Imágenes de páginas

1897.] OBITUARY.-M. Pestalozzi and M. Fellenberg.

469 materially improved. A committee of the support of the unfortunate and opmasters watched over the moral and intel. pressed.” The early part of bis education lectual welfare of the institution, and was conducted with great care at home; drew up essays, or arranged exercises, for subsequently be was sent to ibe public the approbation of the whole body. This establishment at Colmar, in Alsace in may be dated as the most flourishing France; but his ill health obliged him to period of Pestalozzi's undertaking, though return, some years afterwards, into Swithis pecuniary resources were by no means zerland. There he accustomed himself to free from embarrassment. This circum- live upon bread and water; and, in all stance co-operated with other causes to respects, to adhere to the severest regimen. jotroduce divisions among the masters; a

travels through Switzerland, France, separation took place; and from that mo- and Germany, commenced soon after his ment ihe institution at Yverdun declined. return, it was usual for bim to stop some Disputes and dissensions between some of time in the villages, assuming the appearthe individuals who had been connected ance of an artizan, or of a labourer, that with bis establishment, much embittered he might with more facility be enabled to Pestalozzi's declining years; and, by study the characters of men and the nature withdrawing his attention from the school of their wants. Once he was solicited by a itself, diminished its usefulness, and young woman to undertake the religious hastened its dissolution. In 1825 Pesia- instruction of her uncle, who was deaf. lozzi left the canton de Vaud, and retired M. Pellenberg, by means of gestures, sucto his little estate at Neubof, in the canton ceeded in making himself understood ; but of Argau, where he occupied himself till bis zeal produced no other effect ihan his death in preparing elementary works. that of gaiving his pupil's good-will, alHis last production was entitled : “ Advice though he actually resided with him in to my Contemporaries."

solitude for a whole year, near the lake of In 1803 M. Pestalozzi was one of the Zurich. From that period forming an indeputation which Buonaparte summoned timacy with Pestalozzi, he devoted his from the Swiss Cantons, to deliberate on time and attention to the education of the means of restoring tranquillity to youth. Submitting to the new order of Switzerland; but he returned home be- things in Switzerland, in 1798, M. Fellenfore any arrangement could be effecled. berg exerted his influence amongst the

Benevolence was the prevailing feature peasants with the happiest effects. Howin Pestalozzi's character. It burned in ever, as the Government refused to per. him with the intensity of a passion, and form what he had promised in their name, needed sometimes the sober restraints of he withdrew his interference in public judgment. It was as discernible in the , affairs. affectionate simplicity of his ordinary man. of an exceedingly speculative turn, M. ners, as in the persevering exertions, and Fellenberg now purchased the estate of disinterested sacrifices, which marked his Hofwyl, of which all the world has heard, Jong lise of trial and suffering. His genius two leagues northward from Berne;' and was original, profound, and fertile, rising then he formed,-first, a farm, which was superior to the most overwhelming diffi- intended to serve as a model to the neighculties, but too frequently negligent of bourhood, in all that might be useful in ordinary resources. The style of his writ- agriculture, cultivating it under his own ings is vigorous, pathetic, and piquant, care, and actually increasing its customary but unpolished and irregular; in his phi- produce five-fold ;-secondly, an experilosophical works beary, involved, and ob. mental farm, for the instruction of pupils scure. His conversation was particularly who resorted to it from various parts of animated, playful, and entertaining, Europe ;-thirdly, a manufactory of agri. abounding in unexpected turns of thought, cultural implements, farming utensils, &c. with an occasional felicity of expression with which was connected a school of inthat made an indelible impression on the dustry for the poor, who were taught the hearer's mind.

business of the various handicrafts ;

fourthly, a boarding school for young M. PELLENBERG.

gentlemen ;-and, fiftbly, an institution Early in the present year, M. Fellen- for instruction in agriculture, theoretical berg, the countryman and friend of Pesta. and practical. He also established a lozzi, who has been the subject of our pre- school for the instruction of teachers beceding article.

longing to the surrouoding country ; but M. Fellenberg was born at Berne in that scheme was, after some years, aban. 1771. His mother, a great-granddaughter doned. of the celebrated Dutch admiral, Van of M. Pellenberg's establishment at Tromp, was accustomed to repeal to him, Hofwyl, the entire business of which was in his early youth, this excellent advice : conducted by the founder and thirteen The great bave friends in abundance; assistants—full accoun's have been pubbe you, my son, the friend of the poor, Jished in the Bibliothèque Britannique,

OBITUARY.--Dr. Kitchiner.

(May, and other continental works. To enable which only the favoured few bad the prihim to examine every part of the institu- vilege of entrée, were superb. They contion, and to observe what was going for: sisted of potted meats of various kinds, ward, even in the remotest corners, M. fried fish, savoury pacés, rich liqueurs, Fellenberg constructed a lofty tower in the &c. &c. in great variety and abundance. centre, from which, by means of a glass, His dinners, uuless when be had parties, and a speaking trumpet, he conducted the were comparatively plain and simple, several operations. Il nust be admitted, served in an orderly manner-cooked ac. however, That the establishment has not cording to his owo maxims—and placed been productive of all the advautage that upon the table invariably within five miwas anticipated,

nutes of the time announced. His usual Amongst the pupils who were sent to hour was five. His supper was served at study at Hosøyl, where several young half-past nine'; and at eleven he was acmen of the first rank in Germany, The customed to retire. His public dinners, bate Emperor Alexander of Russia em. as they may be termed, were thiogs of ployed a coufideotial person to examine, more pomp, ceremony, and étiquette, and to report on the institution; and bis They were announced by potes of preImperial Majesty was pleased to accom- paration, which could not fail of exciting pany the insignia of an order of Knight the liveliest sensations in the epigastric hood to M. Pellenberg, with a handsome region of the . " thorough - bred grandLetter in autograph. M. Fellenberg has gourmands of the first magnitude who Jeft a standing Committee entrusted with were honoured with an invitation. One the execution of his testamentary regula of these notes is well entitled to presertions, with regard to the schools for the vation as a curiosity : poor,

« Dear Sir, The honour of your com

pany is requested to dine with the Com. DR. KITCHINER,

mittee of Taste, on Wednesday next, the Feb. 27. In Warren-st. Ritzroy-sq. 10b instant. aged 50, Wm. Kitchiper, esg, M.D. the “The specimens will be placed upon celebrated wrițer on a variety of subjects, the table at five o'clock precisely, whea

He was son of an eminent coal-mer. the business of the day will immediately chant in Beaufort-buildings, Strand, who commence. I have the honour to be, acquired a considerable property in houses your most obedient servant, and premises adjacent to the Thames, and

W. KITcuiner, Secretary, was a magistrate for Middlesex. This August, 1825.-43, Warren-street, gentleman had, a strong taste for music,

Fitzroy-square. which was imbined by the son. Dr. "At the last general meeting, it was Kitchiner, was educated at Eton, His upavimously resolved, that: degree was merely from Glasgow, and “ Ist. An luvitation to Eta Beta Pi, therefore he could not practice as a phy, must be answered in writing, as soon as sician in London; but having inherited possible after it is received, within twentya handsome competence, he was enabled fours at latest reckoning from that on to live independant of his profession, to which it is dated; otherwise the Secretary devote himself to science, and to open his will have the profound regret to feel that hospitable doors to a vast circle of friends the invitation has been definitely declined. distinguished for genius and learning. "Qod. The Secretary having represent

Dr. Kitchiner's love of music accom; ed that the perfection of several of the panied him through life; and, to the last, preparatioos is so exquisitely evanescent, he played and sang with considerable ihat the delay of one minute after their taste and feeliog. Though always an epi. arrival at the meridiau of concoction, cure-fond of experiments in cookery, and will render them no longer worthy of men exceedingly particular in the choice of his

of taste, viands, and in their mode of preparation “Therefore, to ensure the punctual atfor the table, he was regular, and even tendauce of those illustrious gastrophiabstemious in his general babits. There lists, who on grand occasions are invited were times, indeed, when, according to to join this high tribunal of taste for their his own statement, his consumption of owu pleasure and the benefit of their animal food was extraordinary. The crav- country, it is irrevocably resolved, “That ing was not to be repressed, nor easily to the janitor be ordered not to' admit ang be satisfied.' It had nothing to do with visitor, of whatever eminence of appetite, the love of eating, abstractedly consider- after the bour which the Secretary shall ed, but was the result of some organic have announoed that the specimens are and incurable disease. Dr. Kitchiner's ready. By order of the Committee, hours of rising of eating-of retiriog to

WILLIAM KITCHINER, Séc." rest-were all regulated by system. He Latterly Dr. Kirchiner was in the habit was accustomed to make a good break- of having a small and select party to dine fast at eight or nine. His lunches, to with him previously to his Tuesday even


OBITUARY.-Dr. Kitchiner.

471 ings conversazione. The last of these de- by Food, Clothes, Air, Exercise, Wine, lightful meetings was on the 20th of Feb- Sleep, &c.; and Peptic Precepts. To ruary. The dinder was, as usual, an- which added the Pleasure of making nonnced at five minutes after five. 'As a Will," 12mo. the first three that had been invited en. In 1822 he issued a small octavo vo. tered bis drawing-room, he received them lume of “ Observations on Vocal Music" seated at his grand piano.forte, and struck (reviewed in vol. xcii. i. 55); and in the up, " See the Conquering Hero comes !same year a handsome' folio of “ The accompanying the air, by placing his feet Loyal and National Songs of Eogland, on the pedals, with a peal on the kettle selected from original manuscripts and drums beneath the instrument. This to early printed copies" in his own library. be sure, was droll; but, at all events, it Next followed “The Housekeeper's Ledgwas harmless.

er;" and in 1825 he revised his former For the regulation of the Tuesday even work on optics, and published it ander ings' conversazione alluded tu, Dr. K. the title of “The Economy of the Eģes,” used to fix a placard over bis chimney- in two Parts, the first on the subject in piece, inscribed :-" At seven come, general, and on spectacles, opera-glasses, at eleveu go." It is said that, 'upon one &c. (reviewed in vol. xcv. ii. 160); and of these occasions, the facetious George “ Part II. Of Telescopes,” (reviewed ja Colman, on observing this admonition, vol. xcvi. i. 155). A new work entitled availed himself of an opportunity to add “ The Traveller's Oracle," was in great the word " it,” making the last line ruo- measure printed at the period of bis de" at eleven go it!" At these little social meetings, a signal for supper was invari. Dr. Kitchiner was married many years ably given at balf-past nine. All who ago, but a separation soon ensued. His were not desirous of further refreshment wife, by whom he had no family, is still would then retire; and those who remain living. A natural son, who bas been edu. ed descended to the parlour to partake of cated at Cambridge, inherits the balk of the friendly fare, according to the season his property. The Doctor's will, made of the year.

As these parties were com. about sixteen years since, is as remarkposed of the professors and amateurs of able for its eccentricity as any of the proall the liberal arts, it will readily be ima- ductions of the testator ; and it is said gived that the mind as well as the body that another, making some serious alterawas abundantly regaled that “the feast tions in the disposal of his property, was of reason and the flow of soul” were never intended for signature ou the Wednesday wanting. So well were the orderly habits following the night on which he died. of the Doctor understood, that, at the On the 26th of February Dr. Kitchiner appointed time, some considerate guest dined at his friend Braham's in Bakerwould observe « 'tis on the strike of ele. street; and was in belier spirits than veo." Hals and cloaks, coats and un- usual, as, for some time past, in consebrellas, were then brought in; the Doc- quence of a spasmodic affection and paltor attended his friends to the street.door, pilation of the heart, he had been occalooked up at the stars—if there were any sionally observed in a desponding state, visible-gave each of his friends a cordial He had ordered his carriage at hall-past shake of the band, wished him a hearly eight, but the pleasure he experienced in good-night, and so the evening was closed. the company induced him to stay till

We must now speak of Dr. Kitchiner's eleven. On his way home, he was seized books. Optics, music, and cookery, were with one of those violent fits of palpitahis three principal subjects. His first pub. tion which he had of late frequently exlication, entitled “Practical Observations perienced ; and on reaching home, ason Telescopes," 8vo. appeared anony. cended the stairs with a hurried step, mously in 1815, and was reviewed in our and threw himself on a sofa. Every asvol, Lxxxv. ii. 55. The third edition was sistance was immediately afforded, but published in 1819 (see vol. Lxxxix. ii. in less than an hour he expired, without 614). In the mean while he had commu. consciousness and without a pang. nicated to the Philosophical Magazine an His remains were interred in the family Essay on the size best adapted for vault at the Church of St. Clement Danes, Achromatic Glasses; with hiots to Op. but it has been announced ibat a monuticians and Amateurs of 'Astronomical ment will be erected to his memory in the Studies on the Construction and Use of new church of St. Pancras, in which paTelescopes in General (Phil. Mag. vol. rish he had loñg resided. XLVI. p. 122). These established bis fame This amiable and useful man possessed as an amateur optician ; and the “ Api. the estimable virtue of never speaking ill cius Redivivus ; or Cook's Oracle," 12mo, of any one : on the cootrary, he was a 1917, signalized him as an amateur gas- great lover of conciliation, and to many tronomist. lo 1822 he published “The he proved a valuable adviser and firm Art of Invigorating and Prolonging Life friend. la manoers he was quiet, and ap472

OBITUARY.—Mr. Flaxmun.-Mrs, Powlelt. [May, parently timid. As we have said, how. timable man. The rest of Europe know ever, he had three grand hobbies.--cook. only the productions of the earlier period ery, music, and optics, and whenever he of his fame, but these, which form the entered upon either of them he was full, highest efforts of his genius, had their oricheerful, and even eloquent.

gin in nature only, and the seasibility and virtues of his mind. Like the greatest mo

dero painters, he delighted to trace, from John FLAXMAN, Esq. P.S.R.A. the actions of familiar life, the lines of sea. At the time of printing our memoir of timent and passion ; and from the popu(be late Professor of Sculpture, io p. 273, lous haunts and momentary peacefulness we had not met with the following elo. of poverty and want, to form those un. quent eulogy on him, pronounced by Sir equalled groups of maternal tenderness, Thomas Lawrence at the Royal Academy of listening infancy, and filial love! on the day of his death :

" The sources and habits of composition “Mr. Flaxman's genius, in the strict. in Michael Angelo and Flaxman were the est sense of the words, was original and saine ; and, sanctified as the memory of inventive. His purity of taste led him, in the former is by time and glory, it receives early life, to the study of the noblest re. no slight addition from the homage of this lics of antiquity; and a mind, though not modest but great mau, whose shIELD OF of classical education, of classic bias, ACHILLES, that matchless union of beauty, urged him to ibe perusal of the best traps. energy, and grandeur, his genius only lations of the Greek philosophers and could surpass." poels, till it became deeply imbued with To our list of monuments by Flaxman those simple and grand sentiments which io Chichester Cathedral, nay be added the distinguish the productions of that favour- names of Mr. Frankland, Mr. Udney, and ed people. When immersed in these ming. Mr. Quantock. ling studies, a fortunate circumstance the patronage of a lady of high rank

MRS. Powlert. [Countess Spencer), whose taste will ever May 1. At Great Dunmow, Essex, in be remembered with her kuown goodness her 55th year, Anne, wife of the Rev.

gave birth to those unequalled compo- Charles Powlett. sitions from Homer and the Greek trage. She was the eldest daughter of the late diaus, which have so long been the admi. learned Rev. Wm. Johnson Temple, Viration of Europe. These, indeed, from car of St. Gluvias in Cornwall. That gentheir accuracy in costume, and the singu- tleman was previously Rector of MamJar felicity of the union between their cha- head in Devoushire (to which he was preracters and subjects, may have naturally sented by his relation the first Earl of conveyed, to miods unaccustomed to nice Lisburne, whose seat was in the parish *), discrimination, the idea of too close an imita- and there Mrs. Powlert was born. Her tation of Grecian art. Undoubtedly the ele. mother was of the highly respectable ments of his style were founded on it; but house of Stowe in Northumberland, and only on its noblest principles, on its deeper nearly connected with the family of Sir intellectual power, and not on the mere Francis Blake. Being employed by her surface of its style. Though master of its father as bis amanuensis in writing sereral purest lines, he was rather the sculptor of of his publications, Mrs. Powlett had acsentiment, than of form; and whilst the quired a more than usual sund of know. philosopher, the stalesman, and the hero, ledge; and she had imbibed from her pa. were treated by him with appropriate dig- rents a deep but unaffected sense of reli. nity, not even in Raffaele bave ihe gentler gion. She was the mother of ten children, feelings and sorrows of human nature been four of whom, with her partner during traced with more touching pathos, than ia more than thirty years, survive to la. the various desigos and models of this es- ment her loss.

* Mr. Temple was recommended by Lord Lisbourne to the Hon. Dr. Keppell, Bishop of Exeter, who appointed him his Chaplain, and presented him to the Vicarage of Si. Gluvias. Had not the Bishop soon after prematurely died, it was expected that he would have giveo Mr. Temple the living of Milor adjoining to St. Gluvias, and have appointed him Archdeacon of Corowall. Mr. Temple's “ Essay on the Clergy' was universally admired, and was particularly noticed by that pious prelate, Bishop Horne. His other pamphlets were also well received ; but he is best known by his character of Gray, adopted both by Mason and Johnson. Mr. Temple left unfinished a work og “ The Rise and Decline of Modern Rome.” He died in 1796. These particulars are chiefly additional to those which may be found in vol. lxvr. 791, 963, and Nichols's · Literary Anecdotes," vol. III. pp. 190, 756.

Hale, esq.

Clergy Deceased.


which church he was presented in 1800 by

the late Duke of Devonshire. At bis residence in Palace Yard, Glouces- March 14. Aged 72, the Rev. Richard ter, aged 84, the Rev. Martin Barry, Per- Johnson, Rector of the united parishes od petual Curate of St. Nicholas in that city, St. Antholin and St. John Baptist, in Lonand Vicar of Down Hatherley, in the same don, and Incumbent of Ingham, in Norfolk. county. He was of Jesus Coll

. Camb. M A. He was of Magd. Coll. Camb. B.A. 1784 ; 1782; was presented to his church (that of was presented to his London parishes in the largest parish in Gloucester) by the 1810 by the King, and was instituted to Corporation in 1775, and to Down Hatherley Ingham, held by sequestration, in 1817. by the King. He was venerated for the con- The presentation to St. Antholin's being scientious and unostentatious discharge of alternate, the present turn belongs to the his various duties.

Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's. At Newent, Glouc. after a painful illness, March 16 In Prince's-st. Hanover-sq. the Rev. Wm. Beale, for 22 years Curate of aged 70, the Rev. Aler. Thistlelkwayle, that parish, and Vicar of Dymock, to which Rector of West Tytherley and Broughton, he had been presented within these few Wilts. He was son of the Rev. Robert years.

Thistlethwayte, D.D. of Norman Court, Aged 74, the Rev. Charles Colthurst, Wilts. and grandson of another individual of Rector of Desertmartin, co Londonderry. the same name, who was also D.D. and both He was of Corpus Christi Coll. Camb. B. A. of Wadham Coll. Oxford. The deceased 1774, and was Chaplain to the late Earl of was a student of Queen's, in the same UniBristol, Bp. of Derry.

versity, B.C. L. 1780. He was presented The Rev. Henry Hale, Rector of Orches- to both his churches in 1781 by his father. ton St. Mary, Wilts, and Perpetual Curate of March 17. Advanced in age, the Rev. King's Walden, Herts. He was formerly Roger Wilson, Vicar of Brodsworth, near Fellow of Clare Hall, Camb. where he pro- Doncaster. He was of Eman. Coll. Camb. ceered B.A. 1779, M.A. 1782, and by which B.A. 1786, M.A. 1789, and was presented society he was presented to Orcheston in to his church in 1808, by the Dean and 1796. To King's Walden he was instituted Chapter of York. at the presentation of his cousin Paggen March 23. At his house in Castlegate,

York, in his soth year, the Rev. Watson Advauced iu age, the Rev. James Hartley, Dennison, Vicar of Feliskirk, in the N. Rector of Staveley near Knaresborough, to Riding of Yorkshire, and formerly of Trimwhich he was presented in 1775 by the Rev. don Hall, Durham. He was presented to G. Astley.

Feliskirk in 1776, by the Archbishop of At Llandinabo, Heref. aged 83, the Rev. York. J. Hoskins, nearly sixty years Rector of that March 95. At Wotton - under - Edge, parish, to which he was presented by his Gloucester, the Rev. John Taylor, Rector of father, the Rev. Charles Hoskins, in 1768, Newington Bagpach, to which he was preand Lecturer of Uxbridge.

sented in 1811, by David Taylor,

esq. The Rev. Joseph Ogden, Minister of March 27. Advanced in years, the Rev. Sowerby, in the parish of Halifax. He was Thos. Bromley, late Rector of Bishopstone of Trin. Coll, Camb. B.A. 1785, M.A. 1788, St. Mary, Wilts, and Bighton, Hants. He and was presented to his church in 1796 by was of St. John's Coll. Camb. B.A. 1771, the Vicar of Halifax.

M.A. 1774, and was for many years one of The Rev. Wm. Salmon, Vicar of Tudely the masters of Harrow School. He was cum Capell, Kent. He was of Wadham presented to Bishopstone in 1810, by the Coll. Oxf. M.A. 1791, and was presented Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, aud to to his living in 1818 by Lord le Despenser. Bighton in 1814 by J. and E. Eyre, esqs.

The Rev. Thomas Trevor Trevor, Preben- Mr. Bromley was universally beloved and dary of Chester, Rector of West Kirby, and esteemed as a gentleman and a scholar, Vicar of Erstham, both in Cheshire.' Ho March 30. Aged 65, the Rev. John was of Christ Church, Oxf. B. and D.C.L James Jones, late of Caer-Cady House, and 1816, obtained a Prebend in Chester Cathe- Rector of Gellygare, Glam. to which he dral in 1795, and was presented to both his was presented in 1794, by the late Marquess Jivings by that Dean and Chapter, to East- (theo Earl) of Bute. ham in 1797, and West Kirby in 1803. March 31. At Wortham, Suffolk, aged

March 3. At the seat of Lord Stafford, 76, the Rev. James Merest, nearly fifty Costessy, Norfolk, aged 33, the Rev. Law- years Curate of that parish, and Vicar of rence Strongitharm, late pastor of the Ro- Wroughton, Wilts, to which he was preman Catholic Chapel, St. John's Madder- sented by the Rector, the late Rev. Edm. market, Norwich.

Ferrers. March 12. At the White Houses, near April 4. At Walthamstow, the Rev. East Retford, aged 82, the Rev. Joshua Henry Foster Barham, late Fellow of Queen's Flint, Vicar of Clareborough, Notts. to Coll. Camb. where he proceeded B.A. 1817, Gent. Mag. May, 1827.

M.A. 1820.

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