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1927.] Review.--Soames's History of the Reformation. 433 cine (the pápal Goliath) as one of acquainted with them. Henry observed, 'I them."

do marvel that it is said my Lord of CanterTo show in what manner he effect- bury doth keep no good hospitality; for I ed this wonderful victory, is the strik- have heard the contrary.' Then, uttering ing feature of the work before us. It some high commendations of the Archenters into the most luminous details bishop, he abruptly broke off the discourse. of the circumstances, and exhibits by

Within a month afterwards, as the King the clearest logic the wisdom and po

was dressing for dinner, he said to Sir Tho

mas, then attending with the ewer ; 'Go licy of the measures adopted. Sophis- ye straightways unto Lambeth, and bid my try' indeed advanced to the combat, Lord of Canterbury come and speak to me but it was shot dead in the very in- at two o'clock in the afternoon.' The messtant that it came within the line of senger immediately crossed the water, and fire. The doctrinal troops of the Pope enquiring for the Archbishop, was led by proved like bis military ones, mere the porter towards the hall. No sooner men of straw, when they had to com- had he reached the screen, than, stricken by bat with Scripture, the doctrines and the manifest falsehood of the tales to which practices of the primitive church, com

he had lent himself, he started back. Withmon sense, and fair dealing. In truth in the spacious room were ranged three our author very justly says,

principal tables handsomely provided, be

sides inferior ones, liberally supplied. 'Can“ It is often a matter of astonishment not I go to my Lord's apartment through with Protestants, that any serious men of the chapel ?' asked the Knight. That sound sense and good information can con- way, Sir,' said Mr. Neville, the Archbitinue in the profession of Popery, but when shop's steward, who now came forward, is it is known that such pains have been taken not open at dinner time, the door being to prevent even learned Romanists from locked. You must therefore let me lead finding in libraries complete information you into his Grace's presence through the upon their own religion, this circumstance hall.' On bearing this, Seymour followed may be accounted for easily enough." p. 160. his conductor, and soon found himself in an

apartment where the Archbishop was dining The temper of Cranmer, which was in a manner suited to his station. The exceedingly amiable, was exactly of King's message being delivered, Cranmer the kind fitted to conciliate an impe. insisted that his visitor should share his rcrious King and haughty nobles. To past. Sir Thomas remained but a short the former he had proved a most use

time at table ; being anxious, as he said, to ful counsellor and auxiliary; and as

return and wait upon his Majesty. He the History of the Reformation, though reached the Royal presence before dinner

was removed, and Henry said immediately, excellently told by Mr. Soames, is a topic far 100 copious for our limits, The reply was, . He will wait upon your

• Will my Lord of Canterbury come to us ?' and as we have no idea that we can Majesty at two o'clock.' The King asked give the portrait of a man by exhibit- again, "Had my Lord dined before you ing only his nose, we shall inake our

came?" "No, forsooth, I found him at extract from a passage containing a dinner.' Well,' rejoined the King, what conversation .of Henry concerning cheer made he you?' Sir Thomas then Cranmer. It will show, inter alia, fell upon his knees, and said, 'I hope that how closely Elizabeth copied the style your Majesty will pardon me. Why, and inanner of her father.

what is the matter ? asked Henry. "I do “An attack was made upon Cranmer's told your Highness, that my Lord of Can

remember,' replied the supplicant, having reputation during King Henry's reign. Şir terbury kept no hospitality correspondent Thomas Seymour, then one of the gentle unto his dignity. I now perceive that I did men of the privy chamber, stood foremost in abuse your Highness with an untruth. For the work of mischief. His first measure was to

besides your Grace's house, I think he be circulate a whisper about the court that the

not in the realme of none estate or degree, Archbishop of Canterbury, although selling that hath such a hall furnished, or that woods and taking fines to an unusual extent, fareth more honourably at his own table.' had greatly departed from the hospitality of The King then said, "Ah! have you spied his predecessors, being intent only upon your own fault now? I knew your purpose realizing a fortune for his family. These well enough; you have had among you the reports were so notoriously false, that some

commodities of the abbeys which you have members of the Royal household quarrelled consumed; some with superfluous apparel, with Seymour for spreading them abroad.

some at dice and cards, and other ungraThe knight, however, persisted in his tales, cious rule. And now you would have the and one day he contrived to make the King Bishop's lands and revenues to abuse likeGENT. Mag. May, 1827.

8vo. PP.

434

Review.—Bransby Cooper's Vindication. [May. wise. If my Lord of Canterbury keep such highest class, Dr. Wheeler (Theologia hall as you say, being neither Term nor cal Lectures, I. 133), the moral sense Parliament, he is metely well visited at remained after the Fall, but with enthose times, I warrant you. And if the feebled physical powers; and that this other Bishops kept the like for their de- is correct, is proved by St. Paul's docgree, they need not to have any thing taken trine, couched in the well-known from them, but rather to be added to and texts, relative to the law of the memholpen. Therefore set your hearts at rest, there shall no such alteration be made while bers warring against the law of the

inind. Now Dr. Johnson says, that I live." Pp. 7274729.

where there is shame, there may yet The plan of the mercenary courtiers be virtue ; and if a man be open to was to deprive the prelates of their shame, he is open of course to repentlanded properties, and to assign them ance, which the Scripture never depensions for their maintenance. nies, and would be utierly impractica

ble under complete depravíty. But such

a form of animation is not io be found. *77. A Vindication of the Sentiments con- No animal exists, with whose being

lained in A Letter lo a Clergyman on some providential good or other is une the peculiar Tenets of the present Day, in connected. Natural philosophy and cheanswer to the Letters of the Rev. Mr. mical experiment show that God can. Whish, which were intended as a Reply to not be the author of undefecated evil that Publication; comprising a more am- of any kind; for even in man, if any ple Discussion of various important Sul- one becomes so intolerably bad as to jects, which have given rise to Controversy be a civil injury, the sense of suffering in the Church. To which is added, an

makes others in correction feel and Appendix, containing a few Remarks addressed 10 another Antagonist

. By R. urge the value of virtue ; but philosoBransby Cooper, Esq. M. P.

phers know that it is impossible for 450.

any man to be without some good qua

lities. In truth, the Calvinistic docWE are happy to have an opportu- trine of Mr. Whish, which consists nity of vindicating a man so univer- of cavils only, is completely confuted sally and deservedly respected as Mr. by Bishop Tomline, whom we shall Cooper. Every body knows that original sin Lordship says (Refutation of Calvin

quote from Mr. Cooper (p. 73). His has been a leading topic with divines ism, c. 1. p. 3), of a certain class (why we know not), and that it has brought the Church

“The general approbation of virtue and into discredit by the affixatiou of the detestation of vice, which have universally soubriquet original-sin men to particu

prevailed, prove that the mural sense was We think that such per

not adnibilated, and that man did not belar persons. sons have not understood the subject, mass of pollution and depravity, absolutely

come by the fall an unmired, incorrigible for they have made of it a physical ab. incapable of amendment, or of knowing or surdity, in that they have affirmed, that discharging by his natural powers any part what is utterly spoiled is capable of re- of the duty of a dependent being." suming its original properties; i. e. that a putrid carcase be physically sus

And in his observations on the 10th ceptible of living functions. We are

article (c. i. p. 54), he says, satisfied that Reason and Religion “ We can by no means allow the infer(God heing the author of both) can ences attempted to be drawn from them, never be at variance; for things in- [i.e. the words of the article] by modern Calcomprehensible are only such, because vinistical writers, namely, that of our owu it is impossible for man to understand nature we are wilhoul any spark of goodness them. "The original-sin men having, in us,' and that man has no ability or dispohowever, affirmed that the fall has sition whatever with respect to faith or good made of human nature a complete

works." mass of corruption, a mere rotten egg, Now a more bare-faced, impudent, it is so palpable an absurdity, that Mr. unphilosophical absurdity that the Cooper has very justly and philosophi- last position was never maintained, cally said that, if so, man must have for, was it the fact, there could not been physically incapable of good ac- nor would not exist any religion at all tions in any way. The truth is that, among mankind, nor civilization, for according to a theologian of the very religion implies faith in God, and civil

1827.]
RBVIEW.-Shafton's Vagaries.

435 association laws, which imply again rible idea, and even the arowal of it, good works. But we are truly sorry it is not worse than the murder of that Mr. Cooper has been troubled, millions, which Calvin has laid to His Jike another Eneas, to descend into a charge. He has affirmed that God has Tartarus of wretched logic, and disperse voluntarily sent men into the world mere ghosts of arguments with a sub for no other purpose, but to incur stantial sword. Of the beautiful and eternal misery, without any power on conclusive ratiocination of Bishop their parts to prevent it. To such a Tomline we have had occasion more madman (so far as regards that horrithan once to speak ; and also it has ble position), and to the followers of been our lot to reprobate the system of such insanity, Mr. Cooper addresses Calvin, because it makes God irra- the following paragraph : tional, the author of evil. We see that Mr. Whish never presses Mr.

“I am satisfied, by the arguments of Cooper but, so far as we can judge from many, very respectable authors of the pre

sent day, that our Articles are not Calvinisso polygoual a controversialist, from tic; but snrely it would be most satisfacsome error or other of Calvin; and tory to the orthodox members of the Church that Mr. Cooper rebuts him with Bp. of England, and most useful to the junior Tomline, and not only him, but'ano. Clergy of the Establishment, who are just iher antagonist, who, having got lipsy entering on their course of teaching, to be with Calvinism, talks like a man in

assured from the highest source of spiritual such a condition. To him Mr. Cooper decision to which a Protestant can bow, that has administered an emetic in his Ap being adopted or adınitted by our Church,

the peculiar teuets of Calvin, so far from pendix. Mr. Cooper, in short, defies Calvinism, and very properly so, for it butes, the will, and the word of God.”—

are rejected by her as contrary to the attrino more follows thai a biblical scho- P. 417. lar is a man of judgment, and completely understands his subject, than in all prosessions ; and not one only

But this is an age of mountebanks hat one particular edition of the Bible (taking with him a serious Andrew, is to have the exclusive character of instead of a merry one,) appears now being the only text of it. But Calvin could not in the nature of things be and then and here and ihere, but they more than an expositor, for he cer- go in flocks like larks. A more fatal tainly wrote not under the dictates of mode of injuring Religion cannot be inspiration. He has advocated posi derised; for Religion is intimately in tive absurdities, the predestination of

terwoven with Legislation and public all men before birth! and notwith and private well-being; and positions standing this, Christ's coming into the which will not stand the test of reaworld to save all men. The rery doc. son, only introduce contagious diseases trine of the necessity of Christianity at among the healthy. There was a time all, turns upon the Fall, as a sole conse- for their opinions. Mr. Cooper has

when men looked to good authority quence of free will, and to the philoso. thought fit to advocate such old rephical thinker no man living could be spectable notions, and we are sure that inore monstrously absurd ihan Calvin, unless indeed it be several of his fol- he will be considered to have done so Jowers. The advocates for Calvinism very successfully by every friend of rado not discriminate between miracu

tional piety and good sense. lous interference and physical impossibility. For instance, a part can never 78. Vagaries in quest of the Wild and the be greater than a whole; and the Whimsical. By Pierce Shafton, Gent. whole kuowledge which we possess of 12mo. Pp. 239. Andrews. God's attributes, are founded upon the A FEW of these miscellanies are physical impossibilities of his being old friends, whom we are glad 10 see otherwise than omniscient, omnipre- in a more durable shape, nor are the sent, &c. &c. No presumption of others inferior in point of merit or inpower can make him otherwise, for terest. If the Introductory Epistle” (with good intention only) we ask a be the old device of a lodger's papers, schoolman's question, - would it be we can excuse the repetition, for the possible for the Almighty to commit sake of those papers: indeed, we have suicide, to destroy his own being? learned to pay little attention to preCold as our blood runs at such a hor- faces, but to consider their candour as 436 Rbview.-White's History of Inventions and Discoveries. (May, insidious, and their confessions as an The arts in Asia and Egypt were the additional tax upon our credulity. prototypes of nearly all those in Eu

We perfectly agree with the senti- rope; yet Pliny, having no oriental ments contained in “Character-hunt. knowledge, finds the authors of them ing.” The paper entitled “My first among the Greeks; and Beckman Appearance on the Stage,” is amus- would have told us, if he could have ing, as is “ The Templar's Story," done so without ridicule, that Thebes The wandering Jew" is written in a and the Pyramids were built by the higher strain. The unknown Re- Germans in the sixteenth century. If gion" is a good jeu d'esprit on a cer- a German had to do with an inventain square situated rather to the north- tion, it was certainly modern, but if ward of the Metropolis, which would he had not, it might meet with a fair have been better, we think, had it chance. At the same time, it is both been longer ; too much time is taken amusing and useful to know what au. up in the voyage, and too little is al- thors have said upon such topics, as it lotted to the newly-discovered territory. is good to have moons and twilight, The sketches of low life are, perhaps, for were there a total silence upon the too accurate, and this is a fault which subject, we should be for several hours all readers of taste will wish amended. in complete midnight. Mr. White has

With the poetry we have been also great merit for having condensed much pleased.' “ The Rapture of Be- this copious store of matter into a very neficence" is our favourite. “My eligible form; and we only speak conBirth-day;” “Tell me now that thou cerning an absurdity of principle, exart mine;" “A new Arion;" may tended to impossible points of knowalso be recommended. “The Crumbs ledge. For instance, in p: 19, we are for the Critics” is a disarming title, told that the first volcanic eruptions but we like that division the least, un- from Mount Ætna is that mentioned less “Oh come, the Window” be an by Diodorus Siculus, as if any man exception.

who ever lived, even Cuvier bimself, We know too much of authorship could be competent to make such an afnot to congratulate any young man on firmation. There are, however, subjects his preference for professional labours, of mathematical, philosophical, che

readers will doubtless regret mical, and mechanical science, of that Mr. Becke has resigned the pur- which the modern origin is unquessuit of literature.

tionable; and in these disquisitions Mr. White is excellent. We need

only mention the article clock (one 79. The History of Inventions and Disco- very difficult), where a world of in

veries, alphabetically arranged. By Fran- formation is condensed; and though cis Sellon White, Esq. F.S.A. 8vo. pp.

we cannot as Antiquaries admit all 547.

the facts stated by Mr. White or any THIS work (Mr. White says) was other author whatever, hecause it is solely undertaken at first for amuse- impossible that their originals, whom ment, but having assumed a magni- they quote, could have pretensions to tude beyond his expectations, he has certainty, yet even a hypothetical knowgiven it to tho public, under a hope of ledge of discoveries and inventions, its utility. (Pref. iv.) It is evidently prevents oblivion of them, and sugcompiled from Encyclopedias, as to gests improvement. We shall, therethe chief sources, bui occasionally im- fore, only say, that Mr. White's book proved and (as it seems to us) aug. is useful, instructive, and entertaining. mented by the author, in good taste. We extract a very curious paragraph On a subject of such latitude, and, we from the article Parliament : may add, extreine difficulty and un- “It is rather singular that Speakers, like certainty, it is impossible, given points Bishops, always affect reluctance to underexcepted, to state the real bistory of take the office, which cannot be easily ac very numerous discoveries and inven- counted for, unless it be true that it roas fortions; and it is, as a general rule, bet- merly the custom to buffel them when electter simply to state what ancient au- ed." P. 460. thors say, than to give to any the cre- We cannot now refer to the ancient dit of knowing particular inventions, liturgists in the Bibliotheca Patrum, where the periods are very distant, or for a true origin of the nolo episcopari, the sources of intelligence ypru limited.

or speakerari, but we can confidently

but many

1827.] REVIEW.-Views in South Wales.-Rolle's Poems. 437 avow that we never remember that it 81. The Heart, with Odes and other Poems. was owing to fear of a threshing *. By Percy Rolle, 12mo. Pp. 126, Odd things were, however, done by THIS is a little volume of considerour ancestors, so odd as to be perfectly able promise, containing many poetichildish ; but custom and circum- cal thoughts very sweetly expressed, stances make things abstractedly fools and it is precisely on this account that ish perfectly rational. Brand's Popu- we are tempted to regret its publicalar Antiquities abound with instances; tion. We inust explain this seeming and Englishmen see folly in foreign paradox. It has been our lot to see customs, and foreigners in ours. The the children of promise generally die Big.endians and Little endians of an early and premature death. The Gulliver are all reasonable men, when public taste in poetry is fastidious; it consequences and interests are attache stops not to inquire into the age and ed to their respective principles. the circumstances of him who presents

a volume to its inspection. “ No

book,” says an elegant writer with a 80. Twenty-four Views in South Wales, profound knowledge of human nature, from original Sketches taken on the Spot, "and drawn upon Stone ly W. Eldridge. author.” General readers have neither

was ever spared in tenderness to its Dickinson.

leisure nor inclination to hunt for beauWE have been very considerably ties; a feeble line, a common-place gratified with the first number of this expression disgusts them, and they proseries, which we may truly affirm to nounce a hasty censure on the whole. be some of the most beautiful speci- If the volume of Mr. Rolle had been mens of the lithographic press which presented to us in manuscript, we have ever come under our notice; be- should have returned it with this ading even superior in picturesque effect vice;—." Your poetry evinces talents, and cleverness of execution to those which, if cultivated with care, and views in New South Wales, which we brought to the standard of a severer noticed with so much commendation laste and a sounder judgment than at the time of their appearance. As you have yet applied to them, will one an accompaniment to this series, the day do you honour; but hazard not one now in course of publication will premature publication. Be not known be very appropriate. They are free to the few as the author of a volume, from that smeary appearance and care of which your own aster-improvement lessness of manner which till lately will cause you to think lightly. To distinguished the productions from write smooth verse, is in the present chalk drawings on stone; and repre- advanced age a very common accomsent, 1. Pont y Coch near Llanelly, plishment; you have higher gifts, have Breckuockshire. 2. Falls of the Rhei- also a higher ambition. He never yet diol near Pont-ar-Fynach, Cardigan- won an abiding fame, who was ioo shire. 3. Pont-ar-Lleche near Llan- impatient to wait.” gadock, Brecknockshire. Of these the The volume, however, is before us; second exhibits the boldest outline, and we will only repeat, that it is full and produces the grandest effect, of those indications which belong to a while the last has all the soft and genuine poctical temperament, but it quiet feelings which a more homely wants revision and correction. and rustic scenery presents on a still The following is a specimen in summer's morni. Pont y Cochis, proof of each : however, the most romantic, possess

Tears.
ing the grandeur of the falls of Rhei-
diol with the more woody scenery

Woman, I envy thee the tears
With which thy griefs are wash'd

away, of Pont-ar-Lleche.

The gracefully And quench'd the deadly fire that sears overhanging boughs,-bending in si

The heart, and goads it to decay; lent majesty,—and the dashing of the

As mists are melted into rain water's foam over the masses which

And lost, earth's bosom scattered o'er, arrest its course, produce a beautiful So sighs that rend the heart with pain, picture.

Melt into tears, and are no more :

Light is the grief that thus can pour If it be the fact, there might have itself from the o'erflowing eyes, been an allusion to the buffeting of Christ To that which racks the bosom's core, by the Roman soldiers.

And may not vent its agonies :

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