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1927.)
Review-Marlowe's Works.

155 tues, or abundance of his vices. The berlain; the extravagant action of unceasing quicksand of Tiine is found Tamberlain in the second part; the too commonly to hury the first, while rapid succession of tragic incidents in bis scythe leaves unmown all the rank the Jew of Malta ; as also in the growth of the latter. Charity may Massacre of Paris ; with the magical doubt if Marlowe, at an age scarcely power given to Dr. Faustus, and the mature, did not follow the foible of imposing character of his attendant the day, in assuming loose principles Mephostophilus, two persons that have of religion, and if the fatal event of recenily flourished with renovated rehis disreputable death might not have pute.* These appear manifest proofs been as faithfully, if more favourably, of Marlowe's dramatic genius, and of parrated.

his power to rivet the attention of the Let it be recollected that Marlowe restless groundlings to the story of his classes within the first fifty known drama, and secure approbation and writers for the English Stage, and success to the labours of his muse. wrote at a time when the drama was Certainly his prodnctions appear no little more than attempting to shake unimportant stepping-stone in the prooff the trammels of buffoonery, so ne- gress of the improvements of the Stage, cessary to the support of interludes, which afterwards obtained such powerand the strait-laced sanctity of dullful and decisive aid from Shakspeare; moralities. The emancipation was and the present work may be confislow in progress, and to throw off the dently, pressed upon the attention of leaven of time, there was a strong every lover of the drama, even if he is stimulatory counteraction necessary. fortunate enough to possess some of Every age revels in its own fashions, the original editions. which are no sooner cast by than it is

The third volume contains most of usual to denounce the whole as ab- the author's Poems, not now attainsurdities. Still, by those who follow, able, - as the Hero and Leander, their temporary influence must not bé Lucan, Ovid's Elegies, printed at forgot. Thus the groundlings of the Middleburgh, unmutilated, and with early theatres, accustomed nightly to other pieces, those simple lines that hear if not hold converse with the cast an upfading halo round the name Clown, or bis forerunner the Vice, of Kit Marlowe, to remain while the could not be expected quietly to per- English language lasts. Needs the mit such important characters to be memory of any reader refreshening for banished without some equally im- the reference ? portant feature of noveliy, and bold

“ Come, live with me and be my love." must have been the author who ventured to expect success without the assistance of either of those ancient

35. Hortus Suburbanus, or a Catalogue of and almost hereditary favourites. In the Plants cultivated in the Gardens of that attempt Marlowe was an early Great Britain. By Robert Sweet, F.L.S. voluntary, and no doubt met with

Author of Hortus Sulurbanus Londisuccess. To point out his substitutes nensis ;" The Botanical Cultivalur ;" for the usual subordinate characters “ Geraniacee; The British Flower just noticed, they seem to be found, Garden;" “ British Warblers," 850. 8vo. taking his most popular pieces, in the Ridgway. exhibition of Bajazet in an iron cage, THIS work arranges the plants culand his “braining" himself therein, tivated in our gardens according to as represented in the first part of Tam- their natural affinities, which is cer

• Most of Marlowe's dramatic pieces were posthumously published. The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Dr. Faustus, is known with dates of 1604, 1611, 1616, 1619, 1624, 1631, 1661, and 1663, 4to. The intense interest this play created might arise from an extraordinary character performing (it may be presumed but once) in this piece, which may be given in the words of that veritable historian William Prynn. After recounting what he would pronounce as judgments on certain playhouses, he says :

"Together with the visible apparition of the Devil on the stage at the Belsavage Play-house, in Queen Elizabeth's dayes (to the great ama zement both of the actors and spectators), while they were profanely playing the History of Faustus (the truth of which I have heard from many now alive, who well remember it), there being some distracted with that fearefull sight." Seç Histrio-Mastix, 1633, fol. 556.

156
Review.--Miscellaneous Reviews.

[Feb. tainly of great utility to the cultivator, Curnpike gates in Germany, “ Jews and as it brings together at one view all Pigs pay toll here," (see p. 7.) but if Jews the plants that are nearest related. At insult Jesus Christ, it is not singular, that each genus we also see the Linnæan

Christians should retort the contumely. classical order to which it belongs, and

Civil oppression, however, certainly makes the systematic and English name to

rogues and bad subjects ; and every liberal each species, when first caltivated in protection, consistent with publick safety

and morals, is politick with regard to all this country, where native, time of classes of a state, or they take no interest in flowering, and reference to a figure, its well-being. and the inforınation altogether is certainly all that can be required. The 87. The Country Vicar ; the Bride of numerous synonymy throughout the Thrybergh, and other Poems, is a meritorious work renders it particularly useful. book. The Doctor-Syntaxian mode of des

cribing the Vicar and his various Curates, is 36. Mr. Jackson's State of the Jews, is the best part, and has many happy passages. a liberal appeal on behalf of many unjustly suffering men. We certainly think it leze 88. The Odd Moments, or Time beguiled, humanilé, that it should be written on the contains very pleasing instructive tales.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. CAMBRIDGE, Jan. 26.

History and Philosophy. Compiled princiThe senior Wrangler this year is the son pally from the MSS. of the late T. F. Forsof Sir Willoughby Gordon, bart. The pre- ter, esq. F. L. S. By T. FORSTER, M.B. sent is the first year in which gentlemen of F.L. S. M. A. S. and M.M.S. and CorreMr. Gordon's rank have been subjected to sponding Member of the Academy of Natuexamination for degrees.

ral Sciences at Philadelphia. The Hulsean Prize has been adjudged to A Treatise on the Natural History, PhyMr. W. M. Mavers, of Catherine Hall, a siology, and Management of the Honey Bee. converted Jew, for his dissertation on the By Dr. Bevan. following subject :-"A critical examina- Heraldic Notices of Canterbury Cathedral, tion of our Saviour's Discourses with regard with Genealogical and Topographical Notes: to the evidence which they afford of his to 'which is added, a Chronological List of Divine nature.”

the Archbishops of Canterbury, with the Dr. Smith's annual prizes of 25). each, to blazon of their respective Arms. By Twothe two best proficients in mathematics and MAS WILLEMENT, author of Regal Heraldry. natural philosophy amovg the commencing A Historical, Antiquarian, and Picturesque Bachelors of Arts, were this day adjudged to Account of Kirkstall Abbey, illustrated with Mr. Thos. Turner, of Trinity college, and highly finished Engravings in the Line ManHenry-Percy Gordon, esq. of St. Peter's ner. By John Cousen, pupil of the late college, the second and first Wranglers. John Scott, esq. from drawings by Wm.

Mulready, esq. R.A. and Chas. Cope.

No. XVIII. of Illustrations of the Public Ready for Publication.

Buildings of London,"containing historical The Sovereignty of the Great Seal main- and descriptive Accounts of Carlton Palace, tained against the One Hundred and Eighty- tho Church of St. Luke at Chelsea, &c.; eight Propositions of the Chancery Com- also remarks on Modern Gothic Architecmissioners; in a Letter to the Right Hon.

ture, &c. the Lord High Chancellor. By FRANCIS- Britton's Cathedral Antiquities, Nos. Paul STRATFORD, Esq. Senior Master in 38 and 39; the first being the concluding Ordinary of the Court of Chancery. part of Exeter Cathedral, and the other com

Flagellum Parliamentarium ; being Sar- mencing the illustrations of Peterborough. castic Notices of nearly 200 Members of the No. III. of Specimens of the Architectural first Parliament after the Restoration, A.D. Autiquities of Normandy. By Mr. Puginand 1661 to 1678. From a contemporary MS. J. and A. Le Keux. Containing 20 Engravin the British Museum. This little Work ings, illustrative chiefly of the ancient buildpresents an extraordinary specimen of that ings of Caen. The editor, Mr. Britton, party spirit for which the reign of Charles announces in the present Number, that the the Second was so distinguished.

whole of the Letter-press will be given to The Pocket Encyclopædia of Natural Phe- the Subscribers with the next Number, nomena, for the Use of Mariners, Shepherds, which finishes the work, in order to obviate Gardeners, Husbandmen, and others; being the severe tax on Literature, of presenting a Compendium of Prognostications of the eleven copies of the work to so many public Weather, Signs of the Seasons, Periods of and private Libraries. Plauts, and other Phenomena in Natural Mr. George Cooke has published three

Much at

on

1997.)
Literature and Science.

157 Numbers of a 'new Work, coosisting of ing of notice from its presenting the earliest Views only, illustrative of London and its blazon of Armorial bearings which is extant; Vicinity. "The Views appear to be beauti- and thus proving that Heraldry was reduced fully executed ; and in many of them the to a science at so remote a period as the figures and effect are added from the pencil close of the Thirteenth Century. of A. W. Callcott, R. A. The work, it is A History of Bedfordshire is proposed expected, will extend to four volumes. to be published by subscription, to illustrate

A Biographical Work, entitled “ The which, no proper expense will be spared in Modern Jesuits." Translated from tho the Engraving department. Great part of French of L'Abbé Martial Marcet de La the work will be derived from materials Roche Arnauld. By EMILE LEPage, Pro- which have been for a very long period of fessor of the French Language, Fulham. years in preparation, con amore.

Nugæ Canoræ; or Epitaphian Memen- tention has been paid to Mineralogy and toes (in stone-cutters' verse) of the Medici Botany 3 and a Biograpbical sketch has been Family, of modern times. By Unus Quorum. drawn up of every individual of note, who

A New Edition of the Rev. GREVILLE has been in any way connected with the Ewing's Scripture Lexicon, very considerably County : including a notice of the Archenlarged, and adapted to the general reading deacons of Bedford, and one of living Authors. of the Greek Classics.

Materials towards a well-digested History Catholic Emancipation considered of Bristol ; comprising an Essay on the Protestant Principles. In a Letter to the Topographical Etymologies of that City and Earl of Liverpool. By an Irish Member of Neighbourhood ; and a Critical Examination Parliament.

of the Rev. Samuel Seyer's “ Memoirs of A Letter to Viscount Milton, M. P. By Bristol.” By John Evans, Author of “ A one of his Constituents.

Chronological Outline of the History of Historical References, &c. By HENRYBristol, &c.HOWARD, of Corby Castle esq.

A Translation of Niebuhr's Roman HisViews on the Subject of Corn and Cur- tory, undertaken in concert with the Author. rency. By Thomas Joplin, esq.

By the Rev. Julius Hare, and C. THIRLA Reply to Dr. Lingard's Vindication. WALL, esq. Fellows of Trinity College, CamBy John ALLEN, esq.

bridge. PROFESSOR Lee's Lectures on the He- A new edition of Sir John Wynne's brew Language.

celebrated History of the Gwydir Family, A Work on Paper Money, Banking, and edited in 1770, by Daines Barrington, esq. Overtrading. By Sir HENRY PARNELL, bart. With additional Notes and Illustrations.

The True Theory of Rent, in Opposition By a Native of the Principality. To which to Mr. Ricardo and others. By a Member will be annexed, an original work, containof the University of Cambridge.

ing Memoirs of celebrated and distinguished Selections from the Works of Bishop contemporary Welshmen, Bishops, &c. Hopkins. By the Rev. Dr. Wilson.

Memoirs of the Rival Houses of York and Idolatry, a Poem. By the Rev. William Lancaster, historical and biographical. By Swan, Missionary

Emma Roberts. A New Comedy. By the Author of A Series of Tales, entitled Tales of Welsh “ Athens."

Society and Scenery; comprising descriptions of several characteristic customis, with

delineations of the scenery and manners of Preparing for Publication.

the natives, in the upland and more secluded Illustrated by upwards of 100 wood-cuts districts of the Principality. of Arms, The Siege of Ca: laverock: a A new Poem from the pen of BERNARD French Poem, containing an account of the BARTON, entitled “ The Widow's Tale,” Siege and Capture of Carlaverock Castle, in founded on the melancholy loss of the Five Scotland, by King Edward the First, in Wesleyan Missionaries in the Mail Boat off June 1301, with a description of the Arms the Island of Antigua. and merits of each Knight in the English Travels from India to England, by way of Army who was present on the occasion, the Burman Empire, Persia, Asia Minor, written soon after that event. With a Turkey, &c. in the years 1825-6. By J. E. Translation; an Historical and Topographi- ALEXANDER, esq. H. P. cal Account of the Castle; and Memoirs of The Autobiography of Thomas Dihdin, all the Individuals who are mentioned. By of the Theatres Royal Drury-lane, CoventNicholas Harris Nicolas, esq. Barrister- garden, Haymarket, &c. and Author of the at-Law; Fellow of the Society of Anti- « Cabinet,” the “ Jew and the Doctor," quaries. This interesting Poem merits much &c. more atteotion than it has hitherto received; Recollections of an Officer of the King's for the Historical and Heraldic information German Legion ; being an account of his which it contains is not only important in Campaigns and Services in the Peninsula, relation to the event and the individuals Sicily, Italy, and Malta, England, Ireland, commemorated, but is peculiarly deserv- and Denmark. In 2 vols.

.

RELL."

BAGE.

gow, the Traveller.

159
Literature and Science.

[Feb. Six Discourses delivered before the Royal suphy and Sclence. By the Rev. T. MoSociety at their Anniversary Meetings, on the award of the Royal and Copley Medals ; A Table of the Logarithms of natural preceded by an Address to the Society, de- Numbers to Seven Figures. By Mr. Bablivered in 1800, on the Progress and Prospects of Science. By Sir HUMPHREY Davy, Flora Australasia. By Mr. Sweet, the Bart.

Botanist. Transactions of the Perth Literary and The Pocket Road Book of Ireland, on Antiquarian Society; including some very the Plan of Reichard's Itineraries, intended curious and original MSS., among those to form a Companion to Leigh's New are an Historical Chronicle from the year Pocket Road Book of England and Wales. 1560 ; and Scotland's Teares, By W. Lith- Adventures of British Seamen in the

Southern Ocean. By HUGH MURRAY, esq. The Institutions of Physiology. By J. F. F.R.S.E. BLUMENBACH, M. D. Professor of Medicine Memoirs of the Marchioness of Larochein the University of Gottingen. Translated jaquelein, the War in La Vendee, &c. from the last Latin Edition. With copious From the French. With Preface and Notes notes, by John Elliotson, M.D.

By Sir Walter Scott. The History of the Rise and Progress of Converts from Infidelity; or Lives of the United States of North America till the Eminent Individuals who have renounced British Revolution in 1688. By James Sceptical and Infidel Opinions, and emGRAHAME, esq.

braced Christianity. By ANDREW Crichton. The Rev. Archdeacon WRANGHAM's Anti- Birman Empire.–An Account of the quarian Trio; consisting of Views and De- Embassy to the Kingdom of Ava, in the scriptions of the Duke of Buckingham's' year 1795. By MICHAEL SYMEs, esq. MaHouse, Kirkby; Rudston Church and Obe- jor in his Majesty's 76th Regiment. -Narlisk; Effigy at Scarborough; to which will rative of the late Military and Political be added the Poet's Favourite Tree. Operations in the Burmese Territory.

Travels of the Russian Mission through Mongolia to China, and Residence in Pekin,

Roman Law. in the Years 1820-21. By GEORGE TIMKowski, with Corrections and Notes, byvered in Italy by the learned men of Ger

The Institutes of Gaius, recently discoM. J. Klaproth. A Winter's Journey through Lapland the Roman law, which at Rome the Profes

many, is precisely the elementary book of and Sweden. By Mr. ARTHUR CAPELL

sors (antecessores) used to put into the BROOK. Sir Thomas More ; a series of Colloquies Iustitutes of Gaius, that Justinian derived

hands of youth; and indeed it was from the on the Progress and Prospects of Society. the greater part of those which bear his By ROBERT SOUTHEY. The present State of the Island of Sar- derns, except by scattered fragments in the

name. They were little known to the modinia, with Plates

. By Captain William Digest, and' by what the Breviarium AlariHenry SMYTH, R. N.

cianum contained of them; when in the A New Edition of Fox's Book of Martyrs, illustrated by copious Notes and splen- palimpsest in the library of the Chapter of

year 1816, M. Niebuhr deciphered, from a did Illuminations. Edited by Dr. Dibdin. The manuscript Life of Mr. Fox, written

Verona, the early pages of the book, which by the late Malcolm Lang, esq. in the of Messrs. Goeschen, Bekker, and Holweg:

was ultimately entirely restored by the labours possession of Lord Holland; to be edited Immediately after the publication of this and enlarged by a distinguished literary and discovery, this new classic (which exhibited political Friend. No. III. of Robson's Picturesque Views prior to that of Justinian, and of which the

the elements of a legislation three centuries of all the Englislı Cities. The Union of Architecture, Sculpture, when that Emperor introduced into it a heap

various branches ceased to be in harmony and Painting, exemplified in a series of of innovations, some of which were inconillustrations of, and descriptive dissertations

sistent with its ancient principles,) was on, the House and Museum of J, Svane, adopted in teaching the Roman law. The esq. in Lincoln's-inn Fields. By J. BRITTON. difficulties of the text to the students

are, A Course of Lectures on the Evidences however, considerable. M. Boulet, a Pari. of Christianity, delivered by the Rev. W. Orme, Dr. Collyer, Rev. H. F. Burder, the work into French, with explanatory

sian advocate, has published a translation of Stratten, Walford, Dr. J. Pye Smith, Rev. A. Reed, Curwen, Philip, Dr. Winter, Rev.

notes, and conjectural fillings up of several J. Morrison, and the Rev. Joseph Fletcher.

little gaps which still exist in the original. The Birthday Present. By Mrs. Sher

VALUABLE ORIENTAL MANUSCRIPTS. The Elements of the History of Philo- The publication of three manuscripts of

great antiquity and undoubted authenticity

WOOD.

1827.]
Literuture and Science.

169 will very shortly take place, calculated to of granite, sienite, porphyry, serpentine, and Communicate the most useful light upon jasper marble, alabaster, &c. that is 'known the earliest epochs of history, as well of to exist. The size of each piece being that continental India, as of Ceylon, the princi- of a small octavo volume, is sufficient to pal site of the religiou of Budhoo, his birth show the effect en masse of each substance place and abode. These interesting docu- it contains a descriptive eatalogue of the ments are, ist. the Mahá-vansí, or the doc- collection hus been published at Rome. trine, race, and lineage of Budhoo : it stands at the head of the Budhist books of autho

SOFTENING CAST IRON. rity, and exhibits a detailed account of the A way has lately been discovered of renincarnation, birth, and actions of Budhoo dering cast iron soft and malleable ; it conGuatama, together with the history and sists in placing it in a pot surrounded by a particulars of the introduction and spread of soft red ore found in Cumberland and other his doctrine, his successors, the dates of the parts of England, whichi pot is placed in a principal events, and various data involving common oven, the doors of which being very important subjects of consideration for closed, aud but a slight draught of air perscientific Europe. The Rájá-valí, the se- mitted under the grate, a regular heat is ries of Kings ; and the Rájá-ratnácarí

, the kept up for one or tiro weeks, according to Jewel Mine or Ocean of Kings, are more

the thickness and weight of the castings. historical than the Mahá-vansí, and will The pots are then withdrawn and suffered certainly help to fix the date of eveuts 15 to cool, and by this operation the hardest or 16 centuries back.

cast inetal is rendered so soft and malleable The circumstauces under which the fore- that it may be welded together, or, when in going three manuscripts were acquired, are

a cool state, bent into almost any shape by such as to furnish the strongest evidence of

a hammer or vice, their authenticity; although the value of

POLAR EXPEDITION. these books have been long known to the Orientalist, yet hitherto they have been bu- It has been resolved by the Admiralty ried in the Véharis attached to Budhoo's that another Expedition to the North Pole temples, or hidden under the almost up

shall be undertaken ; and in consequence known characters in which they were writ

the Hecla has been undergoing repairs for ten; yet they are confessedly calculated to the last four months in the Dock-yard at bring before us sundry most essential dates, Deptford, preparatory to setting out a third which, collated with the Hindů histories, time, under the command of Captain Parry. may fix with a good degree of certainty the The vessel is to proceed to Cloven Cliff, in chronology of events, treated, for want of Spitzbergen, latitude 79. 50, about 600 such testimony, as mere fables.

miles from the North Pole, which place, it Sir A. Johnston, Chief Justice of Ceylon, is expected, she will reach about the comhas the credit of procuring these valuable mencement of June. Here the Hecla is to MSS. from the Buddhist priests ; and they remain, and be established as a sort of headare to be published by subscription.

quarters, to which recourse is to be had

when necessary, and parties are to be deSt. John's, WESTMINSTER.

tached to explore the surrounding coasts Simon Stephenson, esq. Vestry Clerk of and seas, while the main object of the Exthe united parishes of St. Margaret's and pedition, an approach to the North Pole, St. John's, Westminster, has presented to is attempted by Captain Parry's party. The the Parish Church of St. John, an excellent Captain is to depart with two vessels, which copy, by a young Oxford artist, of the beau- are so constructed as to be capable of being tiful Altar-piece, by Murillo, at Magdalen used either as boats, or sledges to run upon College, Oxford. The subject is our Saviour the ice, according to circumstances. Two bearing the Cross, and is better known to officers and ten men are to be appointed to the public by a good engraving by J. K. each, and for this number provisions for Sherwin.

three months are to be laid in each. Thus, VALUABLE Marbles.

should they be able to travel on an average

fourteen miles per day, and meet with no Dr. Buckland, the Reader in Mineralogy obstacles, they will be able to reach the and Geology at Oxford, has recently re-long-wished for Pole, and return to the ceived a letter from Rome, announcing that Hecla after the accomplishment of their obthe writer, Stephen Jarrett, esq. of Magda-ject. Capt. Franklin, last year, offered himlen College, has purchased a very valuable self to undertake a journey on the ice from collection of marbles, &c. in that city, for Spitzbergen to the Pole. The first who the purpose of presenting them to the Uni- set a bold example in this mode of travelversity of Oxford. This collection has been ling was Baron Wrangell. He had only formed by an Advocate of Rome, Signor sledges with which to accomplish his jourCorsi, during a residence there of many ney on the ice, and his only subsistence years, and consists of 1000 polished pieces, while travelling w

on which all exactly of the same size, of every variety he lived forty

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