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Of all yet done; a creature who not prone
And brute as other creatures, but indued
With sanctity of reason, might erect
His stature, and upright with front serene
Govern the rest, self-knowing, and from thence
Magnanimous to correspond with heaven,
But grateful to acknowledge whence his good
Descends, thither with heart and voice and eyes
Directed in devotion, to adore
And worship God supreme, who made him chief
Of all his works : therefore th' omnipotent
Eternal Father (for where is not he
Present ?) thus to his Son audibly spake.

Let us make now man in our image, man


Sanctius his animal, mentisque ca- closely to Scripture in his ac. pacius altæ

count of the formation of man, Deerat adhuc, et quod dominari in

as well as of the other creatures. cætera posset. -Finxit in effigiem moderantům

And God said, Let us make man cuncta Deorum.

in our image, after our likeness ; Pronaque cum spectent animalia and let them have dominion over

cætera terram, Os homini sublime dedit; cælumque fowl of the air, and over the cattle,

the fish of the seu, and over the tueri Jussit, et erectos ad sidera tollere and over all the earth, and over vultus.

every creeping thing that creepeth A creature of a more exalted kind upon the earth. So God created Was wanting yet, and then was man mun in his own image; in the design'd:

image of God created he him ; Conscious of thought, of more ca

male and female created he them. pacious breast, For empire form'd, and fit to rule

And God blessed them, and God the rest.

said unto them, Be fruitful, and Thus while the mute creation

multiply, and replenish the earth, downward bend

and subdue it: and have dominion Their sight, and to their earthly mother tend,

over the fish of the sea, and over Man looks aloft, and with erected the fowl of the air, and over every eyes

living thing that moveth upon the Beholds his own hereditary skies. eurth, Gen. i. 26, 27, 28. I have

Dryden. set down the passage at length, 519. Let us make now man in that the reader may compare the our image, &c.] The author keeps divine historian and the poet



In our similitude, and let them rule
Over the fish and fowl of sea and air,
Beast of the field, and over all the earth,
And every creeping thing that creeps the ground.
This said, he form'd thee, Adam, thee, O man,
Dust of the ground, and in thy nostrils breath'd
The breath of life ; in his own image he
Created thee, in the image of God
Express, and thou becam’st a living soul.
Male he created thee, but thy consort
Female for race; then bless'd mankind, and said, 530
Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth,
Subdue it, and throughout dominion hold
Over fish of the sea, and fowl of th' air,
And every living thing that moves on th' earth.
Wherever thus created, for no place

yet distinct by name, thence, as thou know'st,
He brought thee into this delicious grove,
This garden, planted with the trees of God,


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together. There are scarce any eastward in Eden; and there he
alterations, but what were re- put the man whom he had formed,
quisite for the verse, or were oc- Gen. ii. 8. And afterwards ver.
casioned by the change of the 15. And the Lord God took the
person, as the angel is speaking man, and put him into the garden
to Adam. And what additions of Eden, to dress it and to keep it.
are made, are plainly of the This seems to imply that man
same original, as the reader may was created in some other place,
see by comparing both together. and was afterwards brought into
And the Lord God formed man the garden of Eden; and there-
out of the dust of the ground, and fore Milton says,
breathed into his nostrils the breath
of life, and man became a living Wherever thus created, for no place
soul, Gen. ii. 7.

Is yet distinct by name, thence, as 535. Wherever thus created,

thou know'st, &c.] The sacred text says that

He brought thee into this delicious

grove, the Lord God plunted a garden This garden, &c.



Delectable both to behold and taste;
And freely all their pleasant fruit for food
Gave thee ; all sorts are here that all th' earth yields
Variety without end ; but of the tree,
Which tasted works knowledge of good and evil,
Thou may’st not; in the day thou eat’st, thou diest ;
Death is the penalty impos’d, beware,
And govern well thy appetite, lest Sin
Surprise thee, and her black attendant Death.

Here finish'd he, and all that he had made
View'd, and behold all was entirely good ;
So ev'n and morn accomplish'd the sixth day:
Yet not till the Creator from his work
Desisting, though unwearied, up return’d,
Up to the heav'n of heav'ns his high abode,
Thence to behold this new created world
Th' addition of his empire, how it shew'd



548. Here finish'd he, and all Messiah returning into heaven, that he had made

and taking a survey of his View'd,]

great work. There is something The pause is very remarkable, inexpressibly sublime in this and admirably expresses the part of the poem, where the Creator surveying and contem- author describes that great peplating his work,

riod of time, filled with so many —and behold all was entirely glorious circumstances; when good;

the heavens and earth were So ev'n and morn accomplish'd finished; when the Messiah the sixth day :

ascended up in triumph through He finishes the account of the the everlasting gates; when he creation, in the same manner

looked down with pleasure upon as Moses, Gen. i. 31. And God his new creation; when every saw every thing that he had made, part of nature seemed to rejoice and behold it was very good: and in its existence; when the mornthe evening and the morning were ing-stars sang together, and all the sixth day.

the sons of God shouted for joy. 551. Yet not till the Creator Addison. &c.] The poet represents the




In prospect from his throne, how good, how fair,
Answering his great idea. Up he rode
Follow'd with acclamation and the sound
Symphonious of ten thousand harps that tun'd
Angelic harmonies: the earth, the air
Resounded, (thou remember’st, for thou heard’st)
The heav'ns and all the constellations rung,
The planets in their station list’ning stood,
While the bright pomp ascended jubilant.
Open, ye everlasting gates, they sung,
Open, ye heav'ns, your living doors ; let in
The great Creator from his work return'd
Magnificent, his six days' work, a world ;
Open, and henceforth oft ; for God will deign
To visit oft the dwellings of just men
Delighted, and with frequent intercourse
Thither will send his winged messengers
On errands of supernal grace. So sung
The glorious train ascending: He through heaven,
That open'd wide her blazing portals, led,
To God's eternal house direct the way,



563. The planets in their sta- 565. Open, ye everlasting gates, tion listning stood,] The word &c.] Ps. xxiv. 7. Lift up your station is used in a more peculiar heuds, O ye gates, and be ye lifted sense than usual. The station up, ye everlasting doors; and the of a planet is a term of art, when King of glory shall come in. This the planet appears neither to go hymn was sung when the ark of backwards nor forwards, but to God was carried up into the stand still and keep the same sanctuary on mount Sion, and place in its orbit. And what is is understood as a prophecy of said here of the stars and planets our Saviour's ascension into heais somewhat in the same noble ven; and therefore is fitly apstrain, as the song of Deborah, plied by our author to the same Judges v. 20. the stars in their divine Person's ascending thither courses fought against Sisera. after he had created the world.



A broad and ample road, whose dust is gold And pavement stars, as stars to thee appear, Seen in the galaxy, that milky way, Which nightly as a circling zone thou seest Powder'd with stars. And now on earth the seventh Evening arose in Eden, for the sun Was set, and twilight from the east came on, Forerunning night; when at the holy mount Of heav'n's high-seated top, th' imperial throne Of Godhead, fix'd for ever firm and sure, The filial Pow'r arriv'd, and sat him down With his great Father, for he also went Invisible, yet stay'd, (such privilege Hath Omnipresence,) and the work ordain’d, 590 Author and end of all things, and from work Now resting, bless’d and hallow'd the sev’nth day, As resting on that day from all his work, But not in silence holy kept; the harp Had work and rested not, the solemn pipe,


578. -as stars to thee appear, royal robes of France were said &c.] The pavement of heaven to be anciently powdered with was as thick set with stars, as bees, and afterwards with fleurstars appear in the galaxy or de lys. E. milky way, which is an assem- 591. —and from work blage of an infinite number of Now resting, bless'd and hallittle stars, seen distinctly with a low'd the sev’nth day, telescope, but too faint and re- As resting on that day from all mote to affect the eye singly.

his work,] 581. Powder'd with stars,] A 'The reason assigned by Moses, like expression in Chaucer. Of and almost in the very words, the cuckoo and the nightingale, Gen. ii. 2, 3. God rested on the ver. 63.

seventh day from all his work The grounde was grene, ypoudrid which he created and made: and with daisye.

God blessed the serenth day and 581.] It was a common ex- sanctified it, because that in it he pression formerly for robes spot. had rested from ull his work. ted with any figure; so the

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