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1927.] OBITUARY.-H..R. H. the Duke of York. there. The infantry, therefore, which At half after six visitors were admitted was ordered to duty on this occasion at by tickets to the north aisle of St. Windsor and its vicinity, amounted to George's Chapel, the south aisle being nearly 1,600 men. These troops re. exclusively reserved to the persons imceived the assistance of a detachment mediately engaged in the ceremony. from the Royal Horse-guards (Blue), At a quarter before nine the head of stationed at Windsor and Slough. Two the procession arrived at the barrier brigades of Artillery were stationed in erected before the gate leading into the the Long Walk, with twelve light six yard. The carriages of the Chief Mourner pounders and ammunition cars. Sir H. and of the other Royal Dukes only were Vivian commanded the whole.

allowed inside. The bearse having On the day of the funeral, at eleven reacbed the porch and balted, the coffin o'clock, the Mayor and Corporation pro- was placed in the car, and wheeled by ceeded in their robes to the parish ten Yeomen of the Guard into the Chachurch, and a funeral sermon pel. From this moment half-minute preacbed by the Rev. Isaac Gosset, guns continued to be fired in the Long Vicar of Windsor, and Chaplain to the Walk. Corporation.

The procession then moved forward :

Poor Knights of Windsor. Eleven Pages of their Royal Highnesses Prince Leopold, the Princess Augusta,

and the Duke of Sussex. Five Pages of his Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence. Sixteen Pages of the King, the Back-stairs, the Presence, and Bedchamber.

Nine Pages of the deceased.
Solicitor to his late Royal Highness, John Parkinson, Esq.

Surgeons, Messrs. Simpson, M'Grigor, Sir A. Cooper.
Physicians, Doctors Macmichael, Thomson, Drever, Sir H. Halford.
The Corporation of Windsor, represented by a Deputation, consisting of Mr. J.
Secker, Jun. and Mr. C. Layton, Bailiffs ; Mr. Secker, Town-clerk ; Mr. Egel-
stone, Chamberlain; Mr. J. Clode, Justice; Mr. J. Voules, Mayor ; and

Sir Giffin Wilson, Recorder. Corate of Windsor, Rev. R. P. Mealy. The Vicar of Windsor, Rev. I, Gosset. Chaplains to bis late Royal Highness, Rev. W. L. Coghlan. T. Nayler, S. Barker, Dr. Rudge, T. Hatch, G. G. Stonestreet, Thomas Lane Fox, H. H. Dakins.

Private Chaplain, Rev. Wm. W. Dakins, D. D. Chaplain-gen. to the Army, the Rev. Robert Hodson, Dean of Carlisle. Secretaries to his late Royal Highness, Major T. Maling, F. Dighton, Esq.

Lieut.-Col. G. Disbrowe. Equerries to Prince Leopold, Duke of Sussex, Duchess of Kent, and Duke of

Clarence.
Assistant Quarter-master-general,

Assistants Adjutant-general,
Lieut.-Colonel J. Freeth.

Lieut.-Cols. Macgrigor and D'Aguilar.
Aids-de-camp to his Majesty, Cols. Trench and Thornton.
Aids-de-camp to his late Royal Highness, Lt. Cols. F. Russell, T. Armstrong,

Hon. G. Anson, Col. Sir H. F. Cooke.
Deputy Quarter-master-general, Deputy Adjutant-general,
Sir R. D. Jackson,

Maj.-gen. J. Macdonald.
Lieut.-Governor of Chelsea Hospital, Governor of the Royal Military College,
Sir A. Hope.

Sir E. Paget.
Quarter-master-gen. Sir J. W. Gordon. Adjutant-gen. Sir H. Torrens.

Equerries to the King, Maj. Gen. Sir G. A. Quentin, Lt.-Gen. Bayly.
Clerk-marsbal and First Equerry to the King, Lt.-Gen. Sir F. T. Hammond.
Equerries to his late Royal Highness, C. C. Smith, Esq. Maj. Gen. Hon. A.P.Upton,

Master of the Buck-hounds, Lord Maryborough. Grooms of the Bedchamber to his Majesty, Col. Whatley, Hon. Col. King, Hon.

A. C. Bradsbaw, Lt.-Gen. Sir W. Houstoun, Lt.-Gen. Hun. Sir W. Lumley, Maj.Gen, Sir A. F. Barnard, Adm. Sir E. Nagle, Gen. Sir W. Keppel,

Gen. the Hon. E. Fincb. Master of the Robes to his Majesty, Earl of Mountcharles. Pursuivants : Rouge-croix, R. Lawrie, Esq. ; Blue-mantle, W. Woods, Esq. F.S.A. Rouge-dragon, F. Townsend, Esq. F.S.A.; Portcullis, J. Pulman, Esq. F.S.A.

King's Sol-gen. Sir N. C. Tindal. King's Att.-gen. Sir C. Wetherel), Comptroller of bis Majesty's Household, Treasurer of his Majesty's Household, by the Depuiy, T. Brent, Esq.

Rt, Hon. W. H. Fremantle.

80
OBITUARY.-H. R. H. the Duke of York.

(Jan. Heralda of Arms. Lancaster, G. F. Beltz, esq. Windsor, F. Martin, esq.

York, C. G. Young, esq. Judge-Marshal of his Majesty's Forces, Sir. J. Beckett.

The Lord Chief Baron, Sir W. Alexander.

The Master of the Rolls, Sir J. S. Copley.
The Paymaster-general to the Forees, Rt. Hon. W. V. Fitzgerald.
Lords of ibe Bedchamber to his Majesty, Lords Graves and Lovaine,

Visc. Lake, and Earl De la Warr.

The Secretary at War, Viscount Palmerston. Bishop of Llandaff, Dr. Sumner.

Bishop of Lincoln, Hon. G. Pelbam.
Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, Bishop of Exeter, Dr. Carey.
Dr. Burgess, Bp. of Salisbury.

Bishop of London, Dr. Howley.
Heralds : -Somerset, J. C. Disney, esq. Richmond, J. Hawker, esq.

The Mioister of State of Hanover, Count Munster,
His Grace the Archbishop of York, Dr. H. Vernon.

Norroy King of Arms, by G. M. Leake, Chester.

Captain of the Yeoman Guard, Earl of Macclesfield.

Groom of the Stole to bis Majesty, Marquis of Winchester.
The Lord Steward of bis Majesty's Household, ibe Marquis of Conyngham.

Choir of Windsor.

Prebendaries of Windsor. The Dean of Windsor, the Hon. H. L. Hobart, D. D. The Baton of his Royal Highness as Field-marshal, and the CORONET, Lorne cach

on black velvet cushions, by Field-marshal Earl Harcourt, and Norroy King at Arms, E. Lodge, esq. (acting for Clarencieux), next followed, supported by Gentlemen-ustiers to the King, and surrounded by the six banners, of Albany, the White Horse of Hanover, the Falcon and Fetterlock, the White Rose, the Crest, and the Arms, each carried by Culs. W. Elphinstone, Sir J. Harvey, J. T. Jones,

Sir A. Dickson, Sir H. Hardinge, and Lord Downes,

The Earl Marshal, the Duke of Norfolk. The Lord-chamberlain and Vice-chamberlain of his Majesty's Household, the

Duke of Montrose and Marquis Graham, escorted by Gentlemen-ushers of the Privy-chamber.

THE BODY, covered with a black velvet pall, adorned with eight escutcheons of the Arms of

his late Royal Higbness, carried by Ten Yeomen of the Guard, under a Canopy of black velvet. The Pall-bearers were six Dukes,- Beaulort, Rutland, Dorset, Newcastle, North

umberland, and Wellington; and the Supporters of the Canopy eight Generals, the Marquis of Anglesea, the Earls of Cavan, Ludlow, Rosslyn, and Cathcart,

Lords Lynedoch, Hill, and Howden.
J. Sharper, esq.

Garier King of Arms, Sir G. Nayler, Sir H. Halliday.

THE CHIEF MOURNER, H. R. H. the Duke of Clarence, in a long black cloak, with the Star of the Order

of the Garter embroidered thereon, wearing the collars of the Garter, Baib, Thistle, and Guelpbie orders; supported by the Marq. of Hertford and Camden.

Traiubearers, Marq. of Salisbury and Lundonderry. Assistants to the Chief Mourner, Eight Peers : Earls of Shaftesbury, Jersey,

Warwick, Bathurst, Clarendon, and Verulam, Visc. Melville and Sidmouth. Their Royal Highnesses tbe Dukes of Sussex and Gloucester, in long black cloaks,

with the Star of the Order of the Garter embroidered thereon, wearing their collars, their trains each borne by two of their Equerries. The Executors to his late Royal Highness, Sir H. Taylor and Lt.-Col. Stephenson. His Majesty's Ministers: Right. Hon. W. Huskisson, C. W. Wyon, Geo. Canning, R. Peel; Lord Privy.seal, Lord Westmoreland, Lord High Chancellor,

the Right Hon. Lord Eldon.
Private Friends of his late Royal Highness, &c.

Gentlemen-ushers.
Gentlemen Pensioners, with their axes reversed.

Yeomen of the Guard, with partisans reversed.
[There were also present the Dukes of St. Alban's, Leeds, Devonshire, and
Argyll, the Marquisses of Thomond, Worcester, and Chandos, Earls of Ormond,
Belfast, and Brecknock, Lords Howard of Effingham, Foley, Alvanley, Grantham,
Farnborough, the Speaker of the House of Commons, &c. &c. &c.]

81

1827.] OBITUARY.-H. R. H. the Duke of York.

The most solemn silence was pre- — The Dean read the remainder of the served during the advance of the pro- Burial Service, which being concluded, cession, and by the time that those who Sir George Nayler, Garter King of Arms, composed the rear had reached the proclaimed his Royal Highness's style choir, ihe first part of the Burial Ser- as follows: vice had terminated. The coffin was “ Thus it bas pleased Almighty God then placed near the entrance to the to take out of this transitory life unto Royal vault, the foot being directed l1)- bis Divine Mercy, the late most high,. wards the altar. The Duke of Clarence most mighty, and illustriuus Prince, sat at the bead as chief mourner, the Frederick Duke of York and Albany, Dukes of Sussex and Gloucester being Earl of Ulster, Knight of the Most Notle on his right and left.

Order of the Garter, First and Principal The venerable Earl Harcourt, who Knight-Grand-Cross of the most Hobore ihe Baton of his late Royal High- nourable Military Order of the Bith, ness, stood at the foot of the coffin, op- Knigbt-Grand-Cross of the Royal Hanoposite the Chief Mourner. The Lord verian Guelphic Order, and next brother Chamberlain was in the same position. of the most high, most mighty, and The Duke of Wellington, who supported most excellent Majesty, George the the pall first on the left hand, retained fourth, by the grace of God, of the his place witb the other five Dukes who United Kingdom of Great Britain and were pall-bearers, on the sides of i he Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, coffin. The six banners, which were King of Hanover, aud Duke of Brunscarried by Colonels in the Ariny, were wick and Lupenburgh; whom God bless arranged between the coffin and the and preserve with long life, health, and altar. The Bishops took their seats in honour, and all worldly bappiness!" the stalls liearest the 'east end ;-che The day was observed throughout the Marquis Conyngham, Lord Steward, kingdom as one of mourning. Business occupied one of the lower stalls near the was every where suspended, and in seveplace of interment; - the Canons of ral places funeral sermons were delivered Windsor sat in the stalls near the organ, inihe Churches. There was, bowever, under the Knights' stalls; and the Dean scarcely a sermon delivered on the folstood, in the earlier part of the service, lowing Sabbath, in which some allusion under the Sovereign's stall. The Master was not made to this grand national of the Rolls and i be Chief Baron sat on misfortune. the south side of the chvir; as did also The best portraits of the Duke of York the Earl of Wesi murrland, Mr.Canning, recently published are : Mr. Huskisson, Mr. Croker, &c.

Painted by Engraved by Tbe arrangements baving been com

1. Sir T. Lawrence Doo pleted, the Lay Clerk and Choristers

2. A. Geddes

Hodgetts chaunted ihe proper Psalm. The Lesson

3. J. Jackson, R.A. Turner was then read by the Hon. and Rev. the

4. Ditto

Reynolds Dean of Windsor; afterwhich the beautilul 5. Wivell

Thompson ant bem by Kevi, from the 55th Psalai, 6. Dilio

Lupton. was sung in the most impressive manner. The sulemn ceremony of interment

The paper, of which the following is å was then performed. The lowering of copy, now lies on the table of the Unithe coffin into its last awful receptacle ted Service Club. It has already rewas a crisis wbicb shook the firinness of

ceived several hundred names of the inany.- Part of Handel's Antbem, com

bighest rank, and there is no doubt of posed for the funeral of Queen Caroline, every member of the Club uniting band wife of George II. was i ben sung:

and heart in the measure : QUARTETTO.

“ London, Jan. 6. When the ear beard bim, then it “We, the undersigned members of blessed bim. And wben the eye saw

the United Service Club, feeling most him, it gave witness of himn.

deeply the loss sustained by the nation,

and by us, by the lamented death of his He delivered the poor that cried, the Royal Highness the Duke of York, and fatherless, and him that bad gone tu belp being must anxious 10 perpetuate to him. Kindness, ineekness, and con. posterity the profound respect and esfort were in his tougue. Ifibere was teem in which we hold his memory, proany virtue, and if there was any praise, pose a voluntary subscription to be enhe thougbt on those things.

tered into, to defray ibe expence of QUARTETTO.

erecting a marble statuc to be presented His body is buried in peace.

to the United Service Club, and to be

placed in the new Club-house about to But bis name liveth evermore. Amen. be built, as a mark of the high respect Gent. Mag. January, 1897.

CHORUS

CHORUS.

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82

OBITUARY.-H. R. H. the Duke of York. (Jan. which we entertain of the late illustrious might in the course of a month be a fieldand mucb-esteemed CommanderinChief; officer, if his friends were disposed to be and in order to afford every member the liberal of money and influence. Others gratification of sharing in this mark of there were, against whom there could be no respect, it is requested that no larger complaint for want of length of service, alsum tban iwo guineas shall be sub- though it might be difficult to see how their scribed by any one inember.”

experience was improved by it. It was no It is hardly necessary to add, tbat a uncommon thing for a commission to be thing called “ A Posthumous Letter of obtained for a child in the cradle; and his Royal Highness the Duke of York," when he came from college, the fortunate which has been published since bis Royal youth was at least a lieutenant of some Higbness's demise, was neither writien standing, by dint of fair promotion. To nor dictated by his Royal Highness. siim up this catalogue of abuses, commis

sions were in some instances bestowed upon CHARACTER OF THE DUKE OF YORK. young ladies, when pensions could not be

had. We know ourselves one fair dame By the Author of Waverley.

who drew the pay of Captain in the In the person of his Royal Flighness the dragoons, and was probably not much less Duke of York, we may justly say, in the fit for the service than some who at that language of Scripture, there has fallen period actually did duty; for, as we have this day in our Israel a Prince and a Great said, no knowledge of any kind was demanded Man." He has from an early period of his from the young officers. If they desired to manbood, performed a most important part improve themselves in the elemevtal parts of in public life. In the early wars of the their profession, there was no means opeu French Revolution, he commanded the Bri- either of direction or of instruction. But tislı forces on the Continent; and although as a zeal for knowledge rarely exists where we claim not for his memory the admiration its attainment brings no credit or advantage, due to the rare and high gifts which in our the gay young men who adopted the military latter times inust combine to form a military profession were easily led into the fashion of genius of the first order, yet it has never thinking that it was pedantry to be master been disputed, that in the field his Royal even of the routine of the exercise which Highness displayed intelligence, military

they were obliged to perform. An intelliskill, and his family attribute, the most up

gent serjeant whispered from time to time alterable courage. He had also the uni- the word of command, which his captain versal testimony of the army for his efforts would have been ashamed to have known to lessen the distresses of the privates, du- without prompting; and thus the duty of ring the horrors of an unsuccessful cam- the field-day was huddled over rather than paign, in which he acquired, and kept to his performed. It was natural, under such cirdeath, the epithet of the Soldier's Friend.

cumstances, that the pleasures of the mess, But it is not on account of these early or of the card or billiard table, should ocservices that we now, as boldly as our poor cupy too much of the leisure of those who voice may, venture to bring forward the late had so few duties to perform,—and that Duke of York's claims to the perpetual extravagance, with all its disreputable congratitude of his country. It is as the re

sequences, should be the characteristic of former and regenerator of the British army, many; while others, despairing of promowhich he brought from a state nearly allied tion, which could only be acquired by money to general contempt to such a pitch of ex- or infuence, sunk into mere machines, percellence, that we may without much hesita- forming without hope or heart a task which tion claim for them an equality with, if not they had learned by rote. a superiority over, any troops in Europe. To this state of things, by a succession of The Duke of York had the firmness to look well-considered and effectual regulations, into and examine the causes, which, ever the Duke of York put a stop with a firm yet since the American war, though arising out gentle band. Terms of service were fixed of circumstances existing long before, had for every rank, and neither influence uor gone as far to destroy the character of the

money were permitted to force any indiviBritish army, as the natural good materials dual forward, until he had served the necesof which it is composed would permit. The sary time in the present grade which he heart must have been bold that did not de- held. No rank short of that of the Duke spair at the sight of such an Augean stable. of York—no courage and determination in

In the first place, our system of purchas- ferior to that of his Royal Highness-could ing commissions,—itself an evil in a mili- have accomplished a change so important to tary point of view, and yet indispensable to the service, but which yet was so unfavourathe freedom of the country,—had been ble to the wealthy and to the powerful, stretched so far as to open the way to every whose children and protogés had formerly sort of abuse. No science was required, no found a brief way to promotion. Thas a service, no previous experience whatever; protection was afforded to those officers the boy, let loose from school the last week, who could only hope so rise by merit and

1827.) OBITUARY.-H. R. H. the Duke of York.

83 length of service; while at the same time into mutiny), were abolished, and strict the young aspirant was compelled to dis- cleanliness was substituted for a Hottentot charge the duties of a subaltern before at- head-dress of tallow and flour. The pay of taining the higher commissions.

the soldier was augmented, while care was la other respects, the influence of the at the same time taken that it should, as far Commander-in-Chief was found to have the as possible, be expended in bettering his une gradual and meliorating influence. food and extending his comforts. The The vicissitudes of real service, and the slightest complaint on the part of a private emergencies to which individuals are ex. sentinel was as regularly inquired into, as if posed, hegan to render ignorance upfashion- it had been preferred by a general officer. able, as it was speedily found, that mere Lastly, the use of the cane (a brutal pracralour, however fiery, was unable, on such tice which our ufficers borrowed from the occasions, for the extrication of those en- Germans) was entirely prohibited ; and regaged in them; and that they who knew gular corporal punishments by the sentence their duty and discharged it, were not only of a court-martial have been gradually dimost secure of victory and safety in action, minished. but most distinguished at head-quarters, If, therefore, we find in the modern Briand most certain of promotion. Thus a tish officer more information, a more regutaste for studying mathematics, and calcula- Jar course of study, a deeper acquaintance tions applicable to war, was graclually intro- with the principles of his profession, and a duced into the army, and carried by some greater love for its exertions—if we find the efficers to a great length; while a perfect private sentinel discharge his duty with a acquaintance with the routine of the field- mind unembittered by petty vexations and day was positively derbanded from every regimental exertions, conscious of immunity officer in the service as an indispensable from capricious violence, and knowing where qualification.

to appeal if he sustains injury—if we find His Royal Highness also introduced a in all ranks of the arnıy a love of their prospecies of moral discipline among the officers fession, and a capacity of matching themof our army, which had the highest conse- selves with the finest troops which Europo quences on their character. Persons of the ever produced, -to the memory of his Royal old school of Captaiu. Plume and Captain Highness the Duke of York we owe this Brazen, men who swore hard, drank deep, change from the state of the forces thirty bilked tradesmen, and plucked pigeons, were Ro longer allowed to arrogate a character The means of improving the tactics of the which they could only support by deep oaths British army did not escape his Royal Highand ready swords. If a tradesman, whose ness's sedulous care and attention. Formerly bill was unpaid by an officer, thought pro- every commanding officer måncuvred his per to apply to the Horse-Guarda, the regiment after his own fashion ; and if a debtor received a letter from head-quarters, brigade of troops were brought together, it requiring to know if there existed any ob- was very doubtful whether they could execute jections to the accompt, and failing his any one combined movement, and almost rendering a satisfactory answer, he was put certain that they could not execute the en stoppages until the creditor's demand various parts of it on the same principle. was satisfied. Repeated applications of this This was remedied by the system of regulakind might endanger the officer's commis- tions compiled by the late Sir David Ďunsion, which was then sold for the payment of das, and which obtained the sanction and his creditors. Other delinquencies were at countenance of his Royal Highness. This she same time adverted to; and without one circumstance, of giving a uniform prinmaintaining an inquisitorial strictness over ciple and inode of working to the different the officers, or taking too close inspection bodies, which are after all but parts of the of the mere gaities and follies of youth, a same great machine, was in itself one of the complaint of any kind, implying a departure most distinguished services which could be from the character of a gentleman and a rendered to a national army; and it is only man of honour, was instantly inquired into surprising that, before it was introduced, by the Commander-in-Chief, and the delin- the British army was able to execute any quent censured of punished, as the case combined movements at all. seemed to require.

We cau but notice the Duke of York's The private soldiers equally engaged the establishmeu tnear Chelsea for the Orphans attention of his Royal Highness. In the of Soldiers, the cleanliness and discipline of course of his superintendence of the army, a which are a model for such institutions ; military dress, the most absurd in Europe, and the Royal Military School, or College, was altered for one easy and comfortable for at Sandhurst, where every species of scienthe men, and suitable to the hardships they tific instruction is afforded to those officers are exposed to in actual service. The severe whom it is desirable to qualify for the and vexatious rules exacted about the tying service of the Staff. The excellent officers of hair, and other trifling punctilios (which who have been formed at this Institution, had been found sometimes to goad troops are the best pledge of what is due to its

years since.

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