Imágenes de páginas


The Selby Claims.-Extent of Christianity. (scris ing out the marriage of Richard and tive mind respecting the truth of Isabella Selby, and the baptisor of Christianity, perhaps there is none their son, the first James, somewhere which is so calculated to puzzle and between 1620 and 1680, probably at confound, as the conviction that the or near Carlisle," by stating thai in great majority of mankind have always an elaborate pedigree which was Been ignorant of its existence, and unbrought forward some few years ago acquainted with its doctrines. “The by certain Bedfordshire claimants of Christian world," as it is called, is but the Selby property, supported by most of small extent, embracing not more determined and solemn assurances of than one-fifth of the population of the the documents on which they rested earth. If the inhabited world were their claims being authentic, inę first divided into thirty parts, it would be James Selby, as ihey call him, is de- found that nineteen of them are still scribed to be the son of John, not of possessed by pagans, six by Jews and RICHARD. And in another pedigree, Mahometans, and five only by Chris drawn up with probably :equul care, tians of all denominations." --Jones's and supported certainly with as great Dict. of Religious Opinions. pertinacity, the said James is made the This objection has accordingly al. son of William Selby, not of Ri- ways been urged by deists as an insurCHARD.

mountable argument against the troch Now, Mr. Urban, the claimants of Christianity, and it is in fact the appearing tò agree in this, that his mo. main pillar of modern infidelity. ther's name was Isabel, and Mr. Saul Hence it is that so many of our tra. averring that his father's name was vellers return home either secret or Richard, perhaps it may answer the avowed, unbelievers. "Nor do I re. desired purpose' to assume that “they meinber ever to have seen this objec all had 'her to wise," like the "sevention fully and fairly answered, till I brethren," mentioned in ihe Gospel; met with a recent publication on "The and as, according 19 the sereral' ac- Nalure and Estent of the Christian counts which have been already obDispensation, with reference to the ligingly laid before the public (all of Salvability of the Heathen.". In this them, as we are assured, from auther- work it is einanswerably demonstrated ric documents), "John Selby died in from Scripture, that the dispensation 1633,"

.” “ Richard 220 October, 1634," of the Gospel extends to all inankind, aud “ William 10 Feb. 1635;"—the and that every human being comes old lady having, it seems, been very into the world in a salvable condition, expeditious ir her mancures: and, in virtue of the atonement which has moteover, as “ James Selby" is said, been made for the sins of the world. on the same good authority, to have The argument is altogether scriptuheen “married in 1655 !" I presume ral, and is carried on through the to hope ţhat such information will save Adamic, Patriarchal, Jewish, and a great deal of trouble, and perhaps Christian economies. It is supported enable the new claimants to answer by a large mass of authority, from the their own questions satisfactorily, or most eminent English and foreign disupply materials for fair and legitimale vines. Perhaps there is rather a reinference, with regard to the important dundancy than a want of evidence; subject of their inquiry. Nou know- but this is a fault which may be easily ing in whạt manner to make a more excused on a subject at once so obdirect reply to the Inqọirer, perhaps, scure and interesting, When a royager Mr. Urban, you will be so good as to bas met with a coast before andescribbecome my treasurer, avd to receive ed, or very imperfectly laid down by the one hundred guineus, which, I preceding 'navigators, we allow him doubt not, the Inquirer will think to trace every point and nook of land; such a communication deserves, and and even so it is with the doctrine of 'which he very liberally offers, and heathen redemption, which is the 'which might be much worse applied terra incognila of theology, and which than in thus eliciting such important is now first laid open to the wondering information!



of the Christian student.

But the most important part of this Mr. URBAX,

June 15. theory of Christianity consists in ita MONGST be various doubus application to those controversies which

[ocr errors]

PART 1.]
History of the Russian Diamond.

691 Christendom. It not only destroys the the time of his assassination many pre-, wain objections of, unbelievers, but it cious ornaments belonging, 10 the offers the readiest method to demons. Crown were pillaged, and afterwards trate the errors of Popery, of Calvinists, secretly disposed of by the soldiers who and of Unitarians. By subverting the shared the plunder. doctrine, “that there is no salvation Shafrass, commonly known at As. out of the Church," Popery loses its trakhan by the name of Millionshik, fundamental tenet. By establishing or the man of millions, then resided at the salvability of the heathen, it illos- Bassora with two of his breihren. One trates the doctrine of universal redemp- day a chief of Avganjans applied to tion, as relative to all prosessing Chris. him, and secretly proposed to sell for a tiads, and by identifying the offices of very moderate sum the before-menChrist, as the Creator, Saviour, and tioned Diamond, which probably was Judge of all men, with the auributes that called the Moon of the Mountain, of Deiiy, it upanswerably establishes together with a very large emerald, a his divinity.

ruby of a considerable size, and other Upon the whole, I am persuaded precious stones of less value. Shafrass that this work is worthy of serious at- was astonished at the offer, and pretention, for its originality and importe tending that he had not a sufficient ance. Without disturbing any of our sum to purchase these jewels, he de: doctrines of orthodox theology, it sheds manded time to consult with his brelight and lustre on the whole scheme ihren on the subject. The vender, proof human redemption. It brings the bably from suspicious molives, did not whole history of the Bible into con- again make his appearance. tact with the principles of moral Shafrass, with the approbation of his science; it uses Philosophy as the brethren, immediately went in search hand-maid of Religion; and without of the stranger with the jewels ; but dimninishing our zeal for missionary he had left Bassora. The Armenian, exertions, it inculcates that charity however, met bin accidentally at " which bopeth all things, and which Bagdad, and concluded ihe bargain by never faileth."

paying him fifty thousand piasters for AN OLD CORRESPONDENT, all the jewels in his possession. Shals

rass and his brothers being conscious Mr. URBAN,

June 12.

that it was necessary to observe the S a constant reader of the Gen- most profound secrecy respecting this

commercial connection, to remain at to think the following history of a dia- Bassora. After a lapse of 12 years, imond will not be thought uninterest- Grigori Shafrass, with the consent of ing. I claim no merit in this paper his brothers, set off with the largest of beyond copying it from Mr. James the jewels, which had till then been Forbes's Travels through a part of concealed; he directed his route through India.

Sham to Constantinople, and after

wards by land through Hungary and “ During my residence in Astra- Selicia in the city of Amsterdain, khan, I became acquainted with the wbere he publicly offered his jewels heirs of the late Grigori Safarof Sba, for sale. The English Government is frass,, the Armenian who sold the said to have been among the bidders, celebrated large Diamond, which is The Court of Russia sent for the large now set in the imperial sceptre of Diamond, with a proposal to reim, Russia. The history of this Diamond, burse all reasonable expences, if the which holds so distinguished a place price should not be agreed upou. among those of the very first water, When the Dioniond arrived, the Rus may probably afford entertainment 10 sian Minister Count Parim made the my readers ; as I shall thereby refute following offer to Shafrass, whose nemany false reports which have been gociator M, Lasaraf was then jeweller circulated on this subject.

to the Court. Besides the patent of Shah Nadir had in bis throne two hereditary pobility demanded by the principal Indian diamonds, one, which vender, he was to receive an annual was called the Sun of the Sea; and the pension of six thousand robles during other, the Moon of the Mountain 40 life, five hundred thousand rubles in


On the Prodominant Passion in Men.

[XCVIL cash, one-fifth part of which was 10° in the more shining talents

, the more be payable on demand, and the re- popular, the more munificent and ilmainder in the space of ten years, by lustrious opportunity for virtue of the regular instalments. The capricious more debased by conspicuous and Shafrass likewise claimed the honour violent propensity. This is a vise dis. of nobility for his brothers, and va- pensation, for it keeps the great whole rious other iinmunities or advantages, upon an even balauce--all the multiand persisted so obstinately in his de- farious gradations of rank contribute to mands, that the negotiation was frus- fill the parts allotted to them, the trated, and the Diamond returned. more elevated be the rank or talent, · Shafrass was now in great perplexity. the greater is the necessity to study it He had involved himself in expences, proper use, and the more awful is the was obliged to pay interest for consider- responsibility attached to it; but it is able sums he had borrowed, and there the part of those who look on, without was no prospect of selling the jewel acting, to forbear in their judgnjent to advantage. His negotiators left before they adopt the evidence offered

, hiin in that perplexity, in order to and see whether it comes from the profit by his mismanagement. To partiality of friends and partisans, or elude his creditors, he was obliged to from the sinister design of enemies. abscond to Astrakhan.

If all history were true, as recited, At length the negotiation with Rus- posterity might readily judge of the sia was recommenced by Count Gric characters which it has recorded ; we gory Grigoriwitsh Orlof, who was af- might then decide with Lingard that ierwards created Prince of the empire, the imputations against Charles IX

. and the Diamond was purchased for and his family, were unjust on the Site four hundred and fifty thousand rubles Barthelemy—or we might adopt the ready money, together with the grant luminous pages of Gibbon for the of Russian nobility. Of this sum it is orthodoxy of our creed. said one hundred and twenty thousand The leading characters which all rubles fell 10 the share of the nego- historians have set on high before cur tiators for commission, interest, and view, niust be carefully inspected be similar expences.

fore their dominant passion can pas Shafrass settled at Astrakhan, and any impartial sentence — and their his riches, which by inheritance de speeches must also be reviewed, before volved on his daughters, have, by the they can be adopted and believed to extravagance of his sons-in-law, been have been delivered by the great men in a great measure dissipated." whose names they bear. The question

is, whether any dominant passion does Mr. URBAN,

June 10.

govern the human mind, and excite to duct of men who have signalised to a few cases. themselves by some powerful effort of The dominant passion of Tiberias e genius, judgment, or policy, we are said, by a female writer of great perspis apt either religiously or philosophically cuity, though yet anonymous, to have to trace their conduct up to some pre- been dissimulation of which Tacitus dominant passion, and to descant freely has drawn the brief but very acute ou the motive from the overt act; and outline. taking the latter as unequivocal evi

« Jain corpus, jam vires, nondum disdence, we proceed as unsparingly to mulatio dieserebat.' Idem animi rigor, ceea condemn the former. The passions mone ac vultu intentus, quesita interdum are generally charged with a strong propensity to evil, and as all things tegebat.” Annal. Lib. 6. c. I. human must be imperfect, or at least


It is a point in physiognomy mixed, the instances upon record on worthy of due reflection and observa. their moral examples, have generally found as an exterior mark of inward been adopted from the numerous host dissimulation, if the language of Tacia of those which are rather to be beheld tus bears this construction--but it will as beacons than as guides. The minor require more than present notice to incentives to evil or to good, which discern whether it is justified by fact. make up the summary of human con. It is said that this dominant passion duct, are absorbed and forgollen cither operated to his latest momieni!

WHENEVER w revise the cont ibe appropriate actions? Let us refer

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

PART 1.) On the predominant Passions in Men.

593 Also, the Duke D'Epernon, a man who when he was reviled, reviled of consummate pride, who during his not again." whole life time had piqued himself in Neither the Duke nor his reverend expressing some mark of pride in all brother the Cardinal checked their cabe said or did ; thus after a long illness reer one moment to reflect, that while and extreme old age had greatly sub- they were retorting so violently upon dued him, this propensity was manifest the Huguenots, it was their own spiat his last hour. An ecclesiastic who rit of persecution, and their own bad adıninistered to him the last office selfish pride, that had made those men of his religion, led him to express his their enemies; and that their whole forgiveness of all his enemies and all efforts would very soon become as the his servants who had offended, and de- waste scum upon the surface of the sired him to declare that he also asked living waters, easily discernible, and as the pardon of those whom he had easily cast away! offended, knowing that he had but a But let us change the scene. Perhaps few days before illireated a person then these men had never been well taught, in his service. But the proposition for what tutor could adopt so high a did not fail to irritate bim, and he lesson as the superiority of humility answered in an animated tone of voice, and conciliation ; a temper habitually that it was enough that he had pardoned nourished in lofty superintendance can those who had displeased him, and ill discover what it is to be truly great ; that it had never been known that for our late illustrious Conimander in a man to die properly, a master should Chief was honoured and belored for be bound to inake the amende honour- his urbanity and condescension,-and able to all his domestics. Gerard. he died in charity with all men ! Bayle.

The history of Joseph furnishes a Again : few ambitious men are celebrated instance of a dominant pascapable of retracting whenever much sion for the imitation of great men. shame can attach to their recantation : Raised from inferior rank to the highest public fame is their

in the government of a powerful naRuling passion strong in death!" tion, he is in every stage of his splen.

did career the minister of truth, of forThe Duke De Guise protested his bearance, of rigid prudevce, of wise innocence of the massacre of Vassi foresight, of generous sentiment, and during his life-time, and continued 10 of filial respect. His duty was supe. do so in his last monients.

rior to all ambition; his public service It is difficult for the charitable tem

was free from corruption; he served per of posterity to sake the Duke's his royal master and his people also own evidevce; and if it is rejected, it with equal justice'; and he died as he hecomes more difficult to anticipate had lived, the monument of these vir. the final judgment which may be tues; his dominant passion was an passed upon the act and the falsehood unswerving integrity, and he 'mainLogether!

tained it to his latest hour. His brother the Cardinal de Lor

Aristides the Just, whose general raine boasted in the Council of having character rose superior to every cathe hatred of the Huguenots, but not luminy, furnished every good example, contented with sending them all to the raised him above every wish for wealth, Inquisition for the libels with which and closed in poveriy; this was his they were charged, he extended his dominant passion. He was the rival indignation against all Protestants of Themistocles, hy whose influence likewise. This dominant revenge was he was banished from Athens for ten increased by his religious fanaticisin, years; but before six years had ex. and thus ministering to and inflaming pired, he was recalled by his people each other, he died in the midst of (ante C. 494). In the representation their overwhelming fury! How much of one of the tragedies of Eschylus, a beuer a Christian and philosopher sentence was expressed concerning would he hare lived and died, and moral goodness, when every eye was how much higher would have stood withdrawn from the actor, and fixed the pillar on which his trophies were upon Aristides. When he was hear. hung, if he had followed the patience ing a complaint, the plaintiff stated and forbearance of his Divine Master, the injuries which his opponent had GENT. MAG. Suppl. XCVII. PART I


[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Defence of Dr. Paley.

[xcvi. committed against Aristides; “men- Mr. Urban, Salisbury, June 10. tion the wrongs which you have received,” replied the equitable Judge, Tbwriter of a recent ingenious “I sit here as Judge, and the law-suit France") has undertaken to draw, in is yours, and not mine." (C. Nep. and the New Monthly Magazine of FePlut. in Vita-Lempriere.) The pride bruary, the character of a late eminent of justice and truth thus put to shame author, under the title of “ Conversathe sinister insinuation of the selfish tions of Paley," in which he has inorator who was looking for the weight terspersed so many unjustifiable reflecof his own ill-placed allusion.

tions on the conduct of that respectaIn our own times the predominant ble man, as well as on the venerable passion exerted for public good was Establishment of which he was so most evident in John Howard, who bright an ornament, that I trust it left all his domestic cares and comforts, will not be found inconsistent with and faced the dangers of wretchedness the plan of your work, to admit a few and infection to produce a general im- observations on this performance. provement in the bard lot of those

It has been well observed that little who are condemned to hopeless impri- advantage can be derived to the public, sonment, not only in his own country, and still less to the rising generation, but in other nations of the Continent. by recording the foibles of the illus He brought to light not only their suf- trious dead. Their characters are inferings, but also the causes, and those deed a national property, and whoever, relieved in great degree the dreadful by his representations, and still more results.

by his mistakes, diminishes the geneThese are cases in which the predo- ral respect in which their memories minant passion is stimulated by a dis

are held, may be said to sully the interested and unrelaxing pursuit of splendour of our national fame, and to general good; in which ali personal loosen the influence which excellence fear is wholly discarded ; in which is should inspire. I am unwilling to the love of faine can be found, it is an

accuse the writer in question of a ma. ingredient that does not here render licious desire of misrepresentation; but the cup either tasteless or over-charged; his history which is before the world, and in which I rather expect to find as well as the evidence of his present that the most strict investigator of mo- memoir, too plainly demonstrate that tives will not find reason to dispute he was uiterly incapable of duly apthe merit or deny the grace of pure preciating the great man whom he has example; and will readily agree in my presumed to delineate. That Paley; proposition, that the dominant passion like others even greater than himself

, may not so often be the servant of did occasionally unstring his bow, and evil, as of general and personal good, indulge himself in playful conversaalthough it may be more usually cited tion, is sufficiently evident; but if in that class.

nugæ" must be recorded, let The late Bishop Heber of Calcutta them not obe burthened with more would be forced to acknowledge that meaning than was intended at the bis predominant passion was to per moment; and let the writer, in comform his Christian calling, and that

mon justice, be certain that he fully though his own inclination might comprehended it. But the present have led him to enjoy at Hodnet ihe narrator, eren supposing him suffiblessings with which his lot had sur, ciently qualified for the task, admits rounded him, yet that he was bound that he '“ was not an ear-witness of to yield all these and more, in order every saying thus set down," and there. to take the arduous and wider field of fore trusts for the truth of “some of dny in India, to meet labour and fa- his anecdotes to " persons of all credit," rigue, and to brave the dangers of cli- who probably may have received then mate, in order to become the instru- with numberless additions from twenty ment of spreading far and wide among other sources; yet a classical reporter converted nations the consolations, and might be cautious of such testimony, to confirm the faith, of the reformed remeinbering the well-known characapostolic Church; and he yielded up ter of rumour, his spirit in the act of his episcopal duty.

Tam ficti, praviquc tenax quam nuncia veri."

I admit, however, the anecdote in

these “

A. H..

« AnteriorContinuar »