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130
Review.-Low's History of Scotland.

(Feb. But he has collected an enormous living. Accustomed to woodland scenery, quantity of ancient facts (some of them they introduced into their compositions the very valuable); and had he published melodies of the grove; and the blackbird, them as such, would have been irre. the woodcock and plover furnished them proachable.

with some of the finest notes in the pibroch. We shall, however, give our author's The melodies of China * and Hindostan are account of that exquisile subject, the Scottish airst, but this can easily be

the only tunes which bear a resemblance to Scotch Music ; our readers will recol. accounted for, since they make use of the lect that it is called an introduction of

same scale 1. It appears, indeed, that the the unfortunate Rizzio. We will not

Celtic nations carried it along with them ju say that the opinion is correct; but we their first migrations to Europe ; and, alwill say, that the sentiment displayed though the Welch and the Irish had lost in Ossian, and the beautiful air in the this scale before the twelfth century $, it is music, are extraordinary problems in still preserved in Scotland. 'The Welch the history of a nation deficient in all sung not in unison, but had as many difthe luxuries of civilization, from which ferent parts as they had performers, which in general such refinements proceed, finally terminated in one common organic But things may be so. The romance

melody on a flat. The treble part they of Pastoral and Arcadian scenes and began in a soft mood; and producing at feelings is of earlier date ; and plough; larity, the melody became harmonious and

length what may be called an irregular regu. boys and dairymaids, and soldiers and completell. Although the Welch at an sailors, may express themselves in the early period adopted the diatonic and chromost beautiful sentiments of original matic scale, their music was not the same as undefecated nature, and have done and that on the Continent. The Northumbrian still do so.

music, which was introduced into England “ The Scots have ever been distinguished in the eighth century by some Italians, diffor their music. According to a writer of fered from the Welch in making a concord the Middle Ages, they were indebted for this, in unisons and octavess. Pp. 363, 364. as for many other things, to the Irish; but, There are several similar things of if this was the case, they were better musi- interest and value. In the Appendix cians than their instructors in the twelfth (p. 62) is elaborate dissertation, century. Both the Welch, Irish, and proving, that Macpherson's Ossianic Scots received it from one common origin. The bards of the British and Celtic nations

were pretty faithfully trans

lated from the Gaelic originals.” in general were musicians, and raised the

song, and tuned the harp by turns t. The Scottish monks dedicated, amongst studies

15. Transalpine Memoirs, or Anecdotes and of higher importance, no small portion of

Observations, shewing the actual state of their time to that of music, and left behind

Italy and the Italians. By an English them several treatises upon this art 1. The Catholic. 8vo, 2 vols. scale on which the old genuine airs belonging to this nation were performed, was a

A WRITER of Travels has a very scale of five notes iustead of seven, deficient easy literary task, provided he is a man in the fourth and seventh in the major key; of taste and information. He has only but if we take the entire octave, it contains

to make memoranda on only six. The Scottish scale is less perfect, concerning the manners, laws, arts, but more simple than that which is generally antiquities, agriculture and commerce made use of at the present day. By using of the country, and he will scarcely fail this, instead of the diatonic and chromatic producing a valuable work. But the musical scale, which was ubserved by the misfortune is, that very many travellers surrounding nations of Europe, the Scots have no taste; and then their works have preserved their airs in that state of have the aspect of a dusty warehouse, simplicity and beauty, which belongs not to the music of the more perfect one. But al which contains all sorts of goods, but though this was one great means of preserv- neither arranged nor displayed. ing the Scottish melodies, they owe their

The book before us abounds with sitoplicity perhaps to another canse. In

those traits, which distinguish the genmusic, the Scots had made as little refinement as in manners and customs. Simpli

* Father Amyot. city is the distinguishing characteristic of + Macculoch's Travels in Scotland. their music, as well as of their modes of

Father Amyot.

& Giraldus Cambrensis. * Giraldus Cambreusis, who lived in 1185. 11 Sub obtusa (sic) grossi oris (sic) cordæ of Diodor. Sic. lib. v.

sonitu. Gir, Cambr. • Trithemius, Catal. Illus. Vir.

P.

| Giraldus Cambrensis.

a

very

poems

the spot,

125,

screen,

1927.)
REVIEW.--Transalpine Memoirs.

131 tleman, and verify the title, as to anec-only of the extent of façade ; this pediment, dote and observation. Here and there and the rest of the entablature at each end the Catholic appears, blinking the two

of it, surmounted by a high wall, ornamentiinportant features of the question,--one ed with pilasters and square windows, and the re-introduction of papal authority supporting a stone balustrade, above the into this realm,--the other the refusal

two ends of which arise two clocks with of protestants to recognize doctrines pink-coloured faces, which themselves supnot sanctioned by the Bible. The au

port & tiara and two keys; three domes thor calls it persecution, if civil, politi

partly concealed by this wall and balustrade, 'cal, and ecclesiastical institutions object then viewed them, but which, as I approach

even from the distant point from which I 10 things, which in his judgment are ed nearer, entirely sunk behind this vile inoffensive matters of course; but which Such is the façade of St. Peter's." by his opponents are deemed alarm. i. 47. ingly dangerous. But as these things

Our author then proceeds to criticise are by no means prominent character- the interior : istics, are not obstructions in the highway of the book, it is not worth while

“ The side ailes I then perceived to bear to notice them any further.

no proportion with the center, and that, The work contains many judicious bered by tombs of Popes and Sovereigns.

although so narrow, they are also encumand curious notices, some of which we

The transept, crociata, appeared to me too shall extract. It appears, that at Rome narrow, and not sufficiently ornamented. a tax is paid of is scudi (or 41.) for Looking from the west end (the Church is the privilege of reading old books, entered from the east end] down the center mostly of education and Catholic piety. aile, a bad effect is produced by windows So much for any encouragement given seen over the doors, and which communito the Catholics even to understand cate between the Church and the second their own creed.

story of the portico. The plain, oblong, St. Peter's and St. Paul's are in our

sash windows, placed in many parts of the judgments only splendid caverns, not

Basilica, particularly those round the dome, 'churches. The author makes many dome itself I say nothiug; the boast re

have a drawing-room appearance. Of the just remarks concerning St. Peter's. Be

corded of Michael Angelo is in some sense ginning with the Colonnade, he says: fulfilled; a dome, it is true, but not a pan,

“ It appears too small for the building to theon, is raised in the air ; an architectura which it leads; and four rows of pillars are difficulty has been overcome; but has an most unnecessarily crowded together to sup- architectural beauty been gained ? ought a port an useless roof that would have rested dome to be placed on huge pillars of maas safely on half that number. These pillars sonry, like the cover of a pepper-box standare not formed of one single block, but of ing on stilts ? I think not. The interior of many separate stones, which plurality of the dome of St. Peter's is not visible from stones in one column has a shabby appear the entrance of the Church. The whole of ance. The obelisk and fountains in the it can be seen by those only who stand imcentre of the space enclosed by the colon- mediately under it, and even then its prodade, have a too ornamental and gardenlike portions cannot be judged of. On account air ; which is increased by the shape of of the height to which it is raised, it canthese fountains, similar to those generally not be perceived how great is its expanse of seen in gardens, but formed of a greater arched roof. When a dome is on the earth, number of squirts, which divide up the mass as the Pantheon, its form, its majesty, and of water.—The colonnade is on each side its extent break at once on tbe spectator, joined to the Church by a naked wall; it is who sees it rise from the ground, and sudecorated only by some scarce perceptible blimely bend above him; it forms of itself a pilasters, which seem to break off its con- grand hall, every part of which is present to nection with the main body of the building. the eye. But the dome of St. Peter's has The facade of the Church I can only com- not the least relation to the hall below; pare to a new-built hotel de ville, town hall, and the conviction of its atter inutility peror some other public building; not to a vades the mind, at the same time that the Church-that is the last thing to which it strained eyes and distorted neck give sensible can be assimilated. Pillars and pilasters, proofs of the inconvenience of its situation. placed one on the other; the intermediate The end of architecture is to create a fine space occupied by arched and oblong gate- object, at the same time that a want

supways, by square and long windows—some plied; that therefore which is unnecessary with, some without balconies—and by mez- and useless, is devoid of its greatest claim zonini, sometimes open, sometimes blocked to admiration. up with bass-reliefs, as if to save window An easy staircase leads to the roof: I tax; a small pediment rising over one third was disappointed, on reaching it, to find

is

i. 75.

198
Review. Transalpine Memoirs.

[Feb. none of that grandeur and bustle, mentioned like the temples of Pæstum. Suppose thern with such enthusiasm by Eustace. On the surrounded with the minor, but nevertheless contrary, the different glass lanterns of the giant limbs that still remain of the capital various domes, which peep through it, have of the world; suppose them diminishing as the appearance of so many glass hot-houses. they depart from the center, and finally The two minor domes, seen when at a suffi- losing themselves in a sublime and unintercient distance, one on each side of the large rupted desolation. Such are the reflections one, are of no possible use ; they have no that must press upon the mind of the communication with the inside of the Church, stranger, who, visiting in succession every but are raised on pillars on the flat roof. fragment of antiquity, turns away disconOf what service are the enormous pillar- tented with every object that successively covered buttresses built against the great strikes him as unworthy of the city of which dome? If they were placed there to sup- it is a relic.” Pp. 106, 107. port it, they have ill fulfilled their office, for the dome is split. These buttresses concerning our countrymen, in which

There are many curious anecdotes give it the ungraceful appearance of being our readers will easily recognize the too wide for its height." Pp. 49-51.

genuine features of John Bull. It appears that, when a brigand in It seems, that it is the custom, during the Papal Stare is tired of robbery and the Carnival at Rome, for persons who assassination, he has only to capitulate are acquainted, to throw bonbons (sugar-be pardoned—and pensioned for life. plums) at each other. The Romans

patronize it but little, “while the Eng. The Apollo, the Laocoon, &c. are lish carry it on with all the fury and placed in cabinets on pedestais too close boisterousness of schoolboys.". i. 111. to the wall for their backs 10 be visible, During the ceremonies of the Holy and have bars of iron fixed in their week, places in the Churches were spines, to support them. i. 99. partitioned off for the English, " who

As to the Vatican library, it can carried with them cold meat, fowls, be only presumed that there are books and bread, which they ate during the in the cases, for they are never opened celebration of the offices, and threw without a special order, and, as there is the bones and waste pieces on the no door-keeper, “none can enter the Church-floors.” 129, 130. library, when the librarian happens to The Neapolitan “Geornale" (newsbe beyond hearing of the knocker." paper) related, that an English surgeon Pp. 101-102.

had killed his wife with a pokero; and Our author wishes, that Rome had the Editor annexed a note, saying, remained uninhabited— been only a “ we do not know if this pokero be a heap of ancient ruins; and so do we, domestic or surgical instrument.” ii. 13. for modern buildings spoil it. The An English man-of-war having anfollowing reflections are highly senti- chored oft Baix, “ all the officers, even mental-worthy of Madame de Stael : the cabin-boys, set up as declared and

“Excepting a few of the principal monu- intrepid antiquaries, and landed with ments, the other remains of ancient Rome boat- loads of sailors, provided with present little interest. Let Antiquaries ad- spades and pickaxes. Parties of men mire, study, and explain each remuant. I were seot out to mark places for the am unable to confine myself in this manner; next day's excavation. One of them to embarrass my mind with details, the reported the discovery of a capital rewhich always lessen, whatever is in itself main. It turned out to be a modern really grand. I can look only at the whole, monument, with the arms of the King at the ensemble, and what an ensemble! of Naples. The sailors had put the Here, then, stood Rome; here on this ropes around it to pull it down, when ground! This is the spot on which my the officers discovered the mistake." thoughts had been so long rivetted, that

We shall close this account of Anglihad so long attracted my desires ! And now that they are accomplished, what do I cisms with the following anecdote: find ? a wilderness ? No, that were pre- “ An Englishman purchased in the Ponferable to the crowds and cares that have tine marshes two little pigs, whose race he again risen from this consecrated soil. A admired, and which he intended to take in desert were more congenial to my imagina- his carriage to England. He was very nation than the life that covers this grand turally anxious that they should be well fed, wreck. Set aside the modern town, and in order that they might support the fasuppose, only for an instant, the Pantheon, tigues of the long journey they were about the Forum, and the Coliseum to be standing to undertake; but his French Valet dealone; to be towering in solitary grandeur, manded imperiously " whether he had been

1927.) Review— Smith's Tour in Denmark, &c.

133 hired as Valet de Chambre, or to feed pigs ? and entertainment, as well as the Staswearing that the pigs might die, if they tistics, unite in rendering it valuable liked, for from that moment he would for reading, as well as reference. One never again touch them. 'Our countryman, thing particularly pleasurable we derive resolving to do any thing rather than aban

from it, viz. that, as in Italy and the don his pigs, was therefore obliged to hire South of Europe, difference of opinion a boy to feed them." P. 146.

in religion and politics, and national We all know the outcry which was jealousies, render the English unpopuraised against Government, in the Jar; so, on the contrary, in the North, matter of (as the lawyers call it) the the very name of Englishman carries late Queen Caroline. We knew the with it the stamp of integrity, and is scandal concerning it to be rife all

a sufficient passport to the best and over Italy, before proceedings were highest society which the countries commenced. The following anecdote can afford.” P. 504. will satisfy the impartial reader that We shall notice some curious partithe evidence was not fabricated, as

cular3. Danish carriages resemble a some pretended, for a Court purpose. At four-wheeled English phaeton, but Terni is the Palazzino, a neat counting- have a window, which may be drophouse belonging to the Conte. ded down in front, into a frame, fixed

“ My guide inforined me that in this to the top of the apron, making it house the Princess of Wales and Bergami quite close when necessary (p. 21). At had passed a fortnight in each other's com- certain times of the year, when hydropany. He testified as to their having been phobia usually appears, all dogs seen always seen walking together, and to their abroad must be muzzled, a precaution having retired at sight of strangers, but he which our author thinks might be said, that no one from Terni had been called as witness to England.” . 165.

adopted in England (Ibid). The

Church of our Saviour has a curious If Cato could again revisit the earth, steeple, which is ascended by 365 what would he say, when he saw Ro- steps, one-third of which form a cirMans drest in round hats and London cular or spiral staircase at the outside cut coats; and Roman rooms, covered of the building, covered with copper, with English carpets, and papered with and made secure by a firm railing (38). views of Paris. 1. 27, 28. Even Eng- In p. 90 we have a long and most lish fish-sauces abound. i. 110.

interesting account of the beautiful We have only room to add one cu- Queen of Prussia—her letters to her rious thing more, out of many; viz. father-her dying hours, and inter alia an island to be sold near Baiæ, with a the following statement of her interducal title annexed, for only four hun- view with Napoleon. It had been dred pounds! i. 239. So much for deemed advisable, that this lovely foreign titles! and what a prize for an Queen, although in a weak state of English puppy!

health, should repair to head-quarters We can justly recommend these to endeavour by her commanding adTravels as frequently curious, and al- dress, to obtain an ipAuence over Naways entertaining; The Author is poleon, and gain from him some alleparticularly entitled to praise for his viation of his cruel mandates against sentiment, which in places assimilates the tottering kingdom of Prussia. There with success that of the “ Sketch are two accounts of this interview. One Book,"

of these Mr. Smith says he derived from

a person, who 16. Notes made during a Tour in Denmark, Holstein, Mecklenburgh Schwerin, Po

“ Lodged immediately opposite the King merania, the Isle of Rugen, Prussia, Po- of Prussia's apartment, and at the first inland, Saxony, Brunswick, Hannover, the terview which Napoleon had with the Queen,

could distinctly see both, as they stood toHanseatic Territories, Oldenburg, Friesland, Holland, Brabant, the Rhine Coun- gether at the front window.

“ The countenance of the Queen was partry, and France. Interspersed with some Observations on the Foreign Corn Trade. ticularly animated, and she appeared to dwell

with much force on the miseries which her By R. Smith, Esq. F.R. S.L.

people suffered from the French yoke. Na504.

poleon rested his arm on the window, his THE modest title of this work by head reclining on his hand, and seemed durno means conveys a just idea of its me- ing most part of the time to receive the adrits. The numerous matters of interest dress of the Queen with the greatest com

8vo. PP

134
REVIEW.-Smith's Tour in Denmark, &c.

[Feb. posure, looking earnestly at her. Occasion- floors of which are forined of small ally, however, when she appeared very warm, squares of oak, without nails,” (144). he raised himself, and seemed somewhat em- -- The seat of Field-marshal Lubor. barrassed, but again relapsed into the same merski likewise consists of a small posture."

house of two stories only, surrounded The second account is this : by an extensive garden. The ground

“ As soon as the Queen arrived, Napo- floor is formed as a hermit's cave, leon waited upon her; and it was to her an with walls of a substance exactly reeasy task how to conduct herself during the sembling rock (incongruously intermisfirst moments of that singular meeting. She ed with looking glass), and in another received Napoleon with a refined elegance, room with a painted screen over the and such a commanding address, as superior window, in order to produce an artipowers of mind alone can give ;-—first la- ficial dimness (143). mented that he had been obliged to ascend

Here we shall pause a moment to to her apartments by such miserable stairs [she lodged over a mill], and inquired how notice the folly of erecting permanent the northern climate had agreed with his buildings, where only a day or two's health, during the preceding winter. She residence is desirable. A fine couvethen proceeded to the object of her visit :

nient tent is the proper thing; and she had come to exert her influence, in en- with camp kitchens and other convedeavouring to obtain for Prussia a peace, niences of camp furniture is far better which would at least be supportable. Na- than the wasteful extravagance of repoleon possessed but little gallantry, conse- gular houses, doomed to non-habitation quently the intercession of this noble woman and ruin. was entirely fruitless. Of the conversation at this singular conference, during which fact concerning the acquisition of fo

Mr. Smith, in p. 149, states a curious the Queen gave many proofs of a noble and

reign languages : elevated soul, I shall only further notice, in conclusion, one of her replies, which excited “ From the difficulty, owing to the numthe admiration of the bye-standers. Napo- ber of consonants, of pronouncing the Polish leon asked her, But how dared you com- dialect, the natives can with ease acquire the mence the war against me,'—and there was accent of any other tongue.” P. 149. something terrible in the tone in which these words were uttered. The Queen answered

He also tells us, that he occasionally with calm, yet dignified composure. “Sire,

met with a il étoit permis à la gloire de Frederic, de Female Jewish banker, of immense nous tromper sur nos moyens, si toutefois wealth, whose sole conversation was on mernous nous sommes trompés.' This reply was cantile affairs ; and she would talk of the heard by the French minister Talleyrand, French obligations, or the English stocks, and by him repeated to the writer.” P. 98. in a phraseology which a Knight of the At Memel, owing to the almost ex- Stock Exchange need not be ashamed of."

P. 149. clusive connexion during the war with Great Britain, not only is our language We rejoice that we English have spoken frequently, but port wine has no she-bankers, who are men of busibeen introduced, indeed the bias to- ness, and personally dabble in consols. wards what is English is so great, that In our judgment, all the peach-bloom Mr. Smith says, if our tinber duties of the female character must be destroywere moderated, a much more exten- ed by the dealer and chapmanship. of sive and reciprocal trade would be the buying to sell again, a very different thing result, p. 121.At the battle of Eylau, from common marketing, and shopNapoleon took his station in the Church ping, which is a mere inorning's amusesteeple, built of wood, and covered with ment. But business—business which "shingles, through which peeping-holes shuts up the heart, makes of a woman were made for him. The steeple was a man spoiled-makes an automaton perforated in several places by bullets, chess-player of an angel, a term which so that he must have been in consider- philosophers may use in reference to able danger, p. 126.-Our author in ihat grace, disinterestedness, and pup. 129 commends the fortress of Grau- 'rity which distinguish the feelings and dentz, because it is a mile from the affections of women; nou because poets city, a situation which prevents the de- so denominate pretty human playthings struction of the latter in case of siege.- of eighteen or nineteen. The Royal Palace of Cronckarnio con- In p. 153 we find reaping with a sists of very large gardens, but a small scythe, provided with a cradle, to lay - house, of only sixteen apariments," the the swaihe straight to the ground.

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