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-1827.)
REVIEW.-Allen's History of Lambeth.

527 beth only as the site of the palaces of at dinner or supper, being uot above the the two Saxon Kings; but Lambeth degree of a knight, might there be entermight be a general term, including tained worthy of his quality, either at the Kennington. We merely state the Steward's or at the Almoner's table. And difficulties, without attempting to elu- moreover, it was the Archbishop's comcidate them, any further than to pre- should be received and treated with all

mand to his servants, that all strangers sume, that if the Royal palace at Ken

manner of civility and respect, and that ninglon was the Lambeth palace of Hardicanute and Harold, it was also, according to their dignity and quality, which

places at the table should be assigned them in our judgment, that of the Countess rebounded much to the praise and commeuGoda; but that Kennington was the dation of the Archbishop. The discourse Lambeth palace of these Saxon Princes and conversation at meals, was void of all is again questionable, because there is brawls and loud talking, and for the most a Church mentioned in Domesday; part consisted in framing men's manners to and Anglo-Saxon Court-houses stood religion, or to some other honest and benear the Church, or Bell-house, and coming subject. There was a monitor of according to this rule, Lambeth Church the Hall; and if it happened that any spoke being adjacent to the archiepiscopal it was presently hushed by one that cried

too loud, or concerning things less decent, residence, the Royal palace of Lambeth

silence." P. 224. might have stood where the Primate's mansion is now seated.

We find from p. 228, that Arch. In our ancient Castles, &c. it is bishop Tenison thought a pint of wine . well known that the Hall was the to each person not too much. place of assemblage for the household, Our author, speaking of the Gateihe great dining chamber for the fahouse, mentions a sinalt room adjoinmily, and the guard chamber in gene- ing to the Porter's lodge, supposed to ral the first floor of the old keep, or of have been used anciently as a secondary the gate house, if there was one. We prison for confining the orerflowings cannot, therefore, think that the great of the Lollard's tower

. P. 228. chamber (the alla camera major) was

This supposition is a mistake. The ever the guard-chamber, as presumed. prison in the Porter's lodge was for

offending servants, and low delinquents. The variations of modern and an

Besides Archdeacon Nares's Glossary, cient opinion are strikingly exemplified the Encyclopedia of Antiquities, &c. in two particulars; one is, that the &c. Evelyn says (Miscellanies, 568) lowest table on the East side of the “ I am told that our Mahomed haring Archbishop's hall is a shovel-board received his Adjuda de Costo, from the table; and the second, that the size of bounty and charity of a great person the hall was adapted to hospitality, and of more easie belief, is slipt aside for that a Mr. Seyinour complained to fear of the Porter's lodge.Henry VIII. that Archbishop Cran- “ A room, which juts out over the hall mer did not keep hospitality corre- door, is said to have been Archbishop Tilspondent to his dignity. P. 222. lotson's study, from whence he had peep

Thus that blundering perversion of holes into the hall, the court, &c. with Christianity, the taking purity in prin- glass in them, by which he could see every ciple and action to mean war with body that came in and went out of the the innocent pleasures of life, did not palace.” P. 229. then exist.

This is an allusion to a very ancient Archbishop Parker's mode of keep- custom of checking misbehaviour by ing hospitality was this :

having windows, which looked into « In the daily eating, this was the cus- the Hall, which windows served also tom: the Steward, with the servants that for gratifying curiosity., Queen Elizawere gentlemen of the better rank, sat down beth was often invited to such winat the tables in the hall on the right hand; dows, when on visits in progress, and the Almoner, with the Clergy and the see the dinner parties in ihe hall." other servants, sat on the other side ; where there was plenty of all sorts of provision; bishop Anselm in the year 1100, called

From p. 231, it appears, that Archboth for eating and drinking. The daily fragments thereof did suffice to fill the

a synod at Lambeth. It should therebellies of a great number of poor hungry fore seem, that there was then a palace people, that waited at the gate ; and so

at Lambeth. Indeed, we are inclined constant and unfailing was this provision at

to think, though with the diffidence my lord's table, that whosoever came, either before expressed, that there were from

P. 197..

to

528

REVIEW.-Allen's History of Lambeth. : [Jurie, the first, distinct palaces at Kenning- be added, that, in good taste, it should ton and Lambeth.

be the finish of a tower, rising from In the old records concerning the theground, at the west end of a Church, manor of Vauxhall, we have a curious and that it does not look well in the instance of the manner in which our centre of a transept, nor appertains to ancestors estimated the price of labour, Churches of large dimensions. Properly that is to say, they thought it of no speaking, it belongs to the village value if the workman was to be main- Church, where, rising among trees, it tained, or if they received more in has a very happy effect, and to no virtue of their tenure from the Lord, other. li may even be doubted, than the labour was worth. For in- whether it is a fitting adjunct to a stance, in an inquisition taken 20 Ed. I. Gothic Church of the forid style, or it was found, that

to any one which has a clere story. “ The works of customary tenants were In our judgment, it appertains only to of no value, because more was taken for the a Church of unornamented character, work than it was worth." P. 266. and is utterly dependent for its beauty,

In another inquisition, taken 12 upon certain proportions, and the chaEdw. II. the customary tenants were to racter of its tower. “gather and carry the hay from the Iu p. 297 we have the front of the meadows, and to mow two days in Royal Coburgh Theatre; a thing of harvest; but this was of no value, for tiers of windows, and a fantastic pedithey were to have a meal (prundium) ment.

twice a day, even though they did not A Shot Manufactory (p. 313) rears * work." P. 268.

its chimney. Now of the various From this last record, it appears that nuisances to the eye which annoş us “6 fowls were valued at 2d. a piece, in the entrance of cities, these wretched and 7 cocks at 14d. each." P. 268. concerns of manufactories are among

From a Reeve's account, taken 1 the greatest. We would bury then Edw. III. it seems, that, estimating the all, if we could, in a deep valley, or difference in the value of money, cer- excavate them under ground, and felt tain modern articles, now very cheap, them in with a broad fringe of wood; were, comparatively speaking, enor- what with their sheds and barns, and mously dear. The items lo which we plank palings, and yards full of puddles allude, are these, “ Also in one new and mud, and lumber and litter; they sack bought, 64d."— Also in 6 lb. of form the most complete specimens of iron bought for the plough, 4d.; in the anti-picturesque. Every thing that manufacturing the same iron, 4d." P. can be abominable is studiously made 270.

such--sheds, like field-hovels, red with If we reckon ten times the ancient pantiles (things which are too restless amount to be the modern worth (as is to continue a week in their places), a common mode of calculation), the are made to form a street-front; or an price of the sack was 5s. 5d.; the iron arcade is blocked three parts up with 4d. per lb., and the work 4d. per lb. plank; a smart dwelling house, too, is also, in modern money.

reared among heaps of rubbish; add to Formerly, all waste ground near the these, a profusion of gawky chimnies, metropolis, was appropriated to the and clouds of annoying smoke, fætid practice of archery." P. 285.

smells, and stunning or creaking noises, In p. 294 we come to one of those That these are very vile things, every 'monstra horribilia,'a modern Church. Gilpinian will readily admit; and The order is Doric, made as light as the only so, because they are not properly Corinthian; the entablature is narrow, concealed; and might be so cheaply, the triglyphs and mutules are omitted, by a belt of Lombardy poplars and and other strange things attempted, firs, &c. intermixed, and when grown which are just as rational as making a up, intended to succeed the poplars. Venus out of a Hercules. Of one All very tall buildings unavoidably thing we are satisfied, that a spire is attract the eye to themselves; and inseparable from Gothic architecture, more horrifying object to the pictu

that no art or ingenuity can make resque world could not possibly ensue, it harmonize with the Grecian style, than that long round box, set up, It is in se (and can be nothing else) a right, the Shot Manufactory, at the plain cone. Gilpin notices iis insus- end of Waterloo-bridge. It really is ceptibility of ornament; and it may swindling the eye into a belief, ihat

1827.] Review.--Britton's History of Exeter Cathedral. 529 the bridge was built on purpose for and Borough of Southwark," a subject å coovenient road to that machine for which promises no small gratification atomizing lead. An old well, suffi- of curiosity; and is also editing a ciently deep, to which a descent might "History of London," publishing in be made from above, is the thing Numbers. which we should substitute; but alas! nobody will attend to us—the sorrows

91. The History and Antiquities of the Caof the picturesque are, like those of

thedral Church of Exeter. Illustrated by vanity, never pitied ; and, as poor Mrs.

a Series of Engravings of Views, EleraJordan used to sing,

tions, Sections, and Plan of that Edifice. « Nobody's coming to marry me,

Including Biographical Anecdotes of the Oh! dear, what will become of me?"

Bishops of the See. By John Britton,

F.S.A. &c. 4to. Pp. 152. Longman so the environs of towns and cities

and Co. might likewise sing,

THE richness and accuracy of the “ Nobody's coming to rescue us,

embellishments, combined with the reOh! dear what will be made of us."

search and talent displayed in the letIn p. 346 our author acquaints us, ter-press, and the elegance of printing, that at a place of public entertainment, have produced å volume that must called Lambeth Wells, Erasmus King, give satisfaction, to its patrons, and who had been coachman to Dr. Desa- which will not a little contribute to guliers, read lectures, and exhibited sustain topographical works on the experiments in Natural Philosophy. high eminence io which Mr. Britton This is a curious illustration of “like has in a very considerable degree conmaster, like man."

tributed to elevate them. That this world was made for the To the investigator of the remains habitation of mankind, we have no of what Mr. Brition appositely desigdoubt; but we do not think that it nates Christian Architecture in this was made to be entirely covered with country, the beautiful illustrationshouses. If we, however, do not think TWENTY-Two in number, and those so, the Cocknies do, and proceed to of the greatest merit, -will be of great extirpate every rem of field and importance : but we could have wishverdure with incredible alacrity. Whated for the benefit of those who are but wonderful changes they have made in tyros in the science of architecture, a short space of time, appears from the that the accompanying letter-press had following paragraph.

been much fuller on so useful and in« Previous to the road being made from teresting a portion of the work. DeWestminster to Kennington, the site was scription ought to be an anatomy of fields, with a bridle-way from Newington to the complicated structure exhibited in Lambeth-palace and stairs. This was of the plates ;—a full definition of the great antiquity, and some old people in parts in detail, - a critique on the Lambeth remember their fathers mentioning work, elucidating the principles of that Geo. II. used to cross the water and go construction, and pointing out the saalong this path, attended by his Courtiers, rious beauties or defects in parts which to hunt in Greenwich Park and Black- either produce a discordant or harmoheath." P. 349.

pious whole, as their distribution may. Here our limits compel us to leave be attended to with more or less taste. this well-executed and interesting com- The deficiency in the present volume pilation. Mr. Allen is entitled to great in this respect is not, however, aturi, praise, for the very satisfactory manner butable to any ignorance on the part of in which he has compiled it, and the Mr. Britton,- for we know and apjudgment with which he has enibel- preciate his intimate acquaintance lished it. Science is under great obli- with the art,-but to the too prevalent gations to all those who can render notion that things, whether in reality Topography cheap, and yet not spoil or in picture,--speak best for theniit ; for, where it is locked up in selves. Experience nevertheless teaches very expensive works, it can never be. that, unless the one is an exact countercome a science of general reading, and part of the other, they are both uninthus loses much encouragement. ielligible. These sentiments we feel

Mr. Allen is, we see, preparing will be duly acknowledged to arise for the press, a “ History of the Tower from our ardent desire to render every GENT. MAG, June, 1827.

530
REVIEW.-Advice on making Wills.

[June assistance to the uninitiated, and not stand as many figures of angels playing from any wish to deteriorate from the upon musical instruments of different merit of a book, which we regret to kinds. It may be referred to the reign hear will never remunerate the author of Edward III. and proprietors for their liberality; even The clock was probably erected when the whole impression has been temp. Edw. III.; and the organ, exdisposed of.

cepting Haerlem, is the largest and We could not help feeling consider- finest in Europe. It was built 1664, ably hurt at the necessity for the ob- and rebui 1819. The number of servations in the Preface on the apathy pipes about 1600. of the Clergy of this Cathedral, with The literary part has been mostly regard to Topography; but we, as well compiled by E. W. Brayley, F.S.A. as every intellectual mind, must tender whose talents are well known to have our thanks to Mr. Britton for having contributed much towards perfecting so spiritedly stood forward in defence the local History of England, and illus of Literature. We could scarcely have trating its architectural remains. believed that gentlemen reared in the bosom of Alma Mater, and who perhaps have themselves experienced the 92. Plain Advice to the Public to facilitate painful difficulties attendant upon the

the Making of their own Wills. With acquisition of knowledge, would have Forins of Wills, containing almost every considered it creditable to the station description of Bequest, &c. &c. Pp. 84.

W. R. Goodluck. in which they move, to imitate the unconcern of ignorance and the mean- THIS little pamphlet is peculiarly ness of contumely,

valuable, as being a practical piece of We acquit Mr. Britton of any thing advice emanating from a gentleman like personal hostility to any particular who, we understand, held for some individuals, but attribute his spirited years a situation in the Legacy Duty conduct to the enthusiasm which he Office, Somerset House. The laws displays in the prosecution of his lite- relative to the disposal by will of per

sonal property and of lands ; 10 the « Were he less zealous and less anxious publication and republication of wills; in the cause, he could view many things of codicils; alterations in, and witnesses with indifference which now operate power

to wills, are here clearly explained, in fully on his feelings. It is true that every

a compendious form, and in a style successful result,—every kind and approv

studiously faniiliar. But it appears to ing word from the discriminating critic, every us, that by far the most valuable, as new discovery in history, and of beauty in well as the most original part of this art, tends to sweeten his labour, and brings little work, are the • Forms of Wills," with it new sources of pleasure; but on the which occupy nearly one half of the reverse, he is proportionably depressed and volume, and which have never before mortified when he encounters pride, super- been attempted in print. The object ciliousness, and chilling neglect."

of these Forms, in which will be found From p. 108, we find that there is almost every possible description of this remarkable feature in the windows bequest of 'personal property, is to of this Cathedral:—the tracery, which enable any person of ordinary capacity is of the most elegant description, of to make his own will with safety, each successive window on either side without any other assistance, except, being varied in design from all the to use the author's own words, “ in others, while the one on the opposite cases of very considerable involvement side (with but one exception) exactly and intricacy.” corresponds. Specimens of these win

We cannot, ourselves, pretend to be dows are given in pl. viii. xi.

profoundly acquainted with this subIn p. 114, a singular example of an. ject, but as far as we are able to judge, cient art called the Minstrels' Gal. we do not hesitate 10 express an opilery,” is described and represented in nion, that these Forms must prove of pl. viii. xvii. It is on the north side very essential service to a numerous of the nave, projecting from the cleres- class, whether such as wish, for whaitory, and supported by a bracket cor- soever reason, to make their own wills nice. In front it displays a series of without the assistance of a second per. 12 quatrefoil-headed niches, in which son, or such as are constantly resorted

rary labours.

your

son

1827.]
Review.-Blanco White on Romanism.

531 to (especially in country places), to « Be therefore upon your guard, and assist their neighbours in the per- prepare yourselves against the seduction of formance of that important duty.

kindness. If at times you should feel dejec

tion and unhappiness stealing over you, do 93. A Leller lo Protestants converted from

not imagine that, had you continued RoRomanism. By the Rev. Joseph Blanco manists against the suggestions of White, A.M. Pp. 43.

conscience, you should have escaped those AMONG the artifices of that Church feelings : or that, if, giving way to imporagainst which the powerful artillery of the profession of your former errors, undis

tunate entreaties, you were to relapse into Mr. While has been directed, we have turbed peace of mind should be your lot. lieard of one upon unquestionable au- In such a case, believe me, you could never thority, which decidedly marks its true again take up the word of God in your character. Unable to answer his ar- hånds. You would dread to look at a New guments, and for the purpose of Testament : you would be forced by your weakening his authority, for perhaps trembling conscience to confine yourselves the testimony of such a convert is the to the detached portions of Scripture to most powerful that can be adduced, which Rome, if she had dared, would long a report is in circulation ainong the ago have reduced her Bible. You could Romanists, that Mr. While is a non

never lift up the eyes of your soul to the existent personage, a shadow, a mask Saviour, without hearing him say, " He

that loveth father or mother more than me, under which soine bostile Protestant is not worthy of me ; and he that loveth levels his animosity against Popery. or daughter more than me,

is not So absurd a falsehood seems hardly to worthy of me. (Matt. x. 37.) Nay, your require a refutation, and we have no- eyes would close away, with a blush, even ticed it merely to exhibit the mode by from the face of those whose kindness had which the effect of Mr. White's power- seduced you. The very affection for which sul reasoning is attempted to be neu. you had thrown away your soul, would tralized. He is again at his post, and dwindle apace between lowered esteem on affording the benefit of his experience, the side of your seducers, and a growing and the consolations of his example, to

suspicion on your part that selfishness was those who, like him, have burst the the true spring of their tears. Strengthen fellers of mental tyranny, but who, in

then your souls on the side of Christian their infant freedom, and in the blaze truth by prayer, and by the study of the of that light which has visited them, in the use of these means, and doubt not

Scriptures in the spirit of prayer. Persevere may require guidance and support, the that peace of mind and assurance will come. guidance of one who has trodden the It is truth alone that can make a man persame path, the support of one who manently happy. Whoever trusts any other has • foughi' the same 'good fight,' foundation, builds on sand.” and has been exposed to the same painful ordeal. To strengthen them 94. A Summary of the Laws principally in the path of Christian duty, and to affecting Protestant Dissenters. Wilh an comfort them under many affecting Appendix, containing Acts of Parliament, trials, are the aim and object of this Trust Deeds, and Legal Forms. By admirable letter. In all plaioness of

Joseph Beldam, of the Middle Temple, speech, and with arguments drawn

Esq. Barrister at Law. 12mo, pp. 196. from the only true source, he confirms THE recent change of Administrathe new converts in the purer faith tion has given hopes to the various dewhich they have adopted, and removes nominations of Protestant Dissenters, the superincumbent rubbish by which that amidst other more important alteChristianity has been overlaid. rations in our religious establishments,

The circulation of this Letter, print- their demands for the abolition of the ed as it is in a cheap form, is well cal- Corporation and Test Acts, and the culated for distribution in a country Marriage Act, may not be overlooked. where, under the blessing of God, the Very numerous Petitions to the LegisReformation is now going on. As lature 10 that effect, have been present. such an auxiliary, we humbly recom- ed; and the subject will probably be mend it to those infuential persons resumed in the next Session of Parwho are interested in this pious labour. liament.

The following extract will amply The summary of the subsisting Laws, vindicate our praise, and serve as á now presented to the public by Mr. specimen of the spirit in which the Beldam, is therefore at least wellLeller has been written:

timed; it seems ably compiled, and

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