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however amiable his character, or how much soever they might esteem him in other refpects.
Nor is this a new opinion, or a novel practice : for such has been the sentiment and such the conduct of the Christian church in every age. Before the grand Romish apoftasy, in the very depth of that apoftasy, and since the Reformation, both at home and abroad; the general practice has been, to receive none but baptized persons to communion at the Lord's table. The following quotations from ancient and modern writers, relating to this point, may not be improper. Justin Martyr, for instance, when speaking of the Lord's supper, fays; • This food is called by us, the Eucharist; of which it is not lawful for any to partake, but such as believe the things that are taught by us to be true, and have been baptized.'* Jerom;
Catechumens cannot communicate ;' i. e, at the Lord's table, they being unbaptized.t-Austin, when asserting the abfolute necessity of infants re. ceiving the Lord's fupper, says; Of which, certainly, they cannot partake unless they be buipiin zed.'1-Bede informs us, that three young princes among the eastern Saxons, seeing a bishop admin. ifter the sacred supper, desired to partake of it, as their deceased and royal father had done. To whom the bishop answered ; • If ye will be washed, or baptized, in the falutary fountain, as your father was, ye may also partake of the Lord's lipper,
* Apolog. II. p. 162. Apud Suicerum, Thef. Ecclesi. Tom. II. col. 1135.
Catechumeni-communicare non poflunt. In cap. VII. Epist. II ad Corinth.
Quod nifi baptizati non utique pollunt. F.pift. ad Boni.. facium, Epist. CVI.
as he did ; but if you despise the former, ge cannot in any wife receive the latter. They replied, We will not enter into the fountain, or be baptized ; nor have we any need of it ; but yet we desire to be refreshed with that bread.'' After which the historian tells us, that they importunately requesting, and the bilhop resolutely refusing them ad. mission to the holy table, they were so exasperated, as to banish both him and his out of their kingdom.*Theophylact ; • No unbaptized perfon partakes of the Lord's supper.'t-Bonaventure ; • Faith, indeed, is necessary to all the sacraments, but especially to the reception of baptism : because baptism is the first among the sacraments, and the door of the sacraments.' I
Quotations of this kind might, no doubt, be greatly multiplied : but that none were admitted to the sacred supper in the first ages of the Chris. tian church, before they were baptized, we are
* Si vultis ablui fonte illo falutari, quo pater vester, ab: Jutus est, poteftis etiani panis sancti, [quem] participabat, effe participes. Sin autem lavacrum yitæ contemnitis, nullatenus valetis paneni vitæ participare. At illi nolumus, inquiunt, fontem intrare, qui nec illo opus nos habere novimus, fed tamen pane illo refici volumas. . Cumque diligenter ac saepe ab illo effent adınoniti, nequaquam fieri poffe, ut absque Purgatione sacrosancta quis oblationi sạcrofana commu. nicet, ad ultimum furore commoti aiebant ; Si non vis assens tire nobis in tam facili caufa quam petimus, non poteris jam in noftra provincia demorari. Et expulerunt eum, ac de fuo regno cum suis abire jusserent. Hist. Ecclef. lib. II. cap. V. p. 63.
t Ouders aBATTISOs detalaulavel. In cap. XIV. Matt. p. 83. · Fidem quidem effe neceffariam omnibus facramentis, sed fpecialiter appropriari baptismo: quoniam baptismus est primum inter facramenta et janua sacramentorun. Apud Torbefium, Instruct. Historic. Thcolog lib. X cap. IV.S 9. assured by various learned writers, well versed in ecclesiastical antiquity. For instance: Frid. Spanheimius asserts, That none but baptized persons were admitted to the Lord's table.'* Lord Chancellor King; “Baptism was always precedent to the Lord's supper; and none were admitted to receive the eu. charist, till they were baptized. This is so ob. yious to every man, that it needs no proof.'tDr. Wall; No church ever gave the communion to any persons before they were haptized--Among all the absurdities that ever were held, none ever maintained that, that any person should partake of the communion before he was baptized.'1-Dr. Dod. dridge; • It is certain that Christians in general have always been spoken of, by the most ancient fathers, as baptized persons :-and it is also certain, thạt as far as our knowledge of primitive antiquity reaches, no unbaptized person received the Lord's supper.'S.
That the Protestant churches in general have always agreed in the same sentiment and conduct, is equally evident. Out of many eminent writers that might be mentioned, the following quotations may fuffice. Urfinus, for instance, asserts; • That they who are not yet baptized, should not be admitted to the facred supper.'ll-Ravenellius, when speaking of the Lord's supper, says ; " Baptism ought to precede ; nor is the holy supper to be administered to
* Subjecta ad cucharistiam admiffa, soli baptizati. Hist. Christian. col. 623.
+ Enquiry, Part II. p. 44.
|| Nondun baptizati, ad cocnam non funt admittendi. Corp. Doct. Christ. p. 566.
any, except they be baptized.'*_Zanchius; "We believe that Baptism, as a facrament appointed by Christ, is absolutely necessary in the church.'tHoornbeekius ; • No one is admitted to the sacred supper, unless he is baptized.'1-Turrettinus; • It is one thing to have a right to those external ordinances of the church, which belong to a profession; and it is another to be interested in the internal blessings of faith. Uubaptized believers have ac. tually a right to these, because they are already partakers of Christ and hiş benefits; though they have not yet a right to those, except in obferving the appointed order, by baptism.'j Mastricht; • As no uncircumcised male was admitted to the typical supper, that is, the paffover; so under the New-Teitament, no unbaptized person is admitted to the Lord's table.||-Leydecker; Baptism is neces. fary, not only in a way of expediency, but by virtue of a divine precept. They therefore who reject it,
* Baptismus debet præcedere; coena vero nonnifi bapti. zatis est danda. Bibliotheca Sacra, Tom. I. p. 301.
+ Credimus baptismum in ecclesia omnino necessarium effe tanquam sacramentum a Christo inftitutum. Opera, Tom. VIII. col. 516.
Nemo ad coenam admittitur, nifi baptizatus. Socin. Confut. Tom. IN. p. 416.
$ Aliud jus habere ad facra ecclesiæ, quæ ad profeffionem referuntur : Aliud ad interna fidei. Catechumeni credentes aclu jus habent ad ifta, quia jam participes funt Chrifti et beneficiorum ejus ; licet nondum habænc jus ad illa, nifi are dine servato et polito baptismo. Institut Thcolog. Tom. III. Loc. XVIII. Quæft. IV. § 10.
|| Ad cænam typicam, h. c. ad pafcha, non admittebatur uilus-præputiatus, Exod xii. 40. ficut sub N. T. non admittiætur non baptizatus, act. ii. 41, 42. Thcolog. lib. VII. cap. V. § 29.
reje&t the counsel of God against themselves.'*---Benedict. Pictetus ; •The supper of our Lord ought not to be administered to persons that are unbaptized : for before baptism, men are not considered as members of the visible church.'t-Marckius; • The dying, and the unbaprized, are not to be admitted to communion.'1-Dr. Manton ; In foro ecclefiæ, before the church, none but baptized persons have a right to the Lord's table.'--Mr. Baxter ; • If any Thould be so impudent as to say, it is not the meaning of Christ, that baptizing should immedialely, without delay, fullow discipling, they are confuted by the constant example of scripture. So that I dare say, that this will be out of doubt with all rational, considerate, impartial Christians.'||--Once more : Dr. Doddridge thus expresses his views of the subject. The law of Christ requires that all who believe the gospel should be baptized-For any to abstain from baptism, when he knows it is an institution of Christ, and that it is the will of Christ that he should subject himself to it, is such an act of disobedience to his authority, as is incon
fisent with true fuith-How excellent foever any 'man's character is, he must be baptized before he
* Baptismus neceffarius est neceffitate præcepti, non solum expedientiæ. Quare, qui eum rejiciunt, concilium Dei ad. versus se ipfos rejiciunt. Idea Theolog. p. 225.
[ Non debet administrari coena--non baptizatis; nam ante baptismum non cerfentur homines effe in ecclefia. The olog. Christiana, p. 959, 960.
I Ad communionem hanc admittendi sunt, non-expirantes, aut non baptizati. Christ. Theolog. Medulla, p. 406.
Supp'em. Morn. Exercis. p. 199. 1 Plain Scripture Proof, p. 126.