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428 Review Histoire du Marriage des Prêtres en France. (May, resume the path of politics, and, we nounced celibacy as a crimeş, and believe, was actually returned as a de-' their proceedings, as detailed in this puty, but his session was not allowed. tract, were as strange as they were Perhaps, on a review of his literary cruel. But what is unjust towards so labours, he may congratulate himself ciety, when originating in caprice, on the prohibition.
must bear another character when its The present work is less of an ela- intention is beneficial. The posterity borate discussion of the question of of an individual cannot be balanced Ecclesiastical Marriages, 'than one with the good which a virtuous and growing out of the consequences of ardent mind may produce, when rethe Revolution. But it will inform leased from domestic society; not that those who do not wish to study deeper, we forget Howard to have been a husand we should be ungrateful, were we band and a father, but his case is an not to say that we consider this tract exception; and those whose benevoas being all (controversy excepted) lence must make home its first obthat it is necessary to read.
ject, will have proportionably liule to The question is one of uncertainty, bestow on those around. There is because the Scriptures give no rules' danger, that celibacy may produce the concerning it, unless a permission be most exclusive seláshness), and to implied from the absence of prohibic counteract this tendency it requires a tion, and the lineal succession of the constant succession of active duties. Aaronical priesthood. St. Paul for. The monks of La Trappe, obserres bids polygamy to the Clergy *, and as- M. Chenien, are useless to the world, serts his right of marriage, and of tra- while those of St. Bernard merit its velling with a wifet. M. Grégoire gratitude. observes, that St. Peter is perhaps the As a specimen of our author's manonly one of the Apostles, whose mar- ner, we give the following extraci. riage is proved. But the words of the which may serve as an answer to two Apostle refer also to the brothers (or questions naturally growing out of this cousins) of the Lord; and the posterily argument: of St. Jude are mentioned in subse
« On demandera sans doute si ces maquent history I. He then asks, would the Apostles have praised the virtue of riages ont été heureux, si la concorde y a chastity, without setting an example blier le vice de leur union. Quelques uns
régné, si une conduite édifiante a fait oaof it? To this we answer, that the ont offert ce resultat ; mais beaucoup de precept must be considered as being
ces mariages, mal assortis, ont opposed, not to matrimony, but to li- suites facheuses. La disparité d'éducation, centiousness.
d'opinions et de moeurs, suffisait pour In fact, the question is one of ex- troubler l'harmonie, et souvent le joug du pediency. Does celibacy conduce to mariage a vengé le célibat. Au milieu des the better performance of ecclesiastical vicissitudes et des réactions politiques, des duties? and the decrees of Councils, prêtres devenus époux, ont été dévorés de and the writings of the Fathers, do but chagrin, poison corrosif qui aura sans doute evince the current opinion of the abrégé la vie de plusieurs...Quoiqu'en France times. All experience is against ce
l'opinion soit versatile et souvent erronée,
jamais elle n'eut l'injustice de faire peser libacy as injunctive, though when vo
aucune défaveur sur la postérité peu nonluntarily practised, it is in many re- breuse des prêtres mariés. D'ailleurs, parspects beneficial. But every mind is mi les jeunes gens issus de ces unions on not so tempered as to endure it; and,
peut en citer qui, par l'intégrité de leurs instead of forbidding marriage to the meurs et l'éclat des talens, parcourent avec clergy, it would be desirable
to make succès la double carrière du barreau et de the priesthood an asylum to those who, la littérature." C. ... pp. 122, 123. from whatever reason, are unlikely to
We have said nothing of the local marry. The Revolutionists of France de argument, because it has only a local
interest. We doubl whether the na * i Tim. üi. 2,
t i Cor. ix. 5. As this verse is in the $ In Scripture, we may observe, that form of an answer, we may suppose the voluntary celibacy is recognised in Mact Apostle to be refuting the vexatious ques- xix. 12, and compulsory celibacy is concions of others, who forbade wedlock to the soled in Isaiah lvi. 4, 5. ministry.
If See the affecting story of St. Duosten, Euseb. Eccles. Hist. iii. 1° 19, 20. in Turner's Anglo-Saxons, reign of Edwin
1827.] RBVIBW.Specimens of British Poetesses.
429 lorious priest, John Ball, was mar- of single piece Greville' will beam ried, and must inform the author, that a star of fame when time has dimifellowships and livings are not convert- nished the galaxy of modern brilliance ible terms. If there be any other mis- into a thousandth ray. In other retakes, they have escaped our notice. spects the Editor's volume, ‘one of the
first that has been entirely consecrated
to women,' is excellent, forming a va75. Specimens of British Poetesses ; selected luable Appendix to the Specimens?
and Chronologically Arranged by the Rev. of Ellis, Southey, and Campbell, and Alexander Dyce, B.A. Oxon.
must be considered, like those, a HOWEVER high and lofty a claim', standard work. may be exultingly advanced for our fair band of lyrists of the present day, 76. The Tor Hill. By the Author of and however their fugitive scatterings “ Brambletye House," &c. In three vols. may be lauded by the periodical press,
Colburn. we of a graver age cannot erase from THE author of this work stands · memory things that were. We still much in the same relation to his
feel a veneration for the Muse when great Exemplar,” as the ordinary her handmaids enrobed her with the novel writers of the day stand towards stiff and rich brocade, and doubt whe- him—there is a great gulph between ther the gympe and cumbrous finery each, through which it seems imposshe then wore has not yet more of the sible for either to pass. There is a imagery and lasting attributes of poe- steady and pleasing course, very far try, than the tinsel and fringe so la- above mediocrity, very much below vishly manufactured to adorn her now. the standard of excellence, in which With these impressions we felt a ma. he moves; and laying aside all invivifold obligation to the industry of the dious comparisons, to which we have Editor of this volume in again calling been formerly forced by the injudito memory the casual and unlaboured cious praise of interested parties, we productions of the early • British Poet. are most willing to award him the esses,' too long neglected and dispersed, merit that belongs to a lively and infugitives that needed some friendly genious writer. Such are our honest hand to gather them into the garner. impressions. We hail hin therefore The task is now fitly and judiciously as a powerful auxiliary in the ranks of performed. To each article is affixed imaginative writers, with strength and a brief and useful notice, but of ninety resources sufficient to interest and specimens, commencing with Dame amuse during the absence of “ The Juliana Berners, and ending with Læ- Master," and with an ease and a grace titia Eliza Landon, sixty the Aickering that belong only to genius and a culof fancy may term old-fashioned.
tivated laste. This objection, if it is one, the Editor The subject of the present story behas attempted to obviate by devoting a longs to the times of the Eighth moiety of the volume to Mary Robin- Henry, a period the most pregnant son, and her contemporaries and succes- with moral consequences to us and to sors, the ardent founders of (borrowing our posterity of any that history ema hackneyed phrase) the new schools. braces. For, as Mr. Smith has well Jane Barker and some lesser lights of and beautifully observed in allusion to the seventeenth century are omitted, the vices and depravities of this Moprobably to form a corps of reserve narch and his Court: “ from these poifor another edition. Favouritism also sonous elements did Heaven, by a appears in rejecting among the mo- beautiful moral alchemy that merits derns, for we can hardly believe the our admiration not less than our graEditor unacquainted with the produc- titude, extract that inestimable elixir tions of Lady Manners, Maria Rid- of Reformed Christianity, which efdell, Anne Bannezman, &c. certainly fected more in a few years towards names of omniparity with some ennobling and advancing the humau that swell his list of poetesses. Ad- race than all that had been acconimitting specimens of living writ- plished since the birth of Christ.” ers, however the female mind is The references to this important making a rapid advance,' had better event are therefore among the most have been avoided. We are costive interesųing occurrences of the volume, enough to believe the Indifference and they are treated by our author in
(May, a mapper inost creditable to his talents, land in the immediate vicinity of and most honourable to the estimate Wells in Somersetshire, and in the he has formed of the value of this neighbourhood of Sir Lionel Fitzgreat blessing. A benefit which sub- maurice. serves in his hand to exalt a feeble in- We must pass over a capital descriptellect to the heroic daring of a Chris- tion of the Hostelry of "The Tables," aian martyr, and to subdue a fiery and the Landlady “Sih Fawcett," and the impatient spirit to the meekness and adventures of Dudley and his map: angelic temperament of the Gospel in the cavern of “\Vokey hole," as of Peace. We will endeavour 10 give contributing little to the progress of the a broad outline of the story itself. story. But we will bring the trarel.
The work opens at Calais, and lers at once into the presence of the, gires a portrait of Sir Giles Hunger- hero of the piece, Sir Lionel himself, ford, wlio, impatient of his appoint- merely premising that during a thunment as Governor of the Lantern der storm, which interrupted their Gate, is anxious to exhibit his prow. journey to the Tor House, the traess in some more active service, and vellers had seen their host in the hafrom his fiery temperament is willing biliments of a necromancer stalking to engage in any warfare rather than on the ramparts of his castle, the prewear out his spirit in rest and inac- siding genius of the storm, and dition. The opportunity is soon afford. recting the wrath of the angry eleed him. A party of adventurers from ments. Dudley is here invited to take Calais having been surprised, had sur- up his abode, and is introduced 10 rendered to the French troops, and the wife and daughter of Sir Lionel, were murdered by the peasantry in the former a strange compound of the cold blood. Sir Giles proceeds at the domestic æconomist and heroic devohead of a small body of regulars, but tee, now prating in the antiquated followed by a band of adventurers jargon of an ancient housewise, and (a description of persons little better not unfrequently displaying an energy than robbers) to lake signal vengeance of character worihy of ihe best ages of on the murderers. He effects his pur- romance. pose, but is afterwards himself sur- The daughter Beatrice is a stately prised by a larger force, and after a high-souled beauty, with all her fadesperate battle, is mortally wounded. ther's haughtiness, but without any He is conveyed into the French camp, of his dissinulation. This character where he dies, after having given his has been beautifully and elaborately nephew Dudley the necessary direc- wrought, and she will doubtless prove, tions respecting his only child, Cecil a general favourite. Hungerford, then under the care of In this mansion is imprisoned the Sir Lionel Fitzmaurice in England, unfortunate Cecil Hungerford, the providing, that if his son should die heir of the possessions surrounding the withont issue, bis estates should de. Tor House, and in whose, fate a mevolve upon Sir Lionel.
lancholy interest is excited. The in. The Duke of Vendome having learnt tention of Sir Lionel has been long the death of his prisoner, directed that manifest. In his communications with the body should be escorted to the Sir Giles Hungerford on the subject of frontiers of the English pale with mi- this unhappy youth, he had represented litary honours; and a truce having him as of feeble frame and of weaker insubsequently been concluded, Dudley tellect, utterly unfit for knightly enterproceeds to England to fulfil his prize, craven, and effeminate. His real uncle's injunctions, and to decide upon character is, however, very different, and a measure in which he is more nearly is ably drawn. Upon this sensitive being concerned, having been affianced (as the most devilish arts and diabolical was the practice of the age) when a contrivances had been practised. Opchild, to the eldest daughter of Sir . tical illusions were superadded to perEustace Poyns. He is attended on sonal chastisements, until he was his journey by an Anglo-Gaulish ser- goaded into such aberrations as would vant named Pierre, who is destined to almost justify a charge of temporary whistle and sing through all the ad- lunacy. It is under these influences ventures of his master after the most that Dudley has an accidental sight of approved fashion in such cases made the son of his own relative Sir Giles, and provided. Dudley arrives in Eng- and his first impression is that of con
431 passion for his fatuity, until a fur- In the mean time the threat of the ther acquaintance during his stolen Cardinal was not inoperative. A cominterviews exhibits the practices of mission was appointed to examine into Sir Lionel and his infernal agents in the state of the supposed lunatic Cetheir true light. He obtains an in- cil, and the diabolical machinery of terview, and taxes him with his crimes Sir Lionel was again employed to untowards his ward, a fierce rencontre hinge the mind and bewilder the inensues, Dudley's sword is, wrested tellect of his unhappy charge. The from his grasp by some unexplained detail of these practices is painfully contrivance, and he owes his life to distressing, and we should have imathe interposition of Beatrice. This is gined them sufficient, on a spirit so one of the most animated scenes in finely touched and a frame so delithe story, and is as fine as it is highly cately organised, to have effected their wrought.
intended purpose. Of the scene that Dudley escapes to the Abbey of follows, we cannot speak in terms of Glastonbury, with whose venerable approbation, highly wrought as it is, abbot Sir Lionel has had a long and “ Nec Deus intersit, nisi dignus vindice rancorous feud, and by the advice of nodus this able counsellor he proceeds to Incederit." London to solicit the aid of Wolsey, It was a most hazardous attempt, and then in power. “Yes, my son,” says we think cannot be approved by a the abbot, “even though he be leagued sound taste. Under the influence of with the spirits of darkness, they shall feelings more than usually excited by fall prostrate before the spirit of light the increased horrors that had been and of the law, even as the magicians practised in the night, he hurries into of Pharaoh sank down before the su- the fields, and after a melancholy aposperior power of Moses.”
trophe to his desolate condition, he Dudley digresses ou the road to pay addresses a prayer to the deity, typia visit to the father of his betrothed, fied by the sun. Concluding "Thou and to take a view of his intended, wilt not refuse to see me when I kneel now no longer interesting, since his before thee; thou wilt not draw down acquaintance with Beatrice had_ric those eye-lids in anger when I humpened into a mutual attachment. The bly"-"He broke off with an abrupt whole family of Sir Eustace Poyns in horror, for a gust of wind suddenly their stately formality are but the bores springing up, dispersed the mist, and of the novel, and as they assist'nothing discovered to him the object which in the developement, we may dismiss he had just addressed as the central eye them all, with the exception of the of God with its lid drawn down. So intended wife of Dudley, with whom at least it appeared to his disturbed in the sequel we are again concern- and terrified perception." It was the ed. Dudley reaches London, but his great solar eclipse. Of course his in. enemy has been at work before his sanity is confirmed, and Sir Lionel obarrival. By the assistance of a rela- tains a momentary triumph. live (Sir John Dudley) he gains an We have brought our readers thus interview with the Lord Cardinal. far into the plot, and we feel that it Some charges are brought forward by would tend to weaken the interest the Cardinal which are vehemently they would feel in the perusal of the denied by Dudley, being, as the reader story, were we to pursue it to its diswill suspect, the malicious reports of entanglement. Here, therefore, we Sir Lionel. In addition to this, his shall leave them; after hinting that we enemy had denounced him as trea- have not even adverted to a very imsonable and disaffected, and the emis- portant Royal Personage, who is made saries of the Star Chamber were in to act a very characteristic part. pursuit of him. By the advice of his There are many pages in these voattorney, he “ takes sanctuary" in lumes in which the general reader will Westminster, a place privileged from feel no sympathy. We mean that acarrest, and consequently abused to the cumulation of antiquarian lore under vilest purposes. Here resorted untried which the author has buried heroes and malefactors, runaway spendthrifts, the heroines, to the sad interruption of the dregs of the city, and all whom vice interest we feel in their fate. His lecor misfortune had compelled to ba- tures on gastronomy would have been nishment from society were here con- . amusing elsewhere. We hare no apgregated.
432 Review.-Soames's History of the Reformation. [Day, petite to discuss the dainties at the murder of those whom the Sovereign Swan, scarcely to feel any pleasure wishes to destroy. But in England in the banquet of the Cardinal
. it must, except in a very few instances, Our thoughts are in the Tor House, have been a very serious incumbrance. in the prison-room of the unhappy For there the King had only to conciCecil, or awaiting the result of that liate the Parliament, and, except in complicated machinery by which the case of a quarrel between them, Sir 'Lionel, the necromancer- the the intrusion of the Papal usurpation alchymist -- the demon - works his must have been under the best eir. impious purposes. Not but that the cumstances a great inconvenience; researches of the author into the cus- and if a quarrel did ensue, then the loms of the age of which he wrote, King or the Barons respectively tried are highly creditable to his industry, to win the Pope over to their party, and his correct synchronical skill; but and the unnatural contest was only there is, if we may say so, a 100 af- protracted. The wars of York and fected display of the treasures he has Lancaster had sickened the people of gleaned, and too strong a savour of re- civil war; and Henry, who, with recent acquisition-he has read that he gard to the country ai large, was averse may write, a very natural process to inciting rebellion, managed his Pardoubtless, but it seems too apparent.
liament with ease. Indeed England Upon the whole, then, we assert could get nothing by the Pope. It Mr. Smith has written a clever and could acquire no accession of liberty, entertaining romance, hurried perhaps law, or wealth., For every want of too abruptly
and unnaturally to a close, this kind, the people resorted to their yet exciting throughout a deep interest, Parliaments. To these, not to the and maintaining a steady course through Pope, they looked for controul of the many high and perilous Aights. There King; and long before the Reformais much skill in the individual por- tion they felt only the wretched consetraits introduced, nor is any offence quences resulting from an excess of given to historical accuracy.
devotees, that is, an excess of pettis, The references to that great Work to annoying, domestic tyrants; for in priwhich we have before alluded, are in vate life, devotees always act the past a strain of grateful piety, and redeem of persecutors, spies, pedagogues, and some of the earlier blemishes. We informers. They will be masters orer allude to the profane rhapsodies of every body. Whatever were the mo Friar Francis, whether delivered in tires of Henry, and they were several, monkish Latin, or in the very words his tyrannical disposition was a proriof our ritual. Mr. Smith has com- dential good; for a man who had so menced a successful career; and though much of the Devil in hiin as not to we dare not say,
give way to God, would not be likely -“ Cheer'd by bis promise we the less de
to succumb to the Pope, and when plore
Cranmer suggested that the papal auThe fatal time when Scott shall be no more;” thority was itself amenable to that of he has our best wishes, that health Scripture, Henry seized the powerful and leisure be given to him to enjoy as he liked. It was evident that the
with avidity, and slashed away his merited honours, and to enlarge Pope could have no chance of resislhis interesting contributions to the joint stock of harmless pleasure and lion. This he could not do, and was
ance, unless he could excite a rebelinnocent amusement.
therefore obliged to submit to exile. During his secession, i. e. uill she
reign of Mary, Cranmer was fortu76. The History of the Reformation of the nately the ruling ecclesiastical autho
Church of England. By Henry Soames, rily; and the work before us, the proM.A. Rector of Shelley in Essex. Vol. Ill. gress of the Reformation in the reign (Reign of King Edw. VI.) 8vo. pp. 768. of Edward VI. shows that the archi.
TO a despotic Prince, Popery is a tect of it was that admirable (we could most useful State machine, because its almost in our enthusiasm say) inspired doctrines tend to slavery of mind and Reformer; for of him it might be said person, and, like the Inquisition in as of David, " He overcame the lion Spain, the plea of irreligion may be and the bear (Gardiner and Bonner), made to corer the imprisonm--and and made the uncircumcised Philis.