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on him and his righteousness by faith ; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God c. II. Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and his

righteousness, and whose fins are covered. v. 8. by he shall be called, THE LORD Blessed is the man to whom the OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. I Cor. Lord will not impute fin. 2 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in Christ V. 19. Tó wit, that God was in Jesus, who of God is made unto Chrift, reconciling the word unto us wisdon, and righteousness, and himself, not imputing their trespasses fanctification, and redemption: v. unto them; and hath committed un 31. That, according as it is writto us the word of reconciliation, ten, He that glorieth, let him gloV. 21. For he hath made him to be ry in the Lord. Rom. v. 17. For sin for us, who knew no fin; that if by one man's offence, death reignwe might be made the righteous- ed by one; much more they which nefs of God in him. Rom. iii. 22. receive abundance of grace, and of Even the righteousness of God which the gift of righteousness, shall reign is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, in life by one, Jesus Christ. V. 18. and

upon all them that believe ; for Therefore as by the offence of one there is no difference : V. 24. Be- judgment came upon all men to ing justified freely by his grace, condemnation : even so by the righthrough the redemption that is in teousness of one, the free gift came Jesus Christ : V. 25. Whom God upon all men unto justification of hath set forth to be a propitiation, life. v. 19. . For .as by one man's through faith in his blood, to de- disobedience many were made sinclare his righteousness for the re ners': so by the obedience of one miffion of fins that are past, through fhall many be made righteous. the forbearance of God.

c Aets x. 44. While Peter yet Where is boasting then? It is ex. fpake these words, the Holy Ghost cluded. By what law ? of works? fell on all them which heard the Nay; but by the law of faith, v. 28. word. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that Therefore we conclude, that a man a man is not justified by the works is justified by faith without the deeds of the law, but by the faith of Jeof the law. Tit. iii. 5. Not by sus Christ, even we have believed works of righteousness, which we in Jesus Christ, that we might be have done, but according to his justified by the faith of Christ, and mercy he saved us by the washing not by the works of the law: for of regeneration, and renewing of by the works of the law shall no the Holy Ghost: v.7. That being flesh be justified. Phil. iii. 9. And justified by his grace, we should be be found in him, not having mind made heirs according to the hope own righteousness, which is of the of eternal life. Eph. i. 7. In law, but that which is through the whom we have redemption through faith of Christ, the righteousness his blood, the forgiveness of fins, which is of God by faith. Acts xiii. according to the riches of his grace. 38. Be it known unto you thereJer. xxiii. 6. In his days Judah fore, men and brethren, that through shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell this man is preached unto you the Safely: and this is his name where forgiveness of sins: V. 39. And by

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righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification d; yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love e.

HII. Christ, by his obedience and death, did fully difcharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to his Father's justice in their behalf f. Yet, in as much as he was gi

ven him all that believe are justified from him. v. 10. For if when we were all things, from the which ye could enemies we were reconciled to God not be justified by the law of Moses. by the death of his Son : much Eph. ii. 7. That in the ages to come more being reconciled, we shall be he might shew the exceeding riches saved by his life. v. 19. For as of his grace, in his kindness towards by one man's disobedience many us, through Christ Jesus.

were made finners : so by the obeFor by grace are ye saved, through dience of one shall maúy be made faith; and that not of yourselves : righteous. 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there it is the gift of God.

is one God, and one Mediator beII. d John i. 12. But as many as tween God and men, the man Christ received him, to

he Jesus : v. 6. Whó gave himself 2 power to become the fons of God, ransom for all, to be testified in due even to them that believe on his time. Heb. X. 10. By the which

Rom. iii. 28. Therefore will we are fanctified, through the we conclude, that a man is justified offering of the body of Jesus Christ by faith, without the deeds of the once for all. V. 14. For by one law. Rom. v. 1. Therefore being offering he hath perfected for ever justified by faith, we have peace them that are fanctified. Dan. ix. with God, through our Lord Jesus 24. Seventy weeks are determined Christ.

upon thy people, and upon thy hoe James ii. 17. Even so faith, if ly city, to finish the transgreision, it hath not works, is dead, being a and to make an end of sins, and to tone. v. 22. Seest thou how faith make reconciliation for iniquity, wrought with his works, and by and to bring in everlasting righteousworks was faith made perfect? v. 26. ness, and to seal up the vision and For as the body without the spirit is prophecy, and to anoint the most dead, so faith without works is dead holy. v. 26. And after threescore also. Gal. v. 6. For in Jesus Christ, and two weeks shall Messiah be cut beither circumcision availeth any off, but not for himself: and the thing, nor uncircumcision, but faith people of the prince that shall come, which worketh by love.

shall destroy the city, and the fancIII. f Rom. v. 8. But God com tuary, and the end thereof shall be mendeth his love towards us, in with a food, and unto the end of that while we were yet finners, Christ the war desolations are determined. died for us. v.9. Much more then Isa. liii. 4. Surely he hath born our being now justified by his blood, we griefs, and carried our sorrows: fhall be saved from wrath through yet we did efteem him stricken,



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ven by the Father for them g; and his obedience and fatisfaction accepted in their stead h, and both freely, not for any thing in them; their justification is only of free grace i: that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of finners k.

iv. God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect l: and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die

for fmitten of God and afflicted. v. 5. Eph. V. 2. And walk in love, as But he was wounded for our trans- Christ also hath loved us, and hath greffibns, he was bruised for our given himself for us, an offering iniquities : the chastisement of our and a sacrifice to God for a sweetpeace was upon him, and with his smelling favour. Itripes we are healed. V. 6. All

i Rom. iii. 24. Being justified sheep have gone astray: freely by his grace, through the rewe have turned every one to his demption that is in Jesus Christ. own way, and the Lord hath laid

Eph. i. 7. In whom we have reto him the iniquity of us all. v. 10. demption through his blood, the Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise forgiveness of fins according to the him, he hath put him to grief; riches of his grace. when thou shalt make his soul an k Rom. iii. 26. To declare, I say, offering for sin, he shall see his feed, at this time his righteoufness: that he shall prolong his days, and the he might be just, and the justifier of pleasure of the Lord shall prosper him which believeth in Jesus, Eph. in his hand. v. 11. He Mall see ii. 7. That in the ages to come he of the travel of his soul, and hall might shew the exceeding riches of be fatisfied: by his knowledge shall his grace, in his kindness towards my righteous fcrvant justify many : us, through Christ Jesus. for be shall bear their iniquities. IV. | Gal. iii. 8. And the Scrip. V. 12. Therefore will I divide him

ture foreseeing that God would jua portion with the great, and he stify the heathen through faith, shall divide the spoil with the strong preached before the gospel unto Abecause he hath poured out his braham, saying, In thee shall all nafoul unto death : and he was num tions be blessed. 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect bred with the transgressors, and according to the foreknowledge of he bare the fin of many, and made God the Father, through fanctif interceflion for the tranfgreffors. cation of the Spirit unto obedier re,

g Rom. viii. 32. He that spared and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus not his own Sin, but delivered him Christ. v. 19. But with the precious up for us all, how fall he not with blood of Christ, as of a Lamb withhim also freely give us all things out blemish and without spot : v. 20.

5 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made Who verily was fore-ordained behim to be fin for us, who knew no fore the foundation of the world, fin; that we might be made the but was manifest in these last times righteousness of God in him. Matth. for you. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover,

. 17. And lo, a voice from hea- whom he did predestinate, them he yen, saying, This is my beloved also called : and whom he called, Bon, in whom I am well pleased. them he also justified : and whom


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for their fins, and rise again for their justification m: nevertheless they are not justified,

not justified, until the Holy Spirit doth in due time actually apply Chrilt unto thein n.

V. God doth continue to forgive the fins of those that are justified 0 : and although they can never fall from the state of justification p, yet they may by their 'sins fall under God's fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of his countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance q.

VI. The he justified, them he also glorified. and the blood of Jesus Christ his

m Gal. iv. 4. But when the ful. Son cleanseth us from all fin. v.9. ness of the time was come, God sent If we confess our sins, he is faithful, forth his Son, made of a woman, and just to forgive us our sins, and to made under the law. 1 Tim. ii. 6. cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

himself a ransom for all, i John ii. 1. My little children, these to be testified in due time, Rom.iv. things write I unto you, that ye sin 25. Who was delivered for our of- not. And if any man fin, we have an fences, and was raised again for our advocate with the Father, Jesus , justification.

Christ the righteous. v. 2. And he n Col. i. 21. And you that were is the propitiation for our fins: and fometime alienated, and enemies in not for ours only, but also for the your mind by wicked works, yet fins of the whole world. now haih he reconciled. v. 22. In

p Luke xxii. 32. But I have praythe body of his filesh through death, ed for thee, that thy faith fail not; to present you holy and unblame- and when thou converted, able, and unreproveable in his fight. strengthen thy brethren. John X. 28. Gal. ii. 16. (See letter c immediately And I give unto them eternal life, foregoing.) Tit. iii. 4. But after and they shall never perish, neither that the kindness and love of God shall any pluck them out of f my hand. our Saviour toward man appeared. Heb. x. 14. For by one offering he v. 5. Not by works of righteousness, hath perfected for ever them that which we have done, but according are fan&tified. to his mercy he saved us by the 9 Pfal. Ixxxix. 31. If they break washing of regeneration, and renew my statutes, and keep not my coming of the Holy Ghost: v.6. Which mandments : v. 32. Then will I vihe shed on us abundantly, through sit their transgression with the rod, Jesus Christ our Saviour. v.7. That and their iniquity with stripes. being justified by his grace, we V.33. Nevertheless, my loving-kindshould be made heirs according to nefs will I nor utterly take from the hope of eternal life.



faithfulness to V. ô Matth. vi. 12. And forgive fail. Pfal. li. 7. Purge me with hysús our debts, as we forgive our debt- fop, and I shall be clean : wash me,

i John i.7. But if we walk in and I shall be whiter than the snow. the light, as is in the light, we v.8. Make me to hea: joy and gladkave fellowship one with another, ness : that the bones which thou






VI. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the fame with the justification of believers under the New Testament r.

CHA P. XII. Of Adoption.


v. 14


LL those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and

for his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption a : by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God b; have his name put

upon haft broken, may rejoice. v. 9. Hide the law, being made a curse for us : thy face from my sins; and blot out for it is written, Cursed is every one all mine iniquities. v.10. Create in that hangeth'on a tree: That me a clean heart, O God; and renew the blessing of Abraham might come a right spirit within me. v. 11. Cast the Gentiles through Jesus me not away from thy presence; Chrift; that we might receive the and take not thy holy Spirit from promise of the Spirit through faith, me, v. 12, Restore unto me the joy Rom. iv. 22. And therefore it was of thy falvation : and uphold me imputed to him for righteousness. with thy free Spirit. Pfal. xxxii. 5. v. 23. Now it was not written for I acknowledged my sin unto thee, his fake alone, that it was imputed and mine iniquity have I not hid: 1 to him; v. 24. But for us also, to faid, I will confess my transgressions whom it shall be imputed, if we beanto the Lord: and thou forgavest lieve on him that raised up Jesus our the iniquity of my lin. Matth. xxvi. Lord from the dead. Heb. xiii. 8. 75. And Peter remembred the Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and words of Jesus, which said unto him, to-day, and for ever. Before the cock crow, thou shalt de I. a Eph. i. 5. Having predestioy me thrice. And he went out, nated us unto the adoption of chiland wept bitterly. 1 Cor. xi. 30. dren by Jesus Christ to himself, acFor this cause many are weak and cording to the good pleasure of his fickly among you, and many sleep. will. Gal.iv. 4. But when the ful1. 32. But when we are judged, ness of the time was come, God sent we are chastened of the Lord, that forth his Son made of a woman, we should not be condemned with made under the law, v. 5. To rethe world. Luke i. 20. And behold, deem them that were under the law, thou shalt be dumb, and not able that we might receive the adoption to speak, until the day that these of fons. things shall be performed, because b Rom. viii. 17. And if children, thou believest not my words, which then heirs; heirs of God, and joint shall be fulfilled in their season. heirs with Christ; if so be, that we VI. Gal. ii.

9. So then they suffer with him, that we may be also which be of faith, are blessed with glorified together. John i. 12. But faithful Abraham.

V. 13. Christ

as many as received him, to them hath redeemed us from the curse of 'gave he power to become the fons


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