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ASSEMBLY at Edinburgh, August 30. 1639, Sell. 23.
Act ordaining, by Ecclefiaftical Authority, the Subscription
of the CONFESSION OF FAITH and COVENANT, with the ASSEMBLY's Declaration.
THE General Allembly considering the great happiness which
may flow from a full and perfect union of this kirk and kingdom, by joining of all in one and the fame Covenant with God, with the King's Majesty, and amongst ourselves; having, by our great oath, declared the uprightness and loyalty of our intentions in all our proceedings; and having withal fupplicated his Majesty's high commilsioner, and the lords of his Majesty's honourable privy council, to enjoin, by act of council, all the lieges in time coming to fubfcribe the Confession of Faith and Covenant; which, as a testimony of our fidelity to God, and loyalty to our King, we have fubfcribed : And seeing his Majesty's high commissioner, and the lords of his Majesty's honourable privy council, have granted the desire of our fupplication, ordaining, by civil authority, all his Majesty's lieges, in time coming, to subscribe the forefaid Covenant: That our union may be the more full and perfect, we, by our act and conftitution ecclefiaftical, do approve the foresaid Covenant in all the heads and clauses thereof; and ordain of new, under all ecclefiaftical cenfure, That all the maf. ters of universities, colleges, and schools, all scholars at the paffing of their degrees, all persons suspected of Papistry, or any other error ; and finally, all the members of this kirk and kingdom, fubscribe the fame, with these words prefixed to their fubfcription, The article of this Covenant, which was at the first subscription referred to the de. termination of the General Aflembly, being deterinined; and thereby the five articles of Perth, the government of the kirk by bishops, the civil places and power of kirkinen, upon the reasons and grounds contained in the acts of the General Affembly, declared to be un. - lawful within this kirk: We subscribe according to the determination forefaid. And ordain the Covenant, with this declaration, to • infert in the registers of the Allemblies of this kirk, general, provincial and presbyterial, ad perpetuam rei memoriam. And in all hu. mility supplicate his Majesty's High Commissioner, and the honourable Estates of parliament, by their authority, to ratify and enjoin the same, under all civil pains; which will tend to the glory of God. preservation of religion, the King's Majesty's honour, and perfect peace of this kirk and kingdom.
CHARLES I. Parl. 2. Act s.
Act anent the ratification of the COVENANT, and of the Ar
sembly's Supplication, Act of Council, and Act of Assembly .concerning the Çovenant.
At Edinburgh, June 11. 1640. . THE Estates of Parliament, presently convened by his Majesty's
I special authority, considering the fupplication of the general Allembly at Edinburgh, the 12th of August 1639, to his Majesty's high commissioner, and the lords of his Majesty's honourable privy council ; and the act of council of the zoth of August 1639, containing the an fwer of the fajd fupplication; and the act of the said general Affembly, ordaining, by their ecclesiastical conftitution, the fubfcription of the Confession of Faith and Covenant mentioned in their fup. plication: And withal, having fupplicated his Majesty to ratify and enjoin the same by his royal authority, under all civil pains, as tend. ing to the glory of God, the prefervation of religion, the King's Majesty's honour, and the perfect peace of this kirk and kingdom; do ratify and approve the said fupplication, act of council, and act of Allembly ; and, conform thereto, ordain and command the said Confeffion and Covenant to be subscribed by all his Majesty's subjects, of what rank and quality foever, under all civil pains; and ordain the faid fupplication, act of council, and act of the Allembly, with the whole Confession and Covenant itfelf, to be insert and registrate in the acts and books of parliament; and also ordain the famen to be presented at the entry of every parliament, and, before they proceed to any other act, that the fame be publicly read, and sworn by the whole members of parliament, claiming voice therein ; other. wise the refusers to subscribe and swear the same, shall have no place nor voice in parliament: And fuch like, ordain all judges, magiftrates, or other officers, of whatsoever place, rank, or quality, and minifters at their entry, to swear and subscribe the same Covenant, whersof the tenor follows.
CONFESSION OF FAITH:
Subscribed at first by the King's Majesty, and his household, in the sear ; 1580; thereafter by persons of all ranks in the year 1581, by ordinance
of the Lords of fecret council, and acts of the general Asembly : Subscribe ed again by all sorts of persons in the year 1590, by a new ordinance of council, at the desire of the general Asembly; with a general bond for the maintaining of the true Chrifiian religion, and the King's perfon; and, together with a resolution and promise, for the causes after exprelled, to maintain the true religion, and the King's Majesty, according to the fore. Joi: Confesion und acts of parliament, subscribed by Barons, Nobles, Gent'emen, Burgeles, Ministers, ana Commons, in the year 1638 : Appra. ven by the general Afemlily 1638 and 1639; and subscribed again by per. fons of all ranks and qualities in the year 1639, by an ordinance of fiuncil, upon the suppiication of the general Asembly, and all of the geniral Asembly, ratified by an act of parliament 1640; and subscribed by King Charles Il. at Spey, June 23. 1650, and Scoon, January k 1651.
W E all and every one of us underwritten, protest, That, after
VU long and due examination of our own consciences in matters of true and false religion, we are now throughly resolved in the truth by the word and Spirit of God: and therefore we believe with our hearts, confess with our mouths, subscribe with our hands, and constantly affirm, before God and the whole world, that this only is the true Christian faith and religion, pleasing God, and bringing falvation to man, which now is, by the mercy of God, revealed to the world by the preaching of the blessed evangel; and is received, believed, and defended by many and fundry notable kirks and realms, but chiefly by the kirk of Scotland, the King's Majesty and three estates of this realm, as God's eternal truth, and only ground of our salvaticn; as more particularly is expresied in the confeffion of our Faith, established and publicly confirmed by sundry acts of parlian:ents and now of a long time hath been openly profefled by the King's Majesty, and whole body of this realm both in burgh and land. To the which confession and form of religion we willing ly agree in our conscience in all points, as unto God's undoubted uth and verity, grounded only upon his written word. And herefore we abhor and deteft all contrary religion and doctrine; it chiefly all kind of Papiftry in general and particular heads, even
they are now damned and confuted by the word of God and uk of Scotland. But in special we deteft and refuse the usui ped ithority of that Roman Antichrist upon the scriptures of God, upn the kirk, the civil Magistrate, and consciences of men: all his rrannous laws niade upon indifferent things against our Christian lierty: his erroneous doctrine against the sufficiency of the written ord, the perfection of the law, the office of Christ, and his blessed vangel: His corrupted doctrine concerning original fin, our natural
ability and rebellion to God's law, our justification by faith only, ur imperfect fanctification and obedience to the law; the nature, umber, and use of the holy facraments : His five bastard facra sents; with all his rites, ceremonies, and falfe doctrine, added to he ministration of the true facraments without the word of God : uis cruel judgment against infants departing without the facrament: Tiş absolute necessity of baptism: His blafphemous opinion of tranubstantiation, or real presence of Christ's body in the elements, and eceiving of the same by the wicked, or bodies of men : His difpen- . ations with folemn oaths, perjuries, and degrees of marriage forvidden in the word : His cruelty against the innocent divorced : His levilish mals: His blafphemous priesthood: His profane facrifice for ins of the dead and the quick: His canonization of men; calling upon angels or saints departed, worshipping of imagery, relics and crof. les; dedicating of kirks, altars, ďays; vows to creatures : His purgatory, prayers for the dead; praying or speaking in a strange language; with his processions, and blafphemous litany, and multitude of advocates or mediators: His manifold orders, auricular confession: His desperate and uncertain repentance: His general and doubtCome faith: His satisfactions of inen for their fins: His justification by works, opus operatum, works of fupererogation, merits, pardons, peregrinations, and stations; his holy water, baptizing of bells, conjuring of spirits, crossing, fayning, anointing, conjuring, hallowing of God's good creatures, with the fuperititious opinion joined there. with : His worldly monarchy, and wicked hierarchy: His three solemn vows, with all his shavellings of fundry forts: His erroneous and bloody decrees made at Trent, with all the subscribers or approvers of that cruel and bloody band, conjured against the kirk of God. And finally, we detest all his vain allegories, rites, signs, and traditions brought in the kirk, without or against the word of God, and doctrine of this true reformed kirk; to the which we join ourselves willingly, in doctrine, faith, religion, discipline, and uče of the holy facraments, as lively members of the fame in Christ our Head : Promising and swearing, by the great name of the LORD our GOD, that we shall continue in the obedience of the doctrine and discipline of this kirk *, and shall defend the fame, according to
* The Confeflion which was fubscribed at Halyrud-house, the 25th of February 1587-8, by the king, Lennox, Huntly, the chancellor, and about 950. ther persons, haih bere added, “agreeing to the word.” Sir John Maxwell of pollock haih the original parchment.
our vocation and power, all the days of our lives; under the painis contained in the law, and danger both of body and foul in the day of God's fearful judgment.
And seeing that many are stirred up by Satan, and that Roman Antichrist, to promise, swear, fubfcribe, and for a time use the holy faeraments in the kirk deceitfully, against their own confcience ; minding hereby, firft, under the external cloke of reßgion, to corrupt and fubvert fecretly God's true religion within the kirk ; and afterward, when time may ferve, to become open enemies and perfecutors of the fame, under vain hope of the Pope's difpenfation, de vifed against the word of God, to his greater confufion, and their double condemnation in tủe day of the Lord Jefus: We therefore, willing to take away all faspicion of hypocrify, and of fuch double dealing with God and his kirk, protest, and call the Searcher of all hearts for witnefs, that our minds and hearts do fully agree with this our confeffion, promife, oath, and fubscription: So that we are not mroved with any wordly respect, but are perfuaded only in our confcience, through the knowledge and love of God's true religion imprinted in our hearts by the holy Spirit, as we shall answer to him in the day when the secrets of all hearts shall be disclofed.
And because we perceive, that the quietnefs and ftability of our religion and kirk doth depend upon the fafety and good behaviour of the King's Majesty, as upon a comfortable instrument of God's mercy granted to this country, for the maintaining cf his kirk, and miniftration of justice amongst us ; we protest and promife with our hearts, under the fame oath, hand-writ, and pains, that we fhall defend his perfon and authority with our goods, bodies, and lives, in the defence of Christ his evangel, liberties of our country, miniftration of justice, and punishment of iniquity, against all enemies within this realm or without, as we defire our God to be a strong and merciful defender to us in the day of our death, and coming of our Lord Jefus Christ ; to whom, with the Father, and the Holy Spirit, be all lionour and glory eternally. Amen.
LIKEAS many acts of parliameịt, not only in general do abrogate, annul, and refcind all laws, statutes, acts, comtitutions, cations civil or municipal, with all other ordinances, and practique penal
. tics whatfuever made in prejudice of the true religion, and profef fors thereof; or of the true kirk, discipline, jurisdiction, and freedom thereof; or in favours of idolatry and fuperftition,or of the papistical kirk: As, Act 3. Act 31. Parliament K Act 23 Parl. Ir. ACE 114. Parl. 12. of King James VI. That papifury and fuperftition may be utterly supprefled, according to the intention of the acts of parliament, repeated in the 5th Act, Parl. 20. King James VI. And to that end they ordain all Papifts and priests to be punished with manifold civil and ecclesiastical pains, as adversaries to God's true religion, preached, and by law established within this realin, Act 24. Parl. 11. King James VI. as common enemics to all Chrifti an government, Act 18. Parl. 16 king James VI. as rebellers and gainii anders of our fovereign Lord's authority, Act 47. Parl. 3. King