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and Aminadab hegat Naasson ; and ses ; and Manasses begat Aniou Naasson begat Salmon ;
and Amon begat Josias; 5 And Salmon begat Booz of 11 And Josias begat Jechonias Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of and his brethren, about the time Ruth ; and Obed begat Jesse ; they were carried away to Baby
6 And Jesse begat David the lon: king; and David the king begat 12 And after they were brought Solomon of her that had been the to Babylon, Jechonias begat Sala: wife of Urias;
thiel ; and Salathiel begai Zoroba 7 And Solomun begat Roboam; bel ; and Roboam begat Abia ; and Abia 13 And Zorobabel begat Abiud ; begat Asa;
and Abiud begat Eliakim ; and 8 And Asa begat Josaphat; and Eliakim begat Azor; Tosaphat begat Joram; and Joram 14 And Azor begat Sadoc; and begat Ozias;
Sadoc begat Achim ; and Achim 9 And Ozias begat Joatham ; begat Eliud ; and Joatham begat Achaz; and 15 And Eliud begat Eleazar; Achaz begat Ezekias ;
and Eleazar begat Matthan; and 10 And Ezekias begat Manas. Matihan begat Jacob;
ifest. Several instances of this kind ancestors of Jesus, for such a purpose, occur in this chapter, . Thamar. See he might have found a sufficient numnote on ver. 6. Her history is recorded, ber among the males. Indeed, the Gen. ch. xxxviii.
names of ihree kings, between Joram 5. Rachab-Ruth. See note on ver. and Ozias, are omitted, ver. 8; and
For the general history of these two many commentators suppose they are women, see Josh. ch. ii., vi., and the thus omitted on account of their scanBook of Ruth.
dalous wickedness. It seems improb6. The king. This epithet is added able that these should be omitted, as too !o denote emphatically the particular sinful to be named, and that females individual; or, more probably, because should be introduced merely as examDavid was by far the most illustrious ples of sinfulness. It does not appear king who ever sat on the throne of that Thamar was more guilty than Israel, and might, hy way of eminence, Judah, or Bathsheba than David, in the be properly styled trie king. I Her that offences which they committed ; and as had been the wife of Urias. Bath- these transactions were matters of pubsheba. See 2 Sam. ch. xi. Solomon lic history, it would seem sufficient to was the second son which was born have named the males, omitting the to David of Bathsheba. 2 Sam. xii. females. And in regard to the two who
were Gentiles, I am not aware that the It is commonly remarked that, in this apostles ever referred to the ancestry genealogy, from Abraham to Joseph, of Jesus, in proof that the Gentiles are only four females are named, each of interested in his salvation. On the whüm had a striking peculiarity in her whole, it seems more probable that history.. It has been said that Thamar these four females are named on account was guilty, of incest; Bathsheba, of of something unusual or remarkable in a tultery; that Rachab and Ruth were their history. See note on ver. 3. Gentiles, with whom the Jews might 8. Joram begat Ozias. Ozias is not legally intermarry; and that these called Azariah, 1 Chron. iii. 12, and four were named in preference to all Uzziah, 2 Chron. ch. xxvi. Compare others, to indicate that Christ came to 2 Kings xv. 5—7. He was not the save sinners and Gentiles as well as actual son of Joram ; but three interothers. This interpretation may be mediate ancestors, Ahaziah, Joash, and true; but I confess it seems somewhat Amaziah, are omitted. i Chron. iii. fai ciful. If the evangelist desired to 11, 12. Such omissions are not unusual indicate certain gross sinners among the in' the Jewish catalogues of namnes.
16 And Jacob begat Joseph the generations, and from David until husband of Mary, of whom was the carrying away into Babylon born Jesus, who is called Christ. are fourteen generations; and from
17 So all the generations from the carrying away into Babylon unAbraham to David are fourteen to Christ are fourteen generations.
Whitby mentions several similar in- David, who received it again more stances in the Old Testament.
clearly; the second begins with the 11. Josias begat Jechonias, &c.- building of the temple, and ends in the Here is another instance of omission. destruction of it; the third begins with Jehoiakim was the son of Josias and their peeping out of misery in Babel, father of Jechonias. 1 Chron. iii. 15, and ends in their accomplished delivery 16. The remark of Lightfoot, on the by Christ.” — Whitby. It may be added, omission of Jehoiakim, may be quoted, that, to make the full number of four: for its quaintness, if for no more : " He, teen in each class, David and Josiah that was neither fit to be lamented, nor must be twice counted, -each ending to be buried like one of the kings of one class and commencing the next Judah, was much more unfit to come 9 The carrying away. Campbell reninto the line of the kings of Judah, that ders this, migration, and gives the leadeth to Christ."
following reason :-"As this apostle 16. Of whom. That is, of Mary; wrote, in the opinion of all antiquity, Joseph being only the reputed father of chiefly for the onverts from Judaism, Jesus. Called Christ. Some have he carefully avoided giving any unnesupposed he was thus designated in the cessary offence to his countrymen. public registry. I am not aware that The terms captivity, exile, transportaany evidence of such a fact exists. The tion, subjection, were offensive; and, evangelist seems rather to mean simply with whatever truth they might be that the Jesus, whose genealogy he had applied, the Jews could not easily bear traced from Abraham through David, the application. A remarkable instance was the same who had exhibited proofs of their delicacy in this respect, the of Messiahship, and who was called by effect of national pride, we have in John his disciples the Christ.
viii. 33, where they boldly assert their 17. Fourteen generations. “It is uninterrupted freedom and indepenobservable, (1.) that the apostle saith dency, in contradiction both to their of the generations from Abraham to own historians, and to their experience David, that they were in all fourteen; at that very time. This humor had led but when he comes to the second inter- them to express some disagreeable val, he does not say, as before, the four- events, which they could not altogether teen mentioned by him were all the dissemble, by the softest names they generations of that interval, as knowing could devise.' of this sort is metoikea hat, for good reasons, he had omitted sia, (METoimEgía,), by which they exthree belonging to that interval; but pressed the most dreadful calamity that only that the whole number of those had ever befallen their nation. The which he had named was fourteen; as word strictly signifies no more than really they were. (2.) That, in every passing from one place or one of these several intervals, they were another. It does not even convey to under a several and distinct manner of the mind whether the change were volgorernment; and the end of each inter- untary or forced.” | Into Babylon. val produced some alteration in the See 2 Chron. ch. xxxvi. Babylon was
In the first, they were under situated on both sides of the river judges and prophets; in the second, Euphrates, at the distance of about six under kings; and in the third, under hundred miles, nearly east, from JeruAsmonean priests. The first fourteen salem. It was enclosed by walls, brought their state to glory in the king about sixty miles in circuit, eighty dom of David; the second, to misery in seven feet thick, and three hundred and the captivity of Babylon ; and the third, fifty feet high. 'The entrance was hy to glory again in the kingdom of Christ. one hundred brazen gates, twenty-five The first begins with Abraham, who on each side. Notwithstanding its vast received the promise, and ends in strength, it was taken by Cyrus, about
18 T Now the birth of Jesus gether, she was found with child Christ was on this wise : When of the Holy Ghost. as his mother Mary was espoused 19 Then Joseph her husband, to Josepli, before they came to being a just man, and not willing
B. C. 536; and by him the Jews were manner of his birth as well as in his released from their captivity, which had character. Some have denied the micontinued seventy years. So entire has raculous conception, as it seems to me, been the work of destruction, that unnecessarily. They believe Jesus tó scarcely enough of this once splendid have been simply a man,-nothing city remains, to indicate where it actu more; and they seem to imagine that ally stood.
it is inconsistent with this theory, if 18. Birth. Not alone what is ordi- not fatal to it, to admit that his birth narily designated birth, but also the was the effect of divine and not human miraculous circumstances preceding and agency. But the same persons admit attending that event. On this wise. that Adam was created by God, withIn the following manner; a phrase for- out the intervention of any human merly common, but now seldom used. agency; and yet they do not believe 1 Espoused. Betrothed, or engaged to him to have been anything more than a be married. Such engagements were man. The same rule may apply in both sometimes made by Jewish parents, on
In my judgment, the fact that behalf of their children, while the par- Jesus was created or begotten by the ties most essentially concerned were spirit of God, does not of itself prode very young. But whether thus made, that he was more than man; and a or by the parties themselves, from the person may, very consistently believe making of the engagement until the the one while he disbelieves the other. consummation of the marriage, the affi- To be sure, this fact is to be taken into anced bride remained at the house of the account, with other circumstances, her father or guardian. Jahn says, in determining the answer to the ques"There was commonly an interval of tion, -"What think ye of Christ ?" ten or twelve months between the time But, in connection with this, his lanwhen an agreement to marry was made, guage and conduct, while he dwelt with and the time when the marriage was men, the manner of his death, resurreccelebrated. Gen. xxiv. 55 ; Judg. xiv. 8. tion, and ascension, and the testimony From the time of the agreement till its of his apostles concerning the subseconsummation by marriage, although quent manifestations of his spirit and there was no intercourse between the power,-all these and more must be bride and bridegroom, not even so much considered. After a candid consideraas an interchange of conversation, they tion of the whole subject, if any one were, nevertheless, considered and spo- shall believe that Jesus was no more ken of aš man and wife. If, at the than a inan, still he need not deny close of this probationary period, the that his birth was miraculous. If, on bridegroom were unwilling for any the other hand, he shall believe that cause to solemnize his engagements by Jesus possessed a superhuman nature the marriage of the bride, he was bound and spirit,—that he was, in a sense to give her a bill of divorce, the same as and to an extent in which no other perif she had been his wife. If the bride, son ever was or will be, the brighton the contrary, could be convicted of ness of the Father's glory and th: exhaving had any illicit intercourse with press image of his person, his faith any person between the period of the in this great truth will be confirmed promise and its consummation, she was by the belief that he was born, not of Bond nned to be ned, the same as if the will of the flesh, or of man, but of she had been married.”
s of the God. Holy Ghost. By the will and power of 19. Husband. So accounted, in conthe divine spirít, without any human sequence of the espousals, though the agency whatever.
No person, who marriage was not yet consummated, Telieves the account which Moses gives (see note on ver. 18,) nor had he yet (f Adam's creation, need have any diffi- received her as his wife into his own culty in believing that Jesus Christ house, ver. 20. TA just man. Conwas peculiarly the Son of God, in the scientious; one who would not wil
to make her a public example, was dream, saying, Joseph, thou ron minded to put her away privily. of David, fear not to take ur. to
20 But while he thought on thee Mary thy wife : for thre these things, behold, the angel of which is conceived in her is of the the Lord appeared to him in a Holy Ghost.
lingly, violate law, or countenance its divorce would be the most expedient violation by others. He believed it method of relief from his trying and would be wrong to receive for a wife embarrassing condition, he postponed one who had been unfaithful to her the execution of his intention, and conmatrimonial engagements; and such, at tinued to revolve the subject in his this time, he believed to be the charac- mind. His forbearance and thoughtter and conduct of Mary: Not willing fulness did not go unrewarded. It were to make her a public example. He was well if all Christians would manifest a not willing to expose her to public dis- siinilar spirit, in seasons of perplexity grace, as he must if he proceeded or provocation. Thus doing, they might against ner in a public manner. Adul- escape the bitter fruits of hasty and tery, in all civilized nations, has been passionate conduct. An angel. A regarded as an infamous crime. Among messenger appointed by God. the Jews, it was punishable by death; angel is any instrument or form of the though commentators differ in opinion divine communication. This title is whether unfaithfulness before the con- given to men, to beings of other spheres, summation of marriage was subject to to fire, storms, winds, plagues, and other the extreme penalty. But Joseph was modes by which God either publishes unwilling to expose one whom he loved, or executes his will. Gen. xxviii. 12; notwithstanding her supposed frailty, to Exod. jii. 2, with Acts vii. 30; Ps. disgrace and perpetual infamy, even if Ixxviii. 49; civ. 4 ; Acts xii. 23 ; Rev. i. she escaped death. He chose to seek 20. Angel is often the name of an relief from his dilemma in another way. office, not of a distinct person, or con. I Was minded to put her away privily. scious intelligence."- Livermore.' I In He chose to adopi a course, prescribed a dream. Communications were often in the law, and to dismiss privately her made to the patriarchs and prophets, hy whom he had espoused. A bill of dreams. How they were known to be divorce might be given, in the presence divine communications, the words of of two witnesses, without specifying truth, it may not be possible for us to the cause. A form of such divorce is understand; yet that they were such, quoted by Lightfoot, in which it is not we cannot doubt, inasmuch as the prealleged that the wife had been guilty of dictions, which the prophets were thus any misconduct. This private method moved by the Holy Ghost to utter, were Joseph was inclined to adopt, as most so exactly and circumstantially ful. just, and at the same time most merci-filled. But the age of miracles is ful.
passed; and reliance can no longer le 20. But while he thought on these placed on dreams. They may, and things. He did not act hastily and doubtless do, sometimes, foreshadow rashly. Some are accustomed, on the approaching events. But they so gen slighiest provocation, to become furious erally take their character from the conwith passion, under the influence of dition of the body, or from former which they abuse or sacrifice their subjects and habits of thought, that it friends. Others, in seasons of doubt or is not wise to regard them. Fear perplexity, become discouraged, and not to take unto thee Mary thy wife. despair of deliverance. Joseph was Do not hesitate to receive into i hy neither furious nor desponding: He house her whom thou hast espoused. thought himself wronged; yet his bet- Her innocence need not be doubted, nor ter feelings revolted against absolutely any disgrace apprehended on account crushing the unfortunate. He felt that of her situation. Receive her as tby his own happiness, and that of her wife, and treat her with that kindness whom he had tenderly loved, depended and tenderness which she has a right to ci: what he was about to do. Even claim. That which is conceived. The after he had decided that a private | child, namely, which occasioned all luis
21 And she shall bring forth a 22 Now all this was done, that son, and thou shalt call his name it might be fulfilled which was JESUS: for he shall save his peo- spoken of the Lord by the prophet, ple from their sins.
perplexity. Is of the Holy Ghost. be my salvation unto the end of the See note on ver. 18. This removed all earth.”—Isa. xlix. 6. [ His people. difficulty at once. Mary had com- Some have supposed that a less nimmitted no crime. On the contrary, she ber than the whole race of man is here was honored above all others, by being indicated. But the general testimony miraculously constituted the mother of of the Scriptures justifies the belief that the Christ.
his people, as here used, is equivalent to 21. Jesus. The same as Joshua. all men. Ps. ii. 8; John xvii. 2, 10; 1 See note on ver. 2. This was a com- Cor. xv. 27, 28. Various other circummon name among the Jews, signifying stances combine to confirm this belief. a saviour, or preserver, But, when (1.) The impartial goodness of the God applied to the son of Mary, as Rosen- and father of the spirits of all flesh. müller well remarks, it has a peculiar Ps. cxlv. 9; Matt. v. 44–48; 1 John iv. significancy, inasmuch as he is the 8–10. (2.) The declared object of Saviour of men. By this name, his offi- Christ's mission. Gen. xxii. 18, with cial character is expressed. It is often Acts iii. 25, 26, and Gal. iii. 16; John oined to the word Christ, as the proper iii. 17; Eph. i. 9, 10; Phil. ii. 9—11; 1 ame of our Lord; the two words to- John iv. 9, 14. (3.) The testimony of gether signifying the anointed or conse- Jesus and his apostles, that he came to crated Saviour. Lightfoot remarks,- save all, especially sinners. Matt. ix. “That the name of Jesus is so often 13; xviii. 11; John xii. 32 ; xvii. 2;..) added to the name of Christ in the Tim. i. 15; ii. 6; Heb. ii. 9; 1 John ii. New Testament, is not only that there- 2. Such are the number and character by Christ might be pointed out for the i those whom Jesus had commission Saviour,—which the name Jesus sig. I to save. From their sins. Not from nifies; but also that Jesus might be some trivial danger or distress; but pointed out for [the] true Christ, from that sinfulness which is the occaagainst the unbelief of the Jews; who, sion of the inost frequent and intense though they acknowledged a certain misery. Not from the consequences of Messiah, or Christ, yet they stiffly sin, leaving the root of the evil undisdenied that Jesus of Nazareth was he.'' turbed; but from sin itself. The salThe peculiar reason why this name vation which Jesus Christ came to should be given to him immediately accomplish is a deliverance from sinfollows the command. For he shall | fulness, a purification from unrightsave his people. It was his office to i eousness, a redemption from iniquity; save; therefore was he called Jesus, in the language of Dr. A. Clarke, a or Saviour. As the salvation wrought "deliverance from all the power, guilt, by him should be so exceedingly im- and pollution of sin.” * Less than portant in its nature, and so unlimited this," he adds, “is not spoken of in the in extent, he might well be called, by gospel; and less than this would be way of eminence, The Saviour: His unbecoming the gospel.” Matt. xxvi. mission was not confined to his own 28; John 1. 29; Tit. ii. 14; 1 John i. pation, nor to any other portion of the 7, 9. Salvation, then, may be regarded human family. It suited not the infi- as a change from sinfulness to holinitely merciful purpose of God, that ness; “remission of sins; emendation the richest of all his blessings should of life; peace of mind; hope of eternal be bestowed on some, and withheld life; and endless happiness itself.” from cthers. Hence he spake by the Rosenmüller. prophet concerning Jesus,—“It is a 22, 23. The remarkable events which light thing that thou shouldest be my he had recorded, bore such a striking servant to raise up the tribes of Ja- resemblance to an ancient prophecy, cob, and to restore the preserved of that the evangelist quotes it, declaring Israel ; I will also give thee for a that it was thus fulfilled or verified. ight to the Gentiles that thou mayest The prophecy is recorded, Isa. vii. 14.