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Topography of Somerton, Oxfordshire.

115 of this family also, was Arabella the endowment of the Chapter of OxFermor, the heroine of Pope's “ Rape ford a pension was to be paid out of it of the lock.”

of 7s.6dt. Tusmore is now the residence of Among the Rectors have been : this branch of the Fermors. Their William Juxon, the eminent Arch. ancient mansion at Sonerton, which bishop of Canterbury. He was prethey deserted about the beginning of sented to Somerton in 1614 ; and held the last century, is now entirely dila- the living for many years, whilst he pidated, except the window of the was president of St. John's College, Hall. Over this was an apartment Oxford. During his incumbency he called the Prince's Chamber, of which rebuilt the rectory, and reglazed the some old people in the village recollect east window of the chancel, placing to have seen a portion. It had its therein his arms, viz. Or, a cross name from the circumstance of James Gules between four negroes' heads Duke of York (the misguided Abdica- couped Sable, wreathed Or, with the tor of his kingdom) having honoured date 1630. This, a beautiful speciSomerton with a visit, and slept in men of stained glass, is now carefully that room. Tradition reports,' that preserved in the hall-window of the when he came to the throne, he gave Parsonage. to the village a charter for a fair, which Edwiu Marten, of New College, was held in a place now called Broad- Oxford, B.C.L. 1713, D.C.L. 1718, pound. The 'Fermors retained the who married in 1716 the widow of Lordship of Somerton many years after Sir Robert Howard, of Ashted in Sur. discontinuing to reside there; but sold rey, K. B. younger son of the first Earl it about ten years since to the present of Berkshire. Earl of Jersey. It is worth upwards On a recent repair of the parsonage, of 1300l. per annum.

two antique spoons, of silver-gilt, were The village consists principally of a discovered. From the initials, R.H.M., street, extending north and south. The they are presumed to have belonged to following have been the returns to the the Marten family. several Population Acts:

The Register begins in 1627.

The Church, dedicated to St. James, 1801


254 is a handsome structure (engraved in 1811


314 Plate II). It is composed of a tower 1821 71 71

400 (in which are five bells), nave, north The population is almost entirely and south ailes, chancel and á south employed in Agriculture. The wake chapel. The nave is about 52 feet follows the Sunday after St. James. long, and the chancel 33. On the

The Advowson of Somerton was north side of the tower is a carving of given by Robert de Arsic, to the reli- our Saviour between the two Thieves ; gious house of St. Thomas the Martyr and in the Church is one of the Last of Acon, reserving the right of the Supper, resembling that of Da Vinci, house of Medley, provided it were which has been lately repaired at the founded by the consent of the Bishop expense of the Rector, and placed over of Lincoln, and the Abbot and Con- the Communion-țable. vent of Fescamp. The proctor of St. The Fermor epitaphs shall now be St. Thomas of Acon presented to the given. The first William was buried living in 20 Henry III. (1235.) It in the chapel on the north side of the came to the Fermors with the manor, chancel, under an altar-tomb of grey and remained in that family till Henry marble, whereon are brass plates of Fermor, esq. who died in 1736, sold himself and last wife, I and under the impropriation to Dr. Crisp, who them the following inscription: sold it lo the Rev. Barfoot Colston,

Heare Iperb buried mr. William Canon of Salisbury, from whom it Fermour Esquire, wbpehe was Lord of passed to the present Rector, the Rev.

+ Willis's Cathedrals, p. 121. Henry Wintle.

I He married four, and another had this The value of the Rectory in the time epitaph at Horochurch in Essex : of Henry the Eighth was 151. 1s. 104d.;

Were Ipeth Katherin the daughter it is now worth 150l. per annum, be- of Sir William Pawlet, unpgbt, wpf sides the glebe. It pays : Surrogates, of William Fermour, Clarke of the 2s. ; Bishops, 36. 8d. ; Archdeacon, 8s. Crown; who died map 26 the second 710.; gearly tenths, 1l. 10s. 21d. In of Henry the eighte.



... ar


Topography of Somerton, Oxfordshire.

[Feb. this towne and patron of this churcb; On Ursula, wife of Henry : Aldo Clarke of the Crowne in the

Hic jacet Ursula Fermor, Henrici FerHing's Bench in King Henry the 7th and King Henry the 8th dapes, wbuch Stockhill in com• Eboracensi equitis aurati

mor armigeri conjux, Petri Middelton de died the 20th day ofiber in the pear of our Lord God 1552. Und also beare et uxoris Mariæ Engleby, lyeth Mestres Elizabeth fermour his migeri et Annæ Nevil uxoris, tertia filia late wpffe, which was the daughter of Caroli Nevil istius nominis ultimi Comitum Dr Willm Norrösse, ünight, upon de Westmorland. Deo devota pauperibuswhose and all Christene souls Ihu que misericors, piè et feliciter diein clausit have merep.

supremum, Septembris 80 anno Domini

1669, ætatis vero 54. Thomas Fermor, the nephew and successor of William, was M.P. for To Richard, son of Henry and UrChipping-Il'icombe in 15 Eliz. (1572) sula, on a flat-stone adjoining to that He had, according to his will, (from of his father : which see soine extracts in Brydges's Richardus Fermor de Tusmore armiger Peerage, vol. iv. p. 201) an alabaster hic requiescit, Henrici Ferinor de Tusmore tomb erected in the same chapel, with armigeri, et uxoris Ursula Middleton filius, recumbent effigies of himself and wise. matrimonio junctus Franciscæ Brookes fiIt has this inscription round its verge: Jopiensi equitis aurati, et conjugis Francisca

liæ Basilii Brookes de Madeley in comu SaChome Farmar armigero, vira

Mordant, Johannis Mordant de Turvey in animi magnitudine contra hostes, ve

comitu Bedfordiensi baronis filiæ. Ex ea neficentia erga doctos admirabili, Do:

adultos septem liberos suscepit ; quorum mino hujus territorii benignissimo, et

Henricus et Richardus fuêre seniores, Paris nove schole fundatori optima, in

morbo correpti et extincti, in templo Beneperpetuam sui, sueque conjugis Brit:

dic. monm" Anglorum sepulti, Julij 30, Bitte, foemine lectissime, memoriam,

1679. Richardus vero Londini, Jan. 5, er testamento erecutores sui boc monumentum flentes erererunt. Obiit vero anno Domini millesimo quin- There is something mysterious in gentesimo octogesimo, die Augusti the above passage which says that octava.

Richard's two sons died at Paris in On a flat stone, from which the brass 1679, since there are other memorials image of a child has been removed, re- which state that they died, the young mains this inscription.

est in 1730, and the eldest in 1083 (a Were Iyeth buried the badp of anne year before his father's decease, which Farmor, daughter unto Chomas far: renders the circumstance the more exmor Esq. who deceased the twelfth day traordinary). The epitaph of Richard is: of April, 41575.

Hic jacet Richardus Fermor, Richardi The tomb of Sir Richard, son of Fermor de Tusmore armigeri filius; obiit Thomas, was erected on the south Maji 180 an. Dom. 1730. side of the Church close to the small That on Henry : door. His epitaph is much obliterat

Hic jacet Henricus Fermor, de Tusmore ed; and the following are the only in comOxoniensi armiger, filius Richardi legible words:

Fermor de Tusmore armigeri, et coojugis Quis jaceam hic quæris? jaceo hoc sub Franciscæ Brookes. Matrimonio sibi junxit Olim Rich.....

[marınore pulvis Helenam Browne, filiam Georgii Browne de His son Henry has the following, Sherford in comu Berks equitis balnei, uxon a fat stone in the centre of the prisq; Elizabethæ Inglefield, filiæe Francisci chapel :

Inglefield de Wooton Basset in comu Wilts Hic jacet Henricus Ferinor, de Tusmore baronetti, et uxoris Winifreda Brinksley de in com” Oxoniensi armiger, filius Richardi Scholby in com" Lecestriensi. Ex hoc conFermor in eodem com" equitis aurati, et ux

jugio, præter filios Jacobum et Henricum, oris Cornelia Cornwallis, ........ equitis au

filiabus septem relictis, mortuus Feb. 3, an.

Dom. 1688. rati, conjugisq; Luciæ Nevil filiae Johannis Nevil Baronis de Latimer istius nominis ul- To James, son of the last : tiini, filia fuit et cohæres. Ursulam Mid- Hic jacet Jacobus Fermor, de Tusmore dleton, Petri Middleton equitis aurati fili- in comu Oxoniensi armiger, filius Henrici am, uxorem ducens, ex eâ septem adultos Fermor de Tusmore armigeri, et conjugis suscepit liberos, quorum Richardus et Petrus Helena Browne. Matrimonio sibi junxit fuere seniores. Vitam omnimodè Christia- Mariam Throgmorton, filiam Roberti Thrognam 30 J’nii conclusit anno Dom'i 1672, morton de Weston in comu Bucks baronetti, detatis vero 61. Credo videre boòa Domini ex quo conjugio sex susceptis liberis, quoin terrâ viventium.

rum sepiores fuerunt Henricus et Jacobus : 68 years.

Symptoms of Modern Infidelity.

117 mortalitatis vinculis absolutus obdormivit in ter; and was the son of Anthony MørDomino, Nov. 30, an. Domi 1722. gan of Mitchell

Town in MonmouthOn Helen, and Henrietta, his mo- shire, esq. by Bridget, daughter and ther and sister :

heiress of Anthony Morgan of HeyHie jacet Helleda Permor, Henrici Fer- ford in Northamptonshire, esq. It is mdor de Tuse arm. conjux, Georgii Browne a remarkable genealogical incident that de Shefford in com. Berks. equiţis balnei his mother's second husband was also filia; obüt Aug. 18, 1741.

a Morgan (Sir William of Tredegar in Hic jacet Henrietta Fermor, filia Henrici Monmouthshire), and thus that lady, Fermor de Tusmore armigeri; obiit 4 Sep- though twice married, never lost her tembris, anno salutis millesimo septimo cen

maiden name. See the pedigree in tesimo quadragesimo quarto, ætatis vero

Baker's Northamptonsh. vol. 1. p. 184. suæ 49. R. I. P.

The site of a Parish School at SoThe next is on Henry, son of James:

merion was provided by the will of Hic jace: Henricus Fermor de Tusmore Thos. Ferinor, esq. June 15, 1580, in in comitatu Oxoniensi armiger. Filius fuit which “ the Castell-yerde and the primogenitus Jacobi Fermor de Tusinore Chappell therein standing (the waterarmigeri, ex suâ conjuge Maria Thock- mill only excepted)" were given for morton. Sibi matrimonio junxit Francis

the purpose. With the 1001. which he cam Sheldon, filiam Edvardi Sheldon de Weston in comitatu Warwicensi armigeri;

left to support the School, an annuity of ex quo conjugio quinque suscepit liberos, lol. per unn. (not land), was unfortuGulielmum scilicet, Elizabetham, Henri- nately purchased, and even part of this cum, Jacobus, et Franciscam. Reliquis stipend is withheld from the Master, præmatarà morte ereptis, solos Gulielmum because, when the property on which et Henricum post se viventes reliquit. Ob. it was fixed passed inio oiher bands, 17 Jan. atatis anno 82, Dom. 1746-7. it was not duly mentioned in the con

On William, son of Henry: veyance. The Countess of Jersey has

Sacred to the memory of William Fer- founded a school for female children. mor, esq. who died 1st July, 1806, aged has escaped the injuries of the æra of

In the Churchyard is a cross, which The latest epitaph to any of the fa- fine crucifix iu basso relievo. H. W.

enthusiasm. On its south side is a mily is that of Richard Fermor, esq. who died May 6, 1817, aged 88.


Feb. 1. The following is also on a stone in the Fermor chapel :

THE habitual practices of society, Hic jacet quod reliquum est eximii viri

are accustomed to acquire, seldom Thomae Morgan armigeri, cujus splendidos natales generosior aninus illustravit ; qui about to withdraw from the world,

come into strict review, until we are Heyfordiæ in agro Northonensi diu privatus

and to retire from its daily occupations. vixit,suum vivere contentus, nam augustiore genio conversari non poterat. This is a time which is a great cause Tandem, periculorum non minus quàm glo- for thankfulness whenever ii is allowed ria contemptor, Regiæ Militiæ nomen de- to us at any period, but more espedit, in quâ fortissimus Chiliarcha occubuit ; cially before the decline of our faculties, reliqua mandamus fama.

as our last day here approaches. Here lies enterred what death has left be- In that season we shall be ready to hind

thank Dean Stanhope for the excellent Of noble dust once join'd t'a noble mind : sentiment which will enable every one If you would learne who 'tis, goe aske of in retirement to examine himself truly Fame,

" the innocence of the heart is abFor only that can sound great Morgan's solutely necessary to preserve the freeDame!

doin of the mind." "If we apply this Were we to follow the advice of the gentle touchstone to ourselves, we shall rhapsodical panegyrist, it is to be feared clearly see, that any carelessness of thai lady Fame would now have for- their innocence is a proof of infidelity; gotten her lesson. Her better sister for without it, who shall attain either History, however, informs us that, in the means or the desire to prepare his plaio ierms, this Colonel Morgan was mind for the great change that apslain at Newbory in the Royal service, proaches without it, who does not Sept. 20, 1643. He was son-in-law of rebel against some divine command ? Sir Rich. Fermor of Somerton, having or reject some proffered degree of remarried Jane the Knight's eldest daugh- ward? who does not, without it, com


Symptoms of Modern Infidelity.

(Feb. mit his dearest concerns rather to the vation boastful of our denomination of mischances of evil, than to the uner. Christians, and something has been ring rules of scriptural truth?. Let sounded in our ears by holy men and but vanily be questioned, whether it by our Church, concerning our salvahas not betrayed many a generally re- tion ; but we find that our faith is enceived moral and Christian duty, in tirely excluded from conversation or order to acquire public notice, as some- allusion ; that these are for private thing deeper than his neighbours, and study only; that they are always called as Bp. Sherlock said, “ in order to be ill-timed, pharasaical, methodistical, esteemed a very.discerning man"-or and canting; that they are not made in some prominent act of public mu- part or principal part of education in nificence, with a view to praise, not genteel circles, bui are reserved for cenaltogether clear from some sinister mo- iral and national schools for poor chil. tive! When an impartial examiner dren; except that much importance is takes up such a charge as this, he dis- attached to the purchase of an elegantly covers his carelessness of the only eye bound bible and prayer book, or more which could penetrate into his hidden frequently the latier only, to be carried motive: and what is this carelessness to Church on Sunday mornings and but a symptom of infidelity?

Christmas day. When we find that in 2. We are advised and encouraged consequence of these neglects, young 20 make known our wants and neces- people are apt to grow up with formal sities to God; and to offer Him thanks rather than radical information of the and praise for all blessings aud mercies most sublime and grateful of all subgranted and promised. Let us try this jects, and the most easy to their caparule with the lives we have led; and city, and the fittest to have the ad. we shall find on the reverse an habitual vantage of the early impression on their. neglect of it. We are quick enough minds; and when, on the contrary, to entreat and thank those who are, as we see the most sedulous care and rewe believe, possessed of the power to petition of their exercises to render grant favours and promotion for either ihem many degrees more perfect in the our children or ourselves, and we are politer acquisitions of the pagan and most'urgent in our solicitations, lest classical mythology of the ancient the benefit be given to those who think Poets, of the elegances of the Belles it better worth their while to apply, Lettres, and of the ingenious devices and even to shew a strong importunity of metaphysical and mathematical retherein ; and when the preferment has finements of the schools; we must in been gained, and the patron has de- all these cases charge ourselves with clared himself our best friend, we are the ignorance too commonly prevalent in haste to proffer the warmest and of the one only important science, and most zealous thanks we can express; its fatal consequences, and we must but if we can detect ourselves in neg- then assure ourselves of the absolute lecting a dutiful and submissive peti- and immediate necessity of

application tion to the throne of universal Grace, to the chief of all physicians to heal us for any spiritual want, or for aid to and our children from these certain enable us to recal our steps from the characters of infidelity. path in which we have erred, and have 4. Our reason, acuteness, and disheen deceived; or to relieve us from cerning, enquiry were evidently gifts any anxiety and tribulation; or if, as intended to conduct our understandsoon as we experience the comfort of ings into eternity, and not to be li, that relief for which we have been so miled to the affairs of this brief and urgent, we sit down in cold-hearted uncertain state of primary existence: possession of the gist, and take it as we but, if we would devote a small portion are apt to take the daily blessing of of them to the study of the religion light and food, as things of course, and which we profess, and the rest to our unworthy of thanks, we must then be affairs, to the extension of our comassured that we have to complain of a merce, to forensic eloquence, to legisgrievons symptom of infidelity. lative authorities, and ihe multifarious

3. But it cannot be very surprising, arts of government, and the interif in our worldly concerns we find courses of the world, we should find these latent marks of the great enemy, them to be all compatible studies, that we should also discover them in which would render our probationary our religious calling. We are in this state far more readily understood, and 1897.] Fly Leaves, No. XXXV.—Sir John Harington. 119 happier in its course ; for then all that revelation has never excluded these would be regulated by a recti- mercy, until it is offended and rejected; linear guide, the want of which is the that it encourages the hope of pardon, certain cause of error and failure; it is while it condemns, provided the offender like any architect beginning an edifice turns from his negligences, and learns without his line and rule! This, then, the science of humility, repentance, is another common symptom of infide- and gratitude; but that, if they suffer lity.

the day.spring from on high to pass by 5. It must be considered that, al- them unnoticed, and they find themthough much fame and exaltation in selves placed at the bar of divine judglife is acquired by these accomplish- ment unprepared with any defence, ments, and although they are to be the evidence recorded against then deeply cultivated because they tend 10 may be found too strong for their justiimprove mankind and the state of fication, and the redemption which society in which they are introduced, they have either rejected' or forgotten yet that they are all calculated for this be closed against them for ever! They world only, and will be of little service will then find that all their speculations to us excep! by recollection, in a more were a very dear bargain" (Bp. Sherrefined and future state of existence; and lock); and St. Matthew tells us in therefore they are to be necessarily es- very unequivocal terms, if they would teemed of inferior value to those studies got, while they have time, listen to of revelation which were delivered for him, what will be the irrevocable alterthe eternal salvation of life ; which, for native. any thing we know to the contrary, There is perhaps more than common may commence with us before the need for these admonitions at the preday is closed upon us,

If we meet sent moment, since there never was a daily with those who defer this study period when the enemy with more to some future day, which may never inveterate malignity sought the ruin of arrive, and suffer the rest of their days the Church, or laboured to compass it to pass on without preparation, they with more consummate artifice and are guilty of less caution than they ob- deceit, yet not giving place to him, no serve in their affairs and engagements, not for an hour, Gal. ii. 5. (See and which they are stationed here to fulfil. study the present truly venerable Bp. Such persons may be fairly examined, of Durham's able and most interesting whether this neglect is not also a symp- Lectures on Infidelity, vol. i. 461.) tom of infidelity.

Not to extend these observations too 6. In the habits of life, we may far, I trust that if any man were every day discover the utmost careless- “ found faithful,” they will not be apness and frequent violations of positive plicable to him; but it is the breach commands, and especially of of this sacred trust, and the misuse which in the decalogue are not only of all the talents committed to his read to us every Sabbath day, and to charge, that constitute a reprovable the obedience of which we are accus- and deep-rooted disease, which destroys tomed to respond a solemn prayer that his own eternal interests and those of our hearts may be inclined; but when his fellow creatures who have a just it is considered how short is the space claim upon them, and upon their exof time which elapses between this ample to their fullest extent, and who, prayer and the violation of the com. thus left and deserted, have a right to mand, an alarming and terrific record charge him, and it is much to be is probably reserved for us to hear at feared that he will be hereafter also the final bar of offended justice; and charged, with noi merely the symptoms who shall be hardy enough to say that but the aggravated disease of infidelity. this also is not an increase of the symp

A. H. toms of infidelity. 7. But some, when thus charged,

FLY LEAVES. No. XXXV. stand up to justify; and retort, that what is everlasting is not eternal; that

Sir John Harington, knt. any omission or offence committed in IR JOHN HARINGTON, knt. the the brief course of 70 or 80 years, cannot shut out the mercy of God for ever, which occasioned his contemporary These weak arguers may be assured George Peele to describe him as


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