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upon him the chastisement of our peace; and did offer up SERM. his soul an offering and sacrifice for our sins; thereby ex- XXVII. piating them, propitiating God's wrath, and reconciling J^TiaiTT" God unto us, purging us from guilt, and procuring entire10remission for our fins; the which considerations do fuffi- i John ii. a! ciently areue our sins, in way of desert, to have been the!?- ,0.\.

r <•?■ i , Rom.iii.25.

caules or his death. Heb. ii. 17.

Now for the ends which our Lord's death airneth at, Romv-10» and the effects which it produceth, (these we join, because a Cor. v. in reality they are the same,) they, in Scripture reckoning Eph. ii. ie. and expression, are various and many: the most general '•7are these, comprehending divers others subordinate to 23,26?

them. Johniii.36.

1. The illustration of God's glory, by demonstrating 28. and displaying therein his most excellent attributes and^',^ \4' perfections; so doth St. Paul teach us; Whom God, faith Rev. is. he, hath set forth a propitiation by faith in his blood, ekcoLi."^' svSa£i» rij; Sixaiotruvijf u&Tov,for a demonstration of his right- EPh- »• 1uwfiiess; that is, as I take it, of his goodness, his justice, his fidelity, his constancy, of all those commendable (John xxi. perfections, which are expressed in dealing with others ;ao'' and our Lord, his passion being instantly to follow, made this reflection; Now is the Son of man glorified, and God John xiii. is Ratified in him; and, J have glorified thee upon earth; I base finished the work which thou gavefi me to do. God did therein shew himself most highly good and gracious, in so providing for the welfare of those who deserved nothing of him, who deserved ill of him, who had offended and injured him very heinously: he manifested himself most strictly just, in not suffering iniquity to go unpunished, but rather than so, exposing his own dear Son to punishment, and in him choosing himself to suffer; he declared his wisdom in contriving so admirable an expedient, whereby both his goodness might be exercised, and his justice not infringed; he sliewed his veracity, fidelity, and constancy, in executing by his providence what he before had designed and promised, although so grievous and bitter to the Son of his love: he therein also laid a ground of declaring his almighty power, in raising

Vol. v. c

SERM. him from the dead, as likewise of his goodness and justice XXVII. jn exalting him: thus by our Saviour's death was the divine glory much illustrated, and our good consequently promoted; for that we therein contemplating him so amiable for goodness, so terrible for justice, so venerable for all excellency, may be induced thence to love him, to dread him, to worship and reverence him, as it becometh us, and as it is necessary for us in order to our happiness.

a. The dignifying and exaltation of our Lord himself; by acquiring unto him in a manner a new right unto, and instating him in an universal dominion, in a transcendent glory, in perfect joy accruing to him by remuneration for so excellent an instance of submission and obedience to God's will. This is that which our Lord John xiii. foresaw and foretold; Is God was glorified in him, then 32. *vu. 5. ^.^ Qo£ giorljy h[m in himself, and sliall straightway Rom.xir.9.glorify him: and, To this end, faith St. Paul, Christ, died, that he might le the Lord of the dead and living: and, Heb. ii. 9. For the suffering of death he was crowned with glory and Phil. ii. 8,9. honour, faith the Apostle to the Hebrews: and, He was Heb. ii. io. obedient to the death, therefore God exalted him: and, The Prince of our salvation was perfected by suffering: and, Heb. xif. a. For the joy that was set before him he endured the cross: if*, liii. ii. and, He, said the Prophet of him,shall see the travail of Rev. v. 12, his foul, and be satisfied: and, Worthy, say the heavenly host in the Apocalypse, is the Lamb that is slain, {worthy is he, for that he was slain, and did redeem us to God by (Tit. ii. u.) his blood,) to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.

3. The salvation of mankind; the which he was designed to procure by his death, and in many respects he did promote it thereby.

He did it by appeasing that wrath of God which he naturally beareth toward iniquity, and reconciling God to men, who by sin were alienated from him; by procuring a favourable disposition and intentions of grace toward us. Rom. v. s, While we were sinners, faith St. Paid, Christ died for us, (and sinners, or wicked men, God cannot like or endure: Thou art not, faith the Psalmist, a God that hajl pleasure SERM. in wickedness, neither Jhall evil dwell ivith thee; the foolish XXVI I. Jhall notJiand in thy Jight; thou hatejl all workers 0/' ini- psa|. v. 4. quily: and, The wicked, and him that loveth violence, his xi-5- x«'vfoul haleth: yet for us, being such, Christ died, removing Hab. i. a. thereby that just hatred and displeasure; as St. Paul pre-Isa "'• 8> sendy after expreffeth and expoundeth it; When, faith he, we were enemies, ive were reconciled to God by the death of kis Son:) and otherwhere, God, faith he, was in Chri/l re-aCor.v.ig. conciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; the non-imputation of our fins is expressed as a singular effect, an instance, an argument of his being in mind reconciled and favourably disposed toward us: and again; He died to reconcile both (Jews andEph. ii. 16. Gentiles) unto God in one body by the cross, having slain 51, Vc.' the enmity thereby; that is, God being thereby reconciled to all people, they became thence united together in the common relation of friends and fellow-servants to God; becoming, as it there follows, fellow-citizens thesaints, and of the household of God, (or allied unto him 0;, by spiritual relations.) O"5

Again, It furthered our salvation, by purchasing the remission of our fins, and justification of our persons; our freedom from condemnation and punishment, our appearance as upright, and acceptable in God's fight; upon the conditions of faith and repentance propounded in the Gospel; in regard to which effects he is said thereby to redeem us from our fins, to bear them, to take them away, to expiate them, to cleanse, to purge, to sanctify us from them: Who stall lay any thing to tfie charge of Rom. viii. God's elecl P Who Jhall condemn them? It is Christ, that**died; that is, Christ's death hath freed them from all liableness to guilt and condemnation. Chri/l hath redeem- Gal. iii. 13. ed us from the curse of the Law, being made a curse for us; that is, he by undergoing an accursed kind of death (1 Pet. H. hath purchased an indemnity and impunity for the trans- 24'^ gressors of God's Law: and, Being justified by his blood, Rom. v. s, we stiall be saved by him from wrath; that is, from the effects of God's just displeasure, condemnation, and pu

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SERM. nistiment: and, In whom, faith St. Paul again clearly, we XXVII. have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of fins, Ephes. i. j. according to the riches of his grace: and, My blood, faith Col. i. 14. our Lord is the blood of the new testament, which was as. shed for many for the remission of fins: and, Christ, faith

"*','** aJ'the Apostle to the Hebrews, was once offered to bear the

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47. fin of many, (or of the many, the multitude of men.)

Now once in the end of the world hath he appeared, el; u$e

TY)<7tv anaprla;, for the abolition of fin by the sacrifice of

John i. 29. himself: and, Behold, said St. John the Baptist, the Lamb

11.) *'*'°s God, that laketh away the fins of the world: and,

1 John i. 7. The blood of Christ doth, faith St. John, cleanse us from

1 John H a^ sin; ^e ved us> and washed us from our fins in his

3. iv. 10. own blood: He is a propitiation for our fins; and not for

our fins only, but for the fins of the whole world: and,

Heb. xiii. Jesus, that by his blood he might sanctify the people, did

Eph. v. iijuffer out °f ine Sate •" He delivered himself up for the

37- Church, that he might sanctify itthat he might present it

to himself a glorious Church, not having spot, or wrinkle,

or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without


Our Lord also by his death procured our salvation, as having thereby purchased for us means sufficient to free us from the power and dominion of sin, to purify our Tit. ii. 14. hearts, and sanctify our lives; for, He gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works: and, He gave himself for our fins, that he might redeem us from this > Pet i. is, present evil world: and, We were redeemed, not with corruptible things, with silver, or with gold; but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot, from our vain conversation, delivered from our 1 Pet.\ii4.fat/iers: and, He by his own self bare our fins in his own body on the tree, that we being dead to fin should live unto Rom. vi. 2, righteousness: We are with him dead to fin; our old man is crucified with him, that the body of fin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve fin.

In subordination to, coincidence or concurrence with, the principal designs and effects, our Lord also died for the

6, 8, 11.

reparation of God's honour, which we by contempt of SERM. his authority and violation of his law had impaired, but XXVII. our Saviour by so signal an obedience thereto did repair; ~~ for the recovery of God's right, which was infringed by withdrawing so great and noble a part of his creation from its due allegiance and service; the which he recovered and restored to him; for the satisfaction to God's justice, provoked by so heinous impieties and iniquities; the which was abundantly performed by so infinitely valuable a compensation and sacrifice offered thereto.

Also for ratification of the" new covenant between God and us; whence his blood is called, the Hood of tlie cove- Heb. x. 29. nant, the blood of the new testament. Ma,t- *"'•

For the pacifying and reconciling all things in heaven iCor.xi. as. and earth; removing all causes of distension and distance ; Eph.'ji? as. inducing obligations to concord and charity.

For pulling out the sing, and removing the terrors of\ Cor. xv. death; destroying (or defeating) him that had the power??' .. of death, and delivering them who through the fear ofi». death are all their life-time fubjeSl to death. !£*"***"

For the suppressing, vanquishing, and triumphing over Col. ii. it. the powers of hell and darkness, the which he did, as St. Paul telleth us, achieve upon his cross: and by his death John xii. he telleth us, that the prince of this world was condemned,01-XV1"1U and cast out.

For engaging us to the practice of all righteousness and obedience, (especially to the most excellent, high, and hard parts thereof, charity, humility, meekness, patience, self-denial, utmost constancy and perseverance,) both from our obligation in regard to what he suffered for us, and in imitation of his example; for, We should run with pa- Heb. xii. lience the race that is set before us, looking unto Jesus, the '* 2author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame: and, Christ having suffered for us in the flejh, we should, faith 1 Pet. iv. 1, St. Peter, arm ourselves with the fame mind,—so as no 12, longer to live the rest of our time in the fie/h to the lust of men, but to the will of God.

Lastly, for attestation unto and confirmation of divine

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