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1827.] Chiddingly Place.- Denton Font, Sussex.

497 be acceptable. His LoP said ye was all it to ye good providence of God for ye one, ye offer would stop many mouths thing to find its own issue; to ye I as well as his, wch I think was well commend you and yours, and am, consider'd. I will say no more of my- madm, yours by all possible obligations, self, but only thank your Lar for your

J. TILLOTSON. good advice, wch I have always a great If M: Johnson refuse ys offer, and it disposition to follow, and a great deal should be my hard fortune not to be of reason, knowing it to be sincere as able to get out of ys difficulty, weh I well as wise. The King has set upon will, if it be possible to do it without me again weh greater earnestness of provocation, I know one will do more persuasion than is fit for one who may for M Johnson y" was desired of yo comınand. I beg'd as earnestly to be King, for any thing yo he shall know, consider'd in ys thing, and so we parted but still as from ye King, but I hope upon good ternis. I hope something some much better way will be found will happen to hinder it.' I put il put y' there will be neither opportunity nor of my niind as much as I can, and leave occasion for this.

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NHIDDINGLY PLACE, in the Until that Jefferay was born,

parish of Chiddingly, Sussex, Who built it more stately, was in 1574, and probably many Always obeying the commands.

of the Queen's Majesty." years before, in the possession of the family of Jefferay, as appears from a

On the other side : painting upon glass, which was a * If Christ, who does the stars uphold, few years ago preserved in one of the

The splendid walls support, windows of the present residence. There may the builder build his house, Beneath the arms and crest of Jef. In large and ample sort; feray was the following inscription :

An everlasting house, in which, 1574.

The just and godly may Je fferay que diray.

Their praises of their God set forth, It would seem that the house was

For ever and for aye." re-built at this time, for over the porch

This mansion is situated about a there were remaining, within the me- quarter of a mile west of the Church; mory of Mr. Lashman of Chiddingly, but is now reduced to a moderately some Latin verses, of which that gen-sized farm-house, and in the occupacleman has preserved the following tion of its respectable proprietor, Mr. translation.

Thomas Gray. Within the memory

of many now living, the building was On the one side :

inuch more extensive than at present, 6. This antient house still flourishing,

and some of the rooms exhibited reIn name of Jefferay,

mains of considerable magnificence. Thro' length of time was fractur'd much, The Hall, which was standing half a And long in ruins lay.

century ago, and was then in a tolerGENT. MAG. June, 1827.



Observations on Double Negatires.

(June, able state of preservation, was very vour to lay them before the public in capacious, having at one end a deep your columns; I am desirous of excitgallery, and enriched with carved working the attention of our literati to ibe admirably executed. The view in subject. Plate II. was copied for Mr. Hors- Whatever may be the custom in our field's “ History of Lewes and its Vi- polished idiom, it is indubitably true cinity,” from a drawing by Grimm. that two negatives in our western dia

Adjoining the house is a lofty build-lect are used almost invariably 10 ing, now used as a barn. Tradition strengthen the negation. I sholl niret reports it to have been the private zee na moor-I shall never see you chapel of the Jefferay family, and the

So much does this kind of nename it has long borne, Chapel Barn, gation seem to be fundamental, that I seems to give countenance io the re. really wonder so many pains have been port; as do also the peculiar form of taken to weed it out of our refined lanihe large windows that are still pre- guage. It appears to me one of those served, and the traces of a gallery unfortunate affectations introduced by which was taken down some years those who have been more anxious to

latinize our language, than to pulish The most curious object in the vile it consistently with its actual structure. lage Church of Denton, Sussex, is a The effect too has been occasionally fine old barrel-shaped Font, which bad; as our grammarians have taught stands at the western extremity of the us that two negatives destroy the nebuilding, raised upon a hall-decayed gation, or are equivalent to an affirmaslab, about eight inches in thickness. iive, some of our more fastidious wriIt is large and circular. The inside ters occasionally attempt an affirmative is lined with lead; the outside carved by the use of two negatives; hence with fret-work, between an upper and they are often understood to say the two lower bands of roundlets. It very reverse of what they intend ; thus much resembles one in St. Anne's Mason : Church, Lewes, noticed in the first

“ Nor did he not employ the siren powers volume of Mr. Horsfield's Lewes,"

Of music and of song; or, painting, thine p. 267; and in our review of that Sweet source of pure delight." Work, in vol. xciv. ii. p. 340. By

English Garden, favour of Mr. Horsfield, we are enabled to give representations of both

For although a classical ear and taste these early fonts. (See Plate II. and might perceive and relish the latinism, the Vignette in p. 497.)

the unsophisticated Englishman will be very likely to misunderstand it.

That double negatives were comMr. URBAN,

-9, Dalby Terrace, monly used to strengthen the negation

City Road, May 6. in the time of Shakspeare, the followI

AM greatly obliged to your Re- ing passages prove :

viewer for ihe handsome notice he has taken of my work on the Somersel No squire in debt, nor no poor knight,

“ When every case in law is right, Dialect in your last Supplement, a When slanders do not live in tongues, work to me of no profit whatever, al

Nor cut-purses come not to throngs." though of considerable labour. When

King Lear, Act 3, Scene 2. ever it shall please the public to call for a second edition of it, I shall take

It is true Shakspeare puts these care that it shall undergo a complete

words into the mouth of a fool; but

this revision; and I have many additions

proves, it

appears to me, what our

unadulterated language in regard to which, to the philologist, will, I dare

negatives then was, and I may add say, prove acceptable. As, however, it

now also is, is not very probable that a second edition will be very soon called for, and

The following passage from the as some observations which I have Merchant of Venice is given to the

Jew Shylock: made on double negatives, appe: we important, will you do me the sa- “ So I can give no reason, nor will I not,

More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathr Horsfield's “Lewes," vol. II.

I bear Antonio, that I follow thus

(ing, pp. 66; reviewed in our number for May, p.

A losiug suit against him."

There are also. besides, six other




Φοινιαισι χρσιν. .

1827.] Double Negatives.-Beauties of the Ancient Poets. 499 passages in the same play, with double in modern English writers for an afnegatives.

firmation, an affectation at once pe

dantic and intolerable. Again, in As You Like il: Nor shall not till necessity be serv'd."

Yours, &c. James JENNINGS.

Act 2, Scene 7. See also Henry the Fifth, &c. &c. BEAUTIES OF THE Ancient Poets. I very well remember, more than

No. I. thirty years ago, that I had a conversation with one of our most eminent Trunslated from Sophocles, Edip. Tyr. poets about the meaning of the double

beginning at negative, in the following passage of Τις οντιν' α θεσπιεπεια Milion's Paradise Lost, Book 1.

Δελφις είπε πετρα “They heard and were abash'd, and up they 'Αρρητ’ άρρητων τελεσαντα

sprung Upon the wing, as when men wont to watch

STROPITE I. On duty, sleeping found by whom they dread,

Who is he whose fated name Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. Pealed through Delphi's rocks sublime ? Nor did they not perceive the evil plight

Who is he whose deeds of shaine In which they were, or the fierce pains not

Stain'd his purple hands with crime ? feel.”

Swift the tempest-footed steed

Flies from threatening fate above, And it was contended that the two

Bid him urge a swifter speed, vegatives here used, were designed as

Bid him fly the son of Jove. an affirmative. To me, however, they Arm'd in lightuing, rob’d in fire, appear most decidedly to strengthen Mounts he pow the winged wind, the negation ; and I have no doubt Onward leaps the god with ire, that Milton so intended thein. If we Wildly stalk the fates behind! can for a moment suppose the mean

ANTISTROPHE I. ing 10 be affirmative, that the demons from Parnassus' crest of snow suddenly roused from sleep, and over- Peal'd the fatal voice on high, come by the dread of being discovered Trace him through the realms below, sleeping, perceived the evil plight in Who from day and man would fly, which they were, the simile is point- Speeds he through the tangled groves, less, not to say nonsensical, as applied Hides he in the caves unknown, to them: on the other hand, the dread Like the wandering bull he roves, at being so discovered, absorbed in Wretched, fugitive, alone. their minds every other consideration, What, though flies be from the sound, so that they did not even perceive the Seill the voice of Fate around

Thundering from earth's central bed, evil plight in which they were, nor

Hovers deathless o'er his head. did they feel the fierce pains. Surely,

STROPHE II. therefore, the two negatives here used by Milion are still negative, and tend Oh! what doubts the fateful word to strengthen the negation; although Wakes tumultuous through my brain ! it must be admitted that sometimes Shall the prophet's voice be heard ? these double negatives are merely

Shall his voice be heard in vain ? pleonastic.

Through my breast now hope flits fast, It may be said in answer to all this, Dubious darkness veils the past,

Now alternate doubts and fears, « These double negatives are very vul

Dark the present hour gar and often inelegant.”. 1 reply, Ne'er knew I what mortal hate

appears. they sometimes are so, but we can Shook the Theban tyrant's throne ; hardly expect 10 refine any language Why then strain the words of Fate ? by proscribing a fundamental idiom;

Why doom Edipus alone ? it is better to adopt such idiom, and

ANTISTROPHE II. endeavour if possible to find out and establish some rule by which it

Though almighty Jove be wise, be used with force and elegance.; that Yet trace not prophetic eyes


Though Apollo's eye be keen, doulile negatives may be occasionally More than mortal sight hath seen. thus used in our language, there can Man might merit Wisdom's wreath, be, I think, no question. I trust, Yet 'tis not like Fate unmov'd; therefore, we shall never again see, as Trust not tben the slaod'rous breath in Mason, above quoted, two negatives Ere the calumny be proved.

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