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spair of succeeding in behalf of others, whatever their characters, their circumstances or piovocations: nor must you sail in the discharge of these duties, as you would not run the risque of being subjected to the same censure with those, who, thiough the neglect of them, have made shipwreck of the saith. Assected with such considerations, he not only told his son in the ministry, what was incumbent on him to practise and preach, but exhorted him to preach and practise accordingly. Exhortation carries something of the pathos in the very nature of it, and fupposeth conclusive and persuasive arguments, couched or expressed, to obtain men's compliance with it. "When, therefore, our apostle said, " I exhort," it is, emphatically, expressive of his earnest and hearty concern to prevail; as his reserence to the foregoing chapter, was, of the arguments by which he meant to succeed.
Had Paul addrest this exhortation in particular, as he did the epistle in general, to Timothy, it might have been inserred, that the duty was only of a temporary nature, and, at most, extended to the age in which Timothy lived; but, as it is not, "I exhort thee," which would have wore an exclusive air in it; but, "I exhort," which is evidently an universal direction; it is abundantly plain he intended, that the commanding force of the exhortation should extend to all the members and office-bearers in the church of Christ, until the mystery of God should be sinished.
The subjects of this Christian concern, according to our -reading of the text, are not persons of one or another denomination only, but of all denominations-, for the apostle enjoins, that the duties under view be performed "for all men." In whatever respects they may differ, as to nation, language, kindred, government, principles, or practices,—as F 3 men men, there is.au undoubted relation, an indissolvabie connection, that no distance, no circumstance, can render void and null; for God "hath of one '' blood made all the nations of the earth:" and they, having all sprung from one original, and descended from the same common parent, should, in performance of the duties here recommended, act toward each other as brethren,—as dear brethren according to the flesh.
Whether, in this exhortation, the apostle means, that Christians should exercise such concern for all men, as our translation, with great propriety, btan; or, that such concern should be exercised by all men, according to the critical remark ofsered before, there is no room for dispute, that kings and those in authority, are, in aTpecial manner, the subjects in whom the Christian concern, pointed cut by our text, should concenter.
With regard to our late sovereign, of happy memory, "supplications, prayers, and intercessions," are.now no more to be made by us; if it is not for the divine blessing upon such plans of operation as were approved, or begun to be execute under his eye, though, in the insinite wisdom of God, his desire of seeing the speedy and happy issue of them was denied. Though, we say, his, justly and. generally lamented, death, supercedes the necessity of "supplications, prayers, and intercessions," for himself, it dissolves not the obligation upon us to give thanks to that God, '' by whom kings reign, "and princes decree justice," for 'the numberless blessings, whereof, to his happy subjects, he Was, in the hand of God, the chearful instrument. If no nation under heaven, has enjoyed equal peace, sasety, freedom, and outward happiness, with the subjects of the British crown, for above thirty three years back, will it not follow, that, of all others,
Britons ;Britons are obliged,—indispensibly obliged, to the exercise of thanksgiving and praise.
A digression here, on the character of that illustrious and royal personage, whose memory must be dear to Britons in particular, and Protestants in -general, would be no less agreeable to me, than acceptable to you; but diffidence of my own abiir' ty, for such an unequal taste, lays me under the painful necessity of leaving you to imagine, -rather than hear, what I would, was I capable, gladly say. Without meaning, in the least, to exaggerate,—if taleuts for the cabinet or the sield, if love to his subjects, veneration for the laws, concern for. the Protestant interest, charity and compassion, iustice and impartiality, and, in one word,—if an unwearied endeafour to diffuse or promote happiness an 1 -prosperity; if these, and such as these, constitute •the truly loyal and princely character, it may, from all I have had access to learn, be justly applied to our late dear and honoured sovereign.
Nor can I help observing the propriety of these lands appearing now in sable weeds: Do we mourn the loss of a friend, a benefactor, a guide, a protector, a sather? In him, my brethren, we have lost one who stood and acted towards us in all these endearing relations; whence, gratitude, affection, and even decency itself, conspire to justisy such expressions of sorrow and distress.
I shall have done wiih this digression, when I have just put you in mind, that ingratitude to th 2 - God of gods, for the last peaceful and benign reign, might justly provoke him to blast our expectations, however promising, respecting the tranquility and happiness of future years.
My text, as the proper clue to this discourse, wouJd lead me next to point out the present subjects, in whom our "supplications, prayers, interF 4 '' cessions "cessions, and giving of thanks," should particularly meet, our sovereign, namely, and those in
authority; but, previous to our doing so, the following corollaries, from what you have heard, may may not be unuseful.
'If these things are so, then it follows, that Chri- <. sthnity inspires with a truly public and generous spirit. Those whose concern is confined to themselves, or extends not beyond the limits of any particular order of men, or denomination of Christians, may put in what claim to the venerable character they please; but they show, to demonstration, how small, and how groundless, their pretensions. Such pitiful souls were never formed upon the gospel of Christ, and such groveling creatures deserve not so much as a name amongst his friends.
Bur, from what was said, it is equally plain, that concern for others, which is not expressed by " sup"plications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of "thanks," whatever it may be in the eye of mortals,—weighed in the balance of scripture, is found wanting,—it deserves not the name. Men may talk respectfully of others, and perform many useful services to them; as to princes, they may fight under their banners, fit at their council-boards, carry their orders into execution, and be scrupulously exact in every outward expression of loyalty snd esteem, while, living in the habitual neglect.of the duties prescribed by our apostle, they are held, in the eflimate of heaven, as chargeable with the most criminal contempt of the interest of others, —whether princes or people.
In fine, From this doctrine, it evidently appears, that luch a disinterested regard to the happiness of others, claims a principal share in our public solemn worship. As a part of the -church of Christ, we should make conscience of keeping the ends of
iis appointment, by our meeting together, full id view, four apostle is allowed to have wrote this -letter to Timothy, under the influence of inspiration, then "supplications, prayers, intercessions, "and giving of thanks," forothers, must be class-i amongst the ordinances of heaven; consequently, must be performed by us with saithfulness and -concern, as we would not fee found chargeable with neglecting to observe any one of the "all "things whatsoever he hath commanded us." These duties, in our church capacity, are not to be performed as so many words of course, which ^has too much, and long been our reproach; but wjth a particular earnestness and servour, according to the obligation, importance, and necessity of them.
S E R M O N II. . .
. - '' ;i T1 v. U. 1, a. J exhort therefore, &c.
"TPHOSE for whom the apostle would have .*. Christians, so particularly, to interest thera-Jelves, .are "kings, andall that are in authority."
The^exhortation ha *g a respect to Christians ..in general, plainly insinuates, that without excluding their generous concern for others, elsewhere intrusted with the regal power, ." supplications, "*' prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks," are •especially to be made, far the royal person who sways the sceptre over themselves.
It was easy for the apostle to see, that Christian? would, by their birth, stations, and places of • residence, be scattered through the dominions of .different potentates; and theresore, when he mea* F 5 tions