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PART 1.)
Account of Stowe, co. Lincoln.

585 lore of the St. Alban's Book is de- for a female, or a real hunting dog, rived : it is as follows,

a pet house dog, or a field dog, the « Museau de luz avoi sans faille, Lady Brach, or the Lady's Brach, is Arpe de lion, col de cingne,

a task too great for me to undertake. Encore y avoit autre cique,

I therefore leave it to the diligence Car il avoit oil d'espervier,

and erudition of sone future Caius. Et tout estoit blanc le levrier ;

Yours, &c.

Oreille de serpent avoit,
Qui sur la teste lui gisoit ;
Espaule de chevre sauvaige,


June 10. Custe de biche de bocaige,

NTOW, or Stowe, is a village situLoigne de cerf, queue de rat,

of , Cuise de lievre, pié de chat.” division of Lindsey, about eight miles Mention has been made of the race S.E. of Gainsbro' and nine N.W. of of dogs called Alani, Alauns: it is im- Lincoln. It is about a mile to the north possible to say whether they are the of the Roman road leading from the same with any species now existing, Roman High-street (which runs on for though the name is still retained the cliff from Lincoln to the Humber) in the Spanish, Italian, and even the to Nottinghamshire over the Trent bý French language, it is used only to de- Littlebro Ferry; and has been suppote, generally, a large dog, a watch or posed to be the aucient Sidnacester. house dog. They appear, however, to The Lord of the Manor is Sir W. have partaken of the nature of the mas- Amcotts Ingilby of Kettlethorpe, M.P. tiff and bull-dog, and were very large, for the county of Lincola. powerful, and courageous. Some have

Here formerly was a monastery supposed they were originally from Eu- founded by Godiva, wife of Leofric ropean Sarmatia, the inhabitants of Earl of Mercia, and built by Eadnowhich were called Alani. Whatever lus, Bp. of Lincoln (see Leland's Col. may have been the origin of the ani, lectanea, vol. I. pp. 49, 285). When mal itself, or of its name, the breed was Leland calls Eadnotus Bp. of Linundoubtedly in great estimation for. coln, he must allude to the whole dismerly throughout Europe. An Italian trict, for Slowe was the seat of the author of the 14th century, quoted by Bishop from the time of Leofwin, Tyrwhitt, mentions the inhabitants of under whom, A.D. 949, it was trans. Milan as particularly attentive in ferred thither from Dorchester in Oxbreeding “ Canes Alanos altæ staturæ fordshire, and remained thus till Re. et mirabilis fortitudinis,” and Gaston mnigius, A. D. 1052, or thereabouts, Phebus in treating of the Alauns din removed it to Lincoln. Hence the vides them into three classes. Allants present Church is traditionally called gentils, Allants vautres, and Allants de 1. The Mother Church of Lincoln." boucherie, or those made use of by It is built of stone, in the forın of the drovers and butchers. The head of Cross. The dimensions are as follow: the Allants gentils, he observes, is large

feet. inch. and short: in body and speed he is Length from east to west........146. like the greyhound. They have the

Width of the nave ............ 27

6 advantage over the greyhound in never

- of the transept............ 37. O letting go their hold when once they

of the chancel ..........

25 hare fastened on their prey: they are The chancel, which has evidently equally proper for every kind of chase, been vaulted, is of Anglo-Norman ar. and may be considered the first of dogs. chitecture, surrounded by a row of

The 'Allants vautres, adds the same niches of the saine order, with the writer, have large ears, head, and lips; ziz-zag moulding. The windows are are more clumsy, and worse shaped surrounded by mouldings, various, than the gentils, and are only used in but all of the Norman character. This hunting the bear or boar.

part of the Church was probably built But to give a description of all the about the time of Remigive, or imvarieties of our British dogs, to enter mediately subsequent. into the quality and nature of a Rache On the floor in the chancel, is a or Lime-hound, a Tyke or Talbot, to coffin-shaped monument, with a head decide the knouty point, whether and half bust in relief, on which are Brach be only a “mannerly" name ioscribed these leuers, + ALLEN Gent. Mac. Suppl. XCVII. Part I.


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Account of Stowe, co. Lincoln.

(xcvi. STOE-N-ERU-ID:- Against is square, is carved a dragon or wirern. a pillar on entering the chancel, is the The shaft is circular, and surrounded following inscription engraved on a by eight short pillars with foliated ca. piece of brass :

pitals. Near the Church are two sides “ Aspice, respice, prospice.

of a moat, which it is supposed sur

rounded the ancient manor house. : In “ In this chauncel lyth buried ye bodies of Richard Burgh, of Stowe Hall, esq. and Stow, while his army went to Lin

1216 Henry the Third remained at Anne his wife, descended from ye ancient and noble familie of the Lord Burgh, Baron coln, and defeated that of Lewis of of Gainesborough, and pext heyre male to

France. About a mile to the souththat familie, and the said Anne was eldest

east stands Slow Park, the former redaughter of Antony Dillington, of Knighton sidence of the Bishops of Lincoln, - in the Isle of Wight, esgsons : who occupied it till the 14th century. viz. that noble and valiant soldyer Sir John There are moats and foundations leli, Burgh, Collonel Gen’rall of his Majestie's but nothing else which testifies its furces to the Isle of Rhè in France, where former magnificence. At the present he was slain, A.D. 1627," &c.

day Stowe exhibits nothing worthy of The coat of arms of the above Rich- note, but its Church, and that in a ard Burgh is still described on the old state of dilapidation which all lorers hall of Gainsbro,

of antiquity must lament. u 3 fleurs de lis, supporters 2 lions ram

: The living is a perpetual curacy of not inore than 401. per annum.

A. pant, crowded with 2 falcons.

“ Motto-Nec parvis sisto."
On the south side of the chancel is


June 12.

THE and Anne his wife, on which it is men- great offices of Lord High Chamrioned that “he sometiaie dwelt at berlain, Lord High Constable, and Stow Park, and died 16th April, 1591." Earl Marshal, may prove interesting This Thos. Holbech was probably the to some of your readers. I notice them son of Bp. Holbech, who for his own merely in their character as hereditary interested motives, on condition of be. honours, and without reference to those conring Bp. of Lincoln, basely yielded departures from the regular line of deup the principal of its estates, toge- scent caused by forfeitures, &c. It will ther with the ireasures of the Minster, be seen that they partake, in part, of to gratify the rapacity of Henry the the nature of Baronies by Writ, and Eighth, -a monarch whose character, have in general descended through the ruins of each stately Abbey, and heirs seniale in default of male issue, the plunder of each majestic Cathedral, though there have been some remarkwill' for ever hold up to ignominy and able exceptions. For instance, in the detestation.

case of the Ofice of Chamberlain. Da The tower is square and embattled, the death of John de Vere, the 141b and diminishes iowards the battle- Earl of Oxford, in 1526, the bodoor ments; it stands upon four_ Gothic instead of remaining in abeyance beand four Norman arches. The for- tween his three sisters, or the abeyance mer were added at the time the upper being terminated in favour of the eldest story of the tower was erected. 'On' (Elizabeth the wife of Sir Anthony the top, between the pinnacles, are Wingfield, and whose nearest heir is two curious images of a griffin and an now Count Dillon), was continued ia eagle. Alsric, Archbishop of York, the person of a cousin, John, the 15th gave in 1023 two great bells to this Earl. Again, on the death of Henry Church. The tower now contains the 18th Earl, in 1625, the honoui, five bells and a clock. This clock is instead of devolving on his three sisters a picce of ancient and very curious of the half blood (ihe representative of mechanism, the pendulum vibrating the eldest of whom is the Duke of only three or four seconds. But the Atholl), was conferred on his first coumost interesting object in the Church sin, Robert Berrie, Earl of Lindsay. is the font, which is very handsome, In the case of the office of Constable and of Norman architecture, probably the hereditary descent was strictly coeval with the one in the morning. adhered to until the death and al. prayer Chapel in Lincoln Minster. It tainder of Edward Duke of Bucking is octagonal, and on the base, which ham, when me office was abolish.

PART 1] Offices of Great Chamberlain and High Constable. 587 ed. The representative is now the Thomas of Brotherton. Although this Baron Stafford. In the case of the of. office has descended through heirs fe. fice of Earl Marshal I have noticed the male, it has, since 1475, been rested in early possession, because the hereditary the Dukes of Norfolk * The eldest reright existed for a considerable period presentative in the female line is Lord before the honour was conferred on Stourion.

Office of Great Chamberlain. C. Aubrey de Vere, created Earl of Oxford and Great Chamberlain, 1155, ob. 1194. €. Aubrey de Vere, 2d Earl, ob. 1214, s,p. c. Robert de Vere, 3d Earl, ob. 1291.5

c. Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl, ob. 1263. *

c. Robert de Vere, 5th Earl, ab. 1296.5
c. Robert de Vere, 6th Earl, ob. 1331, s.p. Alphonsus de Vere.T

c. John de Vere, 7th Earl, ob. 1360.T


c. Thomas de Vere, 8th Earl, ob.

C. Alberic de Vere, 10th Earl, ob. 1400.-

丁 Robert de Vere, 9th Earl, ob. 1392, s.p. Richard de Vere, 11th Earl, ob. 1417.7 Juhn de Vere, 12th Earl, beheaded 1461. T

Robert de Vere. I Sir George Vere, c. John de Vere, 13th Earl, John de Vere. ob. 1502.

ob. 1513, s.p. c. John de Vere, 14th Earl, ob. 1526. c. John de Vere, 15th Earl, ob. 1539.5

c. John de Vere, 16th Earl, ob. 15625 c. Edward de Vere, 17th Earl, ob 1604.5 Mary Peregrine Bertie, Baron Willough.

by of Eresby, ob. 1601.

4 c. Henry de Vere, 18th Earl, ob. 1625, s.p. c. Robert Bertie, Earl of Lindsay,

ob. 1642,5
c. Montague Bertie, ad Earl, ob. 1666.

ç. Robert Bertie, 3d Earl, ob. 1701.7
e. Rubert Bertie, Duke of Ancaster, ob 1722.5

c. Peregrine Bertie, ad Duke, ob. 1742. I

c. Peregrine Bertie, ad Duke, ob. 1778.J
Sir Peter Burcell, 1st Lord Gwydyr.=Priscilla Barbara, eldest dau.

, . and coheir.
Peter Robert Burrell, Lord Gwydyr, Deputy Great Chamberlain,

Office of High Constable, c. Mila de Glocester, created Earl of Hereford and Lord. High Constable, 1140,

ob, 1143.

1143.7 c Roger, 2d c. Walter, 3d c. Henry, c. Mabell, 5th Margery, eld. Humphry

Earl, ob. Earl, ob 4ch Earl, Earl, ob. dau and de Bo1154, s.p. s.p.



bun. Humphry de Bohun.

c. Henry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, ob. 1920.*


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ob, s.p.

* See note to p. 589.


Offices of High Constable and Earl Marshal.



c. Humphry de Bohun, 2d Earl, ob. 1975-7

Humphry de Bobun.
c. Humphry de Bohun, 3d Earl, ob. 1297.5

c. Humphry de Bohun, 4th Earl, ob. 1321. c. Joho de Bohun, 5th c. Humphry de Bohun, 6th Earl, William de Bohrun, Earl el Earl, ob. 1935, s.p.

ob. 1361, s.p.

Northampton c. Humphry de Bohun, 7th Earl, ob. 1372.7 Eleanor, eld. dau. and coheir. Jc. Thomas Plantageuet, Duke of Gloucester, ob. 1399.

Anne, dau. and heir. Edmund Stafford, Earl of Stafford.

c. Humphry Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, ob. 1459.7

Humphry Stafford.

ord. I
c. Henry Stafford, 2d Duke, ob. 1483.
6. Edward Stafford, 3d Duke, beheaded 1521

sel. I


Office of Earl Marshal *.
M. Gilbert, Marshal to King Henry 1.5

M. John, Marshal to King Stephen. I
Isabel, daughter and heir of M. William Marshal, M. Joho Marshal, son and her

Rich. de Clare, 2d Earl of Earl of Pembroke, Marshal to King John, ob. Pembroke,

ob. ) 219.

1199, s.p. M. William M. Richard M. Gilbert

M. Walter

M. Anselm Maud Hugh_Bigod, Marshal, Marshal, Marshal, Marshal, Marshal, dau. 3d Earl of 9d Earl. 3d Earl, 4th Earl, 5th Earl, 6th Earl, and Norfolk. ob. 1231, ob. 1234, ob. 1241,

ob. Nov. ob. Dec.

1245, s.p.

1245, s.p. M. Roger Bigod, 4th Earl, ob. 1270, s.p. Hugh Bigod, Justice of England. M. Roger Bigod, 5th Earl, ob. 1307, s.p. This Earl surrendered his office and Earldora

to the King, who conferred them on his 5th son, viz.
M. Thomas of Brotherton, ob. 1338.-

Margaret, dau. and heir, ob. 1399.5John Lord Segrave, ob. 1353.
Elizabeth, day, and heir.

TJohn Lord Mowbray, ob. 1368.
M. Thomas de Mowbray, created Duke of Norfolk and Earl

John de Mowbray, Marshal, ob. 1418. I

ob. 1979, s.p. M. John de Mowbray, 2d Duke, Margaret, eld. dan. and Sir Robert Howard, ob. 1432. T



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Our Correspondent had deduced the office of Earl Marshal from Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, father of Richard Earl of Pembroke, who died in 1176, and whose daughter and beiress Isabel married William Marshal Earl of Pembroke ; but there is little doubt that the office was always held by the family of Marshal, from which indeed they derived their name. Edit.

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M John de Mowbray, sd Duke, M. John Howard, created Duke of Norfolk and Eart ob. 1461.

Marsbal, ob. 1485.7 M. Joba de Mowbray, 4th Duke, ob. 1475, s.p. From whom the present Duke of

The following are, I believe, the only Baronies by Writ now in existence t."

In whom vcsted.

Heir or bcirs.
De Roos
1264 the Baroness

Son. Le Despenser

1264 the Baron Clinton

the Baron

brother, Ferrers

1299 Marq. Townshend brother. De Clifford

the Baron

sisters & their beiro. IMulton of Gillesland

Lord Dacre

brother. Botetourt


Duke of Beaufort

the Baron

daughters. Audley


the Baron Willoughby of Erosby 1313

the Baroness Dacre

the Baron

brother. Grey of Ruthya


the Baroness Molines

1347 Marq. of Hastings brother. Beauchamp of Bletsho 1363 Duke of Gordon

sisters. Botreaux

1363 Marq. of Hastings brother. 1 Scrope of Bolton


Charles Jones, Esq. brother. Hungerford

1426 Marq. of Hastings brother, Say and Sele 1447 the Baron

800. Hastings

1461 Marq. of Hastings brother, Willoughby de Broke 1492 the Baron

brother. Conyers 1509 Duke of Leeds

son. Windsor

1529 Earl of Plymouth Mordaunt

Duke of Gordon

sisters. Paget

1550 Marq. of Anglesea Compton

1572 Marq. Townshend brother, Norris


Earl of Abingdon Howard of Walden 1579 the Baron

brother. Clifton 1608 Earl of Darnley

son. Strange

1628 Duke of Atholl

Yours, &c.








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Wavendon, Bucks, in the attempt of different writers to

June 12. establish the validity of their respective


claims, which have been so often much hackneyed, that your readers discussed, revived, and re-revived, are would scarcely hare patience to subagain, it appears, to assume a new mit to a perusal of two of the later shape under the labours of Mr. Saul. publications which must necessarily It would have afforded much amuse- introduce such a narrative. I will ment to exhibit a review of the several therefore content myself with an anvarieties which have been observable swer to the inquiry respecting “find

* It is true that the present Duke of Norfolk is the heir male of John, 1st Duke of Norfolk, but his right to the office of Earl Marshal is not derived from that descent, but from a grant by Charles the Second in 1672, to his ancestor Henry, Earl of Norwich, who succeeded his brother, Thomas the 5th Duke, as 6th Duke of Norfolk in 1677. Edit.

+ We have printed this list in our Correspondent's own words ; but it is to be observed, that Baronies which are in aleyance must be deemed to exist. Many of those enumerated have not been admitted to be vested in the individuals entitled to them; and he has omitted one, which is in the same situation as those of Multon and Scrope, namely, the Barony of Clifford, created by Writ in 1628, and which is now vested in the Duke of Devonshire. Epit.

These Baronies have not been claimed, but there is no doubt as to their being dow vested in the persons mentioned.

§ 4 May, 21 Hen. VIII. i.e. anno 1529. Edit.

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