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176 OBITUARY.-Lieut.- Col. Rudd.Dr. Robertson. [Feb. colonelcy of the 66th regiment, which he and superintendant of the Radcliffe Ote joined in Ceylon; he there afterwards servatory. held several important commands. In Dr. Robertson was born at Dunse, in the brevet of the 4th of June, 1813, he the county of Berwick, Nov. 4, 1751. was appointed Major-general, and to the Early in life he had a school at Great staff of Ceylon. At the conquest of the Ryle, in Nortbumberland, and afterwards Candian territory, he directed the move- in his native place. This, however, did not ment of the third division on the nor- continue long; for, when he was twentythern side, and was engaged in the blood- three or twenty-four years of age, he less, but fatiguing service of tbat cam- came up to London in hopes of obtaining paign. He was promoted to the rank of a situation in the East Indies. The Lieut.-general in 1823.
friend on whose patronage he depended,
died before any provision could be made. LT.-Col. John Rudd, C. B.
for him, and he was left to find some Jan. 17. At Ayr, North Britain, after other means of support. Confidence in many years suffering from the effects of bis own powers persuaded him to try his severe wounds in the head received at fortune in the University of Oxford, and the storming of Fort Picurina, Lieut.- the event was equally bonourable to colonel John Rudd, C. B. late of the 77th himself and to the place wbich he had regiment.
selected. He went there without any This officer went to the East Indies as personal friend to assist or even intrua volunteer in the 75th regiment, com- duce binn; and be rose to the highest manded by General Sir Robert Abercrom- stations which were open to bis particuby, in 1788. He was present at the bat- lar line of studies. tle of Travengarry, in the Rajah of Tra- His knowledge of Mathematics led vencure's country, in 1790. He served him to Dr. Smith, the Savilian Professor with the army besure Seringapatam in of Geometry; he was afterwards patron. the East Indies, under Lord Cornwallis, ised by Mr. Alexander, now Chief Baron in 1791 and 1792 ; and for his services, of the Exchequer, who was then a genSir Robert Abercromby, the Commander- dleman-commoner of Christ-church, and in-chief of the Bombay army, recom- who, with the assistance of Dr. Berkeley, mended him for an Ensigncy, wbicb he procured him adinission, in 1775, into obtained Ilib April, 1792, in the 77th that Society. The way was now open to regiment. Having been appointed Lieu- bim ; and his talents, industry, and good teuant October 25, 1794, be was present conduct, 'secured his future advanceat the siege and capture of the fortress ment. uf Cochin in the East ludies, October He became Bachelor of Arts in June, 20th, 1795; and served at the siege and 1782, and took orders at the following capture of Columho, in the Island of Christmas, wben Dr. Bagot, who had Ctylon, February 16, 1796.
recently succeeded Dr. Markham in the He was promoted to the rank of Cap- Deanry, made him one of the Chaplains tain June 25, 1803 ; Major, January 25, of Christ.churcb. In 1782, be gained 1810 ; and Lieut.-colonel, April 27, 1812. tbe Chancellor's prize for an English He served in Spain, and was present in essay “ on Original Composition," and the engagement at El Boden, under Lord in the following December be proceeded Wellington, September 25, 1811. The to the degree of Master of Arts. troops engaged in tbat affair, ini wbich Dr. Smith was established as a phythe 771b regiment bore a most con- sician at Cheltenham, and was in the spicuous part, received the unqualified habit of engaging sume able Matbemapraise of his Lordship in general orders. tician from among the resident Masters He was engaged at the siege of Cuidad at Oxford to read lectures as his substiRodrigo, March 25, 1812, and was severe- tute. This office bad been beld by Dr. ly wounded when storming La Picurina Austin, of Wadbam College ; and wben Fort, under Major.-general Kempt, un be left the University for London, about the night of the same day. On this oc. 1784, Mr. Robertson was bxed upon to casion he obtained the brevet of Lieut... discharge those duties, which he concolonel. He afterwards served wiib the tinued to do for the remainder of Dr. 771h in France before Bayonne, and re. Smith's lise. His manner of lecturing mained there until that regiment was was deliberate and perspicuous; and he ordered home.
was always ready to assist and encourage Lieut-colonel Rudd bas left a widow the students who attended him ; be freand eight children.
quently lent them bis papers to examine
at tbeir leisure ; and, as be fonnd that ABRAM ROBERTSON, D. D.
the 5th definition of the Fifth Book of Dec. 4. At the Radcliffe Observatory, Euclid was often the occasion of much Oxford, aged 75, Abram Robertson, D.D. difficulty to beginners, he printed exF.R.S. Savilian Professor of Astronomy, pressly for their use, a demonstration of
177 tbis fundamental property of propor. placing London Bridge by a single iron tional quantities.
arch, the Committee of the House of In 1789, Mr. Robertson was presented Commons sent a list of questions on the by the Dean and Canons of Christ subject, to tbe most distinguished men church to the Vicarage of Ravensthorpe of science in the country. Mr. Robertnear Nortbampion, and soon after mar. son was included in the number, and his ried Miss Bacon of Drayton, in Berk-, answers will be found annexed to be shire. His principal residence, however, Report, which was printed in 1801. still continued to be at Oxford or in its in 1803, the lace Earl of Liverpool neighbourbood. This was necessary for published his work on the “ Coins of his scientific and literary pursui's. The the Realm." Mr. Robertson bad been University baving undertaken to publi
hengiged by his Lordship to make the the works of Archimedes, which Torelli necessary calculations fur bim, and the had prepared for ibe press, the care of “ Appendix, containing an account of superintending it was entrusted i Mr. tbe relative value of gold and silver Robertson. This was completed in 1792, among the Persians, Grecians, and Ro. and in the same year he brought out bis mans, was drawn up by Mr. R. large work, entitled “Sectionum Coni- In the Philosophical Transactions for caruin Libri VII," &c, which he dedicat- 1806, there is a republication and exed to his firm and active friend and tension of his demonstration of the Bipatron, Dr. Cyril Jackson, who, in 1783, nonial Theorem ; and in those for 1807, had become Dean of Christ Church. It there is a paper of his on the Procession was likewise in 1792, that Archdeacon of the Equinox. Some severe strictures Nares and his friends, baving undertaken on these induced him, in 1808, to pubto counteract the pernicious tendency of lish “A reply to a Monthly and Critisome of the old Reviews, commenced cal Reviewer." This pamphlet was the publication of the British Critic, on printed during his absence in London, orthodox and loyal principles ; and Mr. where he was engaged in 1807, in makRobertson shewed his attachment to the ing the calculations for Lord Grenville's cause of social order, by contributing to system of finance; and in 1808, in The earlier volumes several articles of drawing up the tables for Mr. Percival's criticism in his own department.
plan of increasing the Sinking Fund, by In 1795, he was elected Fellow of the granting Lise Annuities on Government Royal Society, and his Demonstration of security. the Binomia! Theorem was published In 1807, he took the degree of D. D. ; in the Pbilosophical Transactions sur anil in 1810, he succeeded Dr. Hornsby that year.
in the care of the Radcliffe Observatory, In 1797, he succeeded, on Dr. Smith's the electors of Sir Henry Savile's Prodeath, to the Savilian Prosessorship of fessors having permitted him to exGeometry; and the next year he engaged change the chair of Geometry (which he in a work wbich occupied a considerable had occupied so much to the credit and time. Dr. Hornsby having seen the first advantage of the University,) for that of volume of Bradley's Astronomical Obser- Astronomy. When be undertook this vations througb the press, was obliged charg“, it was proposed that the observaby ill bealih to relinquish ibe underiali- tions should be published every year, but ing, and the labour of superintending the expence was considered to be so far the publication of the second volume beyond the probable advantage of such fell 011 Mr. Robertson. This he com - a measure, that it was afterwards abai)pleted in 1805, but without neglecting doned. The Radcliffe trustees, howbis public lec!ure, or bis other pursuits. ever, were anxious that the observations
In his treatise of Conie Sections, be siiould be made accessible to those men had endeavoured to collect together all of science who might wish to consult that had been writtell on the subject, thiew; they therefore directed that one and he had subjoined to it a most valu- manuscript copy should be annually able historical notice of the progress of deposited in the Radcliffe library at Oxthis branch of science: but the book, ford, and that a second should be prewith all its merirs, was too large, and sented to che Royal Socieiy. This bas written in too diffuse a manner for the been regularly excruindl, and evince the ordinary student. He, therefore, in attention with which the duties of the 1802, published a shorter treause ; and Observer's office have been performed. this be further abridged in 1818, (when There are two papers of Dr. Roberthe published his “ Elements of Conic son's in the Philosophical Transactions Sections,") a second edition of which fur 1816 ; the one on calculating the came out in 1825.
excentric anomaly of planets ; the other A plan having been suggesed for re- on Dr. Maskelyne's formulæ for finding GENT. Mag. February, 1897. .
(Feb. the longitude and latitude of a celestial fined to his native place; but, as he body from its right ascension and decli. found his end approaching, he bad emnation.
ployed himself in destroying bis papers, Baron Von Zach printed an account of so that it was only from a letter which some papers of Harriot, which was after had been accidentally overlooked, that wards inserted in Dr. Hurton's Diction- his benevolence in tbis particular inary, (art. Harriot,) with assurance of siance was accidentally discovered. their having been presented to the University of Oxford, and of their being SEPTIMUS Collinson, D. D. “in a fair way to be published.” Now, Jan. 24. At bis dge, aged 87, the the papers had been examined, and hav- Rev. Septimus Collinson, D. D. Provost ing been found wholly unfit for publica. of Queen's College, Oxford, Margaret tion, had been returned to Lord Egre. Professor of Divinity, Prebendary of mont, in whose possession they had been Worcester, and Rector of Dowlish Wake discovered by Zach. Notwithstanding and Dowlish West in Somersetshire. this, Dr. Hutton, after the lapse of many Dr. Collinson was educated at Queen's years, reprinted the original statement, College. He took the degree of M.A. in the second edition of his Dictionary, in 1767, was presented to his rectories which came out in 1815. This occasion- in 1778 by J. Hanning, esq., proceeded ed many invidious and unjust remarks; B. D. in 1792, and D. D. in the following Dr. Robertson, therefore, drew up a full year. He was for some years one of the and exact account of the whole, and he City Lecturers, and resigned in 1795. took the opportunity of correcting, at He succeeded Dr. Fothergill as Provost the same time, a gross mistatement of of Queen's in 1796, and was elected Dr. Thomsou's, with respect to Bradley's Margaret Professor of Divinity, in the Observations. These remarks were pubo plare of Dr. Neve of Merton College, lished in tbe sixth volume of Dr. Brews- in 1798. ter's Edinburgh Pbilosopbical Journal. The duties of bis Provostship, to
Dr. Robertson was of a moderate sia- which situation Dr. Collinsun was unaniture and spare make ; he was placid in mously elected, and which he enjoyed bis disposition, andextremely temperate; for a longer period than any former Probis constitution, though not strong, seem- vost, were discharged by bim wiih great ed to have a tenaciousness of lie, which ability, diligence, and discretion. In bis would probably have protracted his ex- office of Professor he laboured with un. istence, if it had not been counteracted exampled eficiency and zeal. Toe Lec. by local disease. The sufferings which tures on the Thirty-nine Articles of the this produced were severe; bui he bore Church of England, which he delivered them with the greatest forticude : bis in bat capacity, evinced deep research, mind retained its clearness to the last, sound judgment, correct and enlarged but his bodily powers gradually gave way, views of religion, and great moderation. and the beginning of his 76th year was He was justly esteemed by the Universithe painful end of his existence upon ty, aš baving rendered a most important earth. He was buried, by his own direc. service by those Lectures. So great was tion, in the churib-yard of S. Peter's in his auxiety to be useful in that departthe East, in the saine vault with his wife, ment, that he delivered a course of Lecwhom he had lost a few years after he tures at the age of eighty. He frequently became Professor of Geometry, and by preached before the University, even whom he bad no family,
when he had arrived at a very advanced Dr. Robertson's manners were marked
age. The sermons which he delivered by great simplicity. Though his habils, before that audience, exbibited decisive from the circumstances of his early lile, proofs of a vigorous and acute mind, were economical, they were not penuri- babiluared to calm and patient inquiry,
He was indulgent to those about and to close and accurate reasoning. His him; generous and charitable, whenever delivery was peculiarly impressive, and there was any reasonable call on him, he never failed to produce a very powerful was always ready to recede from bis due ; effect on the minds of his numerous Jarge sums, which he had destined for hearers. relations after bis death, be gave up to His character was marked by very them during his life, when he thought bigh independence. To all public instithey could be more servicable to them ; tutions of acknowledged utility be was and in addition to what he gave away in a liberal benefactor. In social interhis immediate neighbourhoud, be used course he exbibited a disposition singu. to send money to the clergyman of larly benevolent. No uncharitable nor Dunse, to be distributed by him among unkind expression fell from his lips. He those who wanted it. It is probable tbat possessed remarkable equanimity; and his charities of this kind were uot con- retained, even to the conclusion of life,
1927.) OBITUARY.-John Dent, Esq.-W. Fletcher, Esq. 179 unabated cheerfulness and unimpaired resplendent and beautiful MS. Roman energy of mind. Though bis frame was Breviary, possessed by Mr. Dent, and weak and delicate, yet he enjoyed almost given a specimen of the illuminations. It uninterrupted healih, the reward of the contains 523 leaves, every page more or regular habits to which he had adhered less ornamented; so that, collectively, it from his earliest years. After a very is bardly to be matched by any other short illness, he closed a long and useful Missal. Dr. Dibdin also describes Mr. life, which had been uniformly distin- Dent's beautiful and interesting MS. of guished by unaffected piety.
the Greek Gospels, written about the
year 1200, and gives specimens of the John Dent, Esq.
illuminations. Mr. Dent, among numer. Nov. 14. In Hertford-street, May- ous other rarities, possessed a fine copy fair, Job Dent, esq. F.A.S. lace M. P. of the Junta Vitruvius upon vellum. for Poole, and formerly for Lancaster. Mr. Dent's library, we understand, is to
The father of Mr. Dent is stated to come under the hammer of Mr. Evans. have been the master of the school of a small town in Cumberland. Accident
Wm. FLETCHER, Esq. and superior penmanship introduced the Dec. 27. At bis house, Clarendon. son to Mr. Child the banker, who en- street, Oxford, in bis 87th year, William gaged him as clerk, from wbich situa- Fletcher, ese senior partner in the Oxtion be rose, accordiog to the custom of ford Old Bank, a gentleinan distinguishthat eminent house, to reap, as a partner,
ed in all the relations of life, by the a large share of the profits of the busi- strictest integrity, the soundest judge
ment, and the most uniform benevoMr. Dent was first elected to the lence. The good opinion of his fellow House of Commons in 1790, as represen
citizens bad conferred upon bim the tative of the Borough of Lancaster, for Alderman's gown in 1798, and had which he sat during five successive placed bim three times in the civic chair, parliaments, till the dissolution in 1812. in 1722, 1796, and 1809.* In the disHe was first chosen for Poole in 1818, cbarge of all these duties, he was at once and represented that borough in two firm and courieous, combining upon parliaments, till the dissolution in 1826. tbese, as upon all other occasions, ihe As a member of the legislature, Mr. most pacific disposition with the most Dent was active and useful, and he fre- conscientious adberence to bis own prin. quently took occasion to deliver bis sen. ciples and opinions ; and it is to be retiments, particularly on financial sub- membered, that he had to act in times jects. He usually supported the mea- of great political agitation, and when it sures of Mr. Pitt and his succossors in was important that a magistrate should office, and was generally known as the be forward to avow, as well as faithful to author of the Tax upon Dogs.
maintain, the principles of the constituMr. Dent, at a vast expence, accide tion, mulated a very fine library, particularly
Mr. Fietcher was always among the rich in classics and large-paper copies first to come forward in support of those of County Histories. Dr. Dibdins, in public measures, which he deemed conhis Decameron, has described a most ducive to the good of his country, and to
* Another correspondent has furnished us with the following more particular data, with respect to the Alderman's early life and civic honours :-He was the son of Mr. James Fletcher, an eminent bookseller, living little short of a century past in the Turl of Oxford, and the eldest of the four venerable Oxford bibliopolisis, whose ages in 1794 are recorded (by Daniel Prince, who stands third of them) in our volume for that year, p. 499. He was apprenticed to Mr. William Wickham, a draper, and also a inagistrate of Oxford, residing opposite University college. With bim he afterward joined in parinership, and ultimately succeeded to the whole business. After some years had elapsed, he became partner with Mr. Alderman Parsons, who was also a draper, and in conjunction with him established the Old Bank, in which be continued a partner till his death. On the 14th of June, 1765, Mr. Fletcher was admitted to bis freedom of the City of Oxford, and so soon after as September 30, 1766, he was elected a Common Councilman. He was chosen to the office of Chamberlain July 31, 1769, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Mr. Townsend Pitman. He served the oflice of Bailiff with Mr. Nicholas Halse in tbe year 1773, and upon the death of Mr. Samuel Culley, he was elected April 2, 1781, one of the eight Assistants of the City. He filled ibe civic chair in the year 1782, and again in 1796, and upon the resignation of Alderman Sir John Treacher, in 1798, bis fellow citizens conferred the vacant gown upon him. In 1809 he was chosen for the third time, Chief Magistrate of his native city.
180 OBITUARY.-W. Fletcher, Esq.-G. H. Wheler, Esq. [Feb the stability of its constitution in church for which, from early recollections, he and state.
always felt a strong attachment. It bad But tbat which formed the peculiar happened that in bis infancy he had feature in the character of tbis upright been nursed in that village, where he and amiable member of society, was his also passed the first year of his childhood, benevolence, or rather, the considerate and hence arose ibat kindness, and those nature of his benevolence; to be charit- multiplied proofs of it, which that place ably disposed is one thing, to study how and its inhabitants ever experienced to be charitable in the most serviceable from bim. For, besides the gifts of the way anuther : and it was the character windows, he new pewed and paved, and istic of Mr. Fletcher's charity, to be dili- otherwise improved the church; he also gent in finding out what he considered built a substantial stone house for the to be the best ways and means of ad. parish clerk, with a school-room adjoinministering to the wants, comforts, and ing; every year of his life be used to bappiness of his fellow-creatures. This bescow alms in a variety of ways upon babit of pondering upon sorrow in its young and old, and be bas bequeat bed less obvious distresses, and upon poverty by will several legacies and benefactions in all the little details of its wants, led to individuals, or for permanent purposes, him to unfrequenred paths of kindness, at that place. This force of local alcachand to modes of charitable donation, ment and early associations still further wbicb a less studious almoner would shewed itself in bis desire to be buried never bave thought of, and one less there, and in the grave which he bad strenuous would not have been disposed long before prepared for himself in the to undertake and pursue.
parish church. But amidst the studies of his benevo- As a man of business, Mr. Fletcher lence, and the avocations of his business was clear, exact, and punctual. To all and his duties, Mr. Fletcher found op- within the circle of bis acquaintance, portunities to pursue, and with consider- friendship, or connection, be was candid, able success, some antiquarian enquiries sincere, and kindly affectioned. Mr. respecting the counties of Oxford and Fletcher never having been married, he Berks, having made some interesting made his nearest and dearest relatives collections for the illustration of the the objects of bis paternal regard. But topography of those counties. It may that wbich completed the character of be important to add, tbat they are now this cbristian philanthropist, was his in the possession his nephew, Tho- humility. Wealth, office, high reputamas Robinson, esq. of the Oxford Oid tion, and universal esteem, were not for Bank.
a moment able to change the lowliness The same love of antiquity led him of his heart ; and so precious in his eyes into a line of enquiry, which, when he was the garb of humility, that he, who entered upon it, was less pursued than it had always worn it so gracefully through is at present; be made large collections life, wisbed ro indicate even alier deaih of ancient stained, or painted glass, upon how much he prized it, by leaving it as a variety of subjects in sacred and pro- bis request, that his remains from the fane history, heraldry, and portraiture; hearse to the grave, might be borne on and he was as munificent in giving, as the bier, and be covered with the pall of he was diligent in collecting and preserve the parisb. ing, wbac had escaped the ravages of time and the fury of fanaticism. Out G. H. WIELER, Esq. F.S. A. of these collections, be formed (hy a Feb. 3. At Gordon's Hotel, in Albesymmetrical arrangement of the several marle streel, aged 50, Granville Hastpieces) some large and splendid windows, ings Wheler, esq. F. S. A. of Ocrerdentwo of which he presented to the Uni- place in Kent, and of Leuston-lodge in versity of Oxford, and placed in the Yorksbire. He was descended from the tower of the Picture Gallery ; to which, Rev. Sir George Wheler, the traveller, he also contributed original portraits of (of whom an account is given in vul. Mary, Queen of Scots, and Lord Bur- LXXXVI, ii, 426,) and was related to Sir leigh; other windows he gave to the Charles Wheler, bart. Curators of the Bodleian; one, entirely By the marriage of his grandsather, composed of the Oseney Abbey glass, to the Rev. Granville Wheler,* only survivthe Dean anu Chapter of Christ Church: ing son of the above-mentioned Sir for which acts of munificence, be re- George, with the Laily Catherine Maria ceived the charks of those learned Hastings, sixth daughter of Theophilus, bodies.
seventh Earl of Huntingdon, be was He also presented a suite of windows of painted glass to the church of Yarn- Author of various papers in the ton, a village in the vicinity of Oxford, Philosophical Transactions.