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been God's goodness to us, suitable thereto should our gratitude be toward him.

4. This consideration fitly serves to beget in us hope in God upon all occasions of our need or distress; as also comfort in all our afflictions. He hath Jo loved the world, John iii. 16. that he gave his only-begotten Son for its salvation and happiness; how can he be supposed unwilling to bestow whatever else shall appear needful or beneficial for us?

He that parted with a jewel so inestimable in charity and

pity toward us, to him no other thing can seem much to

give us: it is St. Paul's consolatory discourse; He that Rom. viii.

did not spare his own Son, hut delivered him up for us all,Zi'

howjhall he not with him freely gii;e us all things P [All

things that we need, that we can reasonably desire, that

will be good and fit for us.]

5. I might add the use which St. John (1 John iv. n.) makes of this consideration; Beloved, faith he, if God so loved us, we also ought to love one another: if God so lovlnSty gave up his only Son for us; what, (in respect, in gratitude, in imitation of him;) what expressions, I fay, of charity and good-will ought we to yield toward our brethren? what endeavours, what goods, what lisa of ours sliould be too dear for us to impart for their good? So much for this point. It follows,

Oiw tort).

AS the name of God is by a mysterious kind of peculiarity attributed to the Futher, so is the name of Lord to the Son; who is sometimes called absolutely the Lord, (or the Lord Jesus,) sometimes our Lord; to acknowledge t

and call him so being the special duty and character of a Christian: There he (faith St. Paul; there be, according to popular or worldly use) gods many, and lords many, but 1 Cor. viii. to us there is one God the Fatlier, and one Lord Jesus %'. . wrift: and, One Lord, one faith, one baptism; one God 6. <*** Father of all things; (are by us Christians profesied:) 1°"-xiK *na!, No man can call Jesus Lord, (that is, cordially embrace Phil. H. n. Christianity,) but by the Holy Ghost, The reason of which

peculiar appellation may be, because, beside that natural dominion over us appertaining to Christ as our God and Maker, that title is in several other respects, and upon other grounds, due to him. In what notion soever we take lord, as a governor over subjects, as a master over servants, as an owner of goods, as a master of disciples, as a leader of followers, he is, according to all such notions, our Lord: consider him in whatever respect or capacity, as God, as roan, as Qe&vSpumos, (God and man united; as Jesus, as Christ,) he is our Lord. Examine all foundations imaginable of just dominion: eminence of nature, of power, derivation of being, with the preservation and maintenance thereof; donation, acquisition, desert, purchase, redemption, conquest, compact, and resignation of ourselves j upon them all his right of lordship over us is justly grounded. As God he is our Lord: endued with supreme authority and irresistible power, also hath made all things, and upholds all things; and therefore all thing* are subject to his disposal, (to be governed, aud possefled, And used according to his pleasure;) hence that most peculiar and august name of God, Jehovah, (denoting either independency and indefectibility in subsistence, or uncontrollable and infallible efficacy in action; both together; and therefore fitly rendered Kupio; by the Seventy Inter' • For »►'{!« terpreters, and Lord by our translators *,) is attributed to tTsubfiftl y rum5 This is his name, faith the Prophet, whereby hejhallbe and zv(M, called, Jehovah our righteousness; and what is in the Old tificaiion, Testament spoken of Jehovah, is in the New Testament by pnetr, or infallible exposition applied to him: as, for instance, what Jer.xxiii.6.Malachi did foretel concerning Elias, that he should pteMatt "iii.,3.Pare tne waV °f Jehovah, was verified in St. John Baptist's Luke i. 76. preparing the way to our Saviour. As man also God did 'confer upon him lordship; a power and authority of nil' ing and judging; of remitting offences; and punishing and rewarding: the Father hath given him authority even to execute judgment, Srt vib{ avSptoxou hrriv, because (or Acts ii. 06. whereas) he is the Son of man: and, Let all the Itoust «J Israel, faith St. Peter, know assuredly, that God hath made sum Lord and Christ, (even) this Jesus, whom you did

crucify: and, The Son of man shall come in the glory o/\\iatt. xvi. his Father with his angels, and reward every man ac-*7, cording to his works: and, Being found in flape as a Phil. ii. 8. nan, he humbled himself, faith St. Paul, becoming obedientY^**TMunto death, the death of the cross; therefore also did God Vid. Acts exalt himthat at the name of Jesus every knee Jliould *' 4i' lendand that every tongue should confess that Jesus is the Lord: and again; To this end Christ both died, rose, and re- Rom. iir. vived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living:9" and, God raised him from the dead, and set him at hisEph. i. »o, right hand in the heavenly places, far above all principality,21' 2a" and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not orily in this world, but also in that which is to come; and hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things lo the Church: Thou haft, given Johnxvii.3. him power over all flesh. Thus hath God in him performed more signally and eminently what the Psalmist thankfully acknowledges and praises him for in regard to man; Thou crownedft him with glory and Iwnour; and didft Psol.»"?• V set him over the works of thy hands: thou haft put all things Hd,. ii.;, in subjection under his feet. As God-man he is also Lord,8and Lord of lords; whatever naturally did belong to God; whatever freely was conferred on man, (by way of gift or reward,) did accrue to the Person, and was consequent upon the union hypostatical; so that, in this respect, Christ is eternally Lord; Lord, indeed, of all, as St. Peter styles Act» x.». him, having all things (excepting God himself, as St. Paul 1 Cor. Xt. teaches us) put under his feet; but particularly (which27most concerns us to acknowledge and consider) our Lord; and that upon several grounds, which it will be convenient briefly to touch. An entire power over us, and a perfect ability to govern us, he hath; in which respects it is both necessary to submit to him, and reasonable willingly to admit him as our Lord: (persons so qualified, Aristotle himself in his Politics tells us, have a natural title to dominion; as on the contrary, persons weak, or unwise, unable to protect themselves, and unfit to manage things to their own good, are naturally subjects and servants.) Also, he hath made us, and he preserves us; all we are

or have is wholly derived from and depends upon him; whence he hath an absolute right to dispose of and use us according to his discretion and pleasure. He is the Son of God, is heir apparent, and natural Lord of all things t and so our Lord, by birth and privilege of nature. But farther: he hath also acquired us to himself, (adding a Eph. i. 14. legal to a natural right;) we are called vrepnroir)<rt;, (an acquist made by him ;) and Kao; ti; &epnolrpn, (a people appertaining to, or by, acquisition.) Divers ways hath John xvii. Christ acquired us: by donation from God; Whom thou iri^o. 9' hqjl given me, faith he to his Father, / have kept: and, Eph. ii. Q, This is the will of the Father that sent me, that of all which he hath given me, I should lose nothing. So we fall under by conquest; conquest over his enemies; conquest over us ourselves, being his enemies: we were (partly by violence, partly by consent) enslaved to his enemies, and lived in obedience to them: them hath Christ quite vanCol, ii. ii. quifhed and subdued, (having * spoiled those principalities °TM~ and poivers, and made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them;) and so we rightfully fall under subjection to him, as accessions to his victory, and formerly belonging to his enemies: yea, ourselves, being, as St. Paul speaks, Col. i. ai. *X$poi *$ 8i«vo/ac, enemies in our mind and discourse, (discovering our enmity by wicked, disobedient, and rebellious practices,) did he subdue by .the power of his word L»ke i. 7*- and Spirit: whence, as it is in the Benedictus, being delivered out of the hand of our enemies, (his enemies, and ours in truth and effect,) we may, we should serve him without fear: bemgservati, we becomeyertn; being subacli, we aTefubdili. He might have justly destroyed us, deprived us of liberty and life, as dependents upon and partizans of his enemies; as ourselves being in actual hostility against him: but seeing he hath saved us, we Act* thereby become his vassals. But, farther, he hath puri Cor.V.8 chafed us: he hath delivered up himself a ransom and a ao. vii. 23. price for us; and so hath acquired us, hath redeemed us, hath bought us with his own blood: we having forfeited our lives to God's law, and being sentenced to a miserable death; he procured our redemption by himself- under

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■s going equivalent punishment, discharging our debt, and satisfying the divine justice for us: whence, as St. Paul argues, we are not our own ; for we were bought with a 1, price; we are his, who saved our lives, freed us from20' captivity, drew us out of extreme and endless misery; 7v«aCor.v. 15. 01 Ixrttf, that we {now) living Jhould not henceforth live lo ourselves, but to him that died for us, and rose again i in requital for mercies and favours so unexpreffibly great, we cannot (not in gratitude only, but in justice) owe less than ourselves; ourselves to be rendered wholly into his dominion and disposal. He hath also acquired lordstiip over us, by desert and as a reward agreeable to his performances, of obedience and patience highly satisfactory and Eph. i. so. acceptable to God; He humbled himself, becoming obe- Phil. ii. 8. dient to tlie cross: therefore also did God exalt him, and gave him a name above every name: To this end C/irj/?Rpm.xiv.9. both died, rose, and revived, Ivct xa) vexpaiv x, gtovrwv xvguvirr;, x. ,'7that he might exercise lordsliip over both the dead and living: He drank of the brook in the way: therefore AePsal.ex. 7. halk lift up his head: Therefore did God divide him a is. Hii. ai. portion with the great, and he did divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death: And wefeeutb.n. 9. Jesus, faith the Apostle to the Hebrews, for his sufferance of death, crowned with glory and honour. I may add, that he hath acquired a right and title over us, as our continual benefactor, by the benefits he bestows, and the hire he pays us: he affords us sure protection, liberal maintenance, ample wage9, (great privileges under, rich rewards) for our service; Knowing, faith St. Paul, that yeCoi. iii. 94. Jhall (in regard to your obedience) receive Tijv ayramilnaxy xtoijovofu'aj, {the recompense of an inheritance:) for ye serve the Lord Christ. It is no Egyptian bondage that he detains us under; requiring hard labour, and yielding no comfort or recompense; but a most beneficial and fruitful service. Doth Job fear God for nought? the Devil could Job i. 9. not but observe and envy the benefits and blessings the^d-' Corpious man received in regard of his faithful service. Christ ps. ixxxiv. hath promised to withhold no good thing from his ser-TM'.. . vants; nothing necessary for the support or comfort even Vol. v. A a

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