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3. Euclid: Bb. I, II, III.

Euclid's definitions will be required, and no axioms or postulates except Euclid's may be assumed, unless in the case of the 12th axiom.

The actual proof of propositions, as given in Euclid, will not be required, but no proof of any proposition occuring in Euclid will be admitted, in which use is made of any proposition, which, in Euclid's order occurs subsequently. The enunciations will be set according to Euclid. Abbreviations for words may be used, but not the algebraical symbols + and -, or indices.

(The definitions, axioms, postulates, enunciations as required will be found in Todhunter's Euclid.)

4. Book-keeping: High School Book-keeping, chapters 1 to 6 inclusive, chapters 8 to 10 inclusive, precis writing, indexing.

tion.

SCIENCE.

1. Botany: Elements of structural botany.

Plants will be submitted to the candidates for examination and identifica

Text Books.-Spotton's High School Botany (Manitoba edition) and the Manitoba Course of Agriculture, Series 1.

2. Physics: The elements of physics.

Text Book.-Gage's Introduction to Physical Science. (see page 7).

3. Agriculture:

1. Music:

1. Drawing:

Same as for Third Class Certificate.

Candidates who have passed the examination in Book-keeping, Agricnlture, Music and Drawing, for third class certificates, will be exempt from examination in these subjects for second class.)

FIRST CLASS.

ENGLISH.

1. Writing and Spelling: On all papers.

2. Rhetoric and Prose Literature: (One paper).

(a) The study as literature of selected prose authors.

(b) The investigation of rhetorical principles along the lines laid down in Barrett Wendell's English composition.

Texts for 1901.-The Essays contained in Brewster's "Studies in Structure and Style." Barrett Wendell's English Composition.

3. Composition: (One paper).

The writing of an essay on one of a number of subjects, some of which shall be based on the selections prescribed for prose literature.

4. Poetical Literature. (Two papers).

(a) Shakespeare Hamlet, As You Like It.

(b) Chaucer-The Prologue to the Canterbury Tales. (Clarendon Press edition.) Milton-Paradise Lost, Book II.

5. History of English Literature: (One paper).

Halleck's History of English Literature. (American Book Co.)

MATHEMATICS.

1. Algebra: The Algebra prescribed for the second class examination, together with cube root, quadratic equations, ratio, proportion, variations, and the progressions. (C. Smith's Elementary Algebra, inclusive of the whole of Chapter 28).

2. Euclid: Definitions and books I, II, III, IV, definitions of book V, book VI, propositions 1, 2, 3, A, 4, 33.

Euclid's definitions will be required, and no axioms and postulates, except Euclid's may be assumed unless in the case of the 12th axiom.

The actual proof of propositions as given in Euclid will not be required, but no proof of any proposition occuring in Euclid will be admitted, in which use is made of any proposition, which in Euclid's order occurs subsequently. The enunciations will be set according to Euclid. Abbreviations for words may be used, but not the algebraical symbols + and -, or indices.

(The definitions, axioms, postulates, enunciations as required will be found in Todhunter's Euclid.

3. Trigonometry:-Up to and including the solution of plane triangles— Hamblin Smith's.

SCIENCE.

1. Geography :-The Eclectic Physical Geography.-American Book Company.

2. Chemistry: - Elements of Inorganic Chemistry.

Course.

Remsen's Briefer

NOTE.-A practical as well as theoretical knowledge of the subject is required.

3. Physiology:-Huxley's Elementary Lessons.

HISTORY.

IX.

English-Green's Short History of the English People, Chapters III, VII,

Canadian:-Bourinot's How Canada is Governed.

Holders of Second-class Certificates, actually employed in teaching, who have had five years' successful experience, may be permitted to take the firstclass examination in two parts:

Part 1-Mathematics and history.

Part 2 English and science.

Candidates must write on Book-keeping, Botany, Agriculture, Music and Drawing if they have not passed in these subjects before.

MARKS REQUIRED TO PASS.

Candidates must obtain at least 50 per cent. of the aggregate marks, and 34 per cent. on each subject, except in the case of oral reading, where 60 per cent. is required.

SCIENCE TEACHING IN THE PUBLIC SHOOLS OF MANITOBA.

COLLEGIATE AND INTERMEDIATE SCHOOLS.

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1. Chemistry: - At the examination for first class teachers it is the intention to make the examination practical. Thirty per cent. of the paper will be on practical work.

Practical examinations in this subject will be held in the Laboratories of Winnipeg, Brandon, and Portage la Prairie Collegiate Institutes.

2. Physics: The examination for second class teachers shall be an experimental course, defined as follows:

-

Meaning of "

'Matter,"

66

66

Chapter I. Energy," "Motion," 'Rest," and "Force," Three states of matter; Constitution of matter. Volume, mass, density, Various manifestations of force. Measurement of force in gravitation units. Molar and molecular forces. Properties of matter. Equilibrium of forces. Gravitation. Meaning of weight. Distinction between hypothesis, theory and law.

Chapter II.-Properties and laws of gases, liquids and solids. Buoyancy. Archimedes' principle. Determination of the specific gravity of bodies. The barometer. Air pump. Common and force pumps. Syphon. Boyle's tube. Brahma Press. The hydrostatic paradox.

Chapter III.-The meaning of Momentum, Acceleration, Velocity. Effects of force continuously applied to matter. Meaning of equal masses. Statement of Newton's Laws of Motion. The application of these laws. Centre of gravity. Determination of centre of gravity. Equilibrium of bodies. Curvilinear motion. The pendulum. Graphic representation of force and motion. position and resolution of forces.

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Chapter IV.-Meaning of work. Measurement of work in gravitation units. A practical acquaintance with the C. G. S. system of units. The law of machines. The pulley, wheel and axle. Levers. Use of the balance. Inclined plane.

Chapter V.-Theory of Heat. Sources of heat. Temperature. Effect of heat. Elementary laws of heat. Latent heat. Specific heat. The calorie. Thermometry. Use of Fahrenheit and Centigrade. Heat convertible into potential energy, and vice versa. Mechanical equivalent. Steam engine. Conservation and cor-relation of energy.

Chapter VI.-The voltaic cell. Study of common kinds of cells. Polarization of plates. Direction of current. Some effects produced by an electric current. Potential and electro-motor force. Ohm's law. Methods of combining cells. Laws of currents. The galvanometer. Laws of resistance of a conductor. Magnets and magnetism. Electric light, arc and incandescent. Telegraph. Telephone. Static electricity.

Chapter VII. - Sound caused by vibrations. Method of propagation. Velocity, Reflection, Interference, Intensity, Pitch, Quality, Resonators, Vibrations of strings and wires. Nodes and loops. Noise and music.

Chapter VIII.--Nature of light. Rectilinear propagation. Images through a pin hole. Beam, Pencil, Ray. Photometry. Laws of reflection and refraction. Images in plane, concave and convex mirrors. Drawing of images. Lenses. Drawing images produced by a lens. Prism. Dispersion and color. Spectrum. Recomposition of white light.

Text-Introduction to Physical Science-Gage. Thirty per cent. of the paper will be practical.

The following physical apparatus is required for the second class course:— Balance, Metric System of weights, 2 Dynamometers, lb. Glass Tubing, sizes "to", Spirit Lamp, Barometer Tube, Boyle's Tube, Air Pump and Receiver, 2 Flasks, Glass Models of Common and Force Pumps, Glass Models of Hydrostatic Press, Glass Models for showing that liquids transmit pressure equally in all directions. Syphon, Archimedes' Principle, Specific Gravity Bottle, Apparatus for illustrating Hydrostatic Paradox, Hydrometer, Set of Pulleys (4), Wheel and Axle, Ball and Ring to illustrate expansion under heat, Compound Bar, Fahrenheit Thermometer, Centigrade Thermometer, Pith Ball Pendulum, Stick of Sealing Wax and Glass Rod for illustrating positive and negative electricity, Large Bar Magnet, Horseshoe Magnet, Bi-chromate of Potash Cell (bottle form), four feet Copper Wire for Conductor, one Measuring Stick (metrical), Electric Machine, Electrophorus, Leyden Jar and Discharger, Galvanometer, Electroscope, Magnetic Needle, Tuning Fork, two Triangular Prisms, one Plane Prism, Set of Lenses (6), Apparatus for studying Reflection of Light, Concave and Convex Mirrors (combination).

3. Botany:-At the examination for second and third class teachers fifty per cent. of the paper will be practical.

Attention is called to the fact that the new Manitoba edition of Spotton's Botany is now the authorized text book for Manitoba. The first part of this book substitutes Manitoba plants for a number of those in the old edition not found in this Province. The second part of the Manitoba edition, called “Wild Plants of Canada," is now perfectly adapted for practical work in Manitoba, having a full list of Manitoba wild flowers, as well as a list of the scientific names and orders of garden and hot-house plants.

The examination will be conducted on the Manitoba edition.

The attention of inspectors and teachers is called to the requirements of the Department as to submitting botanical note-books for inspection, and also as to the formation of a Herbarium in every Collegiate and Intermediate School.

Agriculture:•- At the examination for second and third class teachers thirty per cent. of the paper will be practical.

The attention of teachers is called to the necessity of familiarizing the candidates with the forty prescribed experiments before other experiments are undertaken.

Inasmuch as the teaching of agriculture in the public schools generally is necessarily confined to the chemical and physical apparatus provided by the Department, teachers preparing candidates for the examination are reminded of the importance of having the candidates instructed in the use of the apparatus provided by the Department, on which the examination will be conducted.

Candidates for entrance to the Collegiate Schools, in addition to the other work in agriculture, will be examined in the prescribed experiments.

After July, 1901, Syllabus of Teachers' Non-professional Examination will be as follows:

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