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anguish from which this proceeded, who can conceive? O give us right views and impressions of it. How dreadful must have been the burden of guilt laid upon thy innocent soul? Glory to thee for delivering poor sinners from it by bearing it thyself. An angel was sent to strengthen thee. It was surely the most honourable office any angel or creature was ever employed in. May we think it our greatest honour to administer comfort to thy poor afflicted members. Thou madest supplication to thy Father with strong cries and tears, and wast heard in that thou fearedst. O may we be helped by thy Spirit to cry and wrestle in prayer, and may we be heard for thy sake. And when we are called to suffer pain, and to die, when the cold sweat of death is upon us, let the remembrance of thy agony be our comfort, and thy gracious presence support us in that hour of trial. [See also the Reflections on Matt. XXVI. v. 36-46. p. 121, 122.]


Jesus betrayed, and brought to the High Priest.

46. And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. 47. And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss hini. 48. But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss? 49. When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shalt we smite with the sword? 50. And one of them smote servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear. 51. And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far.


And he


touched his ear and healed him. 52. Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves? 53. When I was daily with you in the temple ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness. 54. Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar off. 55. And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were sat down together, Peter sat down among them.

[See the Reflections on Matt. XXVI. v. 47–56. p. 123, 124.]


Peter's Denial of Christ.

56. But a certain maid be-, held him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him. 57. And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not. 58. And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said, Man, I am not. 59. And about the space of one hour after, another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a

truth this fellow also was with him; for he is a Galilean. 60. And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew.

61. And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. 62. And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.

[See the Reflections on Matt. XXVI. v. 69-75. p. 126, 127.]


Jesus is mocked, and taken before the Sanhedrim.

63. And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him. 64. And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that s.note thee? 65. And many other things blasphemously spake they against him. 66. And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying, 67. Art thou the

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Christ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe: 68. And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go. 69. Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God. 70. Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am. 71. And they said, What need we any furthe. witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.

[See the Reflections on Matt. XXVI. v. 66–68. p. 125, 126.]


Jesus is delivered to Pilate, by whom he is sent to Herod.


AND the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate. 2. And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Cesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King. 3. And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? aud he answered him,

and said, Thou sayest it. 4. Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man. 5. And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place. 6. When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilean.

[See the Reflections on Matt. XXVII. v. 11–14. p. 128, 129.]

7. And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time. 8. And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him: and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him. 9. Then he questioned with him in many words; but


he answered him nothing. 10.
And the chief priests and scribes
stood and vehemently accused
him. 11. And Herod with his
men of war set him at nought,
and mocked him, and arrayed
him in a gorgeous robe, and
sent him again to Pilate.
And the same day Pilate and
Herod were made friends toge-
ther: for before they were at
enmity between themselves.


Blessed Lord, every circumstance contributed to encrease thy sufferings. Among the rest, that thou shouldst be exposed to the insults of this proud, wicked man. Pilate, willing to get rid of the guilt of condemning an innocent person, and perhaps desirous to show respect to Herod, sent thee to him. Herod was exceeding glad; but, alas! it was not that he might get his sins pardoned, and his soul saved, but because he had heard many things of thee, and hoped to have seen some miracle. This vain curiosity in a wicked unbelieving heart, VOL. I.

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thou wouldst not gratify. And when he questioned thee in many words, thou answeredst him nothing. Lord Jesus! We would not by thy grace do as Herod did. If we had opportunity of seeing thee with the eyes of our body, we would indeed be exceeding glad; but we trust this gladness would be mixed with the greatest reverence. We would fall at thy feet, and seek salvation to our perishing souls that thou wouldst graciously forgive all our sins, and grant us thy Spirit to lead us into all truth, and to sanctify us wholly. And this, O merciful Saviour, is the request we just now make to thee. Though we cannot see thee with our bodily eyes, we assuredly know thou art in heaven, and that thou knowest all things, and art able and willing to save to the uttermost. O hear us, and help our unbelief.

Herod's disappointed curiosity and pride turned into raging insolence. He with his men of war set thee, dearest Lord, at nought, and mocked thee, and arrayed thee in a gorgeous robe, and sent thee back to Pilate, as one whom he judged, not indeed worthy of death, but a proper object of scorn and derision. Ŏ Saviour, the more thou art despised by the wicked, the more may we love and adore thy blessed name. The more may all thy redeemed in heaven and earth exult in the glory thy Father hath given thee.

Herod and Pilate were made friends on this occasion. Lord, keep us from that friendship which is founded on impiety and infidelity, which indeed deserves not the name of friendship, and can produce none but the most dismal fruits.


Jesus is delivered to be crucified.

15. And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 14. Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me as one that perverteth the people; and, behold, I, having examined

him before you, have found no fault in this man, touching those things whereof ye accuse him: 15. No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him: and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him. 16. I will therefore

chastise him, and release him. | 17. (For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.) 18. And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas : 19. (Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast in prison.) 20. Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them. 21. But they cried, Saying, Crucify him, crucify him. 22. And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have

found no cause of death in him : I will therefore chastise him, and let him go. 23. And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed. 24. And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. 25. And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will.

[See the Reflections on Matt. XXVII. v. 15–26. p. 130, 131.]


Jesus is led to Calvary.

26. And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, ayrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. 27. And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. 28. But Jesus turning unto them, said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves,


and for your children. 29. For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. 30. Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. 31. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Thy sufferings, Lord, were not a proper subject for wailing and lamentation, but rather for admiration of thy filial obedience, gratitude for thy redeeming love, horror at sin for which thou thus sufferedst, and commiseration for the wretchedness of the blind and hardened instruments of thy death. There was no occasion to weep for thee, as if thou hadst been unhappy; for thou wast di

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