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quently that God is his Father0. And therefore proceed to the next word,

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Though all the divine perfections (being intrinfecal unto, and identified with, the divine nature or essence) do really and equally belong to each Person of the blessed Trinity, yet are eminently in some respect attributed toVid. Rom. the Father, as the first Person in order of nature, the ori- XVI'27' ginal fountain and root of the Deity: P likewise although all divine operations ad extra (as proceeding from the fame divine will and power) do proceed from all the three Persons, conspiring in them, yet are some, xar oixovo/xi'av, (by way of mysterious dispensation,) appropriated to one, some to another: as creation and dilection to the Father; reconciliation and redemption to the Son; illumination and sanctification to the Holy Ghost. Omnipotency therefore is here ascribed to God the Father not exclusively, but eminently, (for the Son and the Holy Ghost by participation of the divine nature from the Father are also omnipotent 1.) And God the Father is called the Maker of heaven and earth; although by the Son (or Eternal Word) also all things were made, and without him John i. 3. was made nothing that was made: and all things wereco\. i. 16. created by him, loth things in heaven, and things in earth, and things upon earth; both things visible, and things invisible: and the Spirit of God is said to have garniflied the heavens, (Job xxvi. 13.) and, By the word of the Lord were the heavens made, and all the hqfl of them by the spirit of his mouth, Psal. xxxiii. 6. This I premise, to prevent mistake, in supposing the glorious perfections, of

• Omne nomen dictum de Deo respectu creaturæ indicat esl'entiam, adeoque prædicatur de tribus perfonis limul, exceptis quæ pertinent ad unionem feu dispensationem, id est ad incarnationem sire assumptam camem. Fort. p. 34.

'Quando unus trium in aliquo opere nominatur, universa operari Trinitas intelligitur. Aug.

Una voluntas est Patris et Filii, et inseparabilis operatic Id.

'I Sancta et inseparabilis Trinitas nunquam aliquid extra fe figillatim operare noverit. Ambnf. in Symh. cap. ix. Ftrb. p. 23.

John v. 19. works attributed to God the Father, to be ascribed to him 28. ' "' in distinction, and excluding the other Persons. Now to the attributes themselves.

£Unttgfitu,l The title or epithet ■sravToxpaTcop (which we render Almighty, or Omnipotent, there being no other word more properly and fully to express it) is often (in a manner peculiar and characteriftical) ascribed to God in the Scripture; but in the New Testament from imitation (as it seems) or translation of the Greek in the Old, where it answers to two famous and usual names of God, Salaoth and Shaddai, (especially to the former, for the latter is only so rendered in some places of the book of Job;) the name Salaoth, I fay; (for that it is so, we have Jer.1.34. expressly affirmed in several places; Their Redeemer is Jirong; Jehovah Sabaoth is his name, Jer. 1. 34. (so Amos iv. also Isa. xlviii. a.) and Amos iv. 13. He that formeth the Isa", xviii. j.mountains, and createth the wind, and declarelh unto man xlvui. 3. what is his thoughtJehovah Elohei Sabaolh is his name: Seld. de from whence some critics deduce Zeu; "SoiGSatw;, men3ia "'cap- tioned in some heathen * writers.) Now the name Sa

* Aristoph. laoth doth seem to import God's universal dominion

over the world: for all things of the world, as being

ranged in a goodly order (like an army marching in

array, or marshalled to battle) are called armies: thus the

heavens and earth were finished, and all the host of them,

Gen. ii. 1. (xai Taj xoo-pLo; aurœv, faith the Greek: and all the world,

Ps.xxxiii.s.or the furniture of them :) By the word of the Lord were

the heavens made, and all the host of them: Bless the Lord

Isa. xl. 36. all ye his hosts; (that is, all creatures :) Lift up your eyes

on high, faith the Prophet Isaiah, and behold who hath

created these things, that bringeth out their host by num

* Compare ber: * he calleth them all by names, by the greatness of .ex <"'•*• ^ might, for that he is Jirong in power, not onefaileth:

where God is represented bringing forth, and ordering his creatures, as a general summons together to a rendezvous, and musters, and embattles his host. Hence, I fay, this title of God (vxvroxpiTcop) seems derived; (which in the Revelation of St. John is most frequently attributed to

w" xi. mm» H°h' holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, 6 xawoxga

17, &c.

rap, who was, and is, and art to be, is that heavenly hymn there resounded to God.) But not dealing so strictly, but taking the word iravToxpaTiop in its common latitude, for 0 itarruiv xparcov, (or 0 Ttixvtw xparo; ix<ov,) it may import, either right and authority over all, (omnipotestas;) or power and ability to do all things, (omnipoientia;) or actual exercise os such authority and power, in ruling and disposing all things, (omnipotentatus;) also the possession or holding all things, {omnitenentia;) and the preservation or upholding all things, {omnicontinentia:) for xpariiv hath in propriety and ordinary use all these significations; and according to them all God is truly ■xavroxpaTwp. He hath, first, a just right and authority over all things; he i3 naturally the sovereign Lord and King of the world; The Lord of lords, and King of kings; the Ps- cxxxvi. spring and original of all right and authority. Whatever jjeut.x. 17. imaginable reason or ground there is of authority, it doth1 Tim- »<■ in respect of all things agree to God. Aristotle in his Rev. xix.

Politics diseourseth thus: Government doth aim at and i6; .

Pol. 1.1, a,

tend to the mutual benefit of the governor and governed; 4. that therefore which is most able and best disposed to pro- J'ate vide for and procure the common benefit in natural reason f*> and justice deserves to be, and is fitly the governor; *",,"£, whence the soul hath a right to govern the body, and *""'• '• '• men naturally do rule over beasts; and were there any such men as did so eminently exceed others in wisdom and goodness, to them, according to natural congruity, the government of others should appertain. If then such excellency of nature be a foundation of authority, God, who in wisdom and goodness doth incomparably exceed all things, hath a right to govern all: he is only wise, Rom. xvi. (and thence able,) only good, (and thence willing to' manage all for the general welfare and benefit of the Luke xviil. world.) If eminency of power do qualify for dominion, *' (as surely it doth, for what cannot be withstood, must in reason be submitted unto; it is vain to question that authority which by force altogether irresistible can maintain itself,) God hath the only right; nothing in the world

being able to dispute his title; For who in the heaven canPs.ixxxix.

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le compared unto the Lord? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the Lord? 0 Lord God of hqfts, who is ajlrong Lord like unto thee P All things are weak and feeble in comparison; are in his hand; lie under his Jer. x. 10. feet; are wholly at his discretion and disposal; The Lord is the true God, faith the Prophet, and the everlasting king; at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall Ps. lxvi. a, not be able to abide his indignation. How terrible art thou in thy works! through the greatness of thy power Jfiall thine enemies submit themselves unto thee: He ruleth by his power for ever; his eyes behold the nations: let not the rebellious exalt themselves. If to have made all things and to preserve them, do create a right of governing, (as it must needs: for what can we challenge justly a dominion over, if not over our own works; over that which we feed and nourish continually; over that which depends altogether upon us, and which subsists but at our pleaRev, it. 11. sure ?) then well may the elders acknowledge, Worthy art thou, 0 Lord, to receive the glory and the honour and the power; (that is, the royal majesty and dominion over the world :)for thou haft made all things, and for thy will they are and were made. Well might every creature that is in the heaven, and in the earth, and under the earth, and those things which are in the sea, and all Rev. v. in. things in them, cry out; To him that fitteth upon the throne (and to the Lamb) be the blessing, and the honour, *ii*(irtf. and the glory, and* the dominion for ever and ever: and Neh. ix. 6. Nehemiah; Thou, even thou, art the Lord alone; thou hqji made heaven, the heaven os heavens, with all their hqfts, the earth, and all things that are therein, the sea, and all that is therein, and thou preserves them all; and the hojl Isa. xixvii. os heaven worshippeth thee: and king Hezekiah; 0 Lord oshoslsthou art the God, thou alone of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou haft made heaven and earth.

Thus is God ira.vToxpa.Taig, the rightful sovereign (upon

Virg. io. all accounts) of all things; Divumque hominumque eeterna

poleftas, (as the wife heathen Poet could acknowledge

and call him:) he is also so in regard of his infinite

power, (omnipotent:) natural light affords us pregnant arguments and experiments of the greatness of his power, demonstrated in the constitution and conservation of the world; (disposing so stupendoufly vast, so innumerably various creatures into so comely and stable a posture: by them his eternal power and divinity are discerned, as St. Rom. i. no. Paul tells us:) he that could effect so much, his power must needs be greater than we can imagine or comprehend: but holy Scripture declares more fully and clearly the extent of his power; that it reaches unto the utmost possibility of things; that whatever is not repugnant to his nature, (to his essential perfections, his wisdom, and goodness,) doth not misbecome him to do, or to the nature of things to be done, (that doth not imply a contradiction, and thereby is impossible, and no object of any power,) he can easily achieve: there is nothing so difficult, but he can perform it; nothing so strong or stubbom, but he can subdue it; Is any thing loo hard for the Gen. xviii. Lord? faith God to Abraham, when Sarah doubted or14admired concerning God's promise, that she in so extreme an age should become fruitful. Behold, (faith the Prophet Jer. xxxii. Jeremiah in his prayer to God,) thou hast made the heaven1?'57' and the earth by thy great power, and thy Jlretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for thee: Oux aSovonjcra w«pa ©sai waiv ftiutr Nothing (that can be said, or con- Luke i. 37. ceived, or done) Jhall le impossible to God, (if he pleases to undertake it,) said the angel to the Blessed Virgin, when he delivered so strange a message to her, concerning an event so wonderful and supernatural. That a rich Job xlii.». man should be induced to part with all, and submit to God's will, our Saviour affirmed exceedingly difficult, (harder than for a camel to pass through the eye of a Matt. xix. needle:) but to satisfy his disciples' scruple thence arising,M,a6' he subjoins; With men this is impqjjible; but with God all things are pojjible. In thine hand, faith Jehoshaphat,aChron.xx. there is power and might, so that none is able lo withstand6' thee. He doth according to his will in the army of heaven, Dan.iv.ai. and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none canjlay his hand, or fay unto him, What doest thou? Nebuchadnezzar (having felt an experiment of his power, and being

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