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1827.] REVIEW.-Smith's Tour in Denmark, 8c.

135 The poverty of Prussian towns may

be “ The · Duncans from Glasgow,' and the known by the postmaster at Grieffen. M'Gregors from Paisley; neither the berg, being also attorney, surgeon, apo- length of the journey, nor (at that time) thecary, and accoucheur; the last branch the little probability of a brisk fair, could of his profession being denoted by the prevent the indefatigable Scotchman from figure of a stork over his door; a bird penetrating thus far. Iudeed it must be held sacred by females, who deem it a North are to be met with in the most dis

acknowledged, that our brethren of the very favourable omen, if one of the

tant countries; and to their credit be it species build her nest near the house said, are almost universally successful and during their pregnancy (p. 154).. At respected.” P. 261. Berlin, there is, it seems, an iron foun. dery, where sınall trinkets are pre- of the Bridge at Leipsiç prematurely,

Every body knows that the explosion pared, to which Mr. Sinith saw noihing similar in England” p. 166. In by mistake of a corporal as pretended,

occasioned a great loss to the French recompence, it seenis, we have not only

Our author (p; manufactured better cotton stockings, upon their retreat. but undersold the Prussians at their 205) states, that it was, however, efown doors. Ibid.

fected by direct orders from BuonaBlücher (the drunken dragoon, as

pariè, because the Cossacks were dreadNapoleon called him in spleen, but fully mangling his rear, and the allies, who was far his master in the art of rapidly advancing, on which account successful retreat,) was a man, whuse he knowingly sacrificed Poniatowsky integrity had a nobility of principle, and the Poles.

Hanóvěr should, it seems, be spelt equal to that of Leonidas); and we are sure that every possible account of him

Hannover, and pronounced Hannover. will be interesting to our readers. By

-Our author sadly complains of the the way, has there ever been a Life of Hanoverian mail, which is a common him published ?

covered cart. From the connection of

that country with England, our read“ Prince Blucher, being at his estate in Silesia, I had not an opportunity of seeing ing statistical table.

ers may take an interest in the followthat gallant veteran ; but I accompanied a banker to inspect his palace in the Branden

“ COMPENDIUM OF HANNOVER.-Extent, burg-square.' The house was fitted up in 14,835 square English miles, or 9,494,400 the most elegant style, and one room en

aeres : inhabitants, in 1816, 1,325,000. In tirely furnished with presents from different the same year the marriages were 13,786 ; sovereigns. Amongst the paintings, I no- births, 50,257 ; deaths, 81,264.—Religion, ticed portraits of our late revered Monarch, Lutherans, 1,050000; Catholics, 160,000; George III., and of his present Majesty, as Reformed, 90,000; remainder Mennonites, Colonel of the 10th Hussars, very finely ex- Moravians, and Jews. National income se ecuted; of the King and late Queen of Prus

cret ;

but supposed to be 12,000 gulders per sia; of the late Emperor of Russia; of Na- annum (about 1,500,0001). The monarch poleon ; a very curious one of the Emperor is the largest land-owner. The Vice-roy of China ; and the celebrated full-lengths of draws from the Treasury annually 36,000 the Buonaparte family, by Robert, viz. the rix dollars (5,5001.) The Assembly of States Princesses Borghese and Pauline, Joseph consists of 10 deputates, of which 101 are and his wife, Louis and his wife, and Ma- chosen for, but not by the Clergy, 49 by dame Murat: the features of the last are Ritters (land-proprietors), and 42 by City extremely beautiful. The study was orna- Corporations. The Military are 12,940, of mented with engravings of Christ Church, which 6,300 (or 10 battalions) are infanOxford, and the coloured views out of try." P. 287. Boyer's Triumphs of Europe'." P. 168.

In p. 347 mention is made of an inHe was lodged at Christ Church, genious Ainerican buoy, provided with Oxford, during the visit of the Royal à vane, which, when moved with the Sovereigns in 1814. It is still told of wind, shakes a number of small bells, him by students of the day, that he fixed in the inside, so as to be heard, was seen early in the morning at his when from darkness it cannot be seen. Jodgings there, sitting in his shirt- P. 347. sleeves, smoking his pipe; and that, In Holland we find a picture with at the University dinner, he took up five lights introduced into it (348); a the lobster sauce, and ate it without Church clock marked “ William Spraaccompaniment. At the celebrated kel fecit 1670” (352); the nien, wearLeipsic fair, amongst other sign. ing their hats ai Church (356); hackboards, were frequently to be seen ney coaches, attached to sledges (360);

sure.

136

Review.-Robson's Views of English Cilies. [Feb. a head with a mouth open, and prepos- 17. Picturesque Views of the English Cities, terously carved, the indication at the From Drawings by G. F. Robson. Edited doors of an apothecary's residence by J. Britton, F.S.A. &c. (384); Church-paintings, so large, that HAVING always been enthusiastic they may be distinctly seen from the admirers (and who are not?) of the west end, looking down the ailes, of magnificent productions of the pencil which in the nuve there are seven of Robson, and well knowing that the (389).

public spirit of the gentleman who has As the passage of æstuaries and rivers undertaken the task of editing and pubis a matter of great convenience, and lishing this collection of cities “ from a sufficiency of bridges is certainly not their beauty, variety, fidelity, and picprovided in this country; and as a simi- turesque effects," would not permit the lar expedient is successfully adopted at work to appear in any other

way

than Little Hampton in Sussex, we mention was calculated to enhance the reputathe following contrivance for passing tion of the artists engaged in its prothe river at Cologne :

duction,-and to afford the purchasers “The passage of the river is made in an

an unrivalled collection of beautiful excellent and safe contrivance, called the prints, -we bailed its announcement

Brücke,' a floating bridge, which is a plat- with feelings of much satisfaction ; form, firmly fixed on the decks of two fat- and the number before us has in no bottomed boats, affording sufficient space way

diminished that degree of pleafor a number of carriages and horses, with- The impressions which we imout incommoding the passengers ; and the bibed from a basty glance at its conwhole being railed rouod, is perfectly secure. tents were such as cannot fail of being In the centre are two upright pieces of tim- received by every one who possesses a ber, with a beam placed transversely upon soul capable of appreciating the beauties them, strengthened by two strong chains of art—all the high intellectual powers proceeding from the end of the platform. of which are brought into active exAnother chain attached to the cross-beam

ertion here and a mind “ is of great length, and bound near the end alive to each fine impulse." To him

“ feelingly to the masts of seven or eight small boats, the furthest of which lies at anchor near the who contemplates works of art with middle of the stream. These boats, from enthusiasm, and not, as the Abbé Wintheir buoyancy, occasion a considerable kelman observes “comme cet homme, spring on the chain ; and when the rope, qui voyant la mer pour la première which holds the raft to the opposite pier is fois, dit qu'elle était assez-jolie,: loosened, the current causes a great lateral this collection of gems, exhibiting the pressure on the raft, which pressure being “ Union of Topography and the Fine assisted by two long oars, acting as rudders, Arts,” will afford a considerable porhas the effect of propelling

across the

tion of delight: river, in the space of ten minutes.” P. 416.

“That such an union," observes the We are now obliged to conclude, Editor in a very well-written address,“ is but cannot do so with justice to the calculated to gratify our best feelings, and author, without noticing the statistical administer to rational pleasures, few will be tables of the export of grain. In that hardy or vulgar enough to deny. In conconcerning the exports from Riga (Ap- templating prints of this class, the mind is pendix, No. iv.) we were much struck imperceptibly and delightfully seduced by with the Auctuations in the quantities, awaken reflections on the individual and col

the charms of the pencil and graver. They e.g. in 1817, the total of all kinds of lective pursuits and habitations of civilized grain exported was 965,0734 quarters. It continued to diminish soinewhat

man; for

• Tower'd cities please us then, gradually till 1821, when it dropped down to 64,574 ; and in 1822, to so

And the busy hum of men.' low an ebb as 10,396, after which it The variegated and ever changeable efrises again.-These tables are good stu

fects produced by clouds, which alternately dies for the Statist.

and successively indicate the tranquil gray We have derived much valuable in

morn-the vivid mid-day--the twinkling or struction and pleasing amusement from flaming sun-set of evening--the murky and this work; and feel ourselves bound to mystic haze,—and by their absence in the

awful storm-the prismatic rainbow-the acknowledge, that our limits have pre- cloudless sky-constitute the machinery vented us from noticing a rare mass of which the Artist employs to heighten and useful intelligence.

adorn the local scene, or the composed land

1827.] Review.-Robson's Views of English Cities.

137 scape. In the series of privts which now interesting reading from the able pen claims the patronage of the amateur, each of Mr. Brition, we must reserve furand all of these effects will be represented ther remark for another opportunity.

Robed in flames and amber light, In the mean time we cannot but ex

The Clouds in thousand liveries dight.' press a wish that he who has so long The City, both in the olden and modern wielded his pen against the existence state,-environed with fortified walls and of this degrading tax,-and who has bastion towers :-seated on a navigable ri- pledged himself to a continuance of ver, (London)—or Tranquil Stream: (Sa- his exertions while the cause exists ksbury)—crouching in the peaceful valley: will bring the subject once more beWells)-or crowning the bold rock: (Duro fore the Legislature; and that every ham)—with its vast and venerable Cathedral, friend to the progress of knowledge, overtopping and dignifying the crowded

to the iniprovement of the human dwellings of its citizens, is unquestionably mind, and thereby to the exaltation of a place of varied and commanding interest. Its relations and associations are manifold; man, will strain every nerve, and streall giring it historical and antiquarian in- nuously unite to effect its repeal. portance in the annals of our country. What

The views contained in this numever therefore tends to inform and improve ber of the work are Norwich from the the mind, through the medium of amusement east; Lichfield and Rochester from or didactic instruction on such subjects, is the west ; Worcester and York from worthy of the artist and of the author; and the south; Canterbury from the north; equally claims the attention of the well in- Chichester from the west; and Brisformed gentleman. Although, on the pre- tol from the north-west ; and these sent occasion, the Author has but little constitute a fourth of the whole num. share in the work, he may probably here- ber to be published. They are “enafter make an appendage worthy of the sub- graved in line from a partiality to this ject and of the engravings

. But for that branch of the art, and personal friendoppressive and unjust literary tax, which exacts cleven copies of every published book ship to some of its meritorious profesan author may produce, the Editor would sors," on the part of the Editor, who have written an account of each city, to ac

has designed an exceedingly interestcompany and exemplify the respective re- ing title-page-composed of architecpresentations. To avoid this heavy and un

tural and sculptural ornaments anarecompensed impost, he is precluded from lagous to cities - and which is deliattempting such novel and impressive ac- cately engraved on wood by S. Wil. counts of the different cities, as would at liams. The Cathedral of Norwich, once give value to the book, and become in- rearing its lofty embellished spire teresting to natives and strangers. Surely above the surrounding edifices, is a our legislators must be either indifferent to pleasing figure, while the bold hills the claims and charms of literature, or fancy rugged in their appearance-gradu. they promote its interests and utilities, by levying a peculiar and exclusive tax on Au? ally slope to a centre, so as to permit thors. Were the whole class of writers rich,

a view of the walls and one of the or amply remunerated for their labours, they towers of the Castle, with a gentle might quietly and tacitly hear the burden :

stream laving its base, and forming a but it should be generally known that au- boundary line to the twodivisions of this thorship is seldom paid equal to any of the interesting picture. Lichfield, with its other liberal professions, and that many— Cathedral and well-disposed wooded too many of the literati, are reduced to the scenery, is a magnificent engraving, in mortifying condition of claiming pecuniary which Tombleson has done justice to aid from the Literary Fund in the decline the pencil of the Draughtsman; as of life.”

have Smith and Barber in the cities Upon the injustice of an Act—which of Rochester and Worcester. In the has the power to check the exertions of latter, how calın and tranquil is the intellect, to quench the rising genius scene! The river without one murof the nation, and to operate to the muring ripple-save that occasioned prejudice of those who, while they by the glidings of the feathery tribe ; seek 10 yield instruction to the unin--the delicately finished pinnacles of itiated, and gratification to the enquir- the Cathedral, and the lofty monuing minds, rely upon such resources inent of uninstructed talent, St. Anfor their daily bread—we had purposed drew's spire, all combine to render to have given our opinion at some this a picture of no ordinary occurlength; but having extracted so much This and Chichester are, we GENT. MAG. February, 1827.

rence.

19.

138

REVIEW.-Darlmoor.--Benett on Agriculture. (Feb. consess, our favourites; though those ward that we go out of our usual of Canterbury, York, and Bristol, ex- course, and notice a second edition. hibit innumerable beauties, and pour- We cannot forbear mentioning the tray the varied tints and forms of Na- general error into which Mr. Burt (the ture; but Chichester with its light gentleman who contributed the notes Cathedral, and the arc of the receding and who is since dead) has fallen bow, forms a contrast with the “dark in deciphering ancient dates. In page and dismal" clouds which declare im- 118, speaking of Fice's well, he obpending slorms; and inspire us with serves, “The dale 1168 is an extrasentiments of admiration at the talents ordinary one, and the whole bears the of the artists who have successively em- undeniable appearance of great antibodied the bold touches of Nature on quity." If this date was read 1568, its the canvas and the copper. It is a extraordinary quality will vanish. A magnificent picture, from which we close inspection of the original, we are loath to turn away-not one fea- think, will justify our reading. ture tires the eye-every thing is so blended as to relieve and heighten the effects of the surrounding objects, and On the relative Importance of Agriculwe dwell with new pleasures upon ture and Foreign Trade. By John Beeach individual beauty.

nett, Esq. M. P. 8vo. Pp. 53.

MR. BENETT contends, that the

free introduction of foreign graiu would 18. Dartmoor, a Descriptive Poem. By render the poor classes of soils incapa

N. T. Carrington. Second Edil. 8vo. pp. ble of repaying the cost of production, 206. Murray

exclusive of rent, and occasion the loss SINCE we had the gratification of of the capital expended in improvepaying our meed of praise to the first ment; that cheapness produced by edition of this production of the well- foreign import is the sure forerunner deserving muse of Mr. Carrington, we of scarcity; and that when the import have had occasion to call the attention of foreign corn was restrained by very of the admirers of song to those sub- high duties, our own growth supplied lime and vivid lines which accompa- a stock of corn fully ample for our nied the "Martyred Student," (Kirke consumption. For this affirmation, White, we presume) in Dagley's Mr. Benett quoles Mr. Huskisson (in “Death's Doings." These, which alone will entitle the author to hold For our parts, we solemnly believe a place in the public estimation as that, if the abolition of the Corn Laws high as any other living poet, were was effected to-morrow, in the very quoled in vol. xcvi. ii. p: 437, and form which the empirics of that fathey are sure to inspire those, who shionable quackery, political economy, may not have perused his larger so warmly recommend, and with wbich works, with a desire of becoming more they have turned the heads of our maintimately acquainted with one who nufacturers, it would be productive of possesses the power of delineating his great partial injury, and of little more becharacters in so superior a manner. nefit than enriching a few speculators.

Those who were debarred from pur- We believe the outcry to originate in chasing the first edition of “Dart- sore feeling caused by an excess of goods moor,” will now have an opportunity and workmen, and we think with Mr. of adorning their libraries with one Benett (p. 31) that an increase of poof the finest poems in our langnage, pulation may be considered as an augand of indulging themselves, as we mentation of wealth and strength, have done, with a perusal and a re- provided the internal supply of food perusal of it—for it deserves more than shall precede it; and cheap corn be a usual attention. Notwithstanding the national good, provided cheapness shall first impression was entirely sold, we be occasioned by excess of home producare sorry to learn that the author is tion, or reduction of the cost of home under the necessity of relying upon production. P. 32. the encouragement

which

may

be The anti Corp-Bill manufacturer given to this new edition—for any re- contends that he can make goods, ad muneration for his labours, or a sti- infinitum, very cheap, and that if he mulus to future works. And it is to could find customers in the exporting assist in procuring this well-earned re- countries, a stimulus would be given

P. 10.)

1827.] REVIEW.-Holder's Petition.-Withers on Forest Trees. 139 to the trade at home, but that such Menoir successfully demonstrates the foreigners cannot take our goods, be great advantage of deeply ploughing cause we cannot take their corn. or trenching land previous to planting,

Now if the ports were thrown open and of keeping it clean and free from duty free, we should only get rid of weeds for some years afterwards. In a glut of goods, to have a glut of corn p. 8 he shows, that where land is proinstead, and the borden be merely perly preserved and kept clean, decishifted from one hand to the other. duous trees will make much more We have only to state that Mr. Benett wood than firs; and where the holeis an able advocate for the landed in- digging system is adopted (unless the terest, and writes with the temper, land is very good), the firs are the only reason, and caution, which become a trees that will succeed. He meets the senator.

objections concerning (1) weeds keeping the land moist, and shading the

roots from the heat of the Sun; (2) 20. A Petition, with seasonable Advice to the

the Members of the New Parliament, from and (3) destroying cover for game, in

expence of keeping the land clean; Nathaniel Burton, of St. Mary-Axe Garret. Holder. 8vo. Pp. 61.

manner following THIS is an ironical sneer at the it, by the practice of nurserymen and

With regard to the first, he confutes pretended advantages which are to re- gardeners, who consider keeping the sult from abolition of the Corn Laws. ground clean to be the most effectual These pretended advantages are, we means of promoting ihe growth of believe with the soi-disant Mr. Bur.

planis. ton, “castles in the air ;" for “ if we As to the second, the expence of buy our grain from the serfs of Poland, hoeing, he says, the Cossacks in the Ukraine, or the Sclavonians on the Black Sea, where lings an acre for three years, compared with

“What can be the object of sixteen shilit is cheapest, these impoverished peo- the difference in value between a good and ple can take but few of our manufac

& bad plantation,-between fine growing tures in return, as they are clad with plants of oak, ash, and chesnut, and worthskins, rugs, or coarse stuffs of their less Scotch firs ?" P. 12. own, and need none of our fine sa

As to the third objection about a brics. P. 56.

cover for game, he says, The cheapness of corn would also throw a large portion of arable land better cover than land in a clean state ; but

“I admit that heath and whins will afford into common and pasture. Now

this will not last many years under Scotch “ This would certainly cast some millions firs, which it is well known will destroy all of ploughmen and farming labourers out of vegetation beneath them. A good permaemploy, and as in that case they could nei- uent cover is not to be had in a plantation ther buy clothing nor utensils, this would without underwood ; and this cannot be lessen coosiderably the demand for manu- made to grow amongst heath and whins, factured goods. And how the ruined peo- nor unless the ground be kept perfectly ple could be employed or subsisted no poli- clean. To hoe round plantations is, theretical economist has been able to tell.” p. 57. fore, not less necessary to obtain a good Political economists! We considerable crop of timber.” P. 13.

cover for game, than it is to insure a profitthe majority of their theories to be like Italian fruit in marble, wood, or Mr. Withers shows by tables the wax; preuy things for show, but not great advantage of his plans. We eatable; and we heartily hope that the shall beg to make another use of them. popularity of this new science will not In the present period, when the mainduce our countryinen 10 act upon its pufactures are overloaded with popuDotions, without inaking previous ex. lation, might not the unemployed periments.

poor be profitably occupied by the nobility and gentry in cleaning their

plantations, and spreading marle or 91. A Memoir addressed to the Society for brick earth, or muck, "which much

the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, promote the growth of trees," upon ing of Forest Trees. By Wm. Withers, poor light soils. A speedy and certain

return is (says Mr. Withers, p. 27) the jun. 8vo. pp. 42,

result of a more liberal expenditure in MR. WITHERS in the present planting. See the Appendix.

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