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* Three Months in Ireland,"

(May, affairs of Ireland are at the present not hope from verse, the native land crisis, and likely as we are to be over- of the pseudo English Protestant. whelmed by the united aggressions of To defend the Bishops of the Church force and fraud.-" Calumniare forti- established in Ireland from such an ter et aliquid adhærebit" seems to be assailant, would be an idle task, al. the appropriate motto of these slander- though an easy one; it would at once ous scribblers, and if calumny is like incur the displeasure of the prelates, the dirt of Paris, more or less indeli- and the imputation of Aattery; but no ble, it behoves the friends of truth and such objection lies against shielding liberty to be vigilant in contradicting the defenceless from the cowardly, or and exposing it.

covering the grave of the dead lion Ireland and the Christian cause con- from the claw of the living jackal ; nected with the British interest in it and therefore it is impossible to refrain have indeed suffered severely for much from expressing the most decided remore than a century back from the probation of the vile attack made upon misrepresentation of interested persons the memory of the late Earl of Bristol in Great Britain. During Lord Tyr- and Bishop of Derry in this volume. connel's intolerant administration in It suits not the design of this brief ar1687 and 1688, the people of England ticle to enter into any vindication of were grossly deceived by reports every the departed nobleman's character ;where circulated among them of the like that of most men, it had its bright great mildness of that cruel Viceroy's side and dark shades ; but it.may be government, and to such a pitch was right to observe, that there was a day, ihis wicked delusion carried in Scot- aud that not very distant from the preland in 1689, that Sir

Daniel M.Da- sent day, when the author or the vender niel, who arrived in Dublin towards of such a book as this would have been the end of that year with several gen- shut out from society, and perhaps tlemen of the episcopal church from hunted like a mad dog out of the prothe Isles of Orkney, declared that vince of Ulster. With regard to the their ministers had assured them that late Earl of Bristol, the Protestants of Ireland enjoyed under King James's Government the We seek not now his merits to disclose,

Or draw his frailties from their dread greatest freedom, quiet, and security,

abode, both as to their religion and property; There they alike in trembling hope repose, Similar delusions have been effected

The bosom of his father and his God. from time to time respecting the state of Ireland within the last fifty years, in Such is “Three Months in Ireland!the course of which an alternation of Is the cause strong which must be concession and repulsion has produced maintained by such instruments ? Is one rebellion and several insurrections, the Protestant interest in Ireland to be leaving this island, as to its connexion put down by such wretched men and with the rest of the realm, in as preca- his savage employers ? rious state, as it was in the commence- The Appendix consists of garbled ment of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. portions of the evidence on Irish as

This may serve as the only apology fairs given before the Legislature. In which can be offered for thus noticing this Mr. O'Connell is reported to have a publication in which such lines as sworn that the members of the Church the following appear :

of Rome would revolt extremely at the “To her charm'd eyes all honours deck her idea of their Clergy getting any share sons,

of the tithes in Ireland;" and Dr. Enrich the poor and consecrate the dunce." Doyle is stated to have deposed upon “With few ideas he clings, like every dunce, oath, that “when he was obliged to The more to those he has admitted once."

spend his last shilling in support of the It is observable that this promising famishing neighbourhood, he was made candidate for a niche in the temple of to pay tithe!!!" The Doctor, gencDUNCES, pronounces the word "idea" rous soul, is one of those who, it as consisting of two instead of three seems, syllables, calling it “idey,precisely “Do good by stealth, and blush to find it as his countrymen do on the Connaught side of the Shannon; so that this line ascertains, what Selden could Yours, &c. JOHN GRAHAM.

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1827.] Fotheringhay Church and Castle, Northamptonshire. 401 Mr. URBAN,

May 12.

ornamented at the angles with octaTHE late amiable and venerable gonal embattled turrets, on which were

Historian of Leicestershire, in his formerly the symbols of the four EvanHistory of Fotheringhay, has justly ob- gelists; two, those of St. Matthew and served, that this place has been dis- Mark, the Lion and the Angel, still tinguished beyond any other in Britain, remain. The sides of this story are except the capital, by the aggravated pierced with three small and four larger misfortunes of royalty. “Had this windows, under obtuse angled arches; ancient town (says he) been known the latter divided into two stories of four only by the splendid foundation of that bays by plain tracery. The upper story great prince Edmund of Langley, of the tower, having the appearance of whose grandson aspired to the throne a lanthorn, is octagonal, surmounted of this kingdom, and which his greaf- with an embattled parapet, ornamented grandson Edward the Fourth, by a at the angles with crocketed pinnacles. inore fortunate turn of affairs, actually Each face is occupied by a lofty winascended, it would have claimed the dow of two stories of three bays, with regard of the Historian."

elegant tracery. From the buttresses, The accompanying view represents surmounted with crocketed pinnacles, the collegiate Church, and some ad- which adorn the ailes, spring ten segjoining buildings; the Castle-hill ap- ments of arches, which, resting against pears on the right side, while the river the wall of the naye immediately under Nen (which served for the outer moat the embattled parapet, strengthen the of that princely edifice) laves its banks clerestory. These are very minutely on the left. Across this beautiful shewn in the annexed engraving. water, which produces pike, perch, To the right of the view is the Castle tench, bream, ruft, roach, dace, gud- Hill, which stands at the eastern extregeon, bleak, minnow, the red and mity of the town, on which, in June silver eel, and sometimes the salmon 1820, some of the remains of the anand trout, is thrown a handsome stone cient fortification were discovered on bridge leading directly to the town, the removal of some of the earth. which is formed of one principal street. “Lo! on that mound in days of feudal pride, The present edifice replaced one of a Thy tow'ring Castle frown'd above the tide ; much older date in 1922, under the Flung wide her gates, where troops of vasdirection of Mr. George Portwood, of

sals met Stamford'; the stone being brought With awe the brow of high Plantagenet." from the quarry at King's Cliffe.

The former bridge owed its erection “Few are the flow’rs that wave upon that to the munificence of Queen Elizabeth

mound; in 1573, and consisted of four piers of No herb salubrious yields the blighted stone covered with wood, and fenced Beside the thorn the barren thistle springs; on each side; in one part by a wall, The raven there his pilfer'd carrion brings and in the other by a railing. A To glut in secret; or, impressed with fear, tablet recording its erection, was in- Croaks his hoarse song to desolation's ear." serted in the wall on the left hand, after having passed the bridge on the Simon de St. Liz, the second Earl of

The Castle was originally built by side nearest the College-yard.

During the great rebellion, the par- Northampton, at the close of the 11th, liamentary troops, in their barbarous or beginning of the 19th century. It zeal against monarchy, as they passed St. Paul, Baroness de Voissa, daughter this place, erased with their swords the of Guido de Chatillon, married to words “God save the Queen."

The most interesting object existing Audomare de Valence, Earl of Pemat this place, and which appears tower broke, who fell in a tournament on ing above the surrounding edifices in the day of their nuptials ; whence she the accompanying plate, is the Colle is characterized by Gray as the giate Church. The beautiful tower, of

“ Sad Chatillon, on her bridal morn two stories, may be seen to rear its That wept her bleeding love." highly ornamented head above the It was the birth-place of Richard west end of the nave, and is calculated the Third, whose character has been 10 command respect. The lower story so assailed by historians and poets, is square, finished with a plain parapet as scarcely ever to be mentioned but Gent. Mag. May, 1827.

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Crypt under St. John's Church, Clerkenwell.

[May, with feelings of horror.. A votary

of was glad to have recourse to a phial of the muse thus alludes to the place: lavender water which the sexton held. " When from thy lap the ruthless Richard Mr. Mitchell's vault is 'near the door,

and several of the men were employed sprung, A boding sound through all thy borders rung,

on it: how they bore without injury It spoke a tale of blood—fair Neville's woe,

the unwholesome damps, I am at a York's murd'rous hand, and Edward's fu- loss to conceive, as it was in July, ture foe.”

The coffins are immersed in dews, and But as the clouds of prejudice pass

are piled and wedged into the shape of away, we are enabled to discern some the arches; whether these have been interesting traits of character worthy windows originally, or whether these

, , of commendation.

From the residence of a prince, Fo. I did not stay long enough to examine. theringay Castle became a prison for The arches and groins are similar to the unfortunate victims of royal justice those of other groined crypts." Notor tyranny. The last who entered withstanding this appalling account, within its walls as a prisoner, was

upon entering I found that the vault Mary Queen of Scots, whose beauty had assumed a character much more and 'amiable manners appears to have favourable to investigation, as the pracsecured for her, from our gallant coun

tice of burying in mere wooden coffins, trymen, more pity than her conduct which prevailed in Malcolm's time, has ought to have inspired. Here she re- long been discontinued. There are, ceived that punishment which her however, many circumstances which crimes had loug rendered just, but the demand the attention of the officers of circumstances attending its execution

this district of Clerkenwell; the dampwere of too extraordinary, a character ness formerly complained of does not

meet with praise, though they exist in any great degree at present, might admit of defence.

but decay being always in progress, The ground-plau of the keep was

the bodies are occasionally exposed in “ in the form of a fellerlock." I need

an unseemly manner; in short the not inforın your readers that this was a

whole of the vault, which is extensive, favourite device of the House of York. requires to be cleansed; the ruins of Whilst the contention for the crown

coffins are in some places piled to the existed, the falcon was represented as

very roof, che middle aisle is comendeavouring to expand iis wings and pletely blocked up at its entrance, and force open the lock; but when the far beyond, the only way left to it Lords of this badge had attained the being by a narrow passage through the summit of their ambition, the falcon north aisle between two piles of cofwas represented as free, and the lock fins; not a gleam of day-light is to be open.

L. S. seen throughout this dreary cavern; it

is equally impervious to the air, exMr. URBAN, Pentonville, April 12.

cepting what is afforded at the en

Some years ago, upon an ocN the course of making drawings, casion of repairing the church, a party Description of Clerkenwell, which I

near its western extremity, a cobweb am now publishing, I proceeded to hanging from the upper coffins which the crypt, under the ancient church of stretched across the aisle, and is deSt. John, but not without some mis- scribed to have been as large as a givings as to the possibility of entering funeral pall, and of most extraordinary a place which has been described by thickness. It is admitted that the preMalcolm as most dangerous and pes- sent church of St. John is the choir of tiferous : his words are, (see Londinium the church demolished by Somerset, Redivivum,) Having heard of the in the 3rd of Edward VI., the nave vaults, or rather crypt, beneath the having been blown up by gunpowder; church, I wished to explore them, the materials were employed to build and accordingly was accompanied by the magnificent palace in the Strand. the sexton; but the horrid sight that The vaults are immediately beneath lay before me banished all curiosity: this ancient choir; the groining, espebesides, the decaying effluvia of my cially in the middle aisle, is very perfellow creatures issued in such deadly fect, supported by clastered columns streams towards the dry air, that I richly moulded; the capitals are about

trance.

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