness, or else he cannot be favęd; so faith thọ text, “except your righteousness,” GC.
The second thing requisite to evidence true faith is, that the believer
endeavour to put the rules of godliness and righteousness in practice, and to grow in the daily exercise, thereof, holden forth, 2 Pet. i. 5."
And besides this, giving all diligence, add 19. your faith, virtue ; and to virtue, knowledge; verf. 6. And to knowledge, temperance; and to temperance, patience; and to patience, god'iness; verf. 7. And to godlinefs, troi herly-kindness; and to brotherly-kindness, charity. Vers. 8. For if these things be in you, and abound, they make you thai je jhall neither be barren, nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Wherein, j. The apostle teacheth believers, for evidencing of precious faith in themselves, to endeavour to add to their faith feven other sister graces. The first is Virtue, or the active exercise and practice of all moral duties, that fo faith may not be idle, but put forth itself in work. The second is Knowledge, which serves to furhih faith with inforınátion of the truth to be believed, and to furbih virtue with direction what dutios are to be done, and how to go about them prudently. The third is Temperance, which serveth to moderate the use of all pleasant things, that a inan be not clogged herewith, nor made unfit for any duty whereto lie is called. The fourth is Patience, which ferveth to moderate a man's affections, when he meeteth with any difficulty or unpleasant thing; that he deither weary for pains required in weil-coing, nor faint when the Lord chastiseth lim, nor murmur when he croileth him. The fifth s Godliness, which may keep him up in all the exercises of religior., nuvard and ontward; whereby ho nay be furnified froin God, for
all other duties which he hath to do. The fixth is brotherly-kind. ne's, which keepeth estimation of, and affecuon .to, all the house. huicf faith, and to the image of God in eve y olie wherefoever it is fer.. I ne seventh is love, which keepeth tiie neart in readiness to do.."d to all men, whatsoever they be, upon all occasions which Guns all offer.
2. Albeit it be true, that there is much corruption and infirinity in the godly; yet the Apostle will have men uprightly endeavouring, and doing their best, as they are able, to join all these graces one to another, and to grow in the measure of exercising them: “ Giving “ all diligence, (faith he,) add to your faith,” és c.
3. He affureth all profefled believers, that as they shall profit in the obedience of this direction, so they fall profitably prove the foundness of their own faith ; and if they want these graces, that they shall be found blind deceivers of thenifelves, verf. 9. The third thing requifite to evidence true faith is, that obedience to
the law run in the right channel, that is, tļuough faith in Chift, oc. holden forth, 1 Tim. i. 5.
Now the end of the commandment is love, out of a pure heart, and of a good confcience, and of faith unfeigned.
Wherein the Apostle teacheth these seven doctrines;
1. That the obedience of the law must flow from love, and love from a pure heart, and a pure heart froin a good conscience, and a good conscience from faith unfeigned: This lie makes the only right channel of good works : “ The end of the law is love,” 66.
2. That the end of the law is not, that men may be justified by their obedience of it, as the Jewish doctors did falsely teach ; for it is impossible that finners can be justified by the law, who, for every transgression, are condemned by the law : “ For the end of the law “ is (not such as the Jewish doctors taught, but) love, out of a parc “ heart,” 6c.
3. That the true end of the law, preached unto the people, is that they, by the law, being made to see their deferved condemnation, should flee to Christ unfeimnedly, to be justified by faith in him; fo faith the text, while it maketh love to flow through faith in Christ.
4. That no man can set himself in love to obey the law, except in as far as his conscience is quieted by faith, or is seeking to be quieted in Chrift; for “ the end of the law is love, out of a good conscience, " and faith unfeigned.”
5. That feigned faith goeth to Christ without reckoning with the law, and so wants an errand ; but unfeigned faith reckoneth with the law, and is forced to fee for refuge unto Christ, as the end of law for righteoufness, so ofien as it finds i feif guilty for breaking of the law : “ For the end of the law is faili unieigned.”
6. That the fruits of love may come forth in acr particularly, it is necessary that the heart be brought to the hatred of all sin and unicleanness, and to a stedfast purpose to follow all holiness universally: " For the end of the law is love, out of a pure heart.”
7. That unfeigned faith is able to make the conscience good, and the heart pure, and the man lovingly obedient to the law ; for when * Christ's blood is seen by faith to quiet justice, then the conscience becoineth quiet also, and will not suffer the heart to entertain the love of fin, but sets the man on work to fear God for his mercy, and to obey all his commandments, out of love to God, for his free gift of justification, by grace bestowed on him: “ For this is the “ end of the law.indeed,” whereby it obtaineth of a man more obedience than any other way. The fourth thing requisite to evidence true faith is, the keeping sirait communion with Christ
, the fountain of all graces, and of all good works; holden forth, John xv. 5.
I am the vine, ye are The branches: He that abideih in me, and I in him, the same bringeik forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing Wherein Christ, in a finilitude from a vine-tree, teacheth us,
1. That by nature we are wild barren briers, till we be changed by coming unto Christ ; and that Christ is that noble vine-tree, having all life and fap of grace in himself, and able to change the nature of every one that cometh to him, and to communicate spirit and life to as many as shall believe in him : “ I am the vine, (faith he).
and ye are the branches.".
2. That Christ loveth to have believers so united unto him, as that they be not separated at any time by unbelief : And that there may be a mutual inhabitation of them in him, by faith and love ; and of him in them, by his word and Spirit; for he joineth these together, “ If ye abide in me, and I in you," as things infeparable.
3; That except a man be ingrafted in Christ, and united to him by faith, he cannot do any the least good works of his own ftrength; yea, except in as far as a man doth draw fpirit and life from Christ by faith, the work which he doth is naughty and null in point of goodness, in God's estimation; “ For without me (faith he) ye can do no
4. That this mutual inhabitation, is the fountain aud infallive cause of constant continuing and abounding in well-doing: For “he " that abideth in me, and I in him, (faith he), the same beareth “ much fruit.” Now, as our abiding in Christ presupposeth three things, 1. That we have heard the joyful sound of the gospel, making offer of Christ to us, who are loftsinners by the law; 2. That we have heartily embraced the gracious offer of Chrift; 3. That by receiving of him we are become the fons of God, John i. 12. and are corporated into his mystical body, that he may dwell in us, as his emple, and we dwell in him, as in the residence of righteousnefs and life: So our abiding in Christ importeth other three things, 1. n employing of Christ in all our addresles to God, and in all our unertakings of whatsoever piece of service to him. 2. A contented-fs with
his fufficiency, without going out from himn to seek rightefness, or life,
or furniture in any case, in our own or any of the atures worthi nefs.
3. A fixedness in our believing in him, a fixedness in our emplos ing and inaking use of him, and a fixedncss in onr contentment in inim, and adhering to him, so that no allurement, 110 temptation of Satan or the world, no terror nor trouble, may be able to diive our fpirits from firm adherence to him, or from the constant aycwing of his truth, and obeying his commands, who hath loved us, and given himself for us ; and in whom, not only our life is laid up, but also the fulnefs of the Gockhead dwelleth bodily, by reason of the fabftantial and perfonal u. rion of the divine and human nature in him.
Hence let every watchful believer, for strengthening himself in faith and obedience, reafon after this manner :
“ Whofoever doch daily employ Christ Jefus, for cleanfing lús « conscience and affections from the guiltinefs and filthinels of fies
againft the law, and for enabling him to give obedience to the law « in love, he hath tire evidence of true faith in hinnfelf.
“ But I (may every watchful believer fay) do daily employ Jesus “ Chrift, for cleansing my.conscience and affections froin the griki“ nefs and filthiness of fins against the law, and for enabling of me 6 to give obedience to the law in love.
« Therefore I have the evidence of true faith in myself.”
And hence alfo, let the fleepy and fluggith believer reafon, för Iris own upstirring, this:
“ Whatsoever is necessary for giving evidence of true faith, I study “ to do it, except I would deceive myfélf and perish.
“ But, to employ Christ Jefus daily, for cleaning of my conscience 6 and affections from the guiltiness and filthiness of fins against the “ law, and for enabling me to give obedience to the law in love, is
necessary for evidencing of true faith in me.
“ Therefore this I muit ftady to do, except I would decorte myself « and perifh."
And, lastly, Secing Christ hinfelf hath pointed this forth, as an undoubted evidence of a man elected of God unto life, and given to jefus Christ to be redeemed, “ if he come unto hini,” that is, close covenant, and keep conununion with him, as lie teacheth us, John vi. 37. saying, «• All that the Father hath given me, shall come to me ; and him that « coincth to me, I will in nyo wise cast out:” Let every perfon, who doth not in earnest make use of Chrift for remillion of sin, and amendment of life, reason hence, and froin the whole premises, after this manner, that his conscience may be awakened:
" Whosoever is neither by the law, nor by the gospel, fo convinced “ of fin, righteousness; aird judgment, as to make his come to Christ, “ and employ him daily for remifiion of sin, and amendment of life; “ he wanteth not only all evidence of faving faith, bät also all apear“ ance of his election, so long as he remaineth in this condition.
“ But I (may every impenitent person fay) am neither by the law “ nor gospel so convinced of lin, righteousness, and judgment, as to “ make me come to Christ, and einploý lüm daily for rentission of fun, ~ and amendment of life.
“ Therefore I want 11et only all evidenice of saving faith, but also “ all appearance of my clection, so long as I remain in this colition."
CONFESSION OF FAITH
K ÍR K OF SCOTLA N D;
NATIONAL COVENAN T. '.
W IT H
ACTS OF PARLIAMENT
As are expedient for justifying the Union after mentioned
Josh. xxiv. 25. So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and
fet them a statute, and an ordinance in Shechem. 2 Kings xi. 17. And Jehoiada made a covenant between the Lord, and the
king and the people, that they should be the Lord's people; between the
king also and the people. Ifa. xliv. 5. One shall say, I am the Lord's: And another shall call him
self by the name of Jacob: And another shall subscribe with his hand unto the Lord, and Grname himself by the name of Israel.