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492
Abbey Church of St. Denís.

(June, knows whither. Its grand series of, see Abbey and Cathedral Churches : magnificent tombs and monuments its dimensions are as follow: were broken to pieces ; a few were

feet. certainly preserved in the Museum, From westem door to the transept 206 but by far the most valuable, that is, Breadth of transept................. 40 the most antient, were so irreparably

Length of choir ....... injured as not to be recognizable ; but

Aile and Lady Chapel east of do.... 28 we may judge from some of their remains now in the abbey-yard, their

Total interior length.........360 alabaster decorated with coloured glass Height of nave........ in Mosaic, the gold, the blue, the ver

Do. of ailes....................... milion, and the violet, how delight.

Breadth of nave...................... 40 ful they were. Not even the renown

Do. of'ailes....................... 16 of Turenne, or of the great Henri The repairs began by Buonaparte himself, could preserve their remains have been continued by Louis the from profanation, and their bodies Eighteenth and Charles the Tenth at were found to be in so perfect a state, an immense expence; a large “chapelle that the features were unaltered; from expiatoire” has been erected on the the beard of the Monarch a soldier cut south side of the nave, in perfect cona lock of hair, with which forming a formity with that part of the edifice, pair of mustachios, he exclaimed, “I which does great credit to the archiam the conqueror of the enemies of tectural taste and skill of the builders. France ; I fly to victory!"

The monuments which were preserved But the rifling of its treasures was are fast regaining their ancient stanot the only injury sustained by this tions ; the iomb of Dagobert (in the venerable fabric, for its roof was torn 13th century style) and that of his off, its ailes were converted to granaries, Queen directly opposite, we see im. a market was held in its nave,and horses, mediately upon entering. In Chapels cows, sheep, and pigs, profaned for on the sides of the nave, are the soyears its hållowed precincts, till the perb marble tombs of Louis she policy of Napoleon put a stop to these Twelfth, Henri the Second, and horrors, ordaining that a thorough Francis the First, and above the shrine reparation should forth with com- containing what are said to be the mence, and in 1806 he issued the fol- relics of St. Denis, is suspended the lowing decree: “The Church of St. renowned Oriflamme, the military Denis is consecrated to become the banner of the abbey, when its Absepulchre of Emperors. A chapter bot armed its vassals in desence of its coinposed of ten canons is charged to estates, on which occasions the Lord officiate in that Church. These ca- of the Manor of Vexin was standard nous are to be chosen from among the bearer in right of his Manor. In Bishops, aged more than sixty years, 1088, Vexin becoming the property and who are not able to fulfil their of the Crown, Philippe the First, in episcopal functions. They shall eu- his right as Count of Vexin, and to joy in that retreat the honours, pre. show his reneration for the Apostle rogatives,

and treatment, appertaining of France, on commencing the fiset Almoner of his Majesty is chief of Denis, and received the Oriflamme the Chapter.” The same decree also froin the hands of the Abboi, when ordered,' that four Chapels should be from that time it became the banner made in the Church, three destined 10 of France, till the reign of Charles contain tables of marble inscribed with the Seventh, when it "Med so often the names of the kings of the three before the armies of England that races, and the fourth chapel to be. it lost its dignity as the national come the sepulchre of the Empe- standard, and resigned its place to the

white flag of the heroic Joan of Arc. The interior of the Church receives These, Sir, are a few notes I have considerably 100 much light from its put together to accompany the en rast windows, now, alas! shorn of graving, and such of your readers :: their gloriously coloured glass, which wish for a further account of this shorter than we also adds to its appearance of being interesting edifice, may see some well

are accustomed to written papers upon the subject, which

Tors."

1897.] Bremhill Rectory.- Coins found at Wycombe.

493 I remember reading in one of your mation was to be gained ; and the volumes for the early part of the pre- stranger left the country, impressed sent century, while upon a visit to with the notion that ihe common my good friend the Rev. W. Dakins, peasants of that village wrote excelin Essex. W. BARDWELL.

lent verses. Whoever reads them,

knowing that the carpenter was only Mr. URBAN,

May 9. employed to place on the board the Sept. 1814 I communicated a thoughts and expressions of gifted

short account of Bremhill in Rector of Bremhill, will not wonder Wilts, the residence of the Rev. W. at the merit of the lines, but will L. Bowles, which you inserted in the doubtless wish, with us, that the hour Magazine for that month, p. 203. A may be far distant, which the dial subsequent visit to the same favoured shall point for the departure of the spot has given me the opportunity of Poet.

A. N. transcribing two or three inscriptions, added since my former account, which

Mr. URBAN, for their elegance will deserve preser

Inne 1. vation.

LEVEN gold British coins were Near the Cascade, mentioned in the

lately found by a shepherd boy, former account, p. 204, are the fole in the parish of Wycombe, Bucks; lowing lines :

whilst trying to catch a mole, he took “ As the rill that gushing near

up an oblong Aint, and began to dig, Soothes with murmuring lapse the ear,

when two of the coins dropt from an Be thine confia'd to tranquil joys,

aperture at the least end, and on breakA life that makes no ruder noise."

ing the stone nine more were found.

The stone in size and shape resembled At the lIermit's Seut.

a swan's egg, though rather flatter. “Dost thou lament the dead, and mourn The whole of the coins weighed about the loss

two ounces. There was an uniformity Of many friends, O think upon the Cross.” of execution in them all, and a great In a

comer of the Church-yard, similarity in the impressions, especiwhich commands a beautiful view of ally on the reverse, yet in some dethe country, to a considerable distance, gree they varied from each other. Sithe following elegant lines are inscrib- milar coins are engraved in Ruding's ed upon a small tablet :

Coinage, British Series, Pl. II. No. “ Here rest the village dead, and here

37 and 38. On one side were a horse,

the sun, &c. Mr. Ruding says, these When yonder dial points the hour, must lie. coins are usually denominated BriLook round, the distant prospect is dis- tish; though he acknowledges that play'd

we have no positive evidence to jusLike life's fair landscape, mark'd with light tify their appropriation 10 this Island. and shade.

They are found chiefly, but not exStranger, in peace pursue thy onward road, clusively, in Britain. But ne'er forget thy long and last abode.” The situation of the hill, on which

An anecdote is connected with this the coins were found, has a claim to inscription, which I record with plea- public notice; not only as it presents sure, as affording a genuine trait of from its summit one of the richest rural simplicity. A stranger passing and most varied landscapes in the by the place, after reading the inscrip- county (the details of which it may not tion, was naturally desirous to know be necessary to give), but as it bears the author of lines so unexpectedly evident traces of having been a Brigood in so retired a spot. The only tish or Roman station. The yestige of person in view being the Sexton, who an outwork remains. There are two was digging a grave, he was called, fosses on the north and east sides, where and greeted with the question, “ Pray the hill is very sloping, each forming the who wrote those beautiful lines?",

segment of a circle ; and the south and The answer was, “the Carpenter.” west sides of the station, on one conCarpenter? what a carpenter of this tinued level, was flanked by a large village. Yes, our Carpenter.” beech wood, a part of which is suill Stranger! “But are you sure he wrote standing. them." Aye, Sir, quite sure. I.- A few years ago a chalk pit was knows he did.". No further infor: opened on the east side of ihe hill

too I,

!

494
On the Cremation of Hindoo Widows.

(June, near the bottom, and when a few Taking it be correct to state these yards into it was cleared away, a stra, victims at 1000 yearly, this is to us an tuni of Aint was discovered in a solid alarming number, yet it bears a small bed of chalk (for the hill chiefly con- proportion to the 40 millions of female sists of that material), and running for population in India ; and it is also well several yards in an horizontal direc- known that there is a village on the tion, about three or four feet from Ganges where such widows have found the surface, and a foot below it ano- a retired asylum, and where they enjoy ther layer of Aipt in a parallel line the restricted consolations of each with the upper one. The whole of others' society; by all which, and by the flints were completely fat, and the reports of the Missionary Societies, about the thickness of a house iile. we learn that the number of these vicSome of your intelligent readers, Mr. tims have of late years much decreased. Urban, may be able to assign a pro- I have noticed these points with a bable cause for the regularity of the view to advance the principle, that position of the Aints, and their polish- any effectual measure of our Legislaed and smooth flatness, where no eri. ture, (ever carefully and wisely regarddent marks appear of the bed of chalk ing the religious feelings of others,) for having been before disturbed. W.S. wholly subverting, by gradual means

this unjust. and inhuinan practice, Mr. URBAN,

June 12. would not be contrary to their own YOUR JOUR Correspondent Col. Mac- laws— that any examination whether

DONALD, p. 409, will accept she be in her sober senses, is but exthe acknowledgments of most of torting from her an unwilling consent your readers for his very interesting and that the interest of the parties communication on the “ Cremation exciting it, should be exposed and proof Hindoo Widows,” in which he gives secuted. This would perhaps be a us a concise view of the Indian Laws, just ground for the interference of our shewing that this practice has no legal Legislature, either in the way of a authority, but has arisen rather from Statute, or of instructions to the Board the self-interest of parties, benefited by of Control, and from them to the Dithe female's death, and by the sinister rectors, and thence to the Indian Prepersecutions of the priesthood. If these sidencies. laws recommend to a widow an auste- Another motive would also give rity of life, they could never so incon- sanction to such a measure, if it can sisiently ordain her self-immolation, be found that the practice is forbidden and therefore the persuasion of any by the Law of God; for as the ancient priest that she should enjoy millions of law was promulgated in the East, and years of future bliss for this act, which as the children of Shem are dwelling is a violation of their law, must be an under the dispensation given to their offence which, like the sacrifice itself, patriarch Noah, and have respect to should be abolished. If their laws do ihe subsequent institutions of the Monot ordain it, and the Soodheekou saic Law, it would render essential moode declares it“ murder for a son to service to the cause in view, if the atset fire to his living mother," then tention of the native population, and every son, and impliedly every other of the scholars in the College at Calperson assisting, is guilty of being an cuita, were particularly drawn to the accessary and party in the crime, which following passages of Holy Writ. extends to every one who either per- At the hand of man, and at the suades or prepares her for the sacrifice, hand of every man's brother, will I reor adds fuel or fame to the fatal pile! quire the life of inan : whoso sheddeth But Mr. Macdonald also tells us that man's blood, by man shall bis blood «w if she shrinks from it, she incurs a be shed, for in the image of God made penalty of the value of 2s.6d. ; but it is he man. Gen, ix, 6. directed that her neighbours should Thou shalt not kill. Exod. xx. 13. treat her as before ;" therefore their But more particularly human sacrifices laws merely in this recognise the cus- are forbidden in strong and unequivocal tom, but afford it no sanction; on the terms; for it was the practice in Canaan, contrary, the prejudice is compromised and it was foreseen by Moses, that the by a small penalty, and by protecting Israelites would be ensnared to adopc the reluctant victim from future con- it. Thou shalt not do so unto the tempt.

Lord thy God; for every abomination

1827.]
On the Cremation of Hindoo Widows.

496 to the Lord which he hateth, have the air, most likely with a view that they done unto their gods; for even where any of the dust were wafted, a their song and their daughters they blessing might be entertained: but by have burnt in the fire to their gods. a just retribution, the same thing was Deut. xii. 31. See Lev. xvii. 1, 7; done in Egypt for a punishment, that xviii. 21, 30, and xx. 2; Deut. xviii. 10. where any the smallest portion alight

David, in lamenting the sins of their ed, it might prove a plague and a ancestors, says, that they sacrificed curse to the ungrateful, cruel, and intheir sons and daughters unto devils, fatuated Egyprians. These were as a and shed their innocent blood to the designed contrast in the workings of idols of Canaan. Ps. cvi. 38. The Providence, and an apparent opposiabhorrence of it, which God was thus tion to the superstition of those times. pleased to express, was taught to the See Bryant's Plagues, p. 116. PrevaÍsraelites, in order that it might be lence of Sacr. pt. i. c. i. s. 4. H. equally condemned to all subsequent Horne, iii. 365. nations (see Hewlett, i. 492); and it For a description of the sacrifices to has therefore been repeatedly repro- Moloch, I must refer to Calmet. And bated by their prophets in the most the further records of the sacred hispointed manner. Thou shalt not let tory, 1 Kings, xi. 7, 33 ; 2 K. xi. 13 ; any of thy seed pass through the fire xxi. 3, 4; and the reproof of them to Moloch even the souls that com- by the first Christian Martyr, Acts mit them shall be cut off from among vii. 43. their people, &c. See H. Horne, iii. There seems to us no idolatry so un129.

accountable as that which requires To their sacrifices is added dancing personal sacrifices accompanied by life: and music before the idol, at every for the surviving children are left to Hindoo seast, and also when human the mere chance of protection - their victims are offered ; so among the Am- mother's care is wholly taken from monites and Phenicians they were them, and they are left comfortless immolated to propitiate Moloch and orphans without any, protector on Baal, and some to pass through the earth; even if the victim is willing to fire, denoting some rite of dedication yield up her life in the beginning of and purification expressly forbidden by her days, yet she is suffered thus to dethe Levitical Law; how much more sert her own offspring, upon a fanati. must the prohibition be manifest, cal and uncertain expectation of bliss when the ceremony is extended to -instead of living to instruct and form cruel and undeserved death by this them for the welfare of the State, she fiery torture; as is above stated ! yields them to perhaps very incapable

It was one of the crimes of Ahaz, or unworthy guardians! It seems little that he had done this thing to his own else than a continuation of the same son! 2 K. xvi. 3. Ezekiel made it frenzy, which deceived the ancient also the subject of one of his strongest Zidonians, Ammonites, and Moabiles, denunciations against Jerusalem, that the children of incest and ignorance of they had delivered their sons and daugh. God! Frantic idolatry, rejection of ters to be thus sacrificed. Ez. xvi. 20. God, and self-destruction, seem to have Ez. XX. 26-31.

constituted the ancient pedigree of their The Egyptians also had several cities incestuous root ! termed Typhonian, where at particular It may be humbly lainented that in seasons similar sacrifices were offered, so long a period in human affairs, the at Heliopolis, at Idithya, Abarci, and advancing light of truth should not yet Busiris.' That objects thus devoted, have eradicated from its deep recesses were burnt alive upon a high altar, in Hindoostan, the same abominations; and thus sacrificed for the good of the but it has probably been reserved for people ; but even this presence is not the approaching accomplishment of avowed in India—and it has never ap- that light, to put down all obscurities! peared that the offering is proposed It is for legislative wisdom to adopt but as a devotedness of the widow to with caution measures which, while her husband alone ; and his selfish they defeat idolatry of its artifice and pride learns to expect this until his splendour, and selfishness and avarice death! At the conclusion of these of their secret designs, shall forbear a Canaanilish sacrifices, the priests cols too hasty attack upon national prelected the ashes and scaltered them in judice, which would totally reverse the

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Hond Madam, Sept. 24, [16]89.

496
Original Letter of Abp. Tillotson.

[June, benevolent design, and convert the Both of them, wch I had almost forgot, labours of Christian love into a deluge have been steady in all changes of of blood.

A. H.

of times. This is ye plain truth; and yet I must not conceal one particular

and present advantage on Dr. FreeMr. URBAN,

man'st side. On Sunday night last 1

SEND you a copy of an original ye King ask'd me concerning a City

letter from Dr. afterwards Abp. min' whose name he had forgot; but Tillotson ; but I am unacquainted said he had a very kind remembrance with the name of the Lady to whom of him, having had much conversation it is addressed. The letter is interest- wth him, w his Majesty was rery ing, as containing the characters of se- young in Holland, and wonder'd he veral eminent Divines of the latter had never seen him since he came into part of the seventeenth century. England; I could not imagine who Yours, &c.

D. R. S. he should be, till his Ma'y told me he

was ye English Embassador's Chaplain Edmton,

above 20 years ago, meaning SW
Temple's ;

; upon y'I presently knew it Just now I received your Laps letter ; was Du Freeman; ye King said ye was since my last and not before, I under- his name, and desired me to find him stand ye great averseness of ye parish out and tell him he had not forgotten from ĎHorneck, so ye if my Lord of him, but remember'd web pleasure ye Bedford had liked him, I could not acquaintance he had with him many have thought it fit, knowing how ne- years ago, and bad charged me, we cessary it is to ye good effect of a there was an opportuniy, to put him man's ministry, y he do not lye under in mind of him. This I thought both any great prejudices with ye people. great goodness in ye King, and modesty The two whoin ve Bp of Chichester in M. Freeman, never to shew himself hath named are, I ihink, of ye worthiest to ye King all ys while. By yo your of ye City min", since Mr. Kidder de- Lap will judge who is like to be most clines it, for ye reason given by ye Br, acceptable to ye King, whose satisfacand if he did not, could not have it, tion as well as service I am obliged to not because of any inconsistency in ye regard, especialy in ye disposal of his preferments, but because ye King, hav- own preferments; though Mr. Wiling so many obligations yet to answer, liams be much more iny friend, I inencannot at ye same time give two such tion’d M. Johnson again, but his May .preserments to one man. For ye iwo put on other discourse : 'and my Lord persons mentioned, if comparison must Privy Seal told me yesterday morning

be made between two very good men, y yo King thought it a liule hard to I will tell your Lap my free thoughts give pensions out of his own purses of thein, Mr. Williams* is realy one instead of Ch, preferments

, and tells of ye best men I know, and most un- me M. Johnson I is very sharp, upon wearied in doing good, and his preach- me, his Lop called it railing, but it ing is very weighty and judicious. shall not move me in ye least. His The other is a truly pious man, and of LoP ask'd me if it would not be well a winning conversation ; he preaches to move yo King to give him a good well, and has much ye inore plausible Bprick in Ireland, there being several delivery, and I think a stronger voice. void; I thought it very well if it would

Dr. John Williams, afterwards Bp. of Chichester. Dunton's character of him is as follows : “ This pious and learned Prelate was formerly Rector of St. Mildred's

, Poultry

, where I had the happiness to be personally known to him; and I have had the honour to wait on his Lordship

since his

deserved advancement. I call it deserved, as Bp. Williams was one whom no Friends, but his own merits ; no Party, but that of Virtue ; no mean adulation, but solid worth and distinguishing goodness, raised to that place; and this and vancement was with so uncontested a desert, that it would have argued negligence in King William (whose care was to promote men of his moderate principles) to have suffered bus continuing among the crowd of the world. And may his Lordship go on as he has begun, to preside over his Province with a gravity of admonition, exemplariness of conversazione and integrity of discipline, till the Great Bishop of Souls shall remove him from his Palace at Chichester to the New Jerusalem !". eminent conformists, in his « Life and Errors," 1818, p. 675.

+ Dr. Freeman and Mr. Johnson are commended by Dunton, among numerous other

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