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SERM. ever things he Jhall hear, he Jhall speak; and he will tell XXXIV. you things to come: All things that the Father hath are mine; therefore/aid I, that hejfiall take of mine, and Jfiall Jhew it unto you: which expressions do in no fort well agree to the divine power or efficacy; but evidently respect a person : for what is performed by any agent, to fay that of its efficacy, as distinct from it, is beside the reason and manner of speech; and doth especially disagree with the nature and genius of the divine Scripture, which undertaketh most simply and plainly to instruct us. That God's efficacy should be sent from the Father and Son; that it should speak, that it should hear from the Father and the Son; how strangely hard and obscure a manner of speaking is that! from them, not from himself: what himself cem they imagine, who distinguish him not from God, and allow him no personality? why should we without necessity asperse the holy Scripture, made clearly to instruct us, with such mistiness and darkness? Likewise to the Holy Spirit is attributed the office of a paraclete, or advocate, who pleadeth our cause with God, praying and with God for us: but that God's efficacy (which can hardly be conceived, which sliould not be conceived, distinct from God) should speak to God, should interpose itself between us, is, as the rest, too perplexed and intricate a saying.

3. Farthermore, the holy Scripture doth to the Holy

Spirit attribute faculties and operations annexed to him

1 Cor. ii. plainly personal: such are understanding; (the Spirit

3°CoV. xii. seorchelh all things,yea the deep things of God: The things

ii- . of God none knoweth, but the Spirit of God:) will; (He^'1"^'^ every one as he willeth:) affections; of grief,

Isa. lxm. (Grieve not the Holy Spirit:) and anger, (They provoked

John xvi. his Holy Spirit:) sense; (what he shall hear, he will speak:)

M tt x 20 fyeech> tnere and in many other places; (It 15 not you,

faith our Saviour, that speak, but the Spirit of your Father

Acts xiii. 2. that is in you: and, The Spirit said, Separate me Barnabas

and Saul for the work, whereunto I have called them -. and

Acts x. 19. again, very emphatically, While Peter thought on the vision,

the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee.) Now these and the like faculties and acts are clearly personal; SERM. not representing any quality, or energy, but a live and in- XXXIV. tellectual substance. To interpret all these things as spoken ~~ by fiction or dramatically, what is it but to transform God's oracles into Pythian riddles, and of theology to frame a mythology? That sometimes for emphasis fake, in matters less dark or high, the holy Scripture may sometime use such schemes, nothing, I confess, doth hinder; but that perpetually it mould involve such a most grave and sublime matter with such tortuous forms of speech, doth in truth not seem consentaneous to its most holy and simple majesty: as more simply, more clearly, and more intelligibly, so more compendiously, it might have been said, God knoweth, God willeth, God is thus or thus affected, God speaketh; than, God's virtue knoweth, God's power willeth, God's efficacy speaketh: if these manners of speech did not otherwise differ, at least the former would be more clear, simple, and expedite, nor would it so yield occasion to errors and doubts; and therefore more worthy it would be of the holy writ. However such prosopopœias should not be inept, but such as most appositely should agree to the matter proposed, whjch would not happen in this case: for of those personal attributes some at least do scarce admit those figurate senses, or do plainly refuse them; it is hard to fay that a divine power doth know or hear; and who will fay that a divine efficacy is affected with anger or sorrow?

I add, that when the sin of blasphemy is said to be committed against the Holy Spirit, just in the same form of speech as against the Son, it is signified that the Holy Spirit is in the fame manner a Person as the Son is a Person; otherwise the comparison would not seem to be well framed.

4. The Holy Spirit, in the same manner and by like right as the Father and Son, is the object of our faith, worstiip, obedience; the which, as by divers other ways, (as afterwards we may shew,) so especially doth appear from the form of baptism instituted and prescribed by our Lord; where we as well are baptized into the name of 8ERM. the Holy Spirit, as of the Father and Son: wherein is XXXIV. signified, and by a solemn contestation ratified, on the part of God, that those three, joined and confederated as it were, are conspiringly propitious and favourable to us; that they do receive us into their discipline, grace, and patronage; that they are ready, and by virtue of promise in a manner bound, to bestow on us excellent benefits and privileges; (on us, I fay, performing the laws and conditions of the covenant then entered into;) on our part, that we do with found and firm faith equally (that is, thoroughly and entirely) acknowledge and confess those three; that we repose an equal (that is, a most firm) hope and confidence in them; that we do most highly reverence all and each of them; that we do sincerely and seriously undertake and promise a perpetual (and, nearest to what we are able, a perfect) obedience to them: doing which things, we do (as Athanasius, or an ancient writer under his name, observeth) yield more than a simple adoration to the Holy E; )i pi uVi Spirit; {Since, faith he, they that are catechized in order to ~JJ,f£. baptism, are not, before they are baptized, perfecl Chrijiians, Ttixipiw but being baptized are consummated; baptism therefore im2#M«, *" Ports store than adoration:) hence who sees not in this fiwVSimf first and principal mystery of our religion the Holy Spirit ri famr/iais exhibited to us as a Person; that about him, as such, this ft* £"*" excellent part of our duty, this eximious worship, is conmmiruit. versant? Attending to this point we may also fee the ad, !„*'tra"'verse opinion to be urged with many inconveniences: for Maad. p. if the Holy Spirit be not a person, not aptly (or rather very incongruously) he is put into the fame rank with the other two Persons; not rightly are things so wholly differing in kind (things subfistent and not subsistent) conjoined, and just in the same form proposed as like objects of worship; yea superfluously and to no purpose doth the Holy Spirit seem to be adjoined, if by it nothing beside the divine efficacy is designed: for acknowledging the Father, we do withal acknowledge his power and efficacy, con-, gruous to the divine nature; worshipping the Father, we do together adore his power; devoting ourselves in obe-r dience to the Father, we do likewise subject ourselves to his power; as if one hath promised faith and loyalty to S E R M. the king, he therein hath abundantly satisfied his duty; so XXXIV. that there is no farther need to profess himself devoted to the king's power or efficacy: who fees not that in such a case it is superfluous and idle to fever the king from his royal power? One may also ask, why with as good reason we should not be consecrated into the name of the divine goodness, of the divine justice, of the divine wisdom, or of any other divine attribute, as into the name of the divine power? The Socinian exposition therefore doth cast strange clouds and incongruities upon this august mystery; which yet in decency should be most clearly and simply propounded, lest in the very entrance of our Christian prosession an occasion should be given of stumbling into great error.

5. The personality of the Holy Ghost is also perspicuously evinced, from its being represented under the visible shape of a subsistent thing. A substantial thing is no proper'e» I?3i< «■»symbol or representative of a thing accidental, nor com- ab^y modiously may assume its name: to a thing having no shape, as it subsistence it doth not well suit to descend like a dove, the Gospel, and to rest upon Christ: supposing the Spirit were only the efficacy of God the Father, seeing the effects of faculties and operations are most aptly attributed to the persons having or exerting them, it could have been said (and that more rightly and properly) that the Father himself did appear in a corporeal figure, that the Father descended, that the Father sate upon Christ, that the Father was seen by the holy Baptist; the which it were rash to affirm.

I forbear to allege, that the Holy Spirit is reckoned among the three that bear witness in heaven; that the sin against the Holy Ghost is distinguished from the sin against God the Father. k I also pass over, that a Trinity of Persons (as many of the Fathers conceive) was represented in

the apparition to Abraham; where it is said, The Lord ap- Gen. xviii.


k Cur non hie accipiamus vifibiliter insinuatam per creaturam visibilem Trinitatis æqualitatem, atque in tribus personis unum, eandemque fubstantiarn. Aug. dt Trin. ii, 11,13.

SERM. peared, and three men appeared to him; as also that the

XXXIV. hymn (Trisagias) in Isaiah and the Apocalypse do insinuate it; likewise that the phrases, Creavit Elohim, (Gods in the

Deut'vi8. Pmral> did create m the singular;) Faciamus kominem, Let

us make man; Jehovah Elohim, the Lord our Gods; and the

like, may well hither be referred. For from what hath been

said the Socinian error may seem abundantly confuted.

III. We thirdly now do assert (supposing his personality) that the Holy Spirit is God, coessential to God the Father and God the Son; or that the one divine nature (with all its attributes and perfections) is common to him with the Father; or that (which is the fame) the Holy Spirit is God, that most high God, most absolutely and properly so called; (for, seeing the holy Scriptures do frequently inculcate that there is but one God, if the Holy Spirit be God, he must necessarily be coessential to the Father and the Son.) Now that he is God, we, against the Macedonians, or Semi-Arians, do assert, and by these arguments prove.

I. The most proper names of God and the most divine titles are every where (according to just interpretation and __ by perspicuous consequence) attributed unto the Holy* Spirit: inasmuch as often, (almost ever,) upon various occasions, the fame words, works, and acts are referred to God and to the Holy Spirit; so that whatever God is said to have spoken, to have performed, to have made, that also is reported said, transacted, produced by the Holy Ghost; and reciprocally, whatever doth any way regard the Holy Spirit, that is referred to God: the which doth argue that between the beings denoted by the names God and Holy Spirit an essential identity or unity doth intercede. Of the Israelites being wickedly incredulous and Ps. Uxviii. refractory it is said, They tempted and provoked the most *6' high God, and kept not his testimonies: the same Isaiah

Isa. Uiii. thus expresseth; They rebelled, and vexed his Holy Spirit. Acts xxviii *n lft'an (vi. 9-) God is said to send the prophets; St. Paul si- reporting it faith the Holy Ghost sent them. St. Peter

chargeth Ananias, that he had lied to the Holy Spirit; Actsv.3,4.and thence that he had lied to God: Ananias, fkith he,

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