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The ground whence thou wast taken, fitter soil.

He added not, for Adam at the news
Heart-struck with chilling gripe of sorrow stood,
That all his senses bound; Eve, who unseen
Yet all had heard, with audible lament
Discover'd soon the place of her retire.

O unexpected stroke, worse than of Death!
Must I thus leave thee, Paradise ? thus leave
Thee, native soil, these happy walks and shades,
Fit haunt of Gods ? where I had hope to spend,
Quiet though sad, the respite of that day
That must be mortal to us both. O flowers,
That never will in other climate grow,
My early visitation, and my last
At even, which I bred up with tender hand
From the first opening bud, and gave ye names,
Who now shall rear ye to the sun, or rank



so much upon them, and by great exactness through the them the fate of Man is deter- whole poem. Thyer. mined, and Paradise is lost. 268. O unexpected stroke, &c.]

263. He added not, for Adam Eve's complaint upon hearing at the news &c.] How natu- that she was to be removed from rally and justly does Milton here the garden of Paradise, is wondescribe the different effects of derfully beautiful: the sentigrief upon our first parents! ments are not only proper to Mr. Addison has already re- the subject, but have something marked upon the beauty and in them particularly soft and propriety of Eve's complaint, womanish. Addison. but I think there is an addi- 270. -native soil,] Natale sotional beauty to be observed lum, as the Latins say, when one considers the fine con

Nescio qua natale solum dulcedine trast which there is betwixt that tangit and Adam's sorrow, which was

Humanos animos. silent and thoughtful, as Eve's Paradise was the native place of was loud and hasty, both con- Eve, but Adam was formed out sistent with the different cha- of the dust of the ground, and racters of the sexes, which Mil- afterwards brought into. ton has indeed kept up with Paradise,

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Your tribes, and water from th' ambrosial fount?
Thee lastly, nuptial bow'r, by me adorn'd

With what to sight or smell was sweet, from thee
How shall I part, and whither wander down
Into a lower world, to this obscure
And wild ? how shall we breathe in other air
Less pure, accustom'd to immortal fruits ?

285 Whom thus the Angel interrupted mild. Lament not, Eve, but patiently resign What justly thou hast lost ; nor set thy heart, Thus over-fond, on that which is not thine ; Thy going is not lonely; with thee goes

290 Thy husband; him to follow thou art bound; Where he abides, think there thy native soil.

Adam by this from the cold sudden damp Recovering, and his scatter'd spi'rits return'd, To Michael thus his humble words address'd.

295 Celestial, whether

among the Thrones, or nam’d Of them the high’est, for such of shape may seem

296. Celestial, whether &c.] the twenty-second book of the Adam's speech abounds with lliad, where the sentiments are thoughts, which are equally excellently adapted to the difmoving, but of a more mascu- ferent characters of the father line and elevated turn. Nothing and mother.

And this, says can be conceived more sublime Mr. Pope, puts me in mind of and poetical than the following a judicious stroke in Milton, passage in it,

with regard to the several cha

racters of Adam and Eve. When This most afflicts me, that departing the angel is driving them both hence &c.


out of Paradise, Adam grieves

that he must leave a place where There is the same propriety in he had conversed with God and these speeches of Adam and his angels; but Eve laments Eve, as the critics have ob- that she shall never more beserved in the speeches of Priam hold the fine flowers of Eden : and Hecuba to dissuade Hector here Adam mourns like a man, from fighting with Achilles, in and Eve like a woman.




Prince above princes, gently hast thou told
Thy message, which might else in telling wound,
And in performing end us ; what besides
Of sorrow and dejection and despair
Our frailty can sustain, thy tidings bring,
Departure from this happy place, our sweet
Recess, and only consolation left
Familiar to our eyes, all places else
Inhospitable' appear and desolate,
Nor knowing us nor known: and if by prayer
Incessant I could hope to change the will
Of him who all things can, I would not cease
To weary him with my assiduous cries :
But pray’r against his absolute decree
No more avails than breath against the wind,
Blown stifling back on him that breathes it forth :
Therefore to his great bidding I submit.
This most afflicts me, that departing hence,
As from his face I shall be hid, depriv'd
His blessed countnance; here I could frequent
With worship place by place where he vouchsafd
Presence divine, and to my sons relate,
On this mount he appear'd, under this tree




320. On this mount he appear'd, stood, this was his stature, and &c.] This has been observed thus he went habited, and 0 to be very like what our author happy this house that harboured has written in another place, him, and that cold stone whereon due allowance being made for he rested, this village wherein the difference of


and he wrought such a miracle, and subject.“ With less fervency " that pavement bedewed with the was studied what St. Paul or

warm effusion of his last blood, “ St. John had written, than " that sprouted up into eternal was listened to one that could

roses to crown his martyrdom." say, here he taught, here he Of Prelatical Episcopacy, p. 34.


Stood visible, among these pines his voice
I heard, here with him at this fountain talk'd :
So many grateful altars I would rear
Of grassy turf, and pile up every stone
Of lustre from the brook, in memory,
Or monument to ages, and thereon
Offer sweet smelling gums and fruits and flowers :
In yonder nether world where shall I seek
His bright appearances, or foot-step trace ?
For though I fled him angry, yet recall's
To life prolong'd and promis'd race, I now
Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts
Of glory, and far off his steps adore.

To whom thus Michael with regard benign.



vol. i. edit. 1738. And both them; he therefore changes his passages very much resemble expression and says, Or in mothe following in Pliny's Pa- nument to ages, that is, to warn, negyric to Trajan. xv. Veniet teach, and instruct them that ergo tempus, quo posteri visere, God formerly appeared there to visendum tradere minoribus suis The Doctor not perceiving gestient, quis sudores tuos hau- this sense of the passage, would serit campus, quæ refectiones read tuas arbores, quæ somnum saxa from the brooks in memory, prætexerint, quod denique te- A monument to ages. ctum magnus hospes impleve

Pearce. ris, &c.

332. Gladly behold though but 325.

his utmost skirts Or monument to ages,]

Of glory,] Dr. Bentley asks what differ. He alludes to Exod. xxxiii. 22, ence there is between memorial 23. And it shall come to pass and monument, that or must separate them. I think that by shalt see my back parts, but my

while my glory passes bythou in memory Adam means for a memorial to himself, for marks follows he had Statius in me

face shall not be seen : as in what by which he might remember

mory, Thebaid xii. 817. the places of God's appearance; but because his sons (who had

-and far off his steps adore, not seen God's appearing there) Sed longe sequere, et vestigia semper could not be said to remember


-in memory


Adam, thou know'st heav'n his, and all the earth,
Not this rock only'; his omnipresence fills
Land, sea, and air, and every kind that lives,
Fomented by his virtual pow'r and warm’d:
All th' earth he gave thee to possess and rule,
No despicable gift ; surmise not then
His presence to these narrow bounds confin'd
Of Paradise or Eden : this had been
Perhaps thy capital seat, from whence had spread
All generations, and had hither come
From all the ends of th' earth, to celebrate



337. —and every kind that Warms in the sun, refreshes in the lives,] The construction is, his


Glows in the stars, and blossoms in omnipresence fills every kind that

the trees, lives : which, if true, says Dr. Lives thro' all life, extends thro' all Bentley, was not the author's extent, intention. But how it can be Spreads undivided, operates upproved that it was not the au


Breathes in our soul, informs our thor's intention, when his words

mortal part, so clearly express it, I am at a As full as perfect, in a hair, as heart, loss to apprehend: and if the As full, as perfect in vile man that Doctor could really question the mourns, truth of the assertion, it must be

As the rapt seraph that adores and

burns ; said that the poet had nobler

To him, no high, no low, no great, and more worthy conceptions no small; of God's omnipresence than the He fills, he bounds, connects, and divine ; for in him we live, and

equals all. move, and have our being, Acts Nay, an heathen poet has a rexvii. 28. Another poet has en- markable passage to this purlarged upon the same sentiment, pose, to which no doubt Milton with great sublimity of thought, alluded. Lucan, ix. 578. and as great force of language. Estne Dei sedes nisi terra, et pontus, Essay on Man, i. 259, &c.

et aer, Et cælum, et virtus ? Superos quid

quærimus ultra ? All are but parts of one stupendous

Jupiter est quodcunque vides, quowhole,

cunque moveris. Whose body nature is, and God the soul;

344. and had hither come] That, chang'd through all, and yet

So the first editions, and not all the same, Great in the carth, as in th' ethereal thither, which is in most of the frame,

later ones.

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