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shew it: if we look upon the frame of the animals themselves, what a number of admirable contrivances in each of them do appear for the sustenance, for the safety, for the pleasure, for the propagation, for grace and ornament, for all imaginable convenience, suitable to the kind, and station of each! If we look about them, what variety and abundance of convenient provisions offer themselves even to a careless view, answerable to all their needs, and all their desires! Wholesome and pleasant food, to maintain their life, yea, to gratify all their senses; fit shelter from offence, and safe refuge from dangers: all these tilings provided in sufficient plenty, and commodiousty disposed, for such a vast number of creatures; not the least, most filly, weak, or contemptible creature, but we may fee some care hath been had for its nourishment and comfort: what wonderful instincts are they endued with, for procuring and distinguishing of their food, for guarding themselves and their young from danger! But for man especially a most liberal provision hath been made, to supply all his needs; to please all his appetites; to exercise, with prosit and satisfaction, all his faculties; to content (I might fay) his utmost curiosityb: all things about him do minister (or may do so, if he will use the natural powers and instruments given him) to his preservation, ease, and delight. The bowels of the earth yield him treasures of metals and minerals; quarries of stone and coal, serviceable to him for various usesc. The vilest and commonest stones he treadeth upon are not unprofitable. The surface of the earth, what variety of delicate fruits, herbs and grains doth it afford, to nouristi our bodies, and cheer our spirits, and please our tastes, and remedy our diseases! how many fragrant flowers, most beautiful and goodly in colour and shape, for the comfort of our smell and delight of our eyes! Neither can our ears complain, since every wood hath a quire of natural musicians, to entertain them with their sprightful melody! Every wood did I say? yes too, the woods, adorned with stately trees, yield pleasant spectacles to our sight, shelter from offences of weather and fun, fuel for our sires, materials for our buildings, (our houses and (hipping,) and other needful utensils. Even the barren mountains fend us down fresli streams of water, so necessary for the support of our lives, so profitable for the fructification of our grounds, so commodious for conveyance and maintaining of intercourse among us. Even the wide seas themselves serve us many ways: they are commodious for our traffic and commerce: they supply the bottles of heaven with water to refresh the earth: they are inexhaustible cisterns, from whence our springsand rivers are derived: they yield stores of good fish, and other conveniences of life. The very rude and disorderly winds do us no little service, in brushing and cleansing the air for our health; in driving forward our ships; in scattering and spreading about the clouds, those clouds which Psal. lxv. drop fatness upon our grounds. As for our subjects the animals, it is not possible to reckon the manifold utilities we receive from them: how many ways they supply our needs, with pleasant food and convenient clothing; how they ease our labour; and how they promote even our sport and recreation. And are we not, not only very stupid, but very ungrateful, if we do not discern abundance of wisdom and goodness in the contrivance and ordering of all these things, so as thus to conspire for our good? Is it not reasonable, that we devoutly cry out with Pfcl.civ.a4. the Psalmist; 0 Lord, how manifold are thy works.1 in wisdom haft thou made tliem all: the earth is full of thy riches: so is tlie wide and great sea, &c. To say this grace Psal.cxlr. with him; The eyes of all wait upon thee; and thou givefi 15,16. them their meat in due season: thou openest thine hand, and satisfiejl the desire of every living thing: especially to say Psal. viii. 4. farther; Lord, what is man, that thou art so mindful of 6" him? and the son of man, that thou vifiteft him? Thou haft

t> Neque enim neceffitatibus tantummodo nostris provisum est, usque in ddicias amamur. Sen, di Benrf. iv. 5. Vije locum optimum.

'Ut omnis rcrum naturæ pars tributum aliquod nobis conferret. Ibid.

made him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou haft put all things under his feet.

Can any man, endued with common sense, imagine that such a body as any of us doth bear about him, so neatly composed, fitted to so many purposes of action, furnished with so many goodly and proper organs; that eye, by which we reach the stars, and in a moment have, as it were, all the world present to us; that ear, by which we so subtly distinguish the differences of sound, are sensible of so various harmony, have conveyed unto our minds the words and thoughts each of other; that tongue, by which we so readily imitate those vast diversities of voice and tune, by which we communicate our minds with such ease and advantage; that hand, by which we perform so many admirable works, and which serves instead of a thousand instruments and weapons unto us; to omit those inward springs of motion, life, sense, imagination, memory, passion, with so stupendous curiosity contrived: can any reasonable man, I say, conceive that so rare a piece, consisting of such parts, unexpreflibly various, unconceivably curious, the want of any of which would discompose or destroy us; subservient to such excellent operations, incomparably surpassing all the works of the most exquisite art, that we could ever observe or conceive, be the product of blind chance; arise from fortuitous jumblings of matter; be effected without exceeding great wisdom, without most deep counsel and design? llMight not the most excellent pieces of human artifice, the fairest structures, the finest pictures, the most useful engines, such as we are wont so much to admire and praise, much more easily happen to be without any skill or contrivance f e If we cannot allow these rude and gross imitations of nature to come of themselves, but will presently, so soon as we see them, acknowledge them the products of art, though we know not the artist, nor did see him work; how much more reasonable is it, that we believe the works of nature, so much more fine and accurate, to proceed from the like cause, though invisible to us, and performing its workmanship by a secret hand? I am sure, the most diligent contemplators of nature, and those of the most incredulous temper, and freest from any prejudice favourable to religion, have not been able to deny, that abundance of counsel and wisdom discovers itself in the works of nature: a Phys.c.3. Aristotle (whom no man surely takes for superstitious or partial to the interests of religion) hath a whole chapter in his Physics to prove that nature works with design and De part. A- for an end: and otherwhere he affirms, >j pu<ri$ tvexa. ri-i mm. H. attend noul, Nature doeth all things for some end: yea farther, MaXAov 8* lori To 5 tvexa, xa\ To Xocxov et Toij T^j "h fi!«j HU fvvtco; epyoig, 5j iv rol; rf^ Te^vtjj: Tending to an end, and "^irmlZc. endeavouring what is best, is more observable in the works Dt ceeb, ii. of nature, than in those of art. This he speaketh in his oihr«. books De Partibus Animalium, the consideration of which «*•»'"»>£ extorted this confession from him: and if nature works so tiT«/, ixxi much for an end, there must be an understanding that

4 Archimcdem arbitrantur plus valuisse in imitandis sphæræ converfionilus, quam naturam in efficiendis, &c. p. 86.

'Si ergo meliora Cunt ea, quæ nature, quam ilia quæ arte persecta sunt nee are efficit quicquam lint: ratione, he nature quidem rationis expers est habenda. Cie. dt Nat. D. ii. p. 86. Quod si mundum efficere poteft concursus atomorum, cur porticum, cur templum, cur domum, cur urbem non poteft, quæ sunt minus operosa, et multo quidem faciliora? Ib. 89.

fun Tiws intends it, and orders sit means for attaining; it. Galen is

Tl£wif inpi-' O

tvryim. observed in some places of his writings to speak some

citltP.ue!wnat irreligiously, yet in his books De Ufa Parlium he

Cujus (na- cannot forbear admiring the wisdom that slunes forth in

tiam nulia the structure of our bodies, breaking forth sometimes into

are, nulla hymns 0f praise and thankfulness to him that made it.

mo opi'fex The like expressions hath Cardan, such another not over

consequi^ devout philosopher; and even our own countryman Mr.

tando, Cic Hobbs, how little a friend he otherwise seems to reli

83. P S'on> an(^ now reacty soever to deride those that by reason

endeavour to prove there is a God, yet being overcome

by the evidence of the thing, hath somewhere let fall

De Homi- these words; Itaque, faith he, ad fens us procedo: jatis

ne, cap. i. fialens J[ hujufmodi res attigero tantum, plenius autem

traclandas aliis reliquero, qui Ji macliinas omnes turn gene

rationis turn nutritionis satis perspexerint, nee tamen eas a

mente aliqua conditas, ordinatafque adfaa quasque officia

viderint, ipfi profeclo fine mente ejfe cenjendijunt.

Neither doth the force of this argument subsist here, but, as we intimated, the correspondence and relation of outward things to our needs, appetites, and capacities, doth mightily confirm it: if we had organs of nutrition, and nothing to feed them; fenses, and nothing to prove or please them; hands and feet, without means or cause to use them, we might have some reason to think these things made causelessly and vainly: but it is, we fee, altogether otherwise; all things are accommodated for us, so that we could not wish or /conceive better. Which to them, who will not perversely dote, cannot but argue, not a wisdom only, but an exceeding benignity, careful and tender of our good e.

Thus much the most common and obvious effects of nature here below, within us and about us, do signify to us: thus, as St. Paul preached, God hath not left himselfdx ifUpruunattefted, doing good, sending us from heaven rains and I",,',""TM"" fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness: Act. iv. 17. nor do the heavens less declare the glory of God, and the firmament Jiis handy-work f: he that shall consider Quid poteft with what regularity and what constancy those vastesse tam a*

. . . pertum,

bodies perform their rapid motions; what pleasure, com- tamque fort, and advantage their goodly light doth yield us; how ^^ necessary and profitable to us the vicissitudes of time and cœlum fusrecourses of seasons are, which they make; how theiroœleftisq'oe influences conduce to the general welfare and preservation contemplaof things even here below, cannot but wonder, and won- qUam aliderine: adore that beneficent wisdom and power, that hath quod effe

J numen

disposed and still preserves them in such order. Could praftamis

flmæ men

„....,... .. tis.quohæc

• Quis mine hominem dixent, qui cum tarn certos cœli motus, tam ratos re,,antur >

astrorum ordines, tamque inter fe connexa et apta vidcrit, neget in his ullam Cie. ii. dt inesse rationem, eaque casu fieri dicat, quæ quanto consilio gerantur, nullo «■ D.p, 53. consilio assequi poffumus? Cie. ii. Dt Nat. D. p. 90. Who nil/ call him a man, &c. « Qvrit ku rnu rZv uSi^iwv ro {sixtiw* 'As/ n ya.^ n\itt9 Tix«'i»j, Mu vet >.nra Toil irifmr T>jv vTtylior fo^ty ivs-^ihVra, o/Aim pir arecrtXXti TeTf Y»*lAM9nt It* ii To?; fiiyt§irit xui Kara rirrtvf xtz'i xrtra wcvtuf rails avreve, Plut. dt Plae. Pill. i. 6.

1 \n cum machimitione quadam moveri aliquid videmus, ut sphæram, ut foras, ut alia permulta, non dubitamus quin ilia opera fint rationis; cum totem impetum cceli admirabili cum celeritate moveri, vertique videamus, ennstantiffime conficientem viciffitudines anniversarias cum summa salute, et conservatione rerum omnium, dubitamus quin ea non solum ratione slant, fed etiam excellent! quadam divinaque ratione? Cie. ii. dr N. D. go. VOL. V. R

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