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1827.]

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HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. Feb. 8. The two Houses met this day, had been made under the recommendation, pursuant to adjournment, and were chiefly which result he showed had been so sucoccupied with receiving Petitions respect- cessful in every relation, that it called forth ing the Catholic Question and Corn Bill, the thanks as well of the emigrants as of the numbers of which have been daily presented previous inhabitants of the country to which to the Parliament.

they had been transmitted. He adverted very fully to the state of Ireland, which, he

asserted, presented no possible chance of House of LORDS, Feb. 12. amelioration but through the removal of a The Earl of Liverpool, after postponing great part of her present unemployed popuhis motion on the Corn Question, moved lation.—Mr. James Gratian opposed the an Address of Condolence to his Majesty, motion, on the ground that the money reon the lamented death of the Duke of York, quisite to remove the number of emigrants and made a recapitulation of some of the necessary to produce any sensible alleviation more prominent public virtues of the illus- could be much more advantageously emtrious Prince, adverting slightly, but feel- ployed at home ; and moved, as an amendingly, to his many amiable private qualities. ment, “ That the state of distress which

exists in this country now, and has existed The same day, in the House of Com- for some time, calls for a remedy far differMONS, Mr. Peel moved an Address of Con- ent from any that can arise from the redolence similar to that agreed to in the

newal of the committee on emigration.". House of Lords. The Right Hon. Gent. Mr. Peel professed to hold an intermediate quoting the last words he had heard from belief between the sanguine expectation of the deceased Prince, asked to compare the some gentlemen and the despair of others. state of the Army disembarked the other He had no doubt that the removal of a part day at Lisben, with that of the troops which of the redundant population would be a very landed at Ostend in 1794. For the kind- happy change for themselves and for those liness of demeanor, urbanity, and unimpeach- from whose immediate neighbourhood they able impartiality, which the Duke of York should remove; but to render the measure had maintained towards all men in the ad- one of national benefit, it must be carried on ministration of his office, he appealed to the upon a great scale, and at a vast expense. many members around him who had them. The motion was carried without a division, selves had experience of his excellent qua

and a committee appointed. lities. In conclusion, he called upon the House to express its sympathy with the sor

House of LORDS, Feb. 16. rows of Him who had lost the companion of his infancy-the partner of his youthful

In consequence of his Majesty having sports and studies and the friend of his whole sent a Message to Parliament respecting an life ; and at the same time, to mark their additional provision for the Duke and estimation of him whom they had all lost- Duchess of Clarence, the Earl of Liverpool of him who bad toiled so long, so zealously, moved an address expressing the acquiescand so successfully in the public service, and

ence of the House. He stated that the in that long period had never broken a pro- proposed addition to his Royal Highness's mise-never resented a personal injury--and income was a jointure of 6,000l. per annum never deserted a friend. - Mr. Brougham

to the Duchess, with a grant of 3,0001. and Sir Robert Wilson bore ready testimony per annum to the Duke, which, with 3,0001. to the justice of all that had beeu said in per annum, to which he is entitled from the praise of the illustrious Prince; and the Ad-Duke of York's death, would form a total dress was unanimously agreed to.

increase of 12,000l. per annum upon the Duke's present income of about 26,0001.

a provision, he submitted, by no means too House of COMMONS, Feb. 15. liberal for the Prince next in probable sucMr. Wilmot Horton moved for a Com

cession to the Throne. –The Address was mittee to take into consideration the expe- unanimously agreed to. diency of adopting an extensive system of EMIGRATION, to relieve the redundant po

lu the House Of COMMONS, the above pulation of the United Kingdom. He be- grant to the Duke and Duchess of Clarence, gan with a brief history of the former Emi- on the motion of the Chancellor of the Exgration Committee, and proceeded to detail chequer, was carried by a majority of 167 the result of the limited experiment which

to 75.

[ 166 ]

[Feb.

FOREIGN NEWS.

FRANCE.

took half a glass of olive oil, and for a short 'The Paris papers have been occupied by time seemed easy, but fatal symptoms apdiscussions on a projected law to restrain, peared, and he died in eight hours and three or rather to crush, the liberty of the press. Will send a detailed account of the case to

quarters after the accident. Dr. Pihorel The measure is decidedly unpopular and impolitic. All the literati are arrayed against the Royal Academy of Medicine. it, and three distinguished leaders of the

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. French Academy, M. M. Michaud, Lacretelle, and Vileman, have been deprived of The arrangement with Spain, for the settheir readerships to the King, for support- tlement of the British claims, was finally ing, at the Academy, a proposition describ- agreed to in Paris, on the 4th Feb. It will ing the alarms of menaced literature. The be effected by an issue of debentures for the first is an editor of the Quotidienne.

sum of 3,000,000l. sterling, bearing inA petition from M. de Montlosier against terest at the rate of 5 per cent. per annum, the Jesuists, presented to the Chamber of payable half yearly in London. Peers, was met by a motion to proceed to Letters from Madrid of the 25th of Jan. the order of the day. This motion was de- give the details of a battle iu the province feated by a majority of one hundred and of Beira, between the insurgents under the thirteen to seventy-three, and the petition Marquis de Chaves and the constitutionalists was ordered to be referred to the branch of under the command of Count de Villa the ministry, to whose cognizance it be- Flor. The former consisted of 11,000 men, longed. This decision must be very disa- and the latter of about 7,000. Victory was greeable to the Court. The truth seems to warmly disputed during the whole day, but be that the French Chamber consider the the report of the landing of the English Jesuists too devoted to the Court of Rome troops, with the addition, that they had to render their influence very desirable. immediately marched for Beira, caused a

A singular difficulty agitates the new-made panic terror in the camp of the Marquis de nobility of France. When the armies of Chaves. The officers and commanders themNapoleon spread themselves over Europe, selves, except Count Canellas, were the he took the liberty of granting titles to his first to take to flight. The soldiers followed, Generals: some taken from the names of and a great number of them went over to fields of battle, some from the towns and the enemy. When they reached Almeida, provinces of which he had temporary posses- the fugitives were beginning to rally, when sion. The Austrian Court refuses to recog- almost the whole corps of Magessi, hearnize those titles which are taken from towns ing of the amnesty published by the Reor provinces of its own dominions ; acknow- gent, went in a body to give themselves up ledging, however, those which merely com

to the Count de Villa Flor. The remainder memorate victories, as Wagram, Essling, were terrified, and filed to the Spanish terand so forth.-The Dukes of Dalmatia, Ra- titory, where, in a tumultuous assembly gusa, Belluno, and some others are thus the Marquis de Chaves was deprived of the dis-titled by Austria, though their titles are chief command, which was given to Visconfirmed by the restored Government of count Montealegre, who was able to collect France.

but little more than 1,000 men, with whom A deplorable event happened on the 8th, he is said to have re-entered Portugal by at Rouen. Mr. Drake, an Englishman, 50 Tras-os-Montes. Another account states years of age, was on his way from London that the Marquis and Marchioness of Chaves, to Paris, with 3 rattle snakes and some General Jordao, and the Governor of Alyoung crocodiles. Notwithstanding the pre- meida, escaped with 800 men, and re-encautions he had taken to secure them against tered Spain. Eight hundred men of the the cold, the finest of the three serpents Spanish garrison of Ciudad Rodrigo marched was dead on his arrival. The two others, to meet them, in order to disarm them, but appearing very languid, were placed in their gave them time to re-pass the Douro, and cage near the stove. Mr. Drake thinking return into Portugal by the Province of that one of them seemed dead, was so im- Tras-os-Montes. Mr. Lamb, the English prudent as to take it and carry it to the Ambassador, complained of this conduct to window. Suddenly the creature revived, the Spanish Government, and in conseand bit him on the left hand in two places. quence General Longa, the Governor of He ran into the court-yard, and rubbed the Ciudad Rodrigo, and the Cominander of wounds with ice, and bound a cord round the detachment, have been suspended from the arm just above the wrist. Dr. Pihorel their functions, and all three brought before was immediately sent for, and at Drake's a Court Martial. desire cauterized the wounds in a manner By intelligence of more recent date than which made the spectators tremble. Drake the preceding, it appears that the rebels

1827.]
Foreign News.--Domestic Occurrences.

167 had rallied, and penetrated to within 12 or beaten and totally annihilated. The Gene16 miles of Oporto ; this unexpected move- ral unly saved his life by hiding himself, and ment, it seems, was made in consequence of returned to Samarang without a single folCount Villa Flor being employed, with his lower. The battle was fought between Solo forces, in covering Beira, but he having and Samaraug. When the account came inimediately moved down to cover the city, away, every exertion was making for the and re-inforce the garrison, all apprehen- removal of property. Palambang, on the sions had subsided as to the ultimate opera- coast of Sumatra, which caused the Dutch tions of the rebels.

80 much blood and treasure, is again in the The British army under the command of hands of the natives. Unfortunately, of the General Clinton, had marched from Lisbon two line of battle ships lately sent by the for Coimbra, which was to be their head- mother country with troops, one, the Wasquarters, and where they were to arrive by sæner, was totally wrecked, and the other so the 16th. It was considered that by the much injured as to be obliged to return. 10th inst, there would not be a British sol

SOUTH AMERICA. dier in Lisbon, except those in the depot, and in the hospitals. A Proclamation from The intelligence from Colombia is imthe War Department, issued in the name of portant. Bolivar entered Bogota, the cathe Infanta Princess Regent, on the 6th, pital, on the 14th November, and was announces the departure of our brave fel- received with enthusiasm. On his way from lows, and expresses the confident hope of Peru, he had pacified the departments of the Priucess that in every part of the interior the South, which had been the occasion where they may arrive, their “order and of delaying his progress.

The Chargés propriety" will " renew the same ties of fra- d'Affaires of Great Britain, Mexico, and ternity which, during the Peninsular war, the United States, were presented to him united the Portuguese and English army into on the 14th, on which occasion he begged one.” This Proclamation speaks also in Col. Campbell “ to make known to the high terms of the discipline and regularity British Government, the profound feelings of the British troops while they remained in of admiration he entertained for the great the capital.

Monarch, and the great people, who em

ployed the omnipotence of their arms in the BATAVIA.

promotion of freedom.”—It appears, that on About the 1st of October a battle took the 25th Bolivar left Bogota, for Venezuela, place between the Dutch forces, commanded the only department where dissension then by General Van Green (who is second in existed, aud where, there was every reason command, and next to General de Kock, to hope, his presence and influence would the Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in succeed in the perfect restoration of tranChief), and the insurgents, commanded by quillity. Djupo Nagoro, when the Dutch forces were

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.
IRELAND.

cannot therefore be opposed to such in

struction. The Association has already conThe annual meeting of the Irish Educa- ferred the most important benefits upon Lion Society took place in Kildare-Street, Ireland ; and, it is to be hoped, as the caDublin, on the 2d instant, the Earl of lumnies of its opponents have been in a Longford in the Chair. From the report, great measure silenced, will continue to difwhich is a most gratifying and interesting fuse, through that unfortunate country, the document, it appears that education in Ire- advantages of a religious and moral eduland is extending to a degree far beyond cation. what is generally imagined. When the 80ciety was formed, in 1811, there were in

LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. that country only 4,600 schools, with 200,000 scholars ;-in 1824 they had in

THE DUKE OF YORK. creased to '11,823 schools, and 560,000 The Provisional Committee for erecting scholars- an augmentation in 13 years, not a National Monument to the Duke of York, very far from three-fold. It seems that not met on the 9th inst. at the rooms of the only is education advancing, but also a de- Royal Union Association, when letters from sire for scriptural knowledge. Out of these numerous distinguished Noblemen, eager to 11,823 schools, the bible is read in no participate in the honor of promoting this fewer than 6,058, of which 4179 are con- national object, were read. It was deterducted by teachers (many of them Catho- mined that the work should be executed by lics) wholly unfettered, and dependant for British Artists, under the superintendence of support on the parents of their pupils, who «Committee appointed by the subscribers. “ Why,

168
Anecdotes of the Duke of York.

[Feb. It was resolved unanimously, that Lord Car- About the year 1810, his Royal Highness berry should be added to the Committee, was reviewing, in company with his present and that Lieutenant-General John Slade, Majesty, the troops of the eastern district, who had forwarded a subscription of 100%. on Lexden-heath, near Colchester, when should be requested to act with the other an old soldier, mounted on an old hack, distinguished individuals, whose services were was observed by his Majesty, who requested thus engaged. Arrangements were then to be informed who he was. · The Commade for a general invitation to the friends mander-in-Chief replied—“ Why, it is old of the undertaking to hold meetings iu va- Andrews, the oldest soldier in the service, rious places, particularly in Ireland, in aid of having served in the reigns of George the the subseription; and, with a view to render First, Second, and Third, and now on halfthe measure truly national, it was finally pay.' An Aide-de-Camp was immediately resolved, that it was best consulting the despatched for the veteran's attendance, and feelings of the public to make the subscrip- a long conversation ensued, of which the tion unlimited, and to receive the smallest following forms part :-" How old are you, amounts tendered.

Andrews, and how long have you been in On the 26th inst. a public meeting was the service ?" said the Duke. held at the Freemasons' Tavern, Great your Royal Highness, I am now ninety Queen-street (the Duke of Wellington in years old, and have been in the service about the Chair), to take into consideration the 70 years." But his Royal Highness, seeing hest means for promoting the above object. he was dressed in an old suit of regimentals, The meeting was numerously attended by asked how long he had them ? Why, military men of the highest rank, and a your Highness, about forty years ;" at which series of resolụtions were adopted for for his Royal Highness took up the skirt of his warding the necessary subscriptions. coat for the purpose of feeling its texture,

remarked that such cloth was not made nowThe following anecdotes of the lamented a-days.-" No," replied the old veteran, Duke of York we have considered worth “ nor such men either." The reply so selecting from the many that have recently pleased his Royal Highness and His Maappeared in the public papers :

jesty, that the old veteran was placed from The first, is an illustration of the reten- that day on full pay, making the remainder tiveness of his memory, as well as the good- of his days comfortable. He died at the ness of his heart. Some years ago, his advanced age of 97, and was buried in the Royal Highness being on a visit at the Earl church-yard of St. Mary's, Colchester. of Westmoreland's seat, at Apethorpe, a A short time after the death of the Duchess basket of figs was sent by a gentleman at of York, his Royal Highness arriving at the Oundle, who knew that the noble Earl had Palace, observed the house-keeper turn not any in his gardens. The messenger was away a miserable-looking woman, without a helper in the stables of the gentleman at giving her any thing. He inquired who shę Oundle, and had formerly been a dragoon The house-keeper answered that she in the army in France, commanded by the a beggar, a soldier's wife." “ What," Duke of York. On his near approach to rejoined his Royal Highness, “and what Apethorpe House, the Duke passed him in was your mistress but a soldier's wife?" his carriage ; bis Royal Highness imme- As a proof of the Duke's attention to the diately recognised him, stopped his carriage, offspring of old officers—there is an officer and said, “ I know you, my man. “ Yes," now quartered at Chatham, who laid before said the old soldier, " and I know your his Royal Highness the commissions of his Royal Highness: I was your orderly when I ancestors, signed by King Charles I. and II., was in the

regiment, fighting der King William III., Queen Anne, King you in France."

« Good fellow," added George I. and II., and one given to his the Duke, “ I remember you-call on me great-grandfather on the field at the battle to-morrow."

The last time his Royal of Aughrim, signed by General de Ginkell, Highness had seen him was a great many dated 1691. His Royal Highness immeyears before ; the man had been wounded in diately appointed him to an Ensigncy. several places, and when he had got home This officer joined his regiment in Spain, was discharged on a pension. The veteran, and was severely wounded at the battles of faithful to his appointment, called on the the Pyrenees, and Toulouse. Duke next day at Apethorpe, and was at A young and promising officer, named first refused by the footnien, who were as- Drew, a native of the county of Clare, who tonished at his demand of seeing the Royal had served during a great part of the Peninvisitor ; but he knew too well the value of sular campaign, had the misfortune to lose obedience to orders, and at length succeeded his left arm in the memorable battle of Sain his object. The Commander-in-Chief lamanca ; for which he was invalided, with received him with kindness as an old com- the half-pay of Lieutenant, and compensapanion in arms, gave him three guineas, tion for the loss of the limb. Mr. D. was and by his condescending manner delighted dot one of those who love “ inglorious poor Woodcock; who is still living in Oundle.

was.
W&S

1827.]
Anecdotes of the Duke of York.

169 ease;" but, soon after his return to Eng- Blake-street, waited on the Colonel to relaod, he made several ineffectual applica- quest that they might be allowed to attend tions to be placed once more on active ser- chapel on the Sunday forenoon. This invice. Chance unexpectedly brought him terfered with some arrangements of the under the notice of the Duke of York, and regiment, and leave was politely refused; eventually led to the accomplishment of his but the Colonel said they should attend in bopes. In his early life, Mr. Drew was re- the afternoon. As, however, by attending markable for his skill in horsemanship, and only on that part of the day, the most imthat now constituted his chief amusement. portant part of the service of the Roman Riding through the park one morning, he church, high mass, could not be heard, perceived the Commander-in-Chief coming Mr. Rayment wrote to the Commander-intowards him in the ride ; though mounted Chief, and the next Sunday every man was on a mettlesome and rather uomanageable at chapel. animal, Mr. Drew placed the reins in his Among the many other institutions of mouth, took off his hat, and gracefully sa- public charity which his princely munificence luted his Royal Highness, who was so struck patronised, in 1768 bis Royal Highness benot only with the fine appearance of the came, by the usual qualification, a Governor “young veteran," but with the singularly of the Smallpox Hospital at Pancras; and elegant mapner in which the action was per- afterwards, upon the death of the late Duke formed, that he directed one of the officers of Leeds in 1799, acceeded to the solicitato inquire the gentleman's name, &c. The tion of that Society, by becoming the Presicard of Lieut. Drew, half-pay, was returned, dent. He almost invariably took the Chair and, by the Duke's desire, the young soldier at the annual Festival, and presented at each was commanded to attend the next Military of them, during seventeen successive years, Levee at the Horse Guards. After a formal his generous benefaction of 100 guineas. introduction, the Royal Duke entered fami- Whenever he presided at the General Courts, liarly into conversation with Mr. D., as to he never failed to close the details of those the nature and length of his service, and meetings by visiting the wards, where the finally inquired whether he was satisfied with writer of this clause has had the grateful his then situation. Mr. Drew admitted that satisfaction of witnessing at the bed-side the remuneration was more than equal to his the tenderness aod humanity of his disposideserts, but at the same time modestly hinted, tion. that he had yet an arm which could wield a His Royal Highness's skill as a sportssword in defence of his King and country, man is well known. In the season of 1823-4 and that, if his appointment to active ser- he was in vigorous health, and extremely vice was compatible with military etiquette, fortunute in all his shooting parties; partihe would consider himself peculiarly fa- cularly on Saturday, the 24th of January, voured. The Commander-in-Chief made po 1824, at the seat of the Earl of Verulam, comment on this address at the moment, in Hertfordshire, when his Royal Highness but the appointment of Mr. Drew to a com- killed 98 pheasants, besides other game. pany in the 84th Foot appeared in the next The Duke continued the pursuit of his sport Gazette.

till dark, as was his "Royal Highness's The following circumstance was related custom, and afterwards dined with the Earl by Mr. Lawless at a meeting of the Roman and Countess, stopped to an evening party, Catholic Association in Dublin, Mr. M‘Der- and left between one and two o'clock for mott, a Roman Catholic of respectability, London, where he arrived on Sunday mornand who had been formerly in the army, had ing about four o'clock, and attended divine two sons who were very well educated. He service at the Chapel Royal, at twelve wrote a letter to his Royal Highness, stat- o'clock. ing, that owing to adverse circumstances he The appointment of the Duke of Welhad been reduced considerably in his fortune, LINGTON as Commander-in-Chief, was acand that his two sons were extremely anxious companied by the following General Order, to get into the army. He referred the which does the highest honour to the head Noble Duke to respectable authorities, for and heart of the illustrious personage by a verification of his statement. He receiv. whom it has been issued :ed, by return of post, a letter from the

Horse Guards, Tuesday Night, Duke's Secretary, stating that an inquiry

Jan. 23, 1827. should be made into the circumstances of “ The last duties having been paid to the the case. The inquiry was immediately in- remains of his Royal Highness the DUKE OF stituted - the facts were found to be as YORK, the late Commander-in-Chief, the stated, and the two young gentlemen were King deems it right to convey to the Army forthwith appointed to Commissions. an expression of the melancholy satisfaction

When the 13th Regiment was quartered which His Majesty derives from the deep in York, the greater part of the men were feeling of grief manifested by every class of Roman Catholics ;, and Mr. Rayment, the the Military Profession, in common with priest who officiates at the chapel in Little his people at large, under the great calamity GENT. Mag. February, 1827.

with which it has pleased the Almighty to

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