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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

MARCH, 1827.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

NEW HORSE ARMOURY AT THE TOWER.

Mr. URBAN,

March 1. Henry III. Edw. II. and Richard III. S you deemed my former Leiter being represented on the three remainmy proceedings at the Tower, of that ocular demonstration of the propriety public interest, as to insert it in your of what I had done. My motive does valuable Miscellany, I am induced to not appear, however, to have been trouble you with this, which gives no- clearly understood, as no order has tice of their termination. Had the been given to prepare them. Otherorder from the Honourable Board of wise, when the blinds. (as in summer) Ordnance to their inferior agents at were all pulled down, the room would the Tower, to render me every assist- have contained a complete series of ance, been without exception cordially military costume, from the time of the coinplied with, this period would have Conquest to that of James II. incluarrived long ago ; but the obstacles sive. Another object has been to give which the Clerk of the Works and his the suits of armour the appearance of partisans have, through a petty jealousy, having within them living figures, incontrived to throw in my way, and of stead of the disgusting spectacle, you which I have been obliged to com- may remember, of dislocated limbs, plain to the Board, delayed the time disjointed as if by the utmost exertion until it has excited just complaints on of the torture.

A third, and no easy the part of the public.

matter, especially with those on horseI hope, by means of your Magazine, back, so to vary the attitudes, that to put on record that I have had no- there should not be two alike, in lieu thing to do with what is called the of one position, as previously, for the Spanish Armoury, which still conti- whole. nues the cradle of falsehood, nor with These three things I have effected. the contemptible puppet - show of Another likewise, attended with great Queen Elizabeth, which I should difficulty, from the repetition, was to conceive would disgrace even Bartho- dispose of the detached pieces on the lomew Fair. Nor have I had any walls with as much taste as in my thing to do with the new building for power. Whether I have been successthe Horse Armoury, erected without ful here, the public must judge ; but any knowledge of how effect is pro- in the hopes of rendering a service to duced, with the exception of substic the country, I have given above thirty tuting some of Mr. Willement's paintwhole days of my time to this pured glass for the childish and tasteless pose, working on each of them as ornaments of two out of four semi- hard as any of the artificers. I must circular windows.

beg them also to understand, that I You may remember that the row of have had only common carpenters to Kings, as it was called, bid defiance form what was wanted of the human to truth. One of my objects was, figure, and common house painters to therefore, to restore the suits of arm- execute the heraldry; and that I was our to their real dates. Having ousted charged to bear in mind, that on all William the Conqueror, Richard I. occasions the strictest economy was to Edw. III. John of Gaunt, and Henry be attended to. What my intentions V. I recommended to the Board that might have been, had these matters the true costume of those times should been otherwise, is what I call on the be painted on five of the canvas blinds, public in justice to consider, rather

196
Horst Armoury at the Tower.

(March, than what they are; nor do I suppose as Earl of Chester ; and that attributed they could expect that I should make to Hugh Lupus; for the steel emgood the deficiencies in the actual bossed target of the time of Henry armour, occasioned by the lawless vill. and the ditto casque of a demiproceedings of the civil wars.

lancer of the reign of Elizabeth, both Because Edward I, in his last. cam. falsely called Roman; and a couple of paign in Wales, had interspersed his two-handed swords; and to the Earl archers and cavalry, it was supposed Marshal, for the sword and dagger of by those who arranged the armoury on

James IV. of Scotland. These conthe Restoration of Charles II. that gregated in one of the glass cases, these archers were dismounted ; quite would have been highly valuable illuscontrary to the fact; and therefore trations of the military history of Engthey asserted that the ancient mode of land, and as each would have written drawing up armies was by placing the over it by whom it was sent, while a cavalry and infantry alternately, and receipt would have been given, acthey endearoured to represent this idea, knowledging the right of possession to using, forsooth, heavy cavalry suits of be in the party sending it, I was in the iime of Charles I. for their in- hopes this would have been effected. fantry: This absurdity I have entirely The things would not only be more abolished, and at the same time re- useful in such a place, but in far belmoved the lateral props for holding ter custody; as to instance solely the the horses, which now appear to stand jupon of the Black Prince; exposure to without any support, except their own the air has destroyed the original colegs.

lours, and a very eminent artist, now The row of equestrian figures is dis- no more, showed me a large piece he. posed strictly according to the conse- had cut off from it. Those in the cutive dates of the armour, as painted churches are not safe then in their above, but of the names of contempo- present position, with the exception of rary owners, assigned to them for the ihe jupon, as it has been removed; and sake of uniformiiy, I cannot, if called as no rights would have been sacriupon, produce the proofs of the ideo: ficed by my proposal, I cannot help tity of more than eight or ten. Should regretting that it has not been carried the Board of Ordnance at any time into effect, though I have written think of printing a catalogue raisonnée, three long letters on the subject. these particulars might be fully stated; I beg that I may not in these obserin the mean time, I shall recommend vations be supposed to cast any reflecthat those known should be marked tion on the Board of Ordnance; for it in the present sale catalogues with an would be most unworthy in me, were asterisk.

I not distinctly to avow that the conI have, notwithstanding all the ef- duct I have experienced from them has forts of the Clerk of the Works to pre- been in every respect attentive and obvent it, introduced four glass cases to liging. hold a succession of hand fire-arms, As a tribute most justly due to the and the more curious detached speci- Master General of the Ordnance, unmens. As I had dispossessed Edw. III. der whose auspices the improvement, and Henry V. froin being falsely re- as I trust I may call it, has been es. presented, 'I suggested the propriety of fected, I have taken care that the exapplying to the Archbishop, and dig- hibition should commence and terminitaries of Canterbury for the jupon, nate with the spoils of Waterloo. tournament-helmet, knight's cap and Announcing, therefore, that I excrest, shield and gauntlets of Edward pect this national collection of armour the Black Prince; to the Dean and io be open to the public next month, Chapter of Westminster, for the tour. . I subscribe myself, Yours, &c. nament-helmet, shield and saddle of

Sam. R. MEYRICK. Henry V.; to the trustees of the British Museum * for the sword of Edward V.

Mr. URBAN,

March 20.

'HE following extracts office at my suggestion, but the Trustees

letter found that the presents having been made dian Seas, dated Trincomalee, Oct. 18, by the Sloane family, a subsequent Act of 1826, inay be interessing to your realla Parliament prevented their removal.

W. R,

ers.

197

1827.] Letter of a Midshipman in the Indian Seas.

We left Madras on the 20th May, great height, entirely solid, and gilded and after running across the Bay of from the bottom to the top ; the base Bengal, reached Rangoon on the 28th, is a large square of steps, upon which and sailed up the river as long as one is a large dome. This will give you tide would carry us, and anchored just an idea of it, as I did not remain in sight of the golden Pagoda. We long enough to make a drawing or any sent our despatches that night to his remarks; but I believe the steps are Majesty's ship Champion, then lying the places where the Burmese perform before the town, where she has been their worship at sun-rise and sun-set. ever since, and is now, with her They fought hard for this spot, and people, half eaten up by musquitoes. repulsed our soldiers several times ; Having heard that we should not re- but having, gained the mount on main here longer than 24 hours, I de- one side, they drove the Burmese termined, if possible, to have a peep at down the other, the steepest, and great the town, for which purpose I joined was the havoc amongst them. j'his a party of the gun-room officers. We pagoda is surrounded by a sort of low started the next morning, with the ornamental wall, with niches for their tide, and on our arrival at the town, I gods, one of which I bought in the was surprised at the wretched appear. town; those in the niches were all ance of the inhabitants. I do not won- taken or destroyed by the soldiers. der at our soldiers and sailors being

The Burmese are now very civil, so sickly whilst on this most desperate and it is thought they will soon desert service, for in the rainy season Ran- the place altogether. You would have goon is one complete 'swamp. The smiled at the appearance of our party, iown is built on piles, and the huts as we were obliged to buy some Chiare made of bamboo, which appear to nese chattars or umbrellas to protect us me to be merely four stout bamboos from the Sun. placed opright, to form the four angles There is an excellent view from the of the buildings, and others to form mount: it is all jungle outside the the flooring, secured horizontally town, but a glimpse of the river here about four feet from the ground; the and there through it, gave it a very roofs, &c. are of bamboo mats. It imposing appearance. The reflection would not take a man more than a that on the spot where I stood, many week to build his own house. I ob- of our brave soldiers had fallen for their served some of these huts by the road- country, added greatly to its interest. side standing in stagnant pools, with After leaving Rangoon, we steered the filth and dirt of the huts collected to the southward. We first reached under the flooring, the inhabitants be- Tavay, and anchored at the mouth of ing too indolent to remove it.

the river, but not having had an opThe Burmese appear to be a short portunity of going on shore, I can say stout race, and they go almost naked; nothing of this place, except that at they are a warlike people, fighting in low water the monkies and bawar boats and stockades. The women boons came down in parties of from have large rings through their noses 40 to 50 on the mud to pick cockles ; and ears, and round their ancles and and they afforded us toes. They have a peculiar sort of vest, ment. It is a beautiful country, but which is open all down the left side. as the rainy season had just set in, I They are well made, and walk grace- did not go io the jungle to shoot. We fully; they have fine eyes, and s have left this place for Penang, or Prince of seen some very pretty coloured women Wales's Island. This is a place of amongst them.

considerable trade, and the land very The remains of the ravages of war fertile. The anchorage is between are still to be seen; I remarked that this island and the Queda shore. Brithe sides of the smaller pagodas were tish goods may be bought here, but at full of large holes, which the soldiers very high prices, being brought out by had broken in expectation of finding the East India Company's ships. I treasure. They are now in the state of was obliged to pay a dollar for a toothruins, the golden Pagoda (a place of brush. worship) excepted. The view from The town is neatly built, and clean. the road, on approaching this pagoda, The Chinese are the workmen at all is good and pleasing. The golden places I have yet been to in this quarPagoda is built on a mount: it is of ter of the globe, and they are an

some amuse

198 Letter of a Midshipman in the Indian Seas.' [March, industrious race of people; they al- Tamer, Hind, Larne, and Pandora ; ways sit down to their work. The the Java and Success are expected streets seem to be inhabited by the daily. different tradesmen or workmen, such as one street full of blacksmiths, ano- To Dr. Patrick Curtis AND THE ther of carpenters, and so on with all

TITULARY BISHOPS OP IRELAND. the other artificers; the gentlemen

Quo teneam vultus mulantem Protea nodo? living a mile or two from the town,

SIRS, amongst groves of cocoa-nut trees, in

Tamlaghtard, March 6. houses suited to the climate. The

I

HAVE read your Petition to the average heat on our main deck with all the ports open, which is the coolest sembled in ihe present Parliament; place on board, was from 85 to 90; it and wish to make the following brief was at 94 at Madras on the main observations on it. deck. There are two hotels here, In the first place, Gentlemen, in which made it pleasant for us, when this your address to the Upper House we went on shore; horses could be of our Legislature, it would have been obtained, and I had many delightful well if you had borne in mind through rides about the island. I rode out to the whole of it that you were craving the water-fall, which is about 60 or a boon from his Grace the Archbishop 70 feet in the fall; the noise of the of Canterbury and his Suffragan Prewater was so great, that I could not lates of the Established Church, whose make my companions hear me, al- members in Ireland you impeach with though not far off.

the crime of exercising their privileges Cocoa-nuts are so plentiful, that without due moderation, and that as they are scarcely noticed; they are Lords Spiritual, the guardians of the plucked when green for the sake of the true Catholic faith of the empire, they milk; it is a pleasant drink taken early have the precedence over the tempoin the morning. Toddy is also taken ral Lords." It would have been prufrom the cocoa-nut trees, but these dent too in the drawing up of this petrees bear no fruit; it is merely the saptition, that you should have recollected which is collected in pots suspended the decided opinion, manifested more to a cut branch. Great quantities of than once, upon your claims for polioil are extracted from the cocoa-nut, tical power, by the same august House, which, when used, burns very clear. to the frustration of the hopes excited With this oil the natives rub them- by your success in the House of Comselves all over, to polish their black mons. hides. It is not safe to bathe here, You begin by requiring AN ENTIRE as the alligators are very numerous. REPEAL OF WHAT YOU CALL THE PEWhilst we were staying here, a black. NAL CODE; the proportionably small fellow went to the beach to bathe part of which that now remains upon some horses, when one of them was our Statute-books, you say produces killed by an alligator.

DISCONTENT among the professors of From Penang we sailed for Malterea, the religion of Rome in Ireland, and passing through the straits of Callam, "diminishes that respect which a a most notorious place for pirates; in Christian people should entertain for fact all along the Malay coast it is the those who are placed in authority over same. It so happened we were ob- them.” As to this Code, Sirs, it was liged to anchor in these straits, on ac- enacted for the preservation of the count of the wind failing, and the tide Christian religion in these realms, unrunning against us. Merchants' ships polluted by the superstition of Italy; seldom go through this passage, on all that could be denominated penal account of the Prows which are in it was repealed between the years manned by fisty or sixty men each, 1778 and 1798; the events of which with a long gun in the bow on a latter year, together with the state in swivel.

which you truly represent this Island We went from Singapore to Pelio, to be in at the present time, from the very nearly under the line. We are agitation of your claims, demonstrate rived at Trincomalee on the 16th Oct. at once the wisdom and the foresight I have made a few sketches. The of those who enacted this Code; driven Admiral is here, and on our arrival, to the measure, by their dear-bought we found his Majesty's ships Athol, experience of the intolerant and cruel

-1827.] On the Papal Petition to the House of Lords. 199 spirit of the Romish religion. Sir coexist in one given area as two spiriJohn Temple, Master of the Rolls in tual ones; the government of your Ireland, collected and published his ce- Church, formed as we acknowledge Jebrated monitory records of the dread- it to be, on an apostolical model, and ful scenes of the middle of the seven- in this respect making a direct conteenth century, for the express purpose trast to your faith, is so admirably fitthat when this part of the realm should ted for the ruling of one great and uncome to be replanted with British in- divided body of men, that a second, habitants, and settled once more in and exactly similar hierarchy could nepeace, such a course might be taken, ver exist in any country for half a cenand such provisions made, that it should tury together without arranging the not be in the power of the Romish pea population of it against each other, santry to rise up, as they then and at and precipitating the great body of the former periods of our history did, to de- people into a mortal contest with each stroy and root them out, before they other for ascendancy. It was on this could put themselves into a posture of account that the reformed Christians defence, of assemble to resist the as. on the Continent of Europe could nesassins, whose ancestors in the same un- ver hope for an Episcopal establishchangeable spirit of popery, had so ment, and on this account either your often lifted the latch of the English Hierarchy, or the Established Church settlers' door, and sprinkled the hearth- of the Einpire must be put down, bestone with the blood of his family.- fore we can calculate on this unhappy The conduct which justified this de- Island, as you truly call it, being resprecated Code in the reign of James cued from a state of misery, unparalleled ihe Second, is matter of public history, perhaps on earth, a state in which and therefore need not be recapitulated the relations of civil life are troubled, here. The intrigues during the reign natural kindness is interrupted in its of Queen ANNE and the two first of course, and the sources of Christian the Georges, to restore the abdicated charity are dried up.family to the throne, and re-establish It will be for the King, with his the dominion of superstition in Ire- Majesty's faithful Lords and Commons, land, are equally notorious ;-the con- to judge the cause between the religion duct of the Popish Bishop Coppinger, of England and the superstition of while the massacre of the Protestants Italy; between the faith of our good was going on at Wexford Bridge in King's royal Father of blessed memory, 1798, as well as the Edict of the Ro- and that of a Transalpine Prelate ; beinish Prelates at Tullow, in 1809 are tween the Church which at his Corowell known. While the pastorals of natiou his Majesty swore to support, 1. K. L. (John Kildare and 'Laughlin,) and that for which the race of the or if you please of Doctor Doyle, Stuarts forfeited the Crown of these manifest at once the credit due to the three United Kingdoms. allegations in your petition, that “ you In the pressing of your ambitious will not exercise any privilege, to which claims, Gentlemen, you " disclaim amyou are or may be entitled, to disturb bition," and talk with matchless conor weaken the Protestant Religion, and fidence of the long-tried obedience of that you have no intention to subvert Irish Papists to their Protestant gothe present Protestant Church Esta- vernors. The language of your petiblishment."

tion states that the « blessings of the How any men or body of men, who Christian dispensation, and the labours had, as you acknowledge in this pelic of the sacred ministry, (as if no mition, abjured the intention to weaken nistry were sacred here but yours) are the Protestant religion, or subvert the counteracted, and will continue io be Church established in Ireland—could so, until loth Houses of Parliament, conscientiously collect rent, and num- the Privy Council, and the Legal ber the people for the Demagogue As- Bench, shall be opened to your ambisociation in Corn Exchange of Dub- tion. As to the irials of your obedilin, and support such newspapers as ence to the British crown in the reigns form the Popish press in Ireland, is to of Henry the Eighth, Elizabeth, James me a matter of astonishment, and will the First, "Charles the First, William scarcely be credited by posterily. the Third, Anne, and all the Georges,

But the fact is, Gentlemen, that the public history of our country astwo temporal Kingdoms may as well certains the exact quantum of it; and

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