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VOL. XCVII. PART I.
Embellished with a Perspective View of BerksWELL CHURCH, in Warwickshire. Mr. URBAN,
Birmingham, by the Rev. Thomas Cattell, the pre
May 27. sent incumbent. O the numerous Views of Churches The best published account of this zine, permit me to add that of Berks- Dr. Thomas's edition of “ Dugdale's - well, a village in the Hundred of Hem- *Antiquities of Warwickshire." I am lingford, in the county of Warwick. not at present in possession of materials The drawing (see. Plate) is from a 'or information sufficient to enable me sketch, taken in 1824, and includes a to give such 'additional particulars as I representation of the base and remain- could wish to coinmunicate respecting ing part of the shaft of a stone cross in them. the south-eastern quarter of the Church- The inscriptions on the Wilmot moyard.
numenis are copied below. The first This Church is an antiept structure, two have been before printed, but I dedicated to St. John the Baptist, with 'conceive they are not on that account a low lower of great strength. In the the less in place here.' chancel, which exhibits the Saxon
Yours, &c. GEORGE YATES. style of Architecture, are several handsome monuments of the Wilmot fa- Monumental Inscriptions in the Chancel mily. Among them is one to the me
of Berkswell Church. mory of the late Right Hon. Sir John
On the north side : Eardley Wilmot, Knt. Lord Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, bodies of Sir Jolin Eardley Wilmot, knt.
« In a vault under the Church lie the who, after many years retirement from the Bench, died on the 5th of Feb. and Dame Sarah his wife, daughter of Tho1792, in the 83d year of his age, and second son of Robert Wilmot, of Osmaston
mas Revett, of Derby, esq. He was the was buried there.
in the county of Derby, esq. by Ursula his “ Wilmot, whom loud ambition's voice in' wife, one of the daughters and coheirs of vain
Sir Samuel Marow, of this parish, bart and To glory call'd, and to the ear of Kings ; ' Dame Mary his wife, only daughter and Who spurn'd the pride of pomp, and For- heir of Sir Arthur Cayley, of Newland, in tune's train,
[brings *." the county of the city of Coventry, knt. And sought the peace which Virtue only' He was educated at Litchfield and West
The parish of Berkswell. Jies about minster schools, and at. Trinity Hall in the six miles west by north of the city of University of Cambridge: from thence he Coventry, at a short distance south of removed to the Inner Temple, and being Meriden on the London road. Il con- about 23 years. Upon the 11th day of Feb.
called to the bar, practised as a barrister tains a handsome mansion, north of 1755, he was appointed one of his Majesty's the Church, called Berkswell Hall, re- Justices of the Court of. King's Bench ; built about 10 years since by the pre- upon the 19th day of November, 1756, one sent possessor, Sir John Eardley Eards of the Commissioners for the Custody of Jey Wilmot, Bart. who resides there. the Great Seal ; and upon the 20th day of The parsonage-house, adjoining to the August, 1766, Chief Justice of the Court Church-yard on the south, is occupied of Common Pleas: which office he resigned
upon the 24th day of January, 1771. He See an account and character of Sir J. had issue three sons, Robert, who died & E. Wilmot, in vol. xcii, p. 187; also farther bachelor in the East Indies; John, who memoirs of him in vol. LxxIII. p. 151; and married Fanny, only daughter aud heir of vol. Lxxx1. i. p. 449.
Samuel Sainthill, esq. and Eardley; and • Vide Michell's "Farewell to Wick- two daughters, Mary Marow, married to the ham," printed in Memoirs of the Life of Right Hon. Lord Eardley, of Belvidere in this eminent Judge, by the late John Wil- the county of Kent; and Elizabeth, married mot, esq. his son, a second edition of which, to Thomas Blomefield, esq. Major in the with good portrait of him prefixed, was Royal Artillery, Dame Sarah departed this published in 1811.
life on the 27th of July, 1772, in the 51st Gent. Mag. Suppl. XCVII. PART I.
year of her age ; and Sir John Eardley Wilz А
Epitaphs on the Wilmot Family.-- Stonehenge. [xcvII. mot, on the 5th of Feb. 1792, in the 83d
Lake House, Wills,
June 16. On a beautiful monument, by Ba- EVE Oulun or obscure, deserves con, against the south wall:
“ Sacred to the memory of Mary Marow, liberal consideration with the public, wife of the Right Hon. Lord Eardley, and and I feel, that the diffidence and reeldest daughter of Sir John Eardley Wil- search displayed by Mr. Miles in P. mot, kpt. Lord Chief Justice of the Court 406, in his Letter on the Etymology of Cominon Pleas. Her conduct in all the of Stonehenge, reflect on him equal various relations of life was so eminently credit. I am sure, however, he will distinguished, that Providence seemed to pardon me for saying, that I cannot have raised her up as an example to the age accede to the correctness of his deriva. in which she lived, that rank and fortune tion of that well-known, and, as it afmay he enjoyed with the purest innocency pears to me, most appropriate appellaof life, and the unremitting exercise of every lion. It is by no means certain, aChristian virtue. She died universally lamented, 1st March, 1791, aged 48; and though not improbable, that its British lies here interred. This memorial of affec. appellation was Choir Gaur, but I am tion and of sorrow is erected ty her surviv- unable at present to say to what period ing husband.”
the existence of that appellation can Against the south wall:
be accurately traced. “To the memory of the Hon. William
Stukeley, in his work on Stonehenge, Eardley, second son of the Right Hon. says, Lord Eardley, who died in London on the “ The old Britons, or Welch, call Stone17th of Sept. 1805, aged thirty, and is henge Choir Gaur, which some interpret buried in a vault adjoining. This tablet is the Giant's Dance; I judge, mure rigby, erected by a most affectionate father, in Chorus magnus, the great Choir, round testimony of his profound grief at the loss of Church or Temple." a son whose gentle manners, amiable temper, and unsullied integrity, hal most deservedly triarchal and Druidical Religion,” &c.
Cooke, in his Enquiry into the Pa endeared him to his fainily and to his friends."
remarks thus on the above passage : On a monument by Richard West- “ Dr. Stukeley judges, that Choir Gaur macolt, against the south wall: imports as much as the Great Church “ Sacred to the memory of John Eardley foundation for his opinion than the general
Grand Choir, but has given us on other Wilmut®, esq. (second son of the Right Hon. design for such works. That versed Agio Sir John Eardley Wilmot, knt.) Master in Chancery, Member of Parliament, Commis- quarian, however happy in all his conjeesioner for granting relief to the American
tures, has not erred from the mark in this Loyalists and to the French Refugees. He and not only that, but the notion of every
respect. It does indeed include that idea, died June 23, 1815, aged 66 years. " He was a father to the poor, and the gined it intended. 19 Choir
, in the Her
other purpose, for which we have now imacause which he knew not, be searched out: “ The blessing of him that was ready to
brew tougue, is the Concha marina, or perish came upon him, and he caused the
Round Double Sea-Shell, which very exsetly widow's heart to sing with joy.”—JOB.ch.29. comprehends the idea of Circle within Circle,
On a beautiful monument against of building raised in that form * ; suggesties the north wall:
aliquis fastigiatus instar Conchæ etædifer.
tus. 713 Gaur is a gathering logether of poc, esq. Of Berkswell Hall,"in this parish, the proper signification of the 200 erine and daughter of C. H. Parry, M. D. of the city of Bath. On the 12th of March, 1818,
Gaur, is tie Circular High Place of the she gave birth to a son and a daughter, and Assembly or Congregation on the 22d of the same month, aged 29, Choir Gaur (thus rationally interdeplore her untimely loss, her blessed spirit the monkish writers into Chorea Gigaa. mighty Father, in the well-grounded hope of Abury possesses a real claim to Redeemer, into the mansions of eternal life, it to the former, since, being received, through the merits' of her above appellation, I should appropriate ánd of endless bappiness and glory." • See Memoirs of Mr. Wilinot, in vol.
again to the work of Cooke, he gires **XXV. ii. p. 83.
* Marius de Catashio ad hoc verbum.
PART 1] Stonehenge.--Eclipse noliced by Herodotus, &c, 679 a distinct appellation to Abury, by de- What theu could be more appropriate riving the name itself from igion than Ston-henge or the hanging stones, ABIRI, Potentes, thus allusive to the obviously and simply allusive to the Deities whose Temple it might be pensile situation of the imposts, which presumed to be.
lie on the uprights, or jambs, of the The earliest author, who is, I be- triliibons, and of the outer circle of Jieve, authentically proved 10 mention stones, thus eminently descriptive of Stonehenge, is Henry of Huntingdon, the mode of construction, and clearly who wrote about the year 1143, and, implicative of nothing, disgraceful in illustration of its appellation, I beg either in its use or allusion. leave to quote his words; they are very
Yours, &c. EDWARD Duke. interesting, and highly appropriate to the purpose of the present letter:
Evesham, May 4. “Quatuor autem sunt, quæ mira viden
JOUR correspondent Quærens, p. tur in Anglia.” “ Secundum est apud 8, supposes that the famous eclipse, Slanenges, ubi lapides miræ magnitudinis in which is said by Herodotus to have modum portarum elevati sunt, ita ut portæ put an end to the war between the porlis superposite videantur : nec potest Medes and the Lydians, took place in aliquis excogitare, quâ arte tanti lapides the year B.C. 625; and A. Z. at p. adeò in altum elevati sunt, vel quare ibi con- 208, says, that “Sir Isaac Newion structi sunt."
and Mr. Ferguson have, by calculaThe letter of Mr. M. displays great tions, found that the eclipse your Corresearch and ingenuity; but, as ety. respondent mentions, took place B.C. mologists, we must not suffer ourselves 585; not as Volney asserts, B.C. 625. to be led away by similarity of sound, I confess, however, that there may be even if united with coincidence of cir. some question about this, for Larcher cumstances; it was this which induced places it B.C. 597." the facetious Monks tortuously to say, It is very little trouble to compute, that Choir Gaur was Chorea Gigan- that a great solar eclipse happened in tum.
each of the above years; and this, It has been this similarity of sound, perhaps, was all that Volney or, Larcher which may, I think, unsuspectingly ihought requisite; but, if the account have led Mr. M. to the adoption of an of the historian be at all to be depende erroneous derivation. It is very true, ed upon, five minutes more labour that Minerva was known to the Lace would have been sufficient to have demonians by the appellation of Onga; convinced either of them of their error; but by the inscriptions of altars disco- for by merely computing what is techvered at Bath ii appears clearly she nically called the moon's mean anomaly, was worshipped amongst the Britons it may be seen that neither the eclipse under the name of Sul, or, as I am which Volney, nor that which Larcher more strongly inclined to think, of supposed to have been the one in quesSulis. I am also of opinion, that tion, was total in any part of the earth's Stonebenge was a Temple dedicated to surface. Belenus, or Apollo, as Sol, and such But supposing the eclipse not to was, as I suspect, the general appro- have been total, as it is described to priation of circular sione Temples have been, Volney and your corthroughout the world; but I am greatly respondent Quærens can by no possiin doubt, whether Stonehenge and si- bility be right; for the eclipse, which milar stone structures were 'Temples of they suppose to have been the one iu the Druids, nor do I concede that they question, was invisible in that part of immolated human victims. If, how- the world where the event took place. ever, we admit (what is decidedly, I l find, by calculation, that the conthink, not so) that Minerva was wor. junction of the sun and moon hapshipped in this couniry under the ap- pened, with respect to Greenwich, on pellation of Onga, yet I could not for July 19, at about 54 minutes after one a moment give my assent 10 unseat the o'clock in the morning. Sasons in their peculiar and appro- I am not quite certain whether Larpriate appellative-Stonehenge. The cher's eclipse was visible, or not, at greater part of the names of our towns the place where the event happened ; and villages are distinctly traceable to not knowing exactly the situation of it. their languages; and is it not rational The conjunction took place ou July 9, to suppose they would give some desig. at about five o'clock in the morning, nation to so remarkable a structure? apparent time at Greenwich. But this
Pedigree and Epitaphs of the Fermor Family. [xcvir is sufficient to show, that the eclipse, Newton be right, as to the time of independent of its not being total, was this event, it is certain that his oppo not the one in question. If it be, nents are wrong. therefore, uncertain whether Sir Isaac Yours, &c. J. Tover.
March 8. sions; and I therefore forward you, from THE CHE pedigree of Fermor of Tus- a voluminous collection of family ge
more, which you have printed in nealogy, the subjoined pedigree, which p. 114, is, I perceive, principally com: you will readily allow my capacity to piled from the epitaphs of the family, and furnish, when I inform you that I am its authenticity may therefore, in great doubly descended from this branch of measure, be depended upon. In the the Fermors. Jater descents, however, there are some Yours, &c. CATARACTONIENSIS. inaccuracies as well as great omisRichard Fermor, of Somerton and Tusmore, esq.ob. 1684.=Frances, dau. of Sir Basil Brooke
. Henry Fermor, 7-Ellen, dau. and Ursula,m.Chas. Mary, m. Thos. Elizabeth, mar. Ste ofTusmore, esq. coheir of Sir Towneley, of Maire, of Lar- phen Tempest
, o his will dated Geo. Browne, Towneley, esq. tington, esq.ob. Broughton, esq. ab. 1702. K.B.
ob. 1712. + 1735. t. 1738. James Fer-Mary,da. Arabella Fermor, the Belinda
Henry Fer-=Anne, diu. of Sir of Pope's Rape of the Lock,
of Tusmore Rob.
m. in 1735, to F. Perkins, of Banbury, Wightwick, and Somer- | Throck- Sefton Court, esq. ob. s. p.
esq. living of Banbary, ton, esq. d. morton, Anne Fermor, mar. John Sut- in 1717. esq. in 1792. bart.
ton, of Jamaica, esq. Henry Ferfrances, d.=Sir Geo. Robt.Fermor, Jas. Fermor, Henry Catharipes mor, of of Edw. Browne, of Rome, esq.
m. Cecily, da. Fermor, sister of Tusmore Sheldon,
of Kid- living 1794 ; and heiress of of Wor: Thomas and Somer- of Weston, dington, mar, an Italian Maize, of cester, ton, mar, in esq. living co.Oxon, Lady. Yarm, esq. esq. ob. Bowyer
, 1736. in 1787 bart.
ob. s.p. 1783. 1800. esq. William Fer=Frances, d. Henry and Clemen- Catharine Fermor, only child and ·mor, of Tus- of JohnEr- James Fer- tina and heiress, mar. in 1801 to Henry Maire
, more and So- rington, of mor, Eccle- Sophia, of Lartington, esq. who by his elder merton, esq. | Beaufront, siastics in Nuns at brother's death became Sir Hen.larborn 1737, esq. ob. Italy. Perugia son, bart. of Brough Hall; she died ob. 1806. 1787.
in Italy. s. p. 1824. William Fermor, James Fermor, Richard Fermor, Barbara, Henrietta, and Louise esq.
all died cælibes.
Pars cinis in cineres redeo, pars æthera scando, AS
S addenda to the Topography of Hoc moriens ut agas tu tibi vivus age.
Somerton, co. Oxon, I beg Arms: on one side Fermor leave to communicate the following ing Bradshaw; impaling quarterly pre Church notes from the Harleian MSS.
fess indented Érmine and Azure. On 6365.
the other side Fermor and Bradshaw, On the South wall of the Chapel, a
impaling Cornwallis and Neville. great monument of smooth stone, with
On the North side of this Chapel
, a iwo pillars of black marble; upon ic the proportion of a man with his thereon the proportion of a man lying
great raised monumentof smooth sione ; gaunilets at his feet lying along, to the
on his side. Over him these verses: memory of Sir Richard, son of Thomas Fermor. Over him this inscription Sistere ne pigeat gressum, festine viator, (which is now, as stated in p. 116, Fermor eran. Johannes nomine, prima per obliterated): Quis jaceam hic quæris ? jaceo hic sub marmore pulvis,
Proles, Fermoriæ spes quoque prima do Olim Richardus nomine Fermor eram.
Florebam juvenis, vernabant sanguine gene;
Atque recens ductâ conjuge lectus eram,
581 Vix spatia ingredior, subitd cùm sistere gres- respecting a new arrangement and dist
tribution of the grounds), I distinctly Mors jubet, et cæptum dura moratur iter, stated in that communication which Obtendo vires, et opes, floremque juventæ, C. W. complains of, that “ it will be
Uxoris lachrymas, tristia vota patris ; At surdo ista cano ; mors flecti nescia promit ecution, to form a road running parallel
necessary, when this plan is put in exTelum, et me duro vulnere sternit humi. Sed me quid dico ? cùm tantum terrea proles with the park, which should be the Inclusa hic jaceat, spiritus astra petat.
only carriage-way to the new houses ; Sortis ut ista lege
miserere et fausta “ no vehicles whatever being permitted
(erit. within the park gates.” To remark Sors mea quæ nunc est, mox tua forsan further upon an attack, the injustice
Over this, Fermor and Bradshaw; of which must be acknowledged by impaling Compton.
every one who carefully considers the Over ihe south door of this Chapel : plan for the improvements of the park Jacobus Smith et Elizabetha uxor hic only be a waste of the time of your
suggested in my communication, would jacent sepulti.
readers ; I shall therefore subscribe Transiens, specta monumenta sortis
June 10. Viximus quondam thalami jugalis A
S I frequently suffer, with other Lege divincti, domus una vivis
sedentary Correspondents, the Et fuit, sic jam tumulo jacentes
severity of the cramp in my legs (the Condimur uno.
same as the German krampse), I am Yours, &c. HENRY Gwyn. desirous of knowing from those who
sympathise with me, not so much meMr. URBAN,
May 2. dical, as rather any practical remedies ; 1 WAS not a little surprised at the for this thief of quiet repose comes
observations of your correspondent so burglariously upon me in the C.W. in your Minor Correspondence, night, and never dares to intrude duron the subject of the improvements in jug the day, that I find no means of St. James's Park, recommended in my being prepared for him, and therefore communication of the 5th of Feb. am most anxious of shutting him out. The charge of wishing to encroach After a day's activity in exercise, and upon the public comforts and conve- after many hours occupied in study, nience, cannot with any justice or pro- after digesting a problem in Euclid, priety be produced against me, as the or striving to draw a just conclusion various notices which you have been from Leibnitz, or when tracing with so kind as to insert during the past Newton, Faber, and Cooper the close twelvemonth, respecting Wastminster, and commencement of the seven vials, must, satisfactorily to every impartial or after a rapid debate on the grand reader, prove to the contrary : more question of the benefits or expediency particularly that one which exposed of the diffusion of knowledge, or ihe absurd destruction of the park re- keeping it like misers to ourselves becommended by T. A. in a previous fore the seventh vial effuses, I am communication. It would have been free to confess that a night's entire advisable had C. W. possessed a little rest both for mind and body are as of the enquiring spirit of the Ex-Chan- essential for human comfort, as the cellor, to have read the article atten- settling of any mystery in the various tively, ere he took up the pen to record doctrines of faith can be needful for judgment against me. He would then the soul. Now, as I have for a long have spared me the trouble of noticing time past been much in the habit of his negligence and consequent incom- experiencing this invasion of my tranpetency; and himself the pain of being quillity, and of being made to start convicted of unjustly condemning. So from my silent pillow, and to cry out far from desiring the demolition of the for repose when I couceived my limbs beautiful grove of trees in Birdcage to be in full possession of it, and even walk, and wishing to make a carriage to be dragged by this demon to break way of the remainder of the park (a forth from my bed and hobble about gross stretch and an evident absurdity the room, unable to set my legs to the completely falsified by my observations ground, and subject to all the grinning