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he freely offereth unto finners life and salvation by Jesus 1 Chrift, requiring of them faith in him, that they may
be faved f; and promising to give unto all those that
åre ordained unto life, his Holy Spirit, to make them f willing and able to believe g.
IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in 1 the fcripture by the name of a testament, in reference to
the death of Jefus Christ the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it; therein bequeathed h.
V. This law given which could have given righteousness which is of faith life, verily righteoaftiefs should speaketh on this wife, Say not, in have been by the law. Rom. viii. thine heart, Who shall ascend into 3. For what the law could not do, heaven? (that is, to bring Christ in that it was weak through the down from above.) v. 9. That if Liefh, God sending his own Son, in thou shalt confess with thy mouth the likeness of sinful Aesh, and for the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe fin condemned fin in the flesh. Rom. in thine heart, that God hath raised fi. 20. Therefore by the deeds him from the dead, thou shalt be of the law, there shall no ffelh be saved. Gal. ii. ii. But that no justified in his fight : for by the law man is justified by the law in the is the knowledge of fin. v. 21. But fight of God, it is evident: for, The dow the righteousness of God with- just shall live by faith. out the law is manifested, being Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart witnessed by the law and the pro- also will I give you, and a new spi. phets
. Gen. iii. 15. And I will put rit will I put within you, and I will enmity between thee and the woman, take away the stoný heart out of and between thy feed and her seed: your flesh, and I will give you an It hall bruise thy head, and thou heart of flesh. V. 27. And I will fhalt bruise his heel. Ifa. xlii. 6. I put my spirit within you, and cause the Lord have called thee in righ- you to walk in my statutes, and ye teousness, and will hold thine hand, Thall keep my judgments, and do and will keep thee, and give thee them. John'vi. 44. No man can for a covenant of the people, for a' come to me, except the Father light of the Geptiles.
which hath sent me, draw him: and Mark xvi. 15. And he said un- I will raise him up at the last day. to them. Go ye into all the world, V. 45. It is written in the prophets, and preach the gospel to every crea And they shall be all taught of God. túre. v. 16. He that believeth and Every man therefore that hath heard, is baptized, Thall be faved; but he and hath learned of the Father, comthat believeth
shall be damned. eth unto me. John iïi. 16. For God so loved the IV. h Heb ix. 15. And for this world that he
his only begot- cause he is the Mediator of the new ten Son, that whosoever believerh testament, that by means of death, ia him, should not perish, but have for the redemption of the tranfgrefererlasting life. Rom. x. 6. But the fions that were under the first testa
V. This covenant was differently administred in the time of the law, and in the time of the gospel i: under the law it was administered by promises, prophecies, sacrifices, circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all fore-fignifying Christ to come k, which were for that time sufficient, and efficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to instruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah l, by whom they had full remission of
ment, they which are called might demnation be glory, much more receive the promise of eternal inhe- doth the ministration of righteous. ritance. v. 16. For where a testa- ness exceed in glory. . ment is, there must also of necessity (Heb. viii. ix. x. chapters.) be the death of the testator. v. 17. Rom. iv. 11. And he received the For a testament is of force after fign of circumcifion, a seal of the men are dead : otherwise it is of no righteousness of the faith, which he strength at all whilst the testator li- had yet being uncircumcised : that he veth. Heb. vii. 22. By so much might be the father of all them that was Jefus made a surety of a bet- believe, though they be not circumter testament. Luke xxii. 20. cised; that righteousness might be Likewise also the cup after supper, imputed unto them also. Col. ii. 11. saying, This cup is the new testa- In whom also ye are circumcised ment in my blood, which is shed with the circumcision made withfor you. Cor. xi. 25. After the out hands, in putting off the body of fame manner also he took the cup, the sins of the flesh, by the circumwhen he had supped, saying, This cision of Christ : v. 12. Buried with cup is the new testament in my, him in baptism, wherein also ye are blood : this do ye, as oft as ye risen with him through the faith of drink it, in remembrance of me. the operation of God, who hath rai
V. i 2 Cor. ii. 6. Who alfo hath fed him from the dead. I Cor. v. 7, made us able ministers of the new Purge out therefore the old leaven, testament, not of the letter, but of that ye may be a new lump, as ye the spirit: for the letter killeth, but are unleavened. For even Christ our the spirit giveth life. y.7. But if the, passover is sacrificed for us. ministration of death, writtçn and en- l i Cor. x. 1, Moreover, brethren, graven in stones, was glorious, so I would not that ye should be ignothat the children of Israel could not rant, how that all our fathers were Stedfafly behold the face of Moses, under the cloud, and all passed for the glory of his countenance, through the sea: v. 2. Aud were all which glory was to be done away; baptized unto Moses in the cloud, v.8. How shall not the ministration and in the sea; v. 3. And did all eat of the Spirit be rather glorious ? the same spiritual meat; v. 4. And v. y. For if the ministration of con- did all drink the same fpiritual
he fins, and eternal salvation ; and is called the Old Testa
es VI. Under the gospel, when Christ the substance n was es exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is difal pensed are the preaching of the word, and the admini
ftration of the facraments of Baptism and the Lord's fup01 per 0, which, though fewer in number, and administred he with more fimplicity, and less outward glory ; yet in
them it is held forth in more fulness, evidence, and fpiritual efficacy Þ, to all nations, both Jews and Gen
drink : (for they drank of that fpi- things whatsoever I have commanded
. 56. Your father Abraham rejoi brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is ced to see my day: and he saw it, my body, which is broken for you: and was glad.
this do in remembrance of me. v. 25, m Gal. iii. 7. Know ye therefore, After the same manner also he took that they which are of faith, the the cup, when he had fupped, sayfame are the children of Abraham. ing, This cup is the new testament V. 8. And the scripture foreseeing in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye that God would justify the heathen drink it, in remembrance of me. through faith, preached before the p Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee unto mount Sion, and unto the city fhall all nations be blessed. v. 9. of the living God, the heavenly JeSo then they which be of faith, are rusalem, and to an innumerable comblessed with faithful Abraham. v. 14. pany of angels. v. 23. To the geThat the blessing of Abraham might neral assembly and church of the come on the Gentiles through Jesus first-born, which are written in heaChrift; that we might receive the ven, and to God the Judge of all, promise of the Spirit through faith. and to the spirits of jult men made
VI. n Col. ii. 17. Which are a perfect. v. 24.. And to Jesus the Mefhadow of things to come; but the diator of the new covenant, and to body is of Christ.
the blood of sprinkling, that speako Matth. xxviii. 19. Go there. eth better things than that of Abel. - fore and teach all nations, baptizing v. 25. See that ye refuse not him that them in the name of the Father, and speaketh: for if they escaped not of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: who refused him that spake on earth, V. 20. Teaching them to observe all much more shall not we escape, if
tiles g; and is called the New Testament r. There are not therefore two covenants of grace differing in subftance, but one and the fame under various dispensations s.
we turn away from him that speak. Now therefore ye are no more straneth from heaven : v.26. Whose gers and foreigners, but fellow-citi. toice then shook the earth : but now zens with the saints, and of the he hath promised, saying, Yet once household of God. more I shake not the earth only, . r Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also but also heaven. v. 27. And the cup after supper, saying, This this word, Yet once more, figni- cup is the New Testament in my fieth the removing of those things blood, which is shed for you. that are shaken, as of things that S Gal. iii. 14. That the blessing of are made, that those things which Abraham might come on the Gencannot be shaken may remain. Jer. tiles through' Jesus Chrift; that we xxxi. 33. But this shall be the cove. might receive the promise of the Dant that I will make with the house Spirit through faith. v. 16. Now to of Israel, after those days, faith the Abraham and his feed were the proLord, I will put my law in their in- mises made. He faith not, And to ward parts, and write it in their feeds, as of many; but as of one, hearts, and will be their God, and And to thy feed, which is Christ. they shall be my people. v. 34. And Acts xv. 11. But we believe that they shall teach no more every man through the grace of the Lord Jehis neighbour, and every man his sus Christ, we shall be saved eyen brother, saying, Know the Lord: as they. Rom.üi. 21. But now the for they shall all know me, from the righteousness of God without the least of them unto the greatest of law is manifested, being witnessed by them, saith the Lord: for I will for the law and the prophets : v. 22. give their iniquity, and I will remem. Even the righteousness of God which ber their sin no more.
is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, 9 Matth. xxviii. 19. (See letter o and upon all them that believe; for immediately foregoing.) Eph. ii. 15. there is no difference: v. 23. For Having abolished in his flesh the en- all have sinned, and come sort of mity, even the law of command the glory of God. v. 20. Seeing it ments, contained in ordinances, for is one God, which shall justify the to make in himself, of twain, one circumcision by faith, and uncircum. new man, so making peace: v. 16. cision through faith. Pfal. xxxii. 1. And that he might reconcile both Blessed is he whose tranfgression is unto God in one body by the cross, forgiven, whose sin is covered. With having flain the enmity thereby: Rom. iv.3. For what saith the scripv. 17. And came and preached peace ture? Abraham believed God, and to you which were afar off, and to it was counted unto him for righthem that were nigh. v. 18. For teousness. v. 6. Even as David also through him we both have an access desi ribeth the blessedness of the man by one Spirit unto the Father. v. 19. unto whom God impureth righteous
Chap. VIII. Of Christ the Mediator.
ordain the Lord Jesus, his only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and man a; the Prophet b, Priest c, and King d; the Head and Saviour of his Church e; the heir of all things f; and judge of the world ş: unto whom he did from all eternity give a people to be
ness without works. v. 16. There everlasting life. 1 Tim. ii. For fore it is of faith, that it might be there is one God, and one Mediator by grace ; to the end the pro- between God and men,
the man mife might be fare to all the feed, Christ Jesus. not to that only which is of the law, b Ads iii. 22. For Mofes truly but to that also which is of the faith faid unto the fathers, A prophet fhall of Abraham, who is the father of the Lord your God raise up unto you, us all. v. 17. (As it is written, I of your brethren, like unto me; him have made thee a father of many shall ye hear in all things whatsoevernations) before him whom he belie- he shall say unto you. ved, even God, who quickeneth the c Heb. v. 5. So also, Chrilt gloridead, and calleth those things which fied not himself, to be made an high be not as though they were.
V. 23. priest; but he that said unto him, Now it was not written for his fake Thou art my Son, to day have I bealone, that it was imputed to him; gotten thee. v. 6. As he faith alfo 1:24. But for us also, to whom it in another place, Thou art a priest shall be imputed, if we believe on for ever after the order of Melchihim that raised up Jesus our Lord fedec.
Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus d Pfal. q. 6. Yet have I set my Christ the same yesterday, and to- King upon my holy hill of Zion.
Luke i. 33.
And he shall reign over 1. a II. xlii. 1. Behold my servant the house of Jacob for ever, and of whom I uphold, mine elect in whom his kingdom there shall be no end. my foul delighteth : I have put my
e Eph. v. 23. For the husband is him, he shall bring forth the head of the wife, even as Christ judgment to the Gentiles. 1 Pet.i. is the head of the church : and he is 19. But with the precious blood of the Saviour of the body. Christ, as of a Lamb without blemish f Heb. i. 2. Hath in these last and without fpot : v. 20. Who ve- days spoken unto us by his Song pily was foreordained before the whom he hath appointed heir of foundation of the world, but was
all things, by whom also he made manifest in these last times for you. the worlds. John ii. 16. For God so loved the
& Acts xvii.
31. Because he hath world that he gave his only begot- appointed a day, in the which he will ten Son, that whosoever believeth judge the world in righteousness, by in him, should not perish, but have that man whom he hath ordained;
from the dead.
day, and for ever.