« AnteriorContinuar »
in her kind :
Let th' earth bring forth soul living in her kind,
460 Those rare and solitary, these in flocks and soul it should be here as in than things, because it is more ver. 318. living soul, and 392. conformable to the text of Scripsoul living. It is indeed fowl in ture. all the printed copies.
Cattle and creeping thing, and beast
of th' earth. Let th' earth bring forth fowl living
455. Innumerous living crea
tures-] Innumerous is uncombut Dr. Bentley, Dr. Pearce,
He has the expression Mr. Richardson, and common sense, all condemn this reading; which Pope has adopted into
innumerous boughs, Comus, 349. it is manifestly nothing but an error of the press that has run
his Odyssey. T. Warton.
456.'-out of the ground up through all the editions ; for fowl were all created the day
As from his lair the wild beast before, and not on this day.
where he wons We have therefore restored the true genuine reading.
In forest wild,]
Lair, or luyer, an old Saxon Let th’earth bring forth soul living word signifying a bed. The use
of this word is still kept up We are very cautious in admit- among us, as when we call the ting any alterations into the text different strata or beds of earth, of Milton; but in correcting some of clay, some of chalk, such mistakes as this we con- some of stone, &c. lairs. Wons ceive we do no more than Mil- is an old Saxon word signifying ton himself would have us do; to dwell or inhabit. Dr. Bentwho, after the table of errata in ley reads In forest wide, instead the first edition, says, Other of wild, wild beast going before ; literal faults the reader of himself but Milton does not dislike such may correct. And for the same a repetition of the same word. reason we agree with Dr. Bent- 461. Those rare and solitary, ley, that in the next verse it these in flocks] Those, that is, should be creeping thing rather the wild beasts mentioned in
in her kind.
Pasturing at once, and in broad herds upsprung,
ver. 457. these the tame, the of the beasts rising out of the cattle; and it is a very signal earth, though Dr. Bentley conact of Providence that there are demns it as an insertion of the so few of the former sort, and editor's, is certainly not only so many of the latter, for the worthy of the genius of Milton, use and service of man.
but may be esteemed a shining 462. — broud herds] This will part of the poem. He supposes sound a little strange to the ear the beasts to rise out of the of an English reader, who must earth, in perfect forms, limbed therefore be told that he follows and full grown, as Raphael had Homer literally. Iliad. xi. 678. painted this subject before in -αισολια πλασέ αιγω».
the Vatican; and he describes Virgil hath a long herd, Æn. i. and attitudes, and in numbers
their manner of rising in figures 186.
too, suited to their various na-et longum per valles pascitur tures. agmenRichardson.
467. The libbard,] The same
as the leopard ; a word used by 463. The grassy clods now Spenser and the old poets, Faery calu’d,) Dr. Bentley quarrels Queen, b. i. cant. vi. st. 25. with this expression, and says, 470.
ce from his mould that calred is a metaphor very Behemoth biggest born of earth heroical, especially for wild upheuv'd beasts. But, as Dr. Pearce His vastness :) justly observes, to calve (from The numbers are excellent, and the Belgic word Kalren) signi- admirably express the heaviness fies to bring forth: it is a ge- and unwieldiness of the elephant, neral word, and does not relate for it is plainly the elephant to cows only; for hinds are said that Milton means. Behemoth to calve in Job xxxix. 1. and and leviathan are two creatures, Psalm xxix. 9. Mr. Addison par- described in the book of Job, ticularly commends this meta- and formerly the generality of phor: and the whole description interpreters understood by them
Behemoth biggest born of earth upheav'd
the elephant and the whale : but It is the same style of sound, and
478. deckod] It is a verb beginning with b. We had another instance a little before in
decked their smallest lineaments the production of the mountains, exact in all the liveries &c. ver. 286.
482. Minims of nature ;] This
word minims is formed from the and their broad bare backs up- adjective minima, and in allusion
heave Into the clouds.
to the Vulgar Latin of Prov. It is the same kind of beauty
xxx. 24. Quatuor ista sunt minithat is admired in Virgil, Æn. i.
ma terræ. The word was in use 61.
before for an order of friars, Hoc metuens, molcmque et montes in.
Minim, minimi, so called from
affected humility. super altos Imposuit.
Wondrous in length and corpulence, involv’d
485. - provident
"amples to imprudent and unOf future,]
“ governed men, of a frugal As Horace says, Sat. i. i. 35. “ and self-governing democracy Haud ignara ac non incauta futuri.
“ or commonwealth; safer and
“ more thriving in the joint in small room large heart in
“providence and counsel of closed, Georg. iv. 83.
“ many industrious equals, than Ingentes animos angusto in pectore " under the single domination versant.
“of one imperious lord.” See It is there said of the bee, and his Ready and easy way to estahere applied to the ant.
blish a free commonwealth, p. 591. 487. Pattern of just equality] Edit. 1738. He adds perhaps We see that our author upon hereafter, as he had no hopes of occasion discovers his principles it at that time. He commends of government. He enlarges the ants or emmets for living in upon the same thought in an- a republic, as the bees are said other part of his works. “Go to to do under a monarchy; and “the 'ant, thou sluggard, saith therefore Mr. Pope says, Essay “ Solomon; consider her ways on Man, ii. 186. “ and be wise; which having no The ants' republic, and the realm
prince, ruler, or lord, provides “ her meat in the summer, and 490. The female bee, that feeds "gathers her food in the harvest : her husband drone “ which evidently shews us, Deliciously, and builds her “ that they who think the na- waren cells] “tion undone without a king, Dr. Bentley would throw out “ though they look grave or part of these verses. The drone " haughty, have not so much (says he) is not the bee's hus“true spirit and understanding band ; and that bees are all fe“in them as a pismire: neither males, seems an idle and idiot“are these diligent creatures ical notion, against the course “ hence concluded to live in and rule of nature.
But (how“ lawless anarchy, or that com- ever that be) both those opi“mended, but are set the ex- nions had been strenuously
Deliciously, and builds her waxen cells
Now heav'n in all her glory shone, and rollid Her motions, as the great first Mover's hand First wheel'd their course; earth in her rich attire Consummate lovely smild; air, water, earth, By fowl, fish, beast, was flown, was swum, was walk'd Frequent; and of the sixth day yet remaind; There wanted yet the master work, the end
maintained by Mr. Charles But- other from thirty to forty thouler in the fourth chapter of his sand bees. The drones or huscurious treatise upon bees, en- bands of this queen, except when titled The Feminine Monarchie, they are paying their duty to printed in 1634. and it seems to her, live idly and luxuriously have been the prevailing doc- upon the finest honey, whereas trine in Milton's days. Pearce. the common bees live in great
There has been lately pub- measure upon wax; and the lished in French a natural his- queen herself will condescend tory of bees, Histoire naturelle to wait upon the drones, and des abeilles, &c. Paris 1744. bring them honey; and so, as wherein the curious author has Milton expresses it, feeds her huscollected all that Swammerdam band drone deliciously. and others have written upon 497. And hairy mane lerrific,] the subject. He says that in a Virgil in like manner attributes hive there is commonly one
a mane to serpents, Æn. ii. 206. queen, and perhaps a thousand
jubeque males called drones, and near
Sanguineæ exuperant undas. twenty thousand working bees of no sex that can be distin- 505. There wanted yet the masguished. The queen or mother ter work, &c.] The author here bee is longer than the rest, and remembered and copied Ovid, will produce one year with an- Met. i. 76.