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ON THE DEATH OF His Royal HIGHNES! Mr. URBAN, Richmond, Jan. 12.


vi- BY THE Rev. JOHN GRAHAM, M. A. Torum memoriam percurrens. The late DUKE OF York, in his capacity of 'T'S done,—the dreaded hour is past, Commander-in-chief, did so much for

The fatal struggle o'er ; the army, and through that for the The hand of Death prevails at last, nation at large, that, independently of

And Royal York's no more ! distinguished notice in historic records, Wept by an Empire, and a host something striking to the public

Of warriors wise and brave,

eye, sanctioned by his EXCELLENT MAJESTY His Sov'reign’s pride, his Country's boast, THE KING, should, at least, mark the

He sinks into the grave. gratitude of the Army, for the mul- la vain did fiends in Erin's isle, tiplied signal benefits derived to them That Island's curse and shame, from his zealous and useful adminis. The dying Prince's worth revile, tration.

And rail against his name. By subscription from all branches of That name will shine on Britain's roll, the Army, an Equestrian Statue, of In characters of gold, finished execution, ought to be erected Long after theirs, malignant souls, to bis memory; and the expense indi

In infamy grow old. vidually, and by corps, would amount In hatred of the wholesome laws, to little, while every military man The Royal Duke maintain'd, would thus have the gratifying satisfac. In envy of the sacred cause tion of aiding to effect so very desirable His princely Speech sustain'd, an object.

They'd wound the wounded, grieve the On the pedestal it might be quite Poison the parting breath, sufficient to engrave “ This Statue was And find their frenzy scarce reliev'd erected to the memory of His Royal By adding pangs to death ; Highness the Duke of York, the late But far beyond the traitor's power, illustrious Commander-in-chief, in Humble, resign'd, serene, token of the gratitude of the British Our Prince has met his awful hour, Army."

And left this mortal scene. I have frequently had occasion to And tho' he's gone where grief and pain appear before the Duke of York, with

And sorrow are unknown, various Military Publications; and, We recollect those who remain with all others, experienced a conde- To fill his Father's throne. scending kindness of reception, equally Long may our Monarch George The Great dignified and affable.

His throne adorn and grace, This well-merited and (it ought to

And until time's remotest date, be) magnificent equestrian statue, God save the Brunswick race. worthy of an Army of the highest repote, could not be more appropriately May He, the King of kings, whose hand

Guards those who love His name, situated than in St. James's Park, on the middle of the line at right angles


In honour, health, and fame. with the centre of the Horse Guards, where His Royal Highness did so much

GOD SAVE THE KING. good. Yours, John MacDonALD. Magilligan, Jan. 17.


4 Elegies on the Duke of York. Letter of Oliver Cronwell. (Jan.

Nor is this sorrow only here :
ON THE DEATH OF His Royal HIGHNESS All ranks, the humble, and the grand,

Devote this day to grief sincere

A day of woe throughout the land !

The flags are drooping half-mast high,
ALAS, Britannia ! one more wreath is

A mournful signal o'er the main, lost,

Seen only when ch' illustrious die, Which once inclos'd thy silken hair,

Or are in glorious battle slain ! The chaplet fed—its mighty cost

Mourn then for him, th' illustrious great, Thy scatter'd locks too plain declare !

And sadly roll the muffled drums ; Yes, nurs'd in Freedom's purest soil,

For, lo! in regal pomp and state,
A foe to Superstition's reign,

The Royal FREDERICK's Funeral comes !
Attach'd to England's laws and isle,
Thy Frederick did his rank maintain.

But though his mortal course is run,

Immortal shall his mem'ry beThrice Royal name! to memory dear! The fastest Friend, the kindest Son, While passing to the silent tomb,

The noblest, best of men was he!
A Nation's grief adorns thy bier,

Ask of our hosts and armed bands,
As incense wafts a sweet perfume. O'er whom the princely York bore sway!
And as Britannia mourns thy fate,

To them, his wishes were commands
And veils herself in deepest woe,

With them, 'twas glory to obey ! Her banners hang disconsolate

When War had render'd fatherless O'er ONE who once ador'd them so !

The helpless children of the brave, Bright Star of Brunswick's Royal line, He sought them out in their distress, Firm Champiou of a People's rights !

And stretch'd his friendly arm to save ! Long shall thy proud exemplar shine, With ev'ry social virtue fraught,

From Scotia's isles to Dover's heights ! Eudu'd with ev'ry mental grace, Illustrious Prince ! enjoy repose !

He practis'd what his Saviour taught

Akin to all the human race !
Thy mantle is o'er Albion spread,
For as thy lofty spirit rose,

Lament for him, supremely great,
And left the chambers of the dead-

And slowly roll the muffled drums ; Down on the land it lov'd so true,

For, lo! to Windsor's Castle-gate, A glance of fervent hope it shot,

The Royal FREDERICK's Funeral comes ! A glance which Royal FREDERICK knew

January 20. Would never, never be forgot!



Jun. 1.
you a verbatim copy

of THE DUKE OF York,

well to the Rev. Henry Hich. The By John Mayne, Author of the "Poems Assembly of Divines, spoken of in of Glasgow," the “ Siller Gun," &c. &c.

it, were particularly repugnant to the TOLL ev'ry bell till midnight late, King and his loyal adherents. While sadly roll the muMed drums ;

“ Mr. Hich, Least the souldiers should For, lo ! with trumpets, and with state,

in any tumultuarie or disorderly way attempt The Royal FREDERICK's Funeral comes !

the reformation of your Cathedral church, I Yes, toll for him !-by all belov'd,

requier you to forbeare altogether your quier In camps or courts, where'er he shone :

service soe unedifyinge and offensive, and A Prince by all the brave approv'd,

this as you will answer it if any disorder And dear to him upon the throne ! should arise thereupon. Who was it hied from Windsor's tow'rs, I advise you to cattechise, and reade, and

As if with healing on his wing? expound the Scriptures to the people, not Who sooth'd a dying Brother's hours ? doubtinge but the Par] wth the advise of 'Twas George the good, our gracious the Assemblie of Divines, will in due tymą King!

direct you farther. I desire the sermons may

be where usually they have been, but more Behold him now, in sorrow drown'd,


Your lovinge friend, Lamenting o'er that Brother's bier,

Jan. 10. 43.

OLIVER CROMWELL." The Princes, and the People round, Bedew'd with many a silent tear!

The date of the above letter would,

in some minds, create doubt as to its The hardy troops, that line the way,

Through which the funeral train moves on, authenticity, from the circumstance Hang down their heads; for, well-a-day!

of its being written five years beTheir Friend, their long-lov'd Chief, is fore the martyrdom of King Charles ; gone!

but they may be easily removed, for


On the Observance of Ascension Day. ances of his doctrine, of his own iden- their coldness and inattention. This tity, and of his future coming again in ! can myself testify: to have been done, glory and power,—and where near the in the instance of the late venerable rery place of his entire resignation to Dean of Canterbury at his parish the tyranny of his oppressors, be now church of St. James, Westminster, finished his first Advent by the glo- than whom no minister was ever more rious triumph over every enemy and zealous in his duty. If the Bishops even over death itself,—where he led and beneficed Clergy, and the Secre. captivity captive,--where he was rais- tary for the Home Department, would ed to the dignity of his kingdom at the in concert unite their efforts by inright hand of the Majesty on high ! fluencing the Magistrates to assist

Surely, when we are so attentive to them in causing the day to be observed commemorate his passion, this glorious with its proper solemnities, it would exaltation to enable hiin to be our Me become a general day of religious diator and Intercessor, as he had by triumph, and the minds of the people his death been our Redeemer, where would not remain, as too many now he rose to be our High Priest, pre- are, ignorant of the sanctity, the glory, senting himself once for all the holy the accomplishment, and the design of sacrifice of his own blood, without the covenant of mercy, in which they which there could have been no remis- are all so deeply concerned. sion for us — surely I may say this glo- The modern practice of peramburious Ascension demands that the lating the parochial boundaries may congregations of Christians should not be easily removed from that day to any longer continue to disregard, as Easter-monday; for both these cerea mere holiday, the day on which it re- monies can never be the companions turns. The Apostles, who were wite of the same day; and as Easter-tuesnesses of the fact, established a pious day is the day fixed for election of paobservance of it during their linie, on rochial officers, any remarks that ihe Thursday at noon ; and this solemnity, inspections on the previous day might says Calmet, is so ancient, that its be- suggest, would most readily be reginning is not known; which has ceived and considered, when the pabeen thought some reason to believe rishioners were temporally assembled. that it came traditionally from them; I cannot claim excuse for thus puland if their constitutions were ad- ting my fellow Christians in mind of mitted as authority, we find express a neglected but important duty; and directions given for it (b. 5, s. 19); and to those who expect the second AdSt. Austin is said to have believed that vent of our Lord, of the day and hour noon-day was sanctified by this Ascen- of which no one knoweih,'I will add sion. In our Church a very appro

one word more, Lay up these my priate selection of Psalms, or Collects, words in your hearts !" (Deut. xi. 13.) Epistles and Gospels, is introduced

Yours, &c.

A. H. into the Morning and Evening Service; so that it has been evidently intended that this event should always

Mr. URBAN, Coventry, Jan. 5. bei divertoly observedish and where the HAWAING offered as one cuimicale ledisposed to the fulfilment of this duty, tive to the Chronology of the Median he will add a suitable discourse to se- Kings, in further illustration of the cure the attention of his flock, and to subject, I send you the following, give them strength in this portion of which is presumed to be a nearer apTheir faith. The mere notice on the proximation to the truth, or more susprevious Sunday of this day being ap. ceptible of demonstration, than the pointed to be kept holy, does not seem statements A. Z. has made. An anato attach the minds of the congrega- lysis of the epochs given, and their tion more than that for any saint's comparison with the text of Herododay; but if the Minister would also us, will still further exhibit his inmore particularly allude to it in his accuracy. discourse on the previous Sunday, and The principal error, however, apo impress upon his hearers the import- pears to exist in the assigning 68 years ance of their taking to heart this event, io the duration of Cyaxares' reign; for and that he would do his part on thc by the text of Herodotus it appears occasion, he would awaken thein froin that the duration of Cyaxares' reign

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6 Druidical Temple at Fossaway, co. Perth.--Ascension Day. (jan. family of Lennox, which is called supposed to be coeval with or even Dar-leith House. The prefix Dar prior to creniation, this place must be signifies an oak ; that tree having been one of the most ancient relics of antiin a peculiar manner sacred to this quity in this country, and well deservworship, which was as much attached, ing of accurate investigation. It may in this country at least, to groves of be necessary to observe, that the lower oak as to elevated places, fountains, parts of temples were in the most anrivers, &c.

cient times einployed for sepulchral In the parish of Fossaway in Perth- purposes.

G. I. shire, there is said to be a rising ground, on which is an ancient circui

Mr. URBAN, Jar building about twenty-four feet

Jan. 3. diameter collechicar-leith, concerning I SELDOM reviews anibeliscipline yet been made (see Carlisle's Topog. England without satisfaction, and as Dict. article Aldic). From the name, seldom remark the neglect of any of which will bear the literal interpreta- them without sincere regrel. The tion of Temple of the Fire God, it is mode of ensuring to the devout disreasonable to imagine that it is a very ciple a gradual course of reading the ancient Druidical edifice, and it is ears Scriptures during the year, and also of nestly to be desired that some one near bringing him to the serious and gratethe spot, or inquisitive visitant, will be ful recollection of the events which induced to make drawings and accu- have passed in the history of mankind, rate plans and measurements of a and in the establishment of the Chrispiece of antiquity so interesting; and tian dispensation, are likewise to be io collect the various traditions and revered as evidence of the judicious opinions upon it which may be exist- and exemplary piety of our venerable ing in its neighbourhood.

ancestors, who were, in the Reformahad written thus far when the tion, earnestly desirous of handing to following account of this place, by Sir posterity a well-arranged method, by John Sinclair (Stat. 18. 468), was which every one should be readily shown to me:

brought to study the great work of his “Not long ago the proprietor ordered salvation, and to commemorate its octhis ground to be planted, and the stones currences by suitable services. If, therewere dug up to make the fence. When the fore, our own Church has provided for work people were going on, they found two us a plan which may fairly be deemed stone coffins near the centre. They were superior in motive as well as practice, four feet long, and three broad, and con- it becomes much more incumbent tained, to all appearance, human bones and

upon the members of our Church to teeth, and something resembling tallow, meet the wishes and exhortations of which went to decay as soon as exposed to our venerable Reformers. In this rethe air. One of the coffins was destroyed spect it must be acknowledged, with other was preserved entire, and consists of respectful approbation, that very few five stones pretty exactly joined together, disciples, with the exceptions of sickand a very large one for the cover. Cu- ness or some necessity, are absent from rious conjectures are formed concerning this duty on the days of the Nativity, these ruins ; some imagine that it has been and of the Crucifixion of our Lord, a place of worship; others that it was a and of his Resurrection : but then it is burying-place, and that some persons of just to require some reason why he distinction bave been buried there. Al should so ungraciously stop at this though a satisfactory account of it cannot point and not proceed one step, furbe given, it is accounted one of the anti- ther, and with the saine heartfelt requities of the parish.”

gard commemorate his Lord's glorious I trust that the account here given and miraculous Ascension? The fact will rather increase than diminish the itself has the testimony of 500 witdesire of Antiquaries to rescue all that nesses; the place at the Mount of still remains of this ruin worth record. Olives was not more than a mile's ing from the destructive ravages of distance from Jerusalem, in which time. If it is true that the method of neighbourhood our Divine Master had interinent, by gathering the legs up continued during 40 days after his towards the head, preceded that of ex. equally miraculous Resurrection, extending the body ai full length, and is plaining, verifying, and giving assura

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1827.] Reconciliation of Chinese and European Dates. side of the east window, which is en- both occasions being performed by his riched with a border of stained glass, Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury. and contains a dove and glory. The

E. 1. C. ceiling of the Church is coved elliptically, and its only ornaments are groups

Mr. Urban,

Dec. 13. of foliage at intervals ; it is far more NE of the most important feaings which are so fashionable; it gives tions, and which constitutes the ground an appearance

of lightness to the of a just demand upon posterity for Church, and adds greatly to the gran- credibility, is chronological accuracy: deur of the design. The pulpit is sup- As mankind in all ages have formed ported on a screen of Doric architecture, one great family, their original must and is very lastefully embellished. The have begun at one period ; for at reading-desk on the opposite side of the whatever æra of time any one of them Church corresponds with it, and, un- may have begun to take a local halike the modern Church arrangements, bitation and a name," their progress is lower than the pulpit. The galle- must have been traceable to one source : ries rest on Doric columns, and the the difficulty of discovering their pedipiers between the windows are fur- gree, especially when involved by:heninished with pilasters.

selves in obscure traditions, has given Throughout the interior, the archi- rise to one of the most valuable arts tect has displayed great taste in the which the improvements of laborious judicious embellishments he has in- research has ever ushered into the iroduced. His attention to the ap- world, -the art of verifying dates. propriate ornamenting of the altar is There is a vanity prevalent in nanot lost, and had he assimilated the tions as in some individuals, respectstyles of the building more closely, it ing the antiquity of their race. The would have presented to the critical nobility and gentry of these kingdoms eye that additional claim to adınira- are not more zealous that their ban, tion which results from propriety. ners and heraldic crests should be

The lighting of the Church by an- known to have shone in the Crusades, tique bronze lamps is very tastefully and at Poictiers and Cressy, than the effected.

leaders of the nations of China and The church-yard is inclosed by a Tartary should be able to trace their handsome railing on a granite plinth, foundation to the skies, and to have and set off by piers of the same mate- looked down upon the origin of the rial. Some advocate for innovation present world. The zeal or the artifice has deviated from the universal custom by which they have been able either of hurying the corpse with the feet to to deceive or to silence the rest of the east, several of the graves having mankind into the acquiescence of been constructed exactly at angles this national vanity, has involved the with the usual mode. I have soine- greal question to discover where lies where seen the prevalence of the cus- the correct truth; and of this, as there tom in all ages adduced as an evidence can be no direct evidence, the fact of the reliance of the Church on the must be ascertained from thosc æras general resurrection : receiving the when tradition ceased, and positive custom in this light, it ought not to testimony and record commenced. be departed from in these ages of In order to reconcile this great dif. schism, at the mere caprice of a grave- ference between the Chinese and Eudigger. When an old custom like ropean nations, the case would soon this is, to say the least of it, harmless, be decided, if it were to be determined and clearly not unmeaning, though it by a majority in numbers: but as this may be founded in a superstitious rea- would no more attain the truth than a son, until a better cause can be as battle ascertains more than strength, a signed for giving it up than for retain- still more powerful effort inust be ing it, I see no reason for its discon- sought for. tinuance.

One principal ground of difference The estimated expence of the pre- in their and our computations is prosent Church is 15,2481. The first bably to be found in their methods of stone was laid on the 1st of July, division of time, and of counting pe. 1822, and it was consecrated on the riods and days; and these have not 30th of June, 1824 ; the ceremony on been clearly explained. We know

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