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adoration to the divine majesty of the blessed Spirit. 3. To work in us an humble affection and a devout thankfulness to God for so inestimable a favour conferred upon us, such as is the presence and inhabitation, the counsel, conduct, and assistance of God's Holy Spirit in us: him we must acknowledge the author of our spiritual life, of all good dispositions in us, of all good works performed by us, of all happiness obtainable by us; to him we .must render all thanks and praise. Therefore, 3. To excite us to desire earnestly and pray for God's Spirit, the fountain of such excellent benefits, such graces, such gifts, such privileges, such joys, and blessings unexpreffible: if we heartily invite him, if we fervently pray for him, he will certainly come; so hath our Saviour promised, /AflfLukexi.ia. our heavenly Father tvill give the Holy Spirit to them which ajh him. 4. We (hould endeavour to demean ourselves well toward the Holy Spirit; yielding to that heavenly guest, vouchsafing to come unto us, a ready entrance and kind welcome into our hearts; entertaining him with all possible respect and observance; hearkening attentively to his holy suggestions, and carefully obeying them; not quenching the divine light or devout heat he kindles in us; not resisting his kindly motions and persuasions; not grieving or vexing him; that so with satisfaction he may continue and abide with us, to our infinite benefit and comfort: it (hould engage us to cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of flesh and spirit, that we may be fit temples for so holy and pure a Spirit to dwell in, lest he loathe and forsake us. 5. It is matter of comfort and encouragement (exceedingly useful and necessary for us) to consider, that we have such a guide and assistant in our religious practice and spiritual war*fare. If our lusts be strong, our temptations great, our enemies mighty, we need not be distieartened, having this all-wise and all-mighty friend to advise and help us: his grace is sufficient for us, against all the strengths of hell, flesh, and the world. Let our duty be never so hard, and our natural force never so weak, we shall be able to do all things by him that strengtheneth us; if we

will but faithfully apply ourselves to him for his aid, we cannot fail of good success.

Eph.«». «• %& ^olp Catfjolic CfttlttlU

THE Holt/ Catholic Church: in the more ancient forms it ran only, Holy Church, (the word Catholic being left out;) and in some of them it had not the same position as now, being put in the last place: and it seems in the most ancient symbols the Church was not propounded as an object of faith directly and immediately, but was mentioned obliquely, upon occasion of remission of sins ministered by it, of eternal life obtained in it: as we may reasonably deem from that notable place in St. Cyprian; Epift. ad Nam cum dicunt, (when they profess in the symbol at agnum. baptism,) credis remijjionem peccatorum et vitam œlernem per Ecclefiam: to which kind of expression that place in Cap. »i. Tertull. de Baptismo seems to allude, Cum sub tribus et teftatio Jidei, et spoiifio salutis pignorentur, necejfario adjicitur Ecclejice mentio. And if we consult the most ancient Vid. lib. de summaries of faith extant in Irenæus and Tertullian, and a([cat°chu. composed by them, questionless according to the general menos. fense of their times, we shall not find this article propoundTheodoret. ed; not even in the Nicene Creed itself. It is therefore 1.19. hist. mo^ unprobable that this article (either in substance, or at least according to this manner of proposal and expression) is of a later standing than the rest; being introduced (as is likely) upon occasion of those many heresies and schisms, which continually sprang up, to secure the truth of Christian doctrine, the authority of ecclesiastical discipline, the peace and unity of the Church, by obliging men to profess their disclaiming any consent or conspiracy with those erroneous and contentious people, (who had devised new, destructive, or dangerous conceits against the general consent of Christians, and drove on factions contrary to the common order and peace of the Church;) to profess, I fay, their disclaiming such heretical principles and factious proceedings; and their constant adherence to the doctrines generally embraced by the churches founded and instructed by the Apostles; as also their per

fistance m concord and communion with them; their readiness to observe the received customs and practices derived by them from apostolical institution; their submission to the laws and disciplines established in them by lawful authority. This I conceive to have been the meaning of them who first inserted this article, of believing the Holy Church, into the Creed: / believe; that is, I adhere unto, (for as we did at first observe, belief here is to be understood as the nature of the matter mould require,) I adhere unto, or am persuaded that I ought to adhere unto, that body of Christians, which diffused over the world, retains the faith taught, the discipline settled, the practices appointed by our Lord and his Apostles.

And that men mould be obliged to do thus, there was ground both in the reason of the thing and in Scripture. In reason, there being no more proper or effectual argument to assure us that any doctrine is true, or practice warrantable, to convince sectaries deviating from truth or duty, than the consent of all churches, of whom (being so distant in place, language, humour, custom) it is not imaginable, that they (hould soon or easily conspire in forsaking the doctrines inculcated by the Apostles, or th» practices instituted by them: which argument pressed by Tertullian, Irenæus, and other ancient defenders of Christian truth and peace, may well, as in matters of this kind, go for a demonstration: and that sentence of may well pass for a certain principle and axiom; g7<orfPræscriPt* apud multos unum invenilur, non ejl erratum, fed tra- 3, &c.' ditttm.

And for Scripture, as it foretek that pernicious heresies should be introduced; that many false prophets Jhould 2 pet. ii. 1. arise, and seduce many; that grievous wolves Jhould cowie Acts "•"» in, not sparing the slock; and men should arise, speaking Matt, xxiv. perverse things to draw disciples after them; as they warn usT|[ Tj!- '*• to take heed of such men, to reject and refuse heretics, to mark those which make divisions and scandals beside the Rom. xvi. doctrine which Christians had learnt, and to decline from ^ {i

e Dc praeser. cap. 28. Conftat id esse ab Apostolis traditum, quod apud Eccleiias Apoftolorura soerit sacrosanctara.

1 Tim. vi. them; to Jiand off (apiorava/) from such men as do fripoli

lumaXtiv, teach things different from apostolical doctrine,

and. do not consent to wholesome words, (the words of our

Lord Jesus Christ,) and the doclrine according to godliness;

as it teacheth us that heresies and factions are works of the

flesh, [proceeding from pride and ambition; self-interest

and covetousness; peevish and perverse humour; blindness

and vanity; rashness and instability; dotage, distemper, and

corruption of mind; deceit, cozenage, craft, and hypocrisy;

want of good conscience and reverence to God;] so it

also describes the universality of them who stick to the

truth, and observe the law of Christ; are disposed to cha

Eph. It. 4. rity and peace with all those who call upon our Lord with

Eph. i.'aa. a Pure wind; (that is, with all sincere Christians;) to be

jy-16- one lody, knit together and compacted of parts affording Rom.xii.s. ~ .. , '° . . r.n r . . . . °

I Cor. xii. mutual aid and iupply to its nourishment; and joined to,

I9: . deriving fense and motion from, one Head; and informed l<y 4. one Spirit; as one house, built upon the foundation ofpro

13. 'X" phets and apojlles, Christ himself being the chief cornerEph. !|.ai.Jlone, in whom all ike building is fitly framed and cons. ii. i9.' 'ne&ed; as one nation or people, subject to the same law Heb. xii. an(j government, (used to the same language, custom, Rev.iii. u.and conversation;) one city, one family; one flock under xxi. a, io. one shepherd; lastly, one church or congregation: for, as sometimes every particular assembly of Christians, and sometimes a larger collection of particular societies, combined together in one order, or under one government, are termed churches, (ixxfoja-iM,) so the whole aggregation of all churches, of all Christian people in the world, is frequently called the Church; even as the whole body of those who lived in profession and obedience to the Jewiih law (which was a type and image of the Christian Church) was called 7Hp, (Cahal,) IxxAtjssia, the congregation; from whence I conceive this name was taken; and Ubi tres as among them that word did signify sometimes any parlaid ibi"" ticular assembly, sometimes the whole body of such perecclesia est. sons, who had right and obligation to assemble for the Cast.' * 'service of God; so correspondently was the word used in the New Testament; sometimes for any society lesser or greater; sometimes for the whole body of God's newpeople; all the true subjects and servants of Christ; that is, for the catholic or universal society of the faithful: yet even in this latter fense there is some distinction; for sometimes it is taken in a fense, (partly extensive, partly restrained,) so as to signify all those good men, and only such, which in all places and all times did or fliall faithfully worship and serve God; sometimes in a fense (in one respect more wide, in another more strict) for all those who at present, in any age, through all parts of the world, do openly profess the sincere faith and obedience of Christ; maintaining an external practice agreeable to that profession: according to both which fenses we may interpret the Holy Catholic Church here, they being, as to the duty required of us, conjoined and coordinate: for whatever is said of the Church in Scripture, (all the characters and commendations attributed to it;) as it doth principally agree to it in the first of these senses, so it doth in some kind and measure agree to the latter: and therefore (without distinguishing) we may say that this is the Holy Catholic Church, which we believe; the Zion Ps. cxxxii. which the Lord hath chosen, which he hath desired for his13' habitation, where he hath resolved to place his reft and reJideticefor ever: The mountain sealed above all mountains, isa. u. 2. unto which all nations fliould flow: The house os God, Mic. iv. }• built upon a rock, again/I which the gates of hell fliall notie. prevail; the pillar and firmament of truth, which it by its profession and practice in a manner supporteth and maintaineth: The new Jerusalem and city os God; the mother Hex. \\\. 12. os us all; the beloved spouse os the Lamb; the eleel gene- Rev.xix'ration, royal priesthood, holy nation, peculiar people: The Matt. xxii. Church which Christ hath purchased with his own blood; Eph.t. Sj which he delivered himself for, that he might sanctify it, and &ccleanse it with the washing os water by the Word; that AcActsxx.'as. might present it to himself a glorious Church, not having |ph- *■ai' spot or wrinkle, nor any such thing; but that it might be holy and unblemished.

Holy we fee it is expressly said to be in Christ's design: holy, as consisting of persons separated from the world,

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