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1897.) Recent Repairs of St. Mary's Hall, Coventry.
$17 prises the remarks of former writers, it, but shall at once proceed to describe but is also the result of a recent per- the recent alterations. sonal inspection of the fabric.
To begin with the Oriel. This winThe magnificent St. Mary's Hall dow has been taken down, and rebuilt stands a little south of St. Michael's in a handsome and substantial manner. Church, and formerly belonged to the Some ancient quarries, bearing several inaster, brothers, and sisters, of St. letters and paintings of arms (which Mary's, or Trinity Gild. The site, as were discovered under the Duke of appears from an ancient roll, dated Northumberland's monument, when 1502-3 (now in my possession), was it was removed from the bottom of the originally the property of Guy de Hall), served in part for the new floor. Tylbroké, an early vicar of St. Michæl's A side-board, of ancient English oak; Church, who enjoined his successors, in the front of which is a variety of Wm. Colle, and other members of the carvings, viz. two figures, elephant and Gild, to pay a rent-charge of 6s. an- castle, a rose, &c. was then made with nìually, to the Benedictine Monastery great taste, and placed in this recess. in Coventry.
The oak ceiling has been carefully reA license for_founding this Gild placed, and the window. filled with was granted by Edward III. in 1340, ground glass, and labels or scrolls, conand a Hall for the necessary meetings taining the names of benefactors to the of this Institution was immediately city of Coventry: In the centre, are erected; the entrance, door-way, kitch- the names of Leofric and Godiva,
ens, and other parts of which structure which are rendered extremely conspiI still remain. After the above period, cuous by broad yellow borders. The
the Gilds of the Holy Trinity, St. John following names also appear : the Baptist, and St. Katherine, were Henry II., Henry III., Ranulf united to that of St. Mary. The an- Blundeville, Roger Montalt, Edward nual Master sat next to the Mayor at I., Queen Isabel, Edward III., Edall public meetings, and the ancient ward the Black Prince, Richard II., carved chair, still remaining in the Henry VI., Queen Margaret, Thomas Hall, is supposed to have been used Bond, Thomas Wheatley, William for that purpose. The Society had Ford, William Pisford, Thomas Jesalso the power of appointing a public son, Sir William Hollis, Sir Thomas fair. It was at this period when the White, Henry VIII., John Hales, magnificent Hall was erected. So great John Dudley, Duke of Northumberwas the reputation of this united Gild, land. which then bore the name of the The ancient pannelled wainscots on Trinity, that, says Sir W. Dugdale, the east and west sides, on which were Kings, with many of the principal No- painted the ornamental inscriptious, bility, Bishops, &c. of those times, arms, &c. in 1581, have been removed ; thought it no dishonour to be admitted and the same inscriptions, arms, &c. members of the fraternity. In 1344, hare been copied with scrupulous exEdward, called the Black Prince, was actness on the walls, by an artist of elected a Brother of Trinity Gild, and celebrity, Mr. Wm. Finley.. The dein 1379, among many other distin- corations in the old Council-chamber guished names, occur those of the King were designed and executed by this and Prince of Wales.
gentleman; as were also the drawings At the Survey wbich was taken in for the stained glass, both in repairing 1545, by order of Henry VIII. the the old, and fitting up the new winrevenue of all the lands belonging to dows in the Hall. The whole of the this Gild amounted to £111. 138. 3d. stained glass in the east and west winout of which various salaries were paid dows, and the Old Council-chamber, to priests, &c. In 1552, all the lands have been restored and replaced by and possessions, belonging to the Gilds Mr. C. Pemberton,, of Birmingham. and Chantries, were purchased from The delicacy of execution, and the the Crown by the Mayor, &c. of this brilliancy of the various parts and cocity, for the sum of £1,315 1s. 8d. lours of these beautiful windows, de
I will not too greatly extend this serve great praise. In each compartcommunication, by describing the nu- ment in the different windows is a merous royal entertainmenis given in gothic canopy, and ornamented pillars. St. Mary's 'Hall, or by recounting the In the upper compartments all the various historical evenis connected with figures have been carefully repaired and
Recent Repairs of St. Mary's Hall, Coventry. [April, restored from the ancient glass. The Street Ward, Samuel Vale, Esq.lower compartments, filled with new Probitas verus honos. 1811; and Smithstained glass, contain the names of the ford Street Ward,, a Knight's helmet, Mayor and Aldermen, each in a shield, Sir Skears Rew, Knt.-- Fama semper surmounted by a helmet, and placed vivit. 1815. beneath the Ward to which he be- In the compartments of the lower longs, with a Latin inscription. east window are figures of Will m' Why.
In the upper compartment of the church, Mayor in 1400, and Richard west window, adjoining the Oriel, is a Scharpe, Mayor in 1432. The four full-length figure of Will'm Beauchamp, Mayors, whose effigies are in the win. D'n's Bergavenny, fourth son of Tho- dows, were probably contributors and mas Beauchamp, third Earl of War. assistants in the erecting of St. Mary's wick, who died in 1411. He is re- Hall, and were certainly members of presented in a purple habit, with a the Gild. Beneath are, Earl Street hond of crimson. In the opposite com- Ward, John Clarke, Esq.-Aliter quem partment is his wife Johanna, daugh- sperabam. 1817; and Broad Gate ier and co-heiress of Richard Fitz Ward, William Perkins, Esq.- Honor Alan, Earl of Arundel. She is dressed et honestas. 1819. in a purple gown, with a crimson In the first upper coinpartment of mantle lined with ermine, and her the centre east window, is a figure, arms inscribed, et Johanna uxor eius. repaired and restored, with this inscripIn the lower compartments are, Bishop tion, Thomas Arundell, Archiep.Cantuar'. Street Ward, James W'eare, Esq. In the corresponding compartment is Mayor.-Honeste egi. 1824; and Cross the figure of a Bishop, and beneath, Cheaping Ward, Samuel Whitwell, round a shield, Rogerus Walden, Ey's Esq.-Suaviter el fortiter. 1800. London' (1404). In the lower com
In the first upper compartment of partments, Much Park Street Ward, the west centre window is the figure of William Carter, Esq.-Res non verba. John Burghill, Bishop of Coventry and 1824 ; and, Bayley Lane Ward, WilLichfield in 1399, with a nitre and liam Whittem, Esq.-Vive el vivat. crosier, and an embroidered mantle 1824. lined with green. The following in. In the first east window, near to the scription is round a shield containing Mayoress's Parlour, in the first upper his arms: D'n's Johannes Burghill ep'i compartment, is a restored wholeCove'ť & Lich. In the opposite com- lengih figure of Ricardus Comes de partment is Richard Crosby, Prior of Warwici, who died in 1439, with hi Coventry from 1399 to 1436, mitred, arms below. In the second uppet holding in his right hand a clasped compartment is his second wife, Isabook, and in his left a crosier, and bella Comitissa de Warwici. Beneath dressed in a long blue gown. Round the Earl is, Gosford Street Ward, a shield is Ricardus Crosbie prior ec- James Weare, Esq. and in a scroll, clesie Cath Cove'tr'. Beneath Bishop the motto, Honeste egi. 1894. In the Burghill is the motto of the Black other lower comparıment is Jordan Prince, Ich Dien, in a scroll, and a Well Ward, Nathaniel Merridew, Esq. shield containing his crest or plyine. -Equabiliter et diligenter. 1824. The word Cressy, and date 1346, show These figures are supposed to have that he fought the battle at that place been originally executed by Jolm in that place. In the opposite lower Thornton, painter and glass-stainer, of compartment, are the words Camera Coventry, a man of great merit, being Principis, and the City Arms; and be the same person who executed the neath, the word Incorporated 1343.
great eastern window of York Minster, In the opposite window on the west between 1405 and 1407. side, first compartment, is a Mayor of Below the north window is a piece of Coventry, with a venerable beard, red tapestry, the dimensions of which are cap and robe over a blue dress, with 30 feet in length, and 10 feet in height, the inscription Roberlus Schypley, and divided into six compartments, round a shield, with R. S. in the cen- three in the first tier, and three in the tre, and a merchant's mark between. upper tier. This tapestry, which has He was Mayor in 1402, and again in lately been thoroughly cleansed, and 1415. In the opposite compartment re-húng with the greatest care, conis a similar figure of a Mayor, with- tains, in the whole, upwards of eighty out an inscription. Beneath are, Spon figures, or heads. The colours, though
1827.] Recent Repairs of St. Mary's Hall, Coventry,
319 somewhat faded, are still beautiful, and under her feet, which is supported by the general effect impressive. In the an angel also. In the compartment first left hand compartment is Henry above, the scene is continued, where VI., with several of his principal no- we see the heavens opened, and filled bility. Henry is devotionally on his with angels arranged 'round the celesknees, and before him is a covered tial throne. table, whereon lie his crown and a In the third compartment, on the missal. He wears on his head a cap first tier, we see Margaret, Henry's of crimson velvet, adorned with a buio consort, who is richly habited. There ton jewel. His gown is of a sky- is a great spirit in the countenance, blue colour, richly embroidered with though injured by having been mended gold; and round his neck hangs a at the corner of the mouth. Her very large gold chain. Behind the king crowned head-dress, and veil sludded is Cardinal Beaufort, kneeling;, and the with pearls, is both rich and elegant. figure behind, in a green dress, holding Her gown is cloth of gold. Her ala gold coin in his hand, is supposed 10 attitude somewhat low, as if kneeling be the King's Almoner. Another figure on a bench, with both hands joined in is conjeciured to represent John Vis- prayer, before a covered table, on which count Beaumont, K.G. Earl of Bou- is seen a missal. Slender waists, it logne, Constable and Lord High Cham- appears, were then in fashion. The berlain of England, who bore the arnis lady near the Queen is called the of Corentry on his crest, and who was Duchess of Buckinghain. The rest of killed at the battle of Northampton, in this assemblage are wholly unknown. 1460. He is dressed in a coat of cloih The dresses of these ladies are a robe, of gold, fringed with silrer, and gown right on the body, with wide Aowing of light-blue colour, bordered with sleeves, their necks bare, and on those pink. The cap on his head is similar of the Queen, the Duchess, and three to the King's, but without a button; others, are gold chains. The covering he has also an highly embroidered to their heads is peculiarly graceful. sachel hanging to his girdle. The rest The tier above shews many female of the personages are standing, among Saints, who, we may conclude, with whom we may readily point out the the corresponding male Saints on the good Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, other side of the tapestry, were the standing behind the King's back, with heavenly patrons of the principal pera book in his hand; he has a long sons in the compartments below them. beard, and a button or jewel in his A brass plate, erected in 1571, with cap, with a brown dress, and his neck an ornamental border in the Anglodecorated with a gold chain. The Italian stile of Elizabeth, and containdresses principally shew a vestment ing a grant of the Duke of Northumnext the body depending on the knees, berland of pasturage to the inhabitants and a robe, with large sleeves worn of Coventry, was in 1826 fastened to over it. The shoes are long-quartered. the wall of the recess, leading from the The caps are small and flat, with their Hall into the Mayoress's Parlour. Urims notched. The cut of the hair At the south-east angle of the Hall of the several portraits is much varied; is an inscription from Ecclesiasticus, c. and the beards of Duke Humphrey xliv, which has now a richly ornaand another principal character are left niented border. On the left side is 10 Aow to an unusual length. Each represented a mitred Bishop in full figure has his neck bare; and just dress, under a canopy, holding a croabove the collar of the under-garment sier į and on the opposite side an armed something like linen appears. From knight, with heater shield, and battleHenry's crown are diverging those axe, of the time of Edward III. Vabows, with globe and cross, which rious ornamental devices, viz. the City were first introduced in his reign. arms, crest, sword and mace, three
In the second compartment, in the feathers, mitre, crosier, &c. are painted first tier, is St. Mary in glory, sur- over the inscription. rounded by angels, with the moon At the south end of the Hall is the
minstrels' gallery, in the front of which In 1450, Henry VI. conferred a variety are suspended several suits of armour, of privileges on Coventry, and made it a City recently repaired and bronzed, of the and County totally distinct from the County, make of the 17th century, which were of Warwick ; and in 1456, paid it a visit in anciently worn by the attendants of great pomp.
the Mayor, when he went to proclaim
320 Repairs of St. Mary's Hall, Coventry.--Stump Pie. [April, the great fair. The armour of St. Council - chambers, has been raised George is placed in the centre; and and new paved, and the ascent into over the whole are a variety of ancient the room rendered commodious, by a pikes and bills. The appearance of single step. The large screen, which, this gallery has also been much im- with the Duke of Northumberland's proved ; its inconvenient depth has monument, occupied the whole extent been remedied, and a new ornamental of the room, have been removed, and front enables it to harmonize with the two carved partitions of smaller dimeninterior of the Hall. There were for- sions erected in their place. At either merly two ascents into the Gallery from end of this passage there is a fue for the Hall, one on the left by means of introducing warm air into the Hall. a circular stone stair-case in ihe build- The Hall is lighted by six brass ing, and the other on the right, by chandeliers, suspended by chains from circular wooden stairs, both of which the roof. The seats have also been reare removed. The Wardens' Buttery, cently covered with crimson cloth. which projected over the gateway front- In the year 1824, the western exing the street, is also taken away. terior was repaired, and abutments
At the southern end of the Hall is erected in the room of those which the Old Council-chamber, where are were much dilapidated. In the follow. the Mayor's seat, and those for the ing year, the sione work of the three members of the Council. The tables eastern windows being found decayed, and cushions are covered with crimson was totally removed, and new mullions, cloth. Above the ancient oak wainscot &c. introduced. The opposite lights, were painted cloth hangings, on which viz. on the western side, were also were the arms of Elizabeth; but these made to correspond. The great northhave been long removed, and damask ern window, whose historical treasure crimson hangings have been now sub- was noticed in your Magazine for 1798, stituted, with ornamental red and green has, as yet, received no alteration. borders of flowers. At the entrance into Yours, &c.
Wä. READER. the Chamber on the left hand, over the Mayor's elevated seat, are the City arms, beautifully painted on the crini
April 10. Camera Principis (the Prince's Cham- desires an explanation of what ber). On the east side are the follow- Slump. Pie consists. Probably he has ing devices: the Prince's Plume, with longing for a taste of what formed a the letters E. P. W. surrounding it; prominent dish at a certain period, at the King's Arms, 1426, H. VI. R. and ihe feasts of the Knights of the Garter. his cognizance, the Planta Genistu. In I have therefore sent him a recipe 10 a wreath of myrtle, adjoining the win- compose one secundum artem, and have dow, is the following inscription (for- only to observe that, if he had conmerly placed over the door), repaipted sulied books on the culinary art, of in ancient characters: “ Bebold how somewhat later date than those he regood and pleasant a thing it is for fers to, he would not have been disapBrethren to dwell together in unity." pointed in the search. Yours, S.C.P. The window is of newly paiuted
Stump Pye to season, glass, the centre of which contains the
Take veal or mutton, mince it raw, put City arms, with Camera Principis in a
half an ounce of pepper, half an ounce of scroll underneath. . On one side is the nutmegs, and half an ounce of cloves and Prince's plume, and on the other the mace; marjorara, thyme, and savoury, cut Broom Plant. On the other side of small; add a pound of currants ; mix them the window, in a wreath of oak leaves well together, and put to them two pounds and acorns, is the following inscrip- of the meat; work them up into balls as big lion : “Anno 1826, this Council-cham- as walouts, with six eggs, and at the closing ber was repaired and restored, in the up puta pound of butter, dispersed among Mayoralty of James Weare, Esq."
them in little balls as big as marbles. Then On the west side are the arms of the make a sauce with a quarter of a pint of Marquis of Hertford, the present Re
white wine, half a quartern of verjuice, the corder; and also the arms of the Eari yolks of three eggs, and a little whole mace; of Craven, the late Recorder.
putting in a quarter of a pound of butter.
When they are well beaten up and chickened Among other internal repairs and
over a gentle fire, put it into the pye, and improvements, the passage at the bot- so closing the lid, bake is in an indifferently tom of the Hall, leading to the two well heated oven.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
48. Transactions of the Royal Society of account of the Holy Land, compiled
Literature of the United Kingdom. Vol. I. for the use of Henry V. who, upon his Part I. 4to. pp. 227.
death-bed, avowed a resolution of THE Royal Society of Literature is making the expedition. We do not incorporated “ for the advancement of doubt the fact. Gilbert de Lannoi Literature, by the publication of in. wrote his Itinerary in 1422, and the edited remains of ancient Literature, following account of his work, unand of such works as may be of great noticed by Mr. Penn, is in Fabricius. intrinsic value, but not of that popular (Biblioth. Med. Æv. iv. 718.) character which usually claims the at- “ Gilbertus Lannoy cujus Iter sive detention of publishers; by the promo- scriptio peregrinationis A. 1422, susceptæ tion of discoveries in Literature; by per Ægyptum, Syriam, aliasque regiones endeavouring to fix the standard, as far exstabat MS. Bruxellæ in Bibliotheca Aulæ, as is practicable, and to preserve the
n. 501. teste Valerio Andrea, pag. 288. Bibl. purity of the English language; by Belgicæ, nam in Sweertii Athenis nulla huthe critical improvement of English jus Lannoii mentio.” lexicography; by the reading at pub- Mr. Penn procured his MS. in the lic meetings of interesting papers on
immediate vicinity of Lannoi, the fahistory, philosophy, poetry, philology, mily seat of the author, and found anand the arts, and the publication of other copy among the Hatton MSS. such of those papers as shall be ap. in the Bodleian. Mr. Penn does not proved of; by the assigning of hono- seem to be aware that this subject was fary rewards to works of great literary admirably illustrated in a paper premerit, and to important discoveries in sented some years since to the Society Literature; and by establishing a cor
of Antiquaries, by the Rev.John Webb, respondence with learned men in fo- accompanied by a transcript of the MS. reign countries for the purpose of lite- deposiied in the Bodleian. These, we rary inquiry and information." understand, are printed in the forth
Such is the preamble of the Char- coming volume of the Archäologia. ter, and the friends of Literature can- Whether Mr. Penn's MS. is a third not' of course do otherwise than wish transcript, or the same as the Brussels success to the Instirution. We now one, we know not. It is certain that proceed to the contents of the Part; Lannoi made the pilgrimage by compremnising that the Papers of which it mand of Henry the Fifth. The is composed, together with numerous
cause of this resolution was no doubt others, have already been noticed in that given by Mr. Fosbroke (British our Reports of the Proceedings of the Monaclism, p: 456), because it was Society, in vol. xciv. pt. i. p. 546; the reason assigned by Henry's own vol. xcv. pl. ii. p. 62; and xcvi.
father. This King says, in Shakspeare, P. 625.
that to avoid being dethroned, he had Art. 1. Account of an unknown Ma- a purposenuscript of 1422, illustrating the last “ To lead out many to the Holy Land, Declaration of King Henry V. and Lest rest and lying still might make them vindicaling ils veracity against the Too near into my state ;”.
[look scepticism of David Hume. By Gran- a policy which, Mr. Fosbroke observes, ville Penn, esq.
was suggested by Ælian and Justin, Every body has read that crusades who relates the same of Dionysius the to the Holy Land ceased on or about lyrant. Henry's idea of thus exhaustthe time of Henry V. and, if our recol. ing the power of the Nobility upon foJection be correct, the Popes largely reign expeditions, because he had only contributed to the relinquishment of an usurper's title, was wisely conceived; such a romantic project, by making for bis early decease, and long minority use of it as a mode of raising money, o his son, brought on tho dreadful through a cominutation payment to civil war which ended in the accession themselves. Mr. Granville Penn has of Edward the Fourth. described a MS. written by Gilbert de Il. On the affinities and diversities Lannoi, containing a topographical in the Languages of the World, and on - Gent. Mag. April, 1827.