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196
Architectural Improvements in Westminster.

[Feb. upholder of our glorious Constitution pletion of Kent's range of buildings, and which has caused his death to be this pump was carefully preserved. But 80 generally lamented. I cannot place the inconvenience and nuisance occasufficient reliance upon my own know- sioned by the spilling of the water on ledge of landscape to lay down a plan the pavement as it was conveyed from for a new distribution of the objects the pump, called for its removal, which necessary to produce that tout ensemble, has been accordingly done. A new which could alone inspire the man of pump of neat execution has been made, taste with any feelings of pleasure and and erected on the edge of the road on contentment. But still it is necessary the western side of St. Margaret'sthat it should be done; and I feel con- street, to which the water is conducted fident that those who have begun the from the old well on the opposite side, work of adorning the park, will not through iron pipes. Thus the inhabita leave off in the iniddle.

ants of Westminster may still have The plan adopted at the Thuileries the pleasure of partaking of “Hell's" of permitting the public who frequent

pure stream. the gardens the convenience of reading The “Privy-council” stables erectany newspaper in the world upon pay- ing in Princes-street, and the range of meni of two sous or one penny, might offices at Whitehall, are in a very proI think with great propriety be adopted gressive state. Of these, at some fuhere*. There would then be some ture time, I

may
furnish

you

with dekind of amusement for the visitors in- scriptions, but at preseni must be alstead of resorting to the petty scandal lowed to conclude, and sign myself of the day, or invidious remarks upon Yours, &c. their neighbours for something to relieve the time. When the intended alterations are

Mr. UKBAN,

Feb. 20. completed, it cannot be too much to HE Rev. Joseph Blanco White,

first tary evolutions in a place devoted to by his allusive names of Lucudio Dobpleasure will no longer be permitted ; lado, prefixed to his valuable Leiters so that the public who promenade here on Spain, has since been indefatigable to obtain relief to the exertions of the in his endeavours to guard his adopted mind, may not be pained in witness- country (the country of his ancestors) ing the miseries which are necessarily from the snares and tyranny of Popery. endured by those in drill for this pro- In his “Practical and internal Evifession. indeed the barracks should dence against Catholicism I,” after debe removed in toto : Westminster scribing the struggles and fluctuations might then breathe a purer almo- of his own mind, in his perilous transisphere, and retrieve a portion of its lost tion from inculcated error to discocharacter.

vered truth, he addressed the imparMost Westminsters, of several years tial among his former brethren, on the standing, must well remember the si- errors and abuses of their Church. In tuation of the Hell Pumpt,

a tract of still more extensive utility, named, at the entrance of the passage he has since addressed a warning to which led to the Exchequer and Oli- the lower classes of this countrys; ver's Coffee-houses, and so to the Hall. thereby demonstrating not only the When the demolition of these low sincerity but the disinterested characbuildings-themselves of modern erec- ter of his zeal for truth ||. But it is tion—took place to allow for the com- not for the sake of eulogizing that ex

* But with more propriety at Kensington Gardens.

+ There were tenements or houses nearly adjoining to Westminster Hall known by the names of “ Paradise," “ Purgatory," and "Hell;" as appears by an instrument printed in Rymer's Federa, whereby Henry the Seventh, in the first year of his reign, granted the custody of them with others to one Anthony Kene, esq. The situation of this pump marks the spot where “Hell" was situated. There was also in Westminster a place known by the name of “ Heaven;" and there is now a spring in Princes-street, in a place which was forinerly known by the name of “Broken Cross.”—The origia of all which names may be traced to their situation so near the Monastery.

Reviewed in vol. xc. § Entitled “ The Poor Man's Preservative against Popery.". || Having given away the copy-right.-A hint or two on the subject of what is called

it was

1897.)
Blanco White and Antonio Gavin.

127 cellent man, much as he deserves eu. that the said Rev. Mr. Gavin, after having logy, that I now take up the pen, but publicly and solemnly abjured the errors of to revive the knowledge of a similar the Romish Religion, and being thereupon, case, which occurred a century ago.

reconciled to the Church of England, on About the year 1714, a Spanish the third day of January, 1715-16, he had

then my leave to officiate in the Spanish priest, whose name was Antonio Gavin, being disgusted with the supersti Westminster; and being now appointed

language,

in the Chapel of Queen's-square, tions in which he had been educated, Chaplain of his Majesty's ship the Preston, escaped to England in the disguise of has any licence to preach in English, and an officer. He had been a secular

to administer the Sacraments at home and priest in the city of Saragossa, and was abroad, in all the churches and chapels of there known as such to Lord Stanhope my diocese. and other English gentlemen. Ar- “ Given under my hand in London the rived in London, and understanding 18th of July, 1720. that our Church would receive him, (Signed)

John LONDON." if his claim to orders in his own

Thus between the years 1715 and church could be established, and the sincerity of his conversion evinced, he

1720, Gavin had so studied the Engapplied to the Bishop of London' for lish language, that he was then comthat purpose. Some temporary diffi- petent to officiate or preach in it, and culty arose from the want of his letters lain in the British

Aleet

. In the mean

to obtain the appoiniment of a chapof orders, which the fear of being de- time he had published a Sermon in tecled in his Aight had obliged hiin to leave behind.

the Spanish language (in 1716), which

But Robinson, then Bishop of London, being con

he had preached in London, and dedi. vinced of the fact, by the testimony This Sermon is still extant in the Bri

cated it to his patron Lord Stanhope. laid before him, accepted his renun

tish Museum, ciation of Popery, and reconciled him to the Church of England; giving him self able to write a considerable work in

But a few years later he proved him. full licence to exercise the functions of a priest in his diocese. The Bi English; for in 1725 he published a shop's licence is given at large in one

curious and important book, under the of his publications, an is ihus ex

title of “A Master-key to Popery,"

which contains the fullest exposure of pressed : Licence.

the errors and practices which had “Whereas the Rev. Mr. Antony, Gavin It was followed by two other volumes,

disgusted him in the religion of Spain. was recommended to me by the Right Ho

in the ensuing year, pursuing the same nourable Lord Stanhope, and by the same and other English gentlemen, i was certi- subject. A fourth was promised, but fied that the said Rev. Mr. Gavin was a se

does not seem to have appeared. Eicular Priest, and Master of Arts in the Uni- ther the author died, or the booksellers versity of the city of Zaragosa, in the king- found that the public curiosity on the dom of Arragon in Spain, and that they subject was satisfied for the time. The knew him in the said city, and conversed three volumes, however, were publishwith him several times; This is to certify, ed in 1726, in a French translation, the Catholic Question, I caunot refrain copying from this tract.—“ There is indeed no reason for either fear or suspicion, with regard to the Roman Catholics of these kingdonis, as long as both the Government and Parliament remain purely Protestant; but I would not answer for the consequences, if the Pope, through his priests, could obtain an underhaod influence in either." P. 8.

“ Had I a voice that could he heard from north to south, and from east to west, in these islands, I would use it to warn every Protestant against the wiles of Rome ; wiles and arts, indeed, of so subtle and disguised a nature, that I feel assured many of the freeborn Britons who are made the instruments and promoters of them, do not so much as dream of the snare into which they are trying to decoy their countrymen. Such as believe that Popery, if allowed to interfere with the laws of England, would not most steadily aim at the ruin of Protestantismo, even at the plain risk of spreading the most rank infidelity, should be sent to learn the character of that religion, where it prevails uncontrolled ; where I have learnt it during five and twenty years in sincere submission, and for ten in secret rebellion.” Page 26.

I have been told, and it is not improbable, that in some places endeavours have been made to persuade the common people that no such man as Blanco White existe and that the whole is a mere fabrication.

129
Memorials of London Churches burnt 1666.

[Feb, by a M. Janigon. The work, how- of the two cases in many striking parever, was so much noticed, that it pro- ticulars induced me to recal to notice ceeded rapidly to a third edition, each the almost forgotten Gavin, and to volume being dedicated to some great point out his Master-key as that person; to the Princess of Wales, to which will unlock as much horror Lord Carteret, and to the Archbishop and abomination as that which opened of Armagh

the secret chamber of the formidable To the first edition Gavin prefixed a Blue-beard.

WiCLIFF. tolerably ample Preface, giving an account of himself, not so interesting, but apparently not less honest than that of

Mr. URBAN,

Myddellon-house,

Feb. 25. his countryman, who has lately followed his steps. This Preface is preserved

IN

N vol. xciv. part i. p. 8, the conin the French translation, and was duct of those Parishes whose perhaps in the second edition ; but is Church was burnt at the Fire of Lonomitted in the third, which is that in don, and have judiciously affixed a my hands. The first is in the British tablet to denote the site thereof, is Museum. The further account given highly commended. If it will not by Gavin of himself, after having trespass on your pages, I should be been chaplain in the Preston, is thus gratified to see them recorded. From stated :

the following interesting inscriptions, “The ship being put out of commission,

the deficient parishes have an opporand my Lord Stanhope being in Hanover tunity of selecting and amending as with the King, I came over to Ireland, on

circumstances require. the importunity of a friend, with a design “ Near this marble in ye place which beto stay here till my Lord's return to Eng. fore the Fire of London was the porch of land.' But while I was thinking of going ye Church of St. Anue Black Friars, lye inover again, I heard of my Lord's death, and

terr'd," &c. having in him lost my best patron, I re- “ Before the dreadfull Fire, Anno 1666, solved to try in this kingdom whether I stood the Parish Church of St. Bennet could find a settlement. After a few days, Sherehog." by the favour of his Grace the Lord Arch- “ Before the late dreadfull Fire, Apno bishop of Cashel, and the Rev. Dr. Perci- Domini 1666. Here stood the Parish val, I got the curacy of Gowran, on which Church of St. John Baptist upon WallI resided almost eleven months, by the li- broke, &c. The above stone was new cence of the Lord Bishop of Ossory; who faced, and the letters fresh cut, A.D. 1774." afterwards, upon my going to Cork, gave “ Before the dreadfvll Fire Anno Dom. me his letters dimissory." Pref. p. vi. 1666, stood the Parish Church of St. Mary

It appears that he continued some Stayning." time at Cork, beyond which I have Olave Silver-street, destroy'd by the dread

" This was the Parish Church of St. not found any traces of him. It is ful Fire in the

yeare probable that there he died. But his

“ Before ye late dreadfull Fyer shis was books still live, and may

be consulted

ye Parish Chvrch of St. Peter Pavls Wharfe. by the curious without difficulty. They Denolished September 1666, and now erectcontain most horrible narratives, the ed for a Churchyarde, Anno Domini, 1675. truth of which will perhaps be denied This stone was new fac'd and letter'd 1779." by those who are interested to deny

Wilkinson's “ Londina Illustrata" them; but which agree too well with gives a representation of the tablet many concurring testimonies, to be heretofore affixed to the wall of the doubted by those whose minds are open to fair evidence. That the wri: burying ground of St. Leonard Foster

lane, with this inscription : ter was a man worthy to be believed, there is every appearance, in what we

“ Before the dreadfvll Fire, Aono. Dom. know of his story; and though he was

1666. Here stood the Parish Church of St.

Lenard Foster-lane." evidently a man of less talents and accomplishmentsthan Mr. Blanco White, The tablet should now be placed on I see no reason to suspect that he was the house of Mr. es, baker, Fosterless sincere in his conversion, or less lane, obliterating the word “here,' veracious in his narratives. Let others and engraving, instead, the word “opjudge for theinselves. "The similarity posite."

H. C. B.

1666.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

84.

14. The History of Scotland, from the earliest may; and in the intermarriages of the

period to the middle of the ninth century. poor, where the countries have been By the Rev. Alexander Low, A.M. Cor- agricultural, original breeds are as correspondent Member of the Society of Scot- rectly supported, as are those of deer tish Antiquaries. 8vo, pp. 414. Append. in a forest of the most ancient date.

What the ancient Scots and Picts were Our

UR readers will have the goodness is clearly shown from Xiphiline, in

to observe, that nothing certain his Epitome of Dio; the tactics, the is known of the early history of Scot- dirk, the broad-sword, the target, the land, before the expedition of Agricola; small horses, the living in huis, the and that the earliest inhabitants were robbery by black mail, ihe subsistence Celts. The work before us is a collec- by hunting and plunder (WNTE TEIX” tion of various ancient evidences, certainly not a history, and those ancient μητε πολεις μητε γεωργιας εχοντες, αλλ' evidences are all jumbled together in a

εκ τε νομης και θηρας ακροδυωντε τινων manner which it would require a che (wites

. (Hist. Aug. iii. 421. Ed. Sylmical analysis to decompose. In fact, burg) are all circumstances proved by our author's work appears in the shape Ossian, Froissart, and other English of ore, not of metal'; and is a subject and Scotch histories. That there were for the Furnace, more than the Assay.

individuals, who, by introducing reliHe makes the Scots to be einigrants gion as an instrument of civilization from Ireland; and she Picts, from and pacific modes of existence,—by Germany, or Scandinavia. Now it is consequence arts of agriculture, upon a rule with us to think, that all islands which the means of such civilized 'exhave been first peopled from the nearest

istence must as to food and clothing continents; and we judge a great deal totally depend,

-and laws, by which on that subject from the physical con

alone it could be possible for properly formation of the people, in face, sta

to be secured,-is evident from the Histure, &c. Mr. Warner has clearly tory of Britain, Ireland, Scotland, and shown, that Strabo's description of the all the barbarous provinces of the RoCelts is strictly applicable to the mo

inan empire. First come Generals and dern Welch ; and we certainly have Soldiers; this is a system which canseen in a town in Devonshire (on a

not last,

Next come Saints, Mermarket-day), a complete collection of chants, and Husbandmen, whose ocBelgic visages; but all the genuine cupations necessarily imply peace. Scoichmen known to us have been Such, in a general view, is the early small-eyed, high-cheek-boned, red or history of Great Britain and Scotland; light báired, and otherwise character and that in fact is the only history ized, as were and are the natives of which exists; for, though we may find the Baltic coasts. The Welch and in these early periods the Lives of parIrish have a greater leaning in charac- ticular Kings, Warriors, or Saints, ter to dark hair, eyes, and eyebrows; there is no such thing as National Hisand the former in particular have very tury, properly so called. Perhaps it was commonly a decidedly French look. not possible, where there was not a The native Welch have a remarkably universal simultaneous action or gostout short figure, amounting in in- vernment. stances to deformity; for we have seen

We shall not enter into any analysis che legs of Welchmen, and Welch- of this work, for it is impracticable. women, to be completely of the form We shall however say that, whenever of nine-pins, from excess of muscle, the author appears in his own person, while the Scotchman exhibits tallness his original remarks are very good and bone ;-one is the broad-backed but he has not even used common poney, the other the cart-horse. caution in digesting his materials. Let not the reader blame is for tak

In p. 21 we have Chiverius for Cluing this physical line of argument on

verius, and such wretched misnomers such subjects as the aborigines of na- of authors and places, as to show that tions. Nature cannot err, but authors Mr. Low is, as to literary habits, the GENT. Mag. February, 1827.

most slovenly writer whom we know.

130
Review.--Low's History of Scotland.

(Feb. But he has collected an enormous living. Accustomed to woodland scenery, quantity of ancient facts (some of them they introduced into their compositions the very valuable); and had he published melodies of the grove; and the blackbird, them as such, would have been irre. the woodcock and plover furnished them proachable.

with some of the finest notes in the pibroch,

The melodies of China * and Hindostan are We shall, however, give our author's

the only tunes which bear a resemblance to account of that exquisite subject,

the Scottish airst, but this can easily be Scotch Music ; our readers will recol. lect that it is called an introduction of accounted for, since they make use of the

same scale . It appears, indeed, that the the unfortunate Rizzio. We will not Celtic pations carried it along with them iu say that the opinion is correct; but we their first migratious to Europe ; and, alwill say, that the sentiment displayed though the Welch and the Irish had lost in Ossian, and the beautiful air in the this scale before the twelfth century $, it is music, are extraordinary problems in still preserved in Scotland. The Welch the history of a nation deficient in all sung not in unison, but had as many difthe luxuries of civilization, froin which ferent parts as they had performers, which in general such refinements proceed, finally terminated in one common organic But things may be so.

The romance

melody on a flat. The treble part they of Pastoral and Arcadian scenes and began in a soft mood; and producing at feelings is of earlier date; and plough; larity, the melody became harmonious and

length what may be called an irregular regu: boys and dairymaids, and soldiers and completell. Although the Welch at an sailors, may express themselves in the early period adopted the diatonic and chromost beautiful sentiments of original matic scale, their music was not the same as undefecated nature, and have done and that on the Continent. The Northumbrian still do so.

music, which was introduced into England “ The Scots have ever been distinguished in the eighth century by some Italians, diffor their music. According to a writer offered from the Welch in making a concord the Middle Ages, they were indebted for this, in unisons and octavess. Pp. 363, 364. as for many other things, to the Irish; but, There are several similar things of if this was the case, they were better musi- interest and value. In the Appendix cians than their instructors in the twelfth (p. 62) is a very elaborate dissertation, century. Both the Welch, Irish, and proving, that Macpherson's Ossianic Scots received it from one common origin.

poems

were pretty faithfully transThe bards of the British and Celtic nations

lated from the Gaelic originals. in general were musicians, and raised the song, and tuned the harp by turnst. The Scottish monks dedicated, amongst studies

15. Transalpine Memoirs, or Anecdotes and of higher importance, no small portion of

Observations, shcuing the actual state of their time to that of music, and left behind

Italy and the Italians. By an English them several treatises upon this art I: The Catholic. 8vo, 2 vols. scale on which the old genuine airs belonging to this nation were performed, was a

A WRITER of Travels has a very scale of five notes iustead of seven, deficient easy literary task, provided he is a man in the fourth and seventh in the major key; of taste and information. He has only but if we take the entire octave, it contains to make memoranda on the spoi, only six. The Scottish scale is less perfect, concerning the manners, laws, arts, but more simple than that which is generally antiquities, agriculture and commerce made use of at the present day. By using of the country, and he will scarcely fail this, instead of the diatonic and chromatic producing a valuable work. But the musical scale, which was observed by the misfortune is, that very many travellers surrounding nations of Europe, the Scots have no taste; and then their works have preserved their airs in that state of have the aspect of a dusty warehouse, simplicity and beauty, which belongs not to the music of the more perfect one. But al

which contains all sorts of goods, but though this was one great means of

neither arranged nor displayed.

preserving the Scottish melodies, they owe their

The book before us abounds with siroplicity perhaps to another cause. In

those traits, which distinguish the genmusic, the Scots had made as little refinement as in manners and customs. Simpli

* Father Amyot. city is the distinguishing characteristic of + Macculoch's Travels in Scotland. their music, as well as of their modes of

Father Amyot.

& Giraldus Cambrensis. * Giraldus Cambreusis, who lived in 1185. || Sub obtusa (sic) grossi oris (sic) cordæ of Diodor. Sic. lib. v.

sonitu. Gir. Cambr. : Trithemius, Catal. Illus. Vir. p. 125. Giraldus Cambrensis.

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