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National Monument at Runnymede suggested. [Jan. reader some idea of the facetiousness Happy when both to the of our ancestors, but there are many other tenures of equally trifling terms,
When Kings give liberty, and subjects love." and those who would wish to dip
Pp. 17, 18. more deeply into the subject may be If the reigning monarch has endearreferred to Lilleton, Coke, and more ed himself from any especial circumespecially Blount, who seems to have stances to popular feelings, it has been taken particular pleasure in preserving from his royal munificence to the unthese *" fragınenta antiquitatis” as he employed manufacturers, and to the call them, a for the diversion of some furnishing artisans with labour in his and for the instruction of others."
magnificient improvements. Would W. L. D.
it then, Mr. Urban, be too much 10
hope, that ihe plan suggested in the Mr. URBAN,
Bath, Jan. 5.
above extract may be honoured with T has been for some time in my the same exalted patronage, and can
mind to recommend to public cog- our fellow-countrymen be insensible nizance a Plan, which would tend under the declaration, that the charter greatly to national honour and to the of royal, and aristocratical and popular diffusion of a patriotic spirit. The rights, which is the heritage of Britons, only cause of its delay in iransmission
was signed, sealed, and delivered on has arisen from the doubt which• I
the plain of Runnymede, and neither entertained, as to the most eligible obelisk, cross, column, nor temple, method of giving it notoriety. But on attest the spot of its concession and , reflection, I yield a willing preference ratification. to your agreeable Miscellany, as much It will be recollected by many of froin paruiality, as from its being an appropriate channel for developement withstanding its numerous rivals, is a
your readers, (for your publication, notFrom the “ Essay on Local Poetry,' favourite with our citizens,) that to the which is prefixed to the new edition of Rev. Author of the cited extract, our “ Bidcombe Hill," are extracted the City is primarily indebted for one of its following observations:
most splendid improvements. The « However extraneous to the general removal of the houses which shut out purport of this essay, yet not wholly un- the view of our venerable Abbey, was connected with this particular portion of recommended by Mr. Skurray, in an it, is the expression of regret at our desti- inaugural sermon before the mayor and tution of national monuments to memorize corporation, and has since been acted important events, to illustrate loyal attachment, and to kindle patriotic enthusiasm. upon as the leases fall in. The pasHowever Great Britain may rival more
sages relative to this event are very ancient nations in literature and arms, yet properly inserted in Mr. Britton's is she exceeded by the Promethean fire of
recent history of our cathedral, and their sculpture, and the imposing magnifi- may be found at pages 186-7-8, of a cience of their public edifices. The Par- volume of “Sermons on Public Subthenon at Athens, and the Coliseum at jects and Occasions.” Rome, will leave no parallels in the posthu- It would be a gratifying circumstance, mous History of Englaud. Let our mo- and would illustrate our national clias narch, nobles, and commoners, aggrandize
racter and liberties, if the same voice their country by promoting the liberal arts. Let them emulate their fame, by acting in
which animated our local authorities the spirit of Augustus, who found Rome of
to an act of high honour and disinterbrick and left it of marble. But to return
estedness, should prove the instigator to my subject. Why does not some ponde
to a national monument at Runnyrous column pierce the clouds from Runny- mede. Sts erection would draw down mede, inscribed on one side with the decla- blessings from the hearts and lips of ration of the Barons,“ polumus leges thousands who in the different departAugliæ mutari ;” and on the reverse, with ments necessary for its construction, those matchless lines of our Bard, where would find employment; it would loyalty, patriotism, and poetry, strive for stimulate a spirit of loyalty when the pre-eminence ?
love of many waxes cold," and no • Here was that charter signed, wherein the spectator in generations unborn, would
survey this durable monuinent of paAll marks of arbitrary power laid down; Tyrant and slave, those names of hate and honouring the King.
triotism, without fearing God and fear, The happier style of King and subject bear, Yours, &c.
MEMOIR OF JOSEPH CRADOCK, ESQ. M. A. F. S. A.
With a Portrait.
Dec. 15, 1826. At his apartments law Mr. Cradock ever retained the in the Strand, in his 85th year, after fondest recollections. She died in 1774, gradually declining for about three aged 56 ; and was buried at Wilford, weeks, Joseph Cradock, Esq. M. A. in Nottinghamshire. senior Fellow of the Society of Anti- When about nine years quaries.
Cradock was placed at the grammarMr. Cradock was the only surviving school of Leicester, then under the son of Joseph Cradock, Esq., of Lei- care of the Rev. Gerrard Andrewes, cester and Gumley, by Mary Annice, where he had for fellow scholars, his first wife. He was born at Leices. Farmer, afterwards Master of Emanuel, ter, gth of January, 1741-2 ; and bap- who was some years his senior, and the tized at St. Martin's church there, 10th son of his schoolmaster, Gerrard AnDecember following:
drewes, the late Dean of Canterbury, At a late period of his life, Mr. who was his junior. For both these Cradock had taken great pains to eluci- eminent men Mr. Cradock retained a date the origin of his own family'; strong affection till their deaths ; and and the result of his researches was, here it may be remarked, that the that he conceived himself 10 be de grandson of his old master, the present cended from Carādoc, by the Romans Rev. Gerrard Thomas Andrewes, pertermed Caractacus. The final defeat of formed the last solemn riles at Mr. this patriot and defender of his country, Cradock's funeral. was at a mountain near Shrewsbury,
Whilst resident at Leicester, young named after him Caer Caradoc; and Cradock was assisted in his studies by his flying descendants settled after- a man of powerful genius, and a celewards in Leicestershire, Staffordshire, brated Greek scholar, the Rev. John and a larger portion of them at Rich- Jackson, Master of Wigston's Hospimond, in Yorkshire. In travelling tal, author of “Chronological Antiquithrough Britanny, Mr. Cradock recog- ties," and a staunch opponent of Warnized the crest of his family, at a burton. As a reward for an exercise village called Caradoc, not far from that pleased him, Jackson presented his Rennes, and the language of that pro. pupil with an Elzevir edition of Buvince still bears great affinity to that of chanan's Poems, which Mr. Cradock Wales.
ever retained with great veneration. Mr. Cradock's family long resided at In passing through London to Bath, Leicester. His great-grandfather, Ed- with his father, Nr. Cradock for the mund Cradock, was mayor in 1645, first time witnessed a theatrical exhibiand again in 1657; and his grand- tion; it seems to have made a very father, Edmund, served that office in strong impression on him, as he lo the 1702; from this gentleman is descended last remembered with delight the pleathe present representative of the family, sure he then enjoyed. It was Miss Sir Edmund Cradock Hartopp, bart. Macklin's benefit, and the play “ As
Mr. Cradock's father was a younger you like it ;" in which Woodward brother. He acquired a large property, and Mrs. Cibber both performeil. and purchased many estates in the It was Mr. Cradock's misfortune to Borough of Leicester, and at Knigh- lose his father, when he was about ton and Gumley, in that county. Mr. seventeen years of age, he dying in Cradock's mother, Mary Annice, died 1759, aged 70. After a short time, in 1749, aged 46 ; and his father mar- Mr. Cradock obtained his trustees' ried, secondly, Anne daughter of Rich-consent to spend the season at Scar ard Ludlam, M.B., and sister of two borough, where, at the table of Dr distinguished clergymen and mathe- (afterwards Sir Noah) Thomas, he was maticians, the Rev. William and Tho- admitted to company, which if not mas Ludlam.* For his mother-in- very suitable to his age or station,
* See accounts of these eminent brothers + See an ample memoir of Mr. Jackson, in Nichols's History of Leicestershire, vol. in the History of Leicestershire, vol. I. p. I. p. 318, and 509.
499-500. Gent. MAG. January, 1827.
Memoir of Josephi Cradock, Esq. M. A. F. S. A. (Jan. must have been very inviting to a dreaded his examination in matheyoung man; the Duke of York, Mar- matics, (in wbich science alone hoquess of Granby, Mr. Sterne, Mrs.Cib- nours could be obtained) and, though ber, and Col. Sloper, were frequent he had devoted himself closely to clasvisitors at the Doctor's table. After sical studies, never offered himself for figuring for about six weeks, dancing his degree. But declamation was his at every ball, and partaking of every forte; and he entertained a hope that diversion, he was hastily recalled, and the young King would have visited most strongly reproved for his levity 'Cambridge, when he was to have been and imprudence.
recommended to speak before his MaThe time had now arrived when he jesty, which mighi have entitled him ought to have been sent to college; but io an honorary degree of Master of at the suggestion of his friend Dr. Hurd, Arts. Of this he was disappointed ; his trustees first placed him for a year and he finally left Cambridge without with the Rev. Mr. Pickering, of Mack- graduating. worth, Derbyshire, who had no other In town he had been introduced to pupil except Mr. Burdett, father of the the amiable young lady whom in 1765 present Baronet. Here he was happily he married. 'She was Anna Francisca, secluded under a regular course of third daughter of the late Francis Siratstudy, which soon fitted him for ford, of Merevale Hall, Warwickshire, Emanuel College, Cambridge. esq. and was then residing with her
But first he was permitted to visit Lon- grandmother in Great Ormond-street. don, and be present at the gaieties con- Mr. and Mrs. Cradock settled in what sequent on ihe coronation of George was then a fashionable part of the town, the Third. This was the first time Mr. in a house in Dean-street, Soho. But Cradock made any considerable stay shorıly after his marriage, he spent in London. He soon acquired a last- some iime in visiting his wife's relaing relish for the intellectual pleasures tions. Her eldest sister was married to only to be enjoyed in perfection at the Richard Geast, of Blythe Hall, WarMetropolis. Theatrical amusements wickshire, esq. a descendant of Sir W. engrossed' much of his attention. Gar- Dugdale, and father of the present rick was then in the zenith of his Knight of the Shire for Warwick; her fame, and Mr. Cradock was introduced second sister was Mrs. Chelwynd, late to him behind the scenes, when dressed of Bath, who died in 1811; and her as Oakley, in the “ Jealous Wife." youngest sister, Miss Maria Stratford, This introduction afterwards ripened latterly resided at Mortimer, near Readinto a lasting friendship; for they were ing, at a house she purchases of the congenial spirits.
present Viscount Sidmouth, where she Mr. Cradock then retired to his stu- died in 1797. At Merevale, the seat of dies at Emanuel College, wliere he his mother-in-law, Mrs. Stratford, he profited by the able lectures of his passed his time very delightfully, in the quondam schoolfellow Farmer, in Aris- enjoyment of a good library, and tophanes; he had a private tutor in amusing himself in landscape gardenthe Greek classics in general; and ing, a science in which (as we shall ever looked back with great satissac- hereafter have to notice more fully,) he tion to the lectures on the Greek Tes- excelled. tanient by the principal tutor of his During the honey-moon, he was College, the celebrated Mr. Hubbard. unexpectedly gratified by the presenta
Having no house of his own, Mr. tion, from the hands of ihe Chancellor Cradock passed the vacations of Col- of Cambridge, the Duke of Newcastle, lege with various friends, particularly of a Royal Degree of Master of Arts. with the family of Sir John Cust, As this was the first of the kind that Speaker of the House of Commons; had been conferred on a student of Peter Wyche, esq. of Great Ormond Emanuel, the College was pleased to Street; Mr. Banks, Chancellor of give a handsome entertainment on York, the intimate friend of Lord the occasion. Mr. Cradock ever reMansfield ; Lady Wilmot, of Chaddes- tained a pleasing recollection of his den, Derbyshire; &c. &c. Such com- residence at Emanuel; and in his will pany was more inviting to a gay and bequeathed to the College a fine anwealthy young man, than dry study at tique Roman urn, which had been sent College. The consequence was that, to hin from Italy, by his relation Sir when the time arrived, Mr. Cradock E. C. Hartopp, bart. whilst on his