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Spirit to the Father : he having an equal share with God our Saviour in the Gospel dispensation of grace and salvation unto men. We also have the same coordination clearly supposed in 1 Cor. xii. 4, 5, 6. There are, faith St. Paul, divifons of favours, but the same Spirit: and there are divisons of ministries, but the same Lord; (i. e. the same Christ :) and there are divifons of operations, but the same God, or Father : (all the gracious gifts of the Gospel are bestowed; all the sacred ministries are managed; all the wonderful performances are brought to pass, by the joint and equal conduct and cooperation of these three divine Persons.) And that sovereign regard our Saviour hath declared due to the honour and authority of the Holy Ghost, insomuch that blasphemy again him is a fin peculiarly irremissible, argues his divinity; since neither, according to the reason of the thing, could offending against the fame of a creature be capable of such aggravations; nor could God in a manner prefer the honour of a creature before his own.
5. That there is an essential union between the Holy Ghost and the other divine Persons, is both by evident consequence deducible from, and is immediately asserted in Scripture. For that there is but one God, is there continually taught and inculcated upon us; and how it calls the Holy Ghost, we have seen; therefore necessarily the Holy Ghost doth partake of that one divine essence.
Also, that the Holy Ghost is God, is inferred from that 1 Cor. ii.11. comparison of St. Paul between the spirit of man in re
spect to man, and the Spirit of God in respect to God; as the spirit of man is intrinfecal to man, so the Spirit of God is to him: and by reason of the perfect simplicity of
the divine nature, that which subfifts in God must neces. .7. sarily be God. In fine, St. John expressly tells us, That
there are three which bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one : they
are one, and
a personal and for they ar
6. There is a personal distinction of the Holy Ghost from the Father and the Son : for they are three; three Persons : for that not only distinct names, but peculiar
operations are assigned to them; which should not be done without good reason, if there were no personal diftinction: that which also appears from his being said to proceed from the Father, and to be sent from him ; from his John xv. being an advocate and interceding with the Father ; his zo
18 Rom. viii. crying within us, Abba, Father, our having access in him 27.
• Eph. ii. 18. to the Father : as also, his being sent by the Son ; his Gal. iv. 6. glorifying him ; receiving of his; his not Speaking from John xv.26.
xvi. 13, 14. himself: which expressions plainly argue a personal dif-* tinction. As do also our Saviour's birth by him, his performing miracles by him; in a word, God's executing all his purposes of grace and power by him. - 7. Lastly, That the Holy Spirit doth derive the common divine essence from the Father and the Son is thence fufficiently apparent, for that he is called the Spirit of the Matt. x. 20.
the John xiv. Father, and also the Spirit of the Son: the Spirit of the
the 26. XV. 26. Father, because he doth $xmopeter-904, in a manner incom- Tò I vsūpece
Tó ix sou. prehenfible doth proceed and emanate from the Father; i Cor.ii. is of him, is sent by him : for the same reason is he the Gal. iv. 6.
Rom.viji. 9. Spirit of the Son; wherefore he is also expressly said to 1 Pet. i. 11. be sent by the Son.
Phil. i, 19. From these truths thus briefly declared doth follow that the Holy Ghost is one of the divine Persons, in order the third, partaking of the divine nature, and receiving it by communication from the Father and the Son: which is all we intended to shew concerning his nature. I proceed to consider the peculiar characters, offices, and operations of the Holy Spirit. There be many particular functions and operations in a special manner attributed and appropriated to the Holy Spirit; which, as they respect God, seem reducible to two general ones, the declaration of God's mind, and the execution of his will; as they respect man, (for in regard to other beings the Scripture doth not so much consider what he performs, as not so much concerning us to know,) the producing in us all qualities and difpofitions, the guiding and aiding us in all actions requifite or conducible to our eternal happiness and falvation, doth in a manner comprise them. 1. I fay, the declaration of God's mind: whence he is VOL. V.
John xv.26. called the Spirit of truth, the Spirit of prophecy, the Spirit Rev. xid?of revelation ; for that all supernatural light and instruc
tion hath ever proceeded from him : he instructed all the Luke i, 70. prophets that have been fince the world began to know, he
enabled them to speak, the mind of God concerning things present and future: holy men (that have taught men
their duty, and led them in the way to happinefs) were 2 Pet. i. 11. but his inftruments, and Spake as they were moved by the 2 Tim. iii. Holy Ghost: by his inspiration the holy Scriptures (the
most full and certain witneffes of God's mind) were conJohn xvi. ceived: he guided the Apostles into all truth; and by Vid 1 Cor. them instructed all the world in the knowledge of God's ii. 10... gracious intentions toward mankind and the holy mysteEph. iji. 5.
ries of the Gospel. All the knowledge we can pretend to in these things doth proceed from his revelation, doth rely upon his authority.
2. The execution of God's will. Whence he is called Luke i. 35. the power of God, (the substantial power and virtue of xi. 19.
God,) and the hand of God; and whatever God hath dePl.xxxiii.6. figned, he is said to perform by him. By him he framed Job xxvi. the world : he garnished the heavens, as Job speaketh, Cein is. By him he governs the world; all extraordinary works of
providence, (when God beside the common law and usual
woration : whicho in us good ur actions.
3. By working in us good dispositions and qualities; by guiding and aiding us in our actions. We are naturally void of those good dispositions of understanding, of will, of affection, which are necessary to make us anywise acceptable to God, fit to serve and please him, capable of any favour from him, of any true happiness in ourselves ; our minds, I say, are blind and stupid, ignorant and prone to error, especially in things supernatural and abstracted from ordinary sense ; our wills stubborn and froward, vain and unstable, inclining to evil, and averse from what is most truly good; our affections very irregular and un
settled: to remove which bad difpofitions, (inconsistent with God's friendship and favour, tending to misery,) and to beget those contrary to them, the knowledge and belief of divine truth, a love of, and willing compliance with goodness; a well-composed, orderly, and steady frame of spirit, God in mercy hath appointed the Holy Spirit; who first opening our hearts, so as to let in and apprehend Aets xvi.14. the light of divine truth propounded to us; then by representation of proper arguments persuading us to embrace it, begets divine knowledge and faith in our minds, (which is the work of illumination and instruction, the first part of this office ;) then by continual impressions bends our inclinations, and mollifies our hearts, and subdues our affections to a willing compliance with, a cheerful complacence in, that which is good and pleasing to God; so begetting all pious' and virtuous inclinations in us, reverence to God, charity to-men, sobriety and purity, and the rest of those amiable and heavenly virtues, (which is the work of sanctification, another great part of his office:) both which together (illumination of our mind, fanctification of our will and affections) do constitute that work, which is styled the regeneration, renovation, vivifi- Tit. iii. s. cation, new creation, resurrection ; putting off the old, put phi ting on the new man; of a man; the faculties of our souls Col. ii. 13, being so much changed, and we made, as it were, other goh. ii. men thereby; able and apt to do that to which before iv. 34.
Cor.v. 17. we were altogether indisposed and unfit. Neither only doth he alter and constitute our dispositions, but he directs and governs our actions ; leading and moving us in the ways of obedience to God's will and law. As we live by Gal. v. 25. him, (have a new spiritual life implanted in us,) so we walk Rom. viii. by him, by his continual guidance and assistance. He reclaims us from sin and error ; supports and strengthens us in temptation; advises, excites, encourages us to works of virtue and piety: particularly he guides and quickens us in devotion, shewing us what we should alk, raising in us holy desires and comfortable hopes thereof, disposing us to approach unto God with fit dif- Rom. viii.
26, 27. pofitions of love, and reverence, and humble confidence.
Eph. iv. 23.
It is also a notable part of the Holy Spirit's office to
comfort and sustain us, as in all our religious practice, so Rom. xv. particularly in our doubts, difficulties, diftreffes, and af
pet, is a fictions; to beget joy, peace, and satisfaction in us, in all Heb. iii. 6. our doings and all our sufferings : whence he hath the
title of Comforler.
. It is also a great part thereof to affure as of God's 2 Cor. v. 5. Jove and favour ; that we are his children ; and to coni. 22. Eph. i. 14. firm us in the hopes of our everlasting inheritance. We
feeling ourselves to live by him, to love God and good-
amined, or whose petition is to be considered. 1 Cor. xii. To which things I may add, that the Holy Ghost is 12, 13.
designed to be, as it were, the foul, which informs, enlivens, and actuates the whole body of the Church; connecting and containing together the members thereof in
spiritual union, life, and motion; especially quickening A&S XX. 28.and moving the principal members (the governors and
12. pastors) thereof; constituting them in their function, qua
lifying them for the discharge thereof, guiding and affiting them therein.
Such is the office, such the operations of the Holy Ghost; the which we should more distinctly and fully consider, if the time and nature of this exercise would give leave. : The use of these doctrines (the influence the belief and consideration of this article should have upon our practice) is briefly, 1. To oblige us to render all due honour and